Catching Nature in the Act

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Catching Nature in the Act

Catching Nature in the Act

Réaumur and the Practice of Natural History in the Eighteenth Century

  • Author: Mary Terrall
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • ISBN: 9780226088600
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 283
  • View: 9243
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Natural history in the eighteenth century was many things to many people—diversion, obsession, medically or economically useful knowledge, spectacle, evidence for God’s providence and wisdom, or even the foundation of all natural knowledge. Because natural history was pursued by such a variety of people around the globe, with practitioners sharing neither methods nor training, it has been characterized as a science of straightforward description, devoted to amassing observations as the raw material for classification and thus fundamentally distinct from experimental physical science. In Catching Nature in the Act, Mary Terrall revises this picture, revealing how eighteenth-century natural historians incorporated various experimental techniques and strategies into their practice. At the center of Terrall’s study is René-Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (1683–1757)—the definitive authority on natural history in the middle decades of the eighteenth century—and his many correspondents, assistants, and collaborators. Through a close examination of Réaumur’s publications, papers, and letters, Terrall reconstructs the working relationships among these naturalists and shows how observing, collecting, and experimenting fit into their daily lives. Essential reading for historians of science and early modern Europe, Catching Nature in the Act defines and excavates a dynamic field of francophone natural history that has been inadequately mined and understood to date.

A Reader In Animation Studies

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A Reader In Animation Studies

A Reader In Animation Studies

  • Author: Jayne Pilling
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 0861969006
  • Category: Performing Arts
  • Page: 304
  • View: 9314
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Cartoons—both from the classic Hollywood era and from more contemporary feature films and television series—offer a rich field for detailed investigation and analysis. Contributors draw on theories and methodology from film, television, and media studies, art history and criticism, and feminism and gender studies.

Animation

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Animation

Animation

Art and Industry

  • Author: Maureen Furniss
  • Publisher: Indiana University Press
  • ISBN: 0861969049
  • Category: Performing Arts
  • Page: 256
  • View: 7305
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Animation—Art and Industry is an introductory reader covering a broad range of animation studies topics, focusing on both American and international contexts. It provides information about key individuals in the fields of both independent and experimental animation, and introduces a variety of topics relevant to the critical study of media—censorship, representations of gender and race, and the relationship between popular culture and fine art. Essays span the silent era to the present, include new media such as web animation and gaming, and address animation made using a variety of techniques.

Catching Ourselves in the Act

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Catching Ourselves in the Act

Catching Ourselves in the Act

Situated Activity, Interactive Emergence, Evolution, and Human Thought

  • Author: Horst Hendriks-Jansen
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • ISBN: 9780262082464
  • Category: Psychology
  • Page: 367
  • View: 6152
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Catching Ourselves in the Act uses situated robotics, ethology, and developmental psychology to erect a new framework for explaining human behavior. Rejecting the cognitive science orthodoxy that formal task-descriptions and their implementation are fundamental to an explanation of mind, Horst Hendriks-Jansen argues for an alternative model based on the notion of interactive emergence. Situated activity and interactive emergence are concepts that derive from the new discipline of autonomous agent research. Hendriks-Jansen puts these notions on a firm philosophical basis and uses them to anchor a "genetic" or "historical" explanation of mental phenomena in species-typical activity patterns that have been selected by a cultural environment of artifacts, language, and intentional scaffolding by adults. Situated robotics, allied with techniques and principles from ethology, allows the testing of hypotheses framed in terms of natural kinds that can be grounded through the theory of natural selection. This approach negotiates the "nature versus nurture" dispute in a radically new way. Catching Ourselves in the Act provides a thorough overview of autonomous agent research in America and Europe, focusing in particular on work by such eminent researchers as Rodney Brooks, Pattie Maes, Maja Mataric, and Rolf Pfeifer. It reassesses the basic principles of artificial life and explores the repercussions of autonomous agent research for human psychology and the philosophy of mind, as well as its affinities with the "contextual revolution" in sociology and anthropology. A Bradford Book. Complex Adaptive Systems

The Evolution of National Water Regimes in Europe

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The Evolution of National Water Regimes in Europe

The Evolution of National Water Regimes in Europe

Transitions in Water Rights and Water Policies

  • Author: Stefan Kuks,Ingrid Kissling-Näf
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9781402024832
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 370
  • View: 9751
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All over the world countries struggle with water stress. Problems vary from water scarcity and a degrading water quality, to floods and a rising sea level due to climate change. The European Union adopted a Water Framework Directive to improve the sustainability of water management in its member states. Water management should be coordinated at the level of river basins as a whole. Interests of various user groups should be better represented. River basin visions should take into account the impact of all human activities on the status of the resource. Water legislation needs streamlining and more focus on its implementation. The European Union advocates regulating water prices by charging the costs of water services on the basis of full cost recovery and the polluter pays principle. This book examines the development of water management in the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Spain, Italy and Switzerland. It is based on the European research project EUWARENESS. The authors apply a theoretical framework for the analysis of institutional regimes, water governance and property rights. The evolution of national water resource regimes is described over a period of almost 200 years (1800-2000). The long-term perspective enables the reader to see the conditions under which regime transformation and paradigm change are made possible. The book also includes a critical analysis of policy making by the European Union, and a comparative review and analysis of regime development in the six countries involved. This book is followed by another volume published with Kluwer Academic Publishers on "Integrated Governance and Water Basin Management", edited by Hans Bressers and Stefan Kuks.

The Poetic Imagination in Heidegger and Schelling

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The Poetic Imagination in Heidegger and Schelling

The Poetic Imagination in Heidegger and Schelling

  • Author: Christopher Yates
  • Publisher: A&C Black
  • ISBN: 1472506405
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 224
  • View: 1955
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The imagination is a decisive, if underappreciated, theme in German thought since Kant. In this rigorous historical and textual analysis, Christopher Yates challenges an oversight of traditional readings by presenting the first comparative study of F.W.J. Schelling and Martin Heidegger on this theme. By investigating the importance of the imagination in the thought of Schelling and Heidegger, Yates' study argues that Heidegger's later, more poetic, philosophy cannot be understood properly without appreciating Schelling's central importance for him. A key figure in post-Kantian German Idealism, Schelling's penetrating attention to the creative character of thought remains undervalued. Capturing the essential manner in which Heidegger's ontology and Schelling's idealism intersect, The Poetic Imagination in Heidegger and Schelling likewise presents an introduction to better understanding Heidegger's later thought. It reveals how his engagement with Schelling encouraged Heidegger to recover and refine the imagination as a poetic, as opposed to reductive and dogmatic, collaborator in the life of truth. Tracing the theme of imagination in new readings of these major thinkers, Yates' study not only acknowledges Schelling's provocative place in post-Kantian German Idealism, but demonstrates as well the significance of Schelling's philosophical focus and style for Heidegger's own concentration on the creative vocation of human artistry and thought.

English Common Law in the Age of Mansfield

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English Common Law in the Age of Mansfield

English Common Law in the Age of Mansfield

  • Author: James Oldham
  • Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
  • ISBN: 0807864005
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 448
  • View: 3714
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In the eighteenth century, the English common law courts laid the foundation that continues to support present-day Anglo-American law. Lord Mansfield, Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench, 1756-1788, was the dominant judicial force behind these developments. In this abridgment of his two-volume book, The Mansfield Manuscripts and the Growth of English Law in the Eighteenth Century, James Oldham presents the fundamentals of the English common law during this period, with a detailed description of the operational features of the common law courts. This work includes revised and updated versions of the historical and analytical essays that introduced the case transcriptions in the original volumes, with each chapter focusing on a different aspect of the law. While considerable scholarship has been devoted to the eighteenth-century English criminal trial, little attention has been given to the civil side. This book helps to fill that gap, providing an understanding of the principal body of substantive law with which America's founding fathers would have been familiar. It is an invaluable reference for practicing lawyers, scholars, and students of Anglo-American legal history.

Catching the Wind of the Spirit

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Catching the Wind of the Spirit

Catching the Wind of the Spirit

  • Author: Sunder Krishnan
  • Publisher: Moody Publishers
  • ISBN: 1600662927
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 216
  • View: 9653
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In Catching the Wind of the Spirit, Rev. Krishnan explores eight spiritual disciplines—the sails that we must hoist if we are to catch the wind of the Spirit: Worship, Scripture meditation, Study, Prayer, Confession, Fellowship, Service and Giving. "The Holy Spirit is much the same as the wind and the sailboat," says Rev. Sunder Krishnan. It is the Spirit of God who performs the vital work of transforming each of us into the image of our Savior and Lord. But in order to be effectively steered and directed by the Spirit, we must embrace the spiritual disciplines that will help us gradually and progressively be transformed into the image of Christ. Each chapter includes questions for individual or group study.

The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America

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The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America

The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America

  • Author: N.A
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Administrative law
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5886
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The Code of Federal Regulations is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government.

Acculturation and Occupation: A Study of the 1956 Hungarian Refugees in the United States

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Acculturation and Occupation: A Study of the 1956 Hungarian Refugees in the United States

Acculturation and Occupation: A Study of the 1956 Hungarian Refugees in the United States

  • Author: S. Alexander Weinstock
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 9401565635
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 127
  • View: 3279
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The plans for this study were formulated between I956 and I958. For some time then, I had been interested in the processes of personal and social accommodation and in the factors that were responsible for resistance to change. While a graduate student at Columbia University at that time, I was also affiliated with a multidisciplinary research group at Cornell University Medical Colleges studying the reactions of people of various cultural and social backgrounds to situations of stress. The Hungarian refugees were one of the groups being studied. I thus decided to undertake a study of the process of acculturation, the Hungarian refugees providing an ideal population. I did not expect to encounter any serious difficulties. Needless to say, the work was beset with every sort of diWculty, financial, conceptual, etc., that usually accompanies research projects. It is only now, more than a decade later, that I am able to present my findings in their final form. I am pleased to have this opportunity to express my in debtedness to the many people who made this study possible. I have been fortunate in having teachers, colleagues, and friends, often all in the same person, who helped me in the formulation of the problem, offered encouragement along every step, and taught me the very skills I was to use.