Search results for: circle-sphere

Circle Sphere

Author : Grace Lin
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Caldecott Honor winner Grace Lin celebrates math for every kid, everywhere! Manny and his friends Olivia and Mei blow bubbles in this playful introduction to geometry. Manny's wand is a circle. Olivia's wand is a square. Mei's wand is a heart. What shape will their bubbles be? (Surprise! They're all spheres.) Storytelling Math celebrates children using math in their daily adventures as they play, build, and discover the world around them. Joyful stories and hands-on activities make it easy for kids and their grown-ups to explore everyday math together. Developed in collaboration with math experts at STEM education nonprofit TERC, under a grant from the Heising-Simons Foundation.

Summer

Author : Grace Lin
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"As young children observe, interact with, and talk about the world around them, they learn about characteristics of shapes: this one is round, that one has straight sides, this one is flat, that one sticks out in all directions. This story involves predicting the outcome of blowing bubbles with different wands, inviting readers to compare and contrast a variety of shapes"--

A Treatise on the Circle and the Sphere

Author : Julian Lowell Coolidge
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Circles and spheres are central objects in geometry. Mappings that take circles to circles or spheres to spheres have special roles in metric and conformal geometry. An example of this is Lie's sphere geometry, whose group of transformations is precisely the conformal group. Coolidge's treatise looks at systems of circles and spheres and the geometry and groups associated to them. It was written (1916) at a time when Lie's enormous influence on the field was still widely felt. Today, there is a renewed interest in the geometry of special geometric configurations. Coolidge has examined many of the most intuitive: linear systems of circles, circles orthogonal to a given sphere, and so on. He also examines the differential and projective geometry of the space of all spheres in a given space.Through the simple vehicles of circles and spheres, Coolidge makes contact with diverse areas of mathematics: conformal transformations and analytic functions, projective and contact geometry, and Lie's theory of continuous groups, to name a few. The interested reader will be well rewarded by a study of this remarkable book.

Portraits of the Earth

Author : Timothy G. Feeman
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''Every map is a tool, a product of human effort and creativity, that represents some aspects of our world or universe ... [This] course was powered by the belief that by exploring the mathematical ideas involved in creating and analyzing maps, students would see how mathematics could help them to understand and explain their world.'' -from the Preface Portraits of the Earth exemplifies the AMS's mission to bring the power and vitality of mathematical thought to the nonexpert. It isdesigned to teach students to think logically and to analyze the technical information that they so readily encounter every day. Maps are exciting, visual tools that we encounter on a daily basis: from street maps to maps of the world accompanying news stories to geologic maps depicting theunderground structure of the earth. This book explores the mathematical ideas involved in creating and analyzing maps, a topic that is rarely discussed in undergraduate courses. It is the first modern book to present the famous problem of mapping the earth in a style that is highly readable and mathematically accessible to most students. Feeman's writing is inviting to the novice, yet also interesting to readers with more mathematical experience. Through the visual context of maps andmapmaking, students will see how contemporary mathematics can help them to understand and explain the world. Topics explored are the shape and size of the earth, basic spherical geometry, and why one can't make a perfect flat map of the planet. The author discusses different attributes that maps can have anddetermines mathematically how to design maps that have the desired features. The distortions that arise in making world maps are quantitatively analyzed. There is an in-depth discussion on the design of numerous map projections-both historical and contemporary-as well as conformal and equal-area maps. Feeman looks at how basic map designs can be modified to produce maps with any center, and he indicates how to generalize methods to produce maps of arbitrary surfaces of revolution. Also includedare end-of-chapter exercises and laboratory projects. Particularly interesting is a chapter that explains how to use MapleR add-on software to make maps from geographic data points. This book would make an excellent text for a basic undergraduate mathematics or geography course and would beespecially appealing to the teacher who is interested in exciting visual applications in the classroom. It would also serve nicely as supplementary reading for a course in calculus, linear algebra, or differential geometry. Prerequisites include a solid grasp of trigonometry and basic calculus. RWaterloo Maple, Inc., Ontario, Canada.

Geometric Differentiation

Author : I. R. Porteous
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This is a revised version of the popular Geometric Differentiation, first edition.

Combinatorial Optimization and Applications

Author : Ding-Zhu Du
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TheThirdAnnualInternationalConferenceonCombinatorialOptimizationand Applications, COCOA2009, tookplace in Huangshan, China, June 10 12,2009. Past COCOA conferences were held in Xi an, China (2007) and Newfoundland, Canada (2008). COCOA2009providedaforumforresearchersworkingintheareasofcom- natorial optimization and its applications. In addition to theoretical results, the conference is particularly focused on recent works on experimental and applied research of general algorithmic interest. The Program Committee received 103 submissions from 17 countries and regions: Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Poland, Switzerland, Taiwan, UK, and USA. Among the 103 submissions, 50 papers were selected for presentation at the conference and are included in this volume. Some of these will be selected for publicationinaspecialissueofJournalof Combinatorial Optimization, aspecial issue of Theoretical Computer Science, and a special issue of Discrete Mat- matics, Algorithms and Applications under the standard refereeing procedure. In addition to the selected papers, the conference also included one invited p- sentation by Panos M. Pardalos (University of Florida, USA). We thank the authors for submitting their papers to the conference. We are grateful to the members of the Program Committee and the external referees for their work within demanding time constraints. We thank the Organizing Committee for their contribution to make the conference a success. We also thank Donghyun Kim for helping us create and update the conference website and maintain the Springer Online Conference Service system."

Elementary Geometry in Hyperbolic Space

Author : Werner Fenchel
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The series is devoted to the publication of monographs and high-level textbooks in mathematics, mathematical methods and their applications. Apart from covering important areas of current interest, a major aim is to make topics of an interdisciplinary nature accessible to the non-specialist. The works in this series are addressed to advanced students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics. In addition, it can serve as a guide for lectures and seminars on a graduate level. The series de Gruyter Studies in Mathematics was founded ca. 35 years ago by the late Professor Heinz Bauer and Professor Peter Gabriel with the aim to establish a series of monographs and textbooks of high standard, written by scholars with an international reputation presenting current fields of research in pure and applied mathematics. While the editorial board of the Studies has changed with the years, the aspirations of the Studies are unchanged. In times of rapid growth of mathematical knowledge carefully written monographs and textbooks written by experts are needed more than ever, not least to pave the way for the next generation of mathematicians. In this sense the editorial board and the publisher of the Studies are devoted to continue the Studies as a service to the mathematical community. Please submit any book proposals to Niels Jacob. Titles in planning include Flavia Smarazzo and Alberto Tesei, Measure Theory: Radon Measures, Young Measures, and Applications to Parabolic Problems (2019) Elena Cordero and Luigi Rodino, Time-Frequency Analysis of Operators (2019) Mark M. Meerschaert, Alla Sikorskii, and Mohsen Zayernouri, Stochastic and Computational Models for Fractional Calculus, second edition (2020) Mariusz Lemańczyk, Ergodic Theory: Spectral Theory, Joinings, and Their Applications (2020) Marco Abate, Holomorphic Dynamics on Hyperbolic Complex Manifolds (2021) Miroslava Antić, Joeri Van der Veken, and Luc Vrancken, Differential Geometry of Submanifolds: Submanifolds of Almost Complex Spaces and Almost Product Spaces (2021) Kai Liu, Ilpo Laine, and Lianzhong Yang, Complex Differential-Difference Equations (2021) Rajendra Vasant Gurjar, Kayo Masuda, and Masayoshi Miyanishi, Affine Space Fibrations (2022)

Geometry Plane Solid and Spherical in Six Books

Author : Pierce Morton
File Size : 21.54 MB
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Spherical Trigonometry

Author : Isaac Todhunter
File Size : 78.17 MB
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Textbook on Spherical Astronomy

Author : William Marshall Smart
File Size : 45.37 MB
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This new revision of a standard work gives a general but comprehensive introduction to positional astronomy. Useful for researchers as well as undergraduates.

A Philosophical and Mathematical Dictionary

Author : Charles Hutton
File Size : 34.26 MB
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Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry

Author : Vasiliĭ Nikitich Nikitin
File Size : 30.44 MB
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Spherical Trigonometry for the Use of Colleges and Schools

Author : Isaac Todhunter
File Size : 35.26 MB
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Swift in 24 Hours Sams Teach Yourself

Author : BJ Miller
File Size : 39.28 MB
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In just 24 lessons of one hour or less, Sams Teach Yourself Swift in 24 Hours helps you build next-generation OS X and iOS apps with Apple’s new Swift programming language. This book’s straightforward, step-by-step approach helps you quickly master Swift’s core concepts, structure, and syntax and use Swift to write safe, powerful, modern code. In just a few hours you’ll be applying advanced features such as extensions, closures, protocols, and generics. Every lesson builds on what you’ve already learned, giving you a rock-solid foundation for real-world success. Step-by-step instructions carefully walk you through the most common Swift development tasks. Practical, hands-on examples show you how to apply what you learn. Quizzes and exercises help you test your knowledge and stretch your skills. Notes and tips point out shortcuts and solutions. Learn how to... Set up your Swift development environment Master Swift’s fundamental data types and operators Make the most of arrays and dictionaries Control program flow, modify execution paths, and iterate code Perform complex actions with functions Work with higher-order functions and closures Harness the power of structs, enums, classes, and class inheritance Customize initializers of classes, structs, and enums Implement instance methods, type methods, and advanced type functionality Take full advantage of Swift’s advanced memory allocation Extend type functionality with protocols and extensions Leverage the power of generics, chaining, and other advanced features Interoperate with Objective-C code Interact with user interfaces Take advantage of Swift’s Standard Library features and functions Who Should Read this Book Beginner-intermediate level programmers Advanced programmers who are not yet familiar with Swift can benefit

Applied Complex Variables for Scientists and Engineers

Author : Y. K. Kwok
File Size : 35.4 MB
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Introductory text on complex variable methods for scientists, with many applications.

Color Atlas of Skeletal Landmark Definitions E Book

Author : Serge van Sint Jan
File Size : 53.34 MB
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This book covers most skeletal landmarks that are palpable through manual palpation and virtual palpation (i.e., using 3D models generated from medical imaging). Each chapter focuses on a particular bone or segment and includes: a general anatomical presentation of the bone SL (using images showing real specimens and 3D bone models); very detailed descriptions of skeletal landmarks using manual palpation and virtual palpation. These definitions have been written in order to be reproducible. Each section includes detailed descriptions of all palpable skeletal landmarks for the current bone. Each landmark is described on one page. Also each landmark page is labelled by a unique acronym. The latter should be used for further data exchange and programming in order to guarantee that no redundant label exists. Full colour, over 500 full colour images Each bone is described in a separate section, making referencing easy Multidisciplinary approach

Text Book Of 3 D Sphere Cone And Cylinder

Author : A.K. Sharma
File Size : 88.43 MB
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This book Text Book of 3-D Sphere, Cone and Cylinder has been written for the use of B.A./B.Sc., students of various Indian Universities. The subject matter has been explained in details and in such a nice manner that the students has no difficulty to understand. All the examples have been completely solved. Suggestions and comments for the improvement of the book from reader will be thankfully received and duly incorporated in this subsequent editions. Contents: Sphere, The Cone and Cylinder.

A New Practical System of Spherical Trigonometry

Author : William TURNBULL (Author of “A Treatise on Cast-Iron Beams and Columns.”.)
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A Syllabus of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry

Author : Henry Pearson
File Size : 45.94 MB
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New Trends in Mathematical Programming

Author : Franco Giannessi
File Size : 61.25 MB
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Though the volume covers 22 papers by 36 authors from 12 countries, the history in the background is bound to Hungary where, in 1973 Andras Pn§kopa started to lay the foundation of a scientific forum, which can be a regular meeting spot for experts of the world in the field. Since then, there has been a constant interest in that forum. Headed at present by Tamas Rapcsak, the Laboratory of Operations Research and Decisions Systems of the Computer and Automation Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences followed the tradition in every respect, namely conferences were organized almost in every second year and in the same stimulating area, in the Matra mountains. The basic fields were kept, providing opportunities for the leading personalities to give voice to their latest results. The floor has been widened recently for the young generation, ensuring this way both a real location for the past, present and future experts to meet and also the possibility for them to make the multicoloured rainbow of the fields unbroken and continuous. The volume is devoted to the memory of Steven Vajda, one of the pioneers on mathematical programming, born is Hungary. In 1992 he took part in the XIth International Conference on Mathematical Programming at Matrafiired where, with his bright personality, he greatly contributed to the good spirituality of the event. We thank Jakob Krarup for his reminiscence on the life and scientific activities of late Steven Vajda.