Search results for: cellulose-nitrate-in-conservation

Cellulose Nitrate in Conservation

Author : Charles M. Selwitz
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This report attempts to isolate and separately examine each of the factors known to lead to cellulose nitrate decomposition, and then relate their contribution to the instability of the polymer when it is used as a bonding agent for ceramics and as a lacquer for metal objects. These factors include deterioration caused by heat, radiation, or acid impurities, or through the loss of plasticizer. There is, moreover, decomposition caused autocatalytically by the initial breakdown products. In particular, the publication examines new information on chemical changes under ambient conditions that has been developed recently through advances in analytical procedures such as chemiluminescence, X-ray scanning spectroscopy (ESCA), and more sophisticated viscometry. This new information will be added to the large body of data, collected over the past 150 years, on the instability of cellulose nitrate under more severe conditions.

Conservation Science

Author : Eric May
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Conservation of artefacts and heritage materials is an increasingly popular and fascinating area, spanning both historical and scientific disciplines. Materials come in many forms ranging from sunken ships to tapestries, from buildings to books. With this wide range of matrices and materials to analyse and preserve, an interdisciplinary approach is needed drawing upon skills from many areas of knowledge. Conservation Science: Heritage Materials links these fields of research together forming a comprehensive text book that discusses analytical aspects, wall paintings, organic and inorganic materials. It provides up to date information on subjects including research on decay and degradation and an understanding of the deterioration mechanisms of historic and artistic works. Also included are a number of case studies of particularly important finds including the upkeep of the Mary Rose and the preservation of the sail on Nelsons ship HMS Victory. This book provides an essential guide and reference source for those working in all areas of heritage conservation.

The Diphenylamine Spot Test for Cellulose Nitrate in Museum Objects

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Conservation of Furniture

Author : Shayne Rivers
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This book is a comprehensive resource covering the principles and practice of the conservation and restoration of furniture, and other decorative art objects made wholly or partly of wood. It integrates theory with practice to show the principles which govern interaction between wooden objects, the environmental and conservation treatments and the factors which need to be taken into account to arrive at acceptable solutions to conservation problems. The practical knowledge and experience of a team of conservators active in the field are bought together with theoretical and reference material from diverse sources and unified within a systematic framework. Specialist conservators from related disciplines cover diverse materials often incorporated into furniture.

Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage

Author : Miguel Angel Rogerio-Candelera
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From 2nd to 5th October 2012 an International Congress on Science and Technology for the conservation of Cultural Heritage was held in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, organized by the Universidade of Santiago de Compostela on behalf of TechnoHeritage Network. The congress was attended by some 160 participants from 10 countries, which presented a tot

Conservation of Wood Artifacts

Author : A. Unger
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The impetus for this book was the desire to systematically organize the extant literature on the conservation of cultural property made of wood, from its beginnings before the Christian Era to the year 2000. Various published reviews and monographs, including Holzkonservierung (Wood Conserva tion) published by the senior author in 1988, have appeared over the years, especially in English and in German. They have provided exemplary treat merit of individual areas or aspects of wood conservation, but a comprehen sive, up-to-date exposition of historic and current developments has been lacking. The diverse professional fields of the authors, as well as their insights into methods of conservation and restoration of wood artifacts in Europe, North America, and Asia provided a solid basis for the success of this under taking. One of the goals during the examination of the literature was that not only well-known conservators and scientists from countries that are leaders in wood conservation should be represented, but that less well-known, often not as readily accessible contributions should also be included. Only in this manner was it possible to draw a comprehensive picture of the national and international state of wood conservation. The Art and Archaeology Technical Abstracts (AATA) of the Getty Institute were very helpful in our efforts to evaluate as many publications as possible.

Issues in the Conservation of Photographs

Author : Debra Hess Norris
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Issues in the Conservation of Photographs is the first publication to chronicle the emergence and systematic development of photograph conservation as a profession. In seventy-two essential texts from the nineteenth century to the present day, this anthology collects key writings that have influenced both the philosophical and the practical aspects of conserving photographic materials. The materials were carefully selected by the editors along with an advisory board of international experts and include some--particularly the lectures, memos, and letters--that have never been published. Many of the topics--safe environmental parameters, silver image permanence, and proper treatment methods--have been debated since the introduction of photography. By promoting an understanding of these issues, this volume seeks to advance the education of rising conservation professionals, inspire new scholarship, and contribute to the field's ongoing evolution.

Conservation Treatment Methodology

Author : Barbara Appelbaum
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Conservation Treatment Methodology presents a systematic approach to decision-making for conservation treatments. The methodology is applicable to all cultural property, independent of object type or material, and its use will enable conservators to be more confident in their treatment decisions. Conservation Treatment Methodology is illustrated with numerous examples that emphasize the equal importance of the physical and cultural aspects of objects for decision-making. The book also explains how the history of an object and the meaning that it holds for its owner or custodian contribute to determining its treatment. Conservation Treatment Methodology is an essential text for conservators, historic preservation specialists, and restorers, as well as students. Since it is not a technical manual about how to carry out treatments, the book will also be of value to art historians and museum personnel who work with conservators. "This book is unique in its overarching, multidisciplinary approach. The writing is not only clear, but entertaining and engaging." Dan Kushel, Distinguished Teaching Professor, Art Conservation Department, Buffalo New York) State College Barbara Appelbaum is one of the premier objects conservators in the United States and the author of Guide to Environmental Protection of Collections. Practicing in New York, Appelbaum was trained at New York University and began her career at The Brooklyn Museum. The author treats a wide range of object types. Projects of note have included George Washington’s leather portfolio, a Marcel Duchamp urinal, and a Marilyn Monroe dress.

The Future of the 20th Century

Author : AHRC Research Centre for Textile Conservation and Textile Studies. Conference
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This is the first publication to present modern textiles as a subject in its own right and considers the existence and preservation of modern materials in the textile field.

Conservation Chemistry

Author : Ted Lister
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This book is divided into three sections, dealing with the conservation of plastics, stone and wood. It provides teaching and learning materials that deal with familiar chemistry in an unfamiliar context. It also helps to show how the chemical sciences play a part in many unexpected areas of life. Many people think of objects made of plastic as throwaway and do not consider them as collectable items or ones that might be found in museums. In fact there are increasing numbers of plastic objects in museums as well as in private collections and many are increasing in value. To give just one example, some Barbie dolls can change hands for thousands of pounds. It is also a misconception that plastics do not decay easily - many of them do, and this raises issues about how best to preserve them. This section is set in a context of the collection, care, identification and display of objects in museums and by private collectors. The section on stone focuses on a case study. In order to prevent damage to a stone object, conservation scientists sometimes surround the object with filter paper soaked in pure water. This is called poulticing. Conservation scientists at the British Museum wanted to investigate the poulticing process to see how effective it was at removing salts and to find out whether previous treatment of the stone affected the efficiency of the removal process. The section on wood focuses on the Mary Rose, a wooden Tudor warship that sank off Portsmouth in 1545. In 1982, the hull was raised and since then has been undergoing conservation treatment in a former dry dock at Portsmouth. Over 19,000 artefacts were recovered. The material presented here looks at the chemistry of the decay processes and the methods used to conserve the wood of the Mary Rose's hull and some of the other materials involved.

The Conservation of Glass and Ceramics

Author : Norman H. Tennent
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This book is the first to bring together in one comprehensive volume a wide range of key topics in glass and ceramics conservation. Scientific research in deterioration mechanisms and in the methods and materials of conservation processes are dealt with extensively by twenty authors, each internationally respected in their subject. The training available for glass and ceramics conservation is covered in contributions by five course directors at colleges in the USA and Europe. The book is designed for conservators, curators, conservation scientists, and ceramics and glass technologists.

Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives

Author : J F Kennedy
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The proceedings of the Cellucon Trust conference held in Lund, Sweden, in 1993. The latest scientific advances are covered, environmental concerns and the consequent economic costs are dealt with. The papers have surprisingly wide applications across a number of industries, including food processing, pharmaceuticals, chemical processing, civil engineering and composite materials production.

Conservation of Plastics

Author : Yvonne Shashoua
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Plastic objects are included more than ever in museums and galleries collections these days, but these items can start to deteriorate when they a just a few years old. In this book Yvonne Shashoua provides the essential knowledge needed to keep plastic pieces in the best possible condition so that they can continue to be enjoyed for many years. The historical development of plastics, as well as the technology, their physical and chemical properties, identification, degradation and conservation are all clearly and concisely covered within this single volume, making it an invaluable reference for the increasing number of conservators and curators that are encountering plastics in their day to day work.

A Reader in Preservation and Conservation

Author : IFLA Section on Preservation and Conservation
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The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) is the leading international body representing the interests of library and information services and their users. It is the global voice of the information profession. The series IFLA Publications deals with many of the means through which libraries, information centres, and information professionals worldwide can formulate their goals, exert their influence as a group, protect their interests, and find solutions to global problems.

Storage of Natural History Collections A preventive conservation approach

Author : Carolyn L. Rose
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International Perspectives on Textile Conservation

Author : ICOM Committee for Conservation. Textiles Working Group. Meeting
File Size : 41.98 MB
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Journal of the American Institute for Conservation

Author : American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works
File Size : 25.26 MB
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Adhesives and Coatings

Author : Crafts Council (Great Britain)
File Size : 32.50 MB
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Science for Conservators Adhesives and coatings

Author :
File Size : 90.91 MB
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Handbook of Plasticizers

Author : George Wypych
File Size : 25.55 MB
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