Search results for: chemical-process-retrofitting-and-revamping

Chemical Process Retrofitting and Revamping

Author : Gade Pandu Rangaiah
File Size : 61.78 MB
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The proposed book will be divided into three parts. The chapters in Part I provide an overview of certain aspect of process retrofitting. The focus of Part II is on computational techniques for solving process retrofit problems. Finally, Part III addresses retrofit applications from diverse process industries. Some chapters in the book are contributed by practitioners whereas others are from academia. Hence, the book includes both new developments from research and also practical considerations. Many chapters include examples with realistic data. All these feature make the book useful to industrial engineers, researchers and students.

Chemical Process Retrofitting and Revamping

Author : Gade Pandu Rangaiah
File Size : 59.22 MB
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The proposed book will be divided into three parts. The chapters in Part I provide an overview of certain aspect of process retrofitting. The focus of Part II is on computational techniques for solving process retrofit problems. Finally, Part III addresses retrofit applications from diverse process industries. Some chapters in the book are contributed by practitioners whereas others are from academia. Hence, the book includes both new developments from research and also practical considerations. Many chapters include examples with realistic data. All these feature make the book useful to industrial engineers, researchers and students.

Differential Evolution In Chemical Engineering Developments And Applications

Author : Gade Pandu Rangaiah
File Size : 61.24 MB
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Optimization plays a key role in the design, planning and operation of chemical and related processes for several decades. Techniques for solving optimization problems are of deterministic or stochastic type. Of these, stochastic techniques can solve any type of optimization problems and can be adapted for multiple objectives. Differential evolution (DE), proposed about two decades ago, is one of the stochastic techniques. Its algorithm is simple to understand and use. DE has found many applications in chemical engineering.This unique compendium focuses on DE, its recent developments and applications in chemical engineering. It will cover both single and multi-objective optimization. The book contains a number of chapters from experienced editors, and also several chapters from active researchers in this area.

Multi objective Optimization Techniques And Applications In Chemical Engineering Second Edition

Author : Rangaiah Gade Pandu
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Optimization is now essential in the design, planning and operation of chemical and related processes. Although process optimization for multiple objectives was studied in the 1970s and 1980s, it has attracted active research in the last 15 years, spurred by the new and effective techniques for multi-objective optimization (MOO). To capture this renewed interest, this monograph presents recent research in MOO techniques and applications in chemical engineering. Following a brief introduction and review of MOO applications in chemical engineering since 2000, the book presents selected MOO techniques and many chemical engineering applications in detail. In this second edition, several chapters from the first edition have been updated, one chapter is completely revised and three new chapters have been added. One of the new chapters describes three MS Excel programs useful for MOO of application problems. All the chapters will be of interest to researchers in MOO and/or chemical engineering. Several exercises are included at the end of many chapters, for use by both practicing engineers and students.

Optimization of Process Flowsheets through Metaheuristic Techniques

Author : José María Ponce-Ortega
File Size : 38.52 MB
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This textbook presents a general multi-objective optimization framework for optimizing chemical processes by implementing a link between process simulators and metaheuristic techniques. The proposed approach is general and shows how to implement links between different process simulators such as Aspen Plus®, HYSIS®, Super Pro Designer® linked to a variety of metaheuristic techniques implemented in Matlab®, Excel®, C++, and others, eliminating the numerical complications through the optimization process. Furthermore, the proposed framework allows the use of thermodynamic, design and constitutive equations implemented in the process simulator to implement any process. Aimed at graduate and undergraduate students, it presents introductory chapters for process simulators and metaheuristic optimization techniques and provides several worked exercises as well as proposed exercises. In addition, accompanying tutorial videos clearly explaining the implemented methodologies are available online. Also, some Matlab® routines are included as electronic supporting material.

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2012

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Pinch Analysis and Process Integration

Author : Ian C. Kemp
File Size : 72.52 MB
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Pinch analysis and related techniques are the key to design of inherently energy-efficient plants. This book shows engineers how to understand and optimize energy use in their processes, whether large or small. Energy savings go straight to the bottom line as increased profit, as well as reducing emissions. This is the key guide to process integration for both experienced and newly qualified engineers, as well as academics and students. It begins with an introduction to the main concepts of pinch analysis, the calculation of energy targets for a given process, the pinch temperature and the golden rules of pinch-based design to meet energy targets. The book shows how to extract the stream data necessary for a pinch analysis and describes the targeting process in depth. Other essential details include the design of heat exchanger networks, hot and cold utility systems, CHP (combined heat and power), refrigeration and optimization of system operating conditions. Many tips and techniques for practical application are covered, supported by several detailed case studies and other examples covering a wide range of industries, including buildings and other non-process situations. The only dedicated pinch analysis and process integration guide, fully revised and expanded supported by free downloadable energy targeting software The perfect guide and reference for chemical process, food and biochemical engineers, plant engineers and professionals concerned with energy optimisation, including building designers Covers the practical analysis of both new and existing systems, with ful details of industrial applications and case studies

Integrated Design and Simulation of Chemical Processes

Author : Alexandre C. Dimian
File Size : 71.34 MB
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This comprehensive work shows how to design and develop innovative, optimal and sustainable chemical processes by applying the principles of process systems engineering, leading to integrated sustainable processes with 'green' attributes. Generic systematic methods are employed, supported by intensive use of computer simulation as a powerful tool for mastering the complexity of physical models. New to the second edition are chapters on product design and batch processes with applications in specialty chemicals, process intensification methods for designing compact equipment with high energetic efficiency, plantwide control for managing the key factors affecting the plant dynamics and operation, health, safety and environment issues, as well as sustainability analysis for achieving high environmental performance. All chapters are completely rewritten or have been revised. This new edition is suitable as teaching material for Chemical Process and Product Design courses for graduate MSc students, being compatible with academic requirements world-wide. The inclusion of the newest design methods will be of great value to professional chemical engineers. Systematic approach to developing innovative and sustainable chemical processes Presents generic principles of process simulation for analysis, creation and assessment Emphasis on sustainable development for the future of process industries

Chemical Process Design

Author : Alexandre C. Dimian
File Size : 66.66 MB
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This practical how-to-do book deals with the design of sustainable chemical processes by means of systematic methods aided by computer simulation. Ample case studies illustrate generic creative issues, as well as the efficient use of simulation techniques, with each one standing for an important issue taken from practice. The didactic approach guides readers from basic knowledge to mastering complex flow-sheets, starting with chemistry and thermodynamics, via process synthesis, efficient use of energy and waste minimization, right up to plant-wide control and process dynamics. The simulation results are compared with flow-sheets and performance indices of actual industrial licensed processes, while the complete input data for all the case studies is also provided, allowing readers to reproduce the results with their own simulators. For everyone interested in the design of innovative chemical processes.

Chemical Process Design and Integration

Author : Robin Smith
File Size : 20.82 MB
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Written by a highly regarded author with industrial and academic experience, this new edition of an established bestselling book provides practical guidance for students, researchers, and those in chemical engineering. The book includes a new section on sustainable energy, with sections on carbon capture and sequestration, as a result of increasing environmental awareness; and a companion website that includes problems, worked solutions, and Excel spreadsheets to enable students to carry out complex calculations.

Chemical Process

Author : Robin Smith
File Size : 46.45 MB
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This book deals with the design and integration of chemical processes, emphasizing the conceptual issues that are fundamental to the creation of the process. Chemical process design requires the selection of a series of processing steps and their integration to form a complete manufacturing system. The text emphasizes both the design and selection of the steps as individual operations and their integration. Also, the process will normally operate as part of an integrated manufacturing site consisting of a number of processes serviced by a common utility system. The design of utility systems has been dealt with in the text so that the interactions between processes and the utility system and interactions between different processes through the utility system can be exploited to maximize the performance of the site as a whole. Chemical processing should form part of a sustainable industrial activity. For chemical processing, this means that processes should use raw materials as efficiently as is economic and practicable, both to prevent the production of waste that can be environmentally harmful and to preserve the reserves of raw materials as much as possible. Processes should use as little energy as economic and practicable, both to prevent the build-up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from burning fossil fuels and to preserve reserves of fossil fuels. Water must also be consumed in sustainable quantities that do not cause deterioration in the quality of the water source and the long-term quantity of the reserves. Aqueous and atmospheric emissions must not be environmentally harmful, and solid waste to landfill must be avoided. Finally, all aspects of chemical processing must feature good health and safety practice. It is important for the designer to understand the limitations of the methods used in chemical process design. The best way to understand the limitations is to understand the derivations of the equations used and the assumptions on which the equations are based. Where practical, the derivation of the design equations has been included in the text. The book is intended to provide a practical guide to chemical process design and integration for undergraduate and postgraduate students of chemical engineering, practicing process designers and chemical engineers and applied chemists working in process development. Examples have been included throughout the text. Most of these examples do not require specialist software and can be performed on spreadsheet software. Finally, a number of exercises have been added at the end of each chapter to allow the reader to practice the calculation procedures.

Advances in Distillation Retrofit

Author : Nguyen Van Duc Long
File Size : 56.39 MB
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This book describes the current state of the art in the retrofit of existing distillation processes using advanced distillation techniques. Highlighting concept and practical application rather than theory, it emphasizes the use of advanced process integration and intensification techniques, such as multi-effect distillation, heat pump assisted distillation, thermally coupled distillation, dividing wall column, reactive distillation, and innovative hybrid systems. As a thermal separation method, distillation is one of the most important and widely used technologies in the chemical process industry. While it has many advantages, one major drawback is its large energy requirement, which can significantly influence overall plant profitability. The increasing cost of energy has forced industry to reduce its energy requirement, but simultaneously there has been a need to increase capacity and output due to heightened demand. To accomplish this, the retrofit of distillation processes to increase efficiency and output has become a crucial issue. This book describes the use of advanced process integration and process intensification techniques to carry out effective distillation retrofit. Written by leading researchers in distillation process, process integration, process intensification, and process retrofit, the book presents a comprehensive review of contemporary advanced distillation techniques which can be employed in grass-root systems and retrofit. It is a valuable source of information for undergraduate and postgraduate students of chemical engineering, practicing process designers and chemical engineers.

Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design

Author : John J. McKetta Jr
File Size : 27.61 MB
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"Written by engineers for engineers (with over 150 International Editorial Advisory Board members),this highly lauded resource provides up-to-the-minute information on the chemical processes, methods, practices, products, and standards in the chemical, and related, industries. "

Sustainability of Products Processes and Supply Chains

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Sustainability of Products, Processes and Supply Chains: Theory and Applications presents the recent theoretical developments and applications on the interface between sustainability and process systems engineering. It offers a platform for cutting-edge, holistic analyses of key challenges associated with computer-aided tools for incorporating sustainability principles and approaches into the design and operations of multi-scale process systems, ranging from molecular and products systems, to energy and chemical processes, and supply chains. Presents recent theoretical developments and applications on the interface between sustainability engineering and process engineering Offers cutting-edge, holistic analyses of key challenges associated with computer-aided tools for incorporating sustainability principles and approaches into the design and operations of multi-scale process systems Brings together the perspectives of leading researchers to stimulate innovative thinking in terms of sustainability

Methods in Sustainability Science

Author : Jingzheng Ren
File Size : 68.40 MB
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Methods in Sustainability Science: Assessment, Prioritization, Improvement, Design and Optimization presents cutting edge, detailed methodologies needed to create sustainable growth in any field or industry, including life cycle assessments, building design, and energy systems. The book utilized a systematic structured approach to each of the methodologies described in an interdisciplinary way to ensure the methodologies are applicable in the real world, including case studies to demonstrate the methods. The chapters are written by a global team of authors in a variety of sustainability related fields. Methods in Sustainability Science: Assessment, Prioritization, Improvement, Design and Optimization will provide academics, researchers and practitioners in sustainability, especially environmental science and environmental engineering, with the most recent methodologies needed to maintain a sustainable future. It is also a necessary read for postgraduates in sustainability, as well as academics and researchers in energy and chemical engineering who need to ensure their industrial methodologies are sustainable. Provides a comprehensive overview of the most recent methodologies in sustainability assessment, prioritization, improvement, design and optimization Sections are organized in a systematic and logical way to clearly present the most recent methodologies for sustainability and the chapters utilize an interdisciplinary approach that covers all considerations of sustainability Includes detailed case studies demonstrating the efficacies of the described methods

Development and Integration of Simple and Quantitative Safety Pollution and Energy Indices Into the Design and Retrofit of Process Plants

Author : Mohammad Hossein Ordouei
File Size : 75.77 MB
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Currently, the main focus in a chemical process design is cost reduction and profitability. This approach results in high expenditure due to the generation of huge amounts of wastes, which in turn requires waste control stations such as wastewater treatment facility, incinerator and so on. In other words, in conventional design the waste reduction is carried out at the late stage of process design, sometimes referred to as the end of pipe treatment, which causes impacts on environment, inventory of hazardous chemicals, energy consumption as well as cost impacts on the process. Due to all the above aspects, the impact of decision making is highest at the conceptual phase of a process design. However, this impact can be minimized by shifting the waste reduction from the late step of the process design to its early stage. There are several barriers for such shifting; the most important of which is the lacking of a methodology to be used as a screening tool at the conceptual design phase in order to select the inherently safer and the environmentally friendlier design. The objective of this thesis is to develop simple and quantitative indices that can be employed in minimizing the adverse effects of material and energy emissions from chemical industries. Several improvements to existing methodologies for pollution minimization are given. These are based on waste reduction concepts and are applicable from the initial step of a process design to revamping of existing processes. A simple risk index for the evaluation of risks to the safety of chemical processes is also developed. The work provides indices for evaluation of potential environmental impacts as well as safety risks of a chemical process in order to reduce the hazardous wastes generation and energy consumptions as well as safety risks reduction while maintaining the process throughput and profitability. This research offers new methodologies, which have significant contributions in sustainability development by providing new and simple indices to be employed at initial step of a chemical process design with minimum available process data for the evaluation of energy impacts of the process on the environment and at the same time for the assessment of the risks to the chemical process. These new indices are combined with the well-known WAR algorithm to offer a composite index to help investors, regulators and also process designers to select the sustainable design from other process design array. The new methodology uses Key Process Index (KPI) for ranking purposes merely from technical point of view. Even when two or more sustainable processes are concerned, the composite index can find the inherently safest, environmentally friendliest process without trade off with process economy and profitability. So, the new indices can be renamed as “Must Know Composite Indices” for chemical process designers. These Must Know Composite Indices are illustrated on several case studies and are proven to be effective tools on several fronts such as: 1. As screening tools for investors/owners who need not be experts in chemical, environmental or safety engineering. They usually receive a bunch of proposals after advertising a tender for a new project or retrofitting an existing chemical process plant. The utilization of the Must Know Composite Indices will allow them to enter the available process and economic and calculate all indices, rank the proposals and recommend the top ranked processes. 2. As screening tools for process designers: A process engineer will get into the insight of design alternatives in terms of environmental protection, inherent safety and energy impacts of the alternative designs. Then, s/he will make necessary changes to make a sustainable design at minimum impacts of decision at conceptual design stage. 3. As a coding system for process design similar to piping codes. For instance, KPI 1234 (234, 500, 500); where 234, 500 and 500 are the contribution of energy impacts, environmental impacts and safety risks to the process design, respectively. 4. As an incentive/penalty tool for the government in order to penalize plants who are harmful to the environment and society or to, otherwise, provide stimulus programs.

Handbook of Process Integration PI

Author : Jiří J Klemeš
File Size : 90.7 MB
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Since its first development in the 1970s, Process Integration (PI) has become an important methodology in achieving more energy efficient processes. This pioneering handbook brings together the leading scientists and researchers currently contributing to PI development, pooling their expertise and specialist knowledge to provide readers with a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the latest PI research and applications. After an introduction to the principles of PI, the book reviews a wide range of process design and integration topics ranging from heat and utility systems to water, recycling, waste and hydrogen systems. The book considers Heat Integration, Mass Integration and Extended PI as well as a series of applications and case studies. Chapters address not just operating and capital costs but also equipment design and operability issues, through to buildings and supply chains. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Handbook of Process Integration (PI) is a standard reference work for managers and researchers in all energy-intensive industries, as well as academics with an interest in them, including those designing and managing oil refineries, petrochemical and power plants, as well as paper/pulp, steel, waste, food and drink processors. This pioneering handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the latest process integration research and applications Reviews a wide range of process design and integration topics ranging from heat and utility systems to water, recycling, waste and hydrogen systems Chapters also address equipment design and operability issues, through to buildings and supply chains

Foundations of Computer aided Process Design

Author : Jeffrey J. Siirola
File Size : 59.80 MB
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Improved process engineering in general, and better process design specifically, hold the key to technology advancement in the chemical as well as biological, electronic, and other processing industries. This volume contains the proceedings of the Third International Conference on Foundations of Computer-Aided Process Design, which brought together engineers, scientists and graduate student researchers from a number of industrial, academic and government institutions throughout the world to assess and discuss the current status and future directions of computer aided process engineering. The specific objectives of the conference were to provide a forum for an in-depth review of the current state-of-the-art in chemical process design as well as an introduction to process and product design in other disciplines, an evaluation of current and future needs in process design, a formulation of new research directions in computer-aided process design and an examination of educational needs in chemical engineering design.

26th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

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26th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering contains the papers presented at the 26th European Society of Computer-Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) Event held at Portorož Slovenia, from June 12th to June 15th, 2016. Themes discussed at the conference include Process-product Synthesis, Design and Integration, Modelling, Numerical analysis, Simulation and Optimization, Process Operations and Control and Education in CAPE/PSE. Presents findings and discussions from the 26th European Society of Computer-Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) Event

Chemical Engineering Design

Author : Gavin Towler
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Chemical Engineering Design: Principles, Practice and Economics of Plant and Process Design is one of the best-known and most widely adopted texts available for students of chemical engineering. The text deals with the application of chemical engineering principles to the design of chemical processes and equipment. The third edition retains its hallmark features of scope, clarity and practical emphasis, while providing the latest US codes and standards, including API, ASME and ISA design codes and ANSI standards, as well as coverage of the latest aspects of process design, operations, safety, loss prevention, equipment selection, and more. The text is designed for chemical and biochemical engineering students (senior undergraduate year, plus appropriate for capstone design courses where taken), and professionals in industry (chemical process, biochemical, pharmaceutical, petrochemical sectors). Provides students with a text of unmatched relevance for chemical process and plant design courses and for the final year capstone design course Written by practicing design engineers with extensive undergraduate teaching experience Contains more than 100 typical industrial design projects drawn from a diverse range of process industries NEW TO THIS EDITION Includes new content covering food, pharmaceutical and biological processes and commonly used unit operations Provides updates on plant and equipment costs, regulations and technical standards Includes limited online access for students to Cost Engineering’s Cleopatra Enterprise cost estimating software