Search results for: cases-in-field-epidemiology-a-global-perspective

Cases in Field Epidemiology A Global Perspective

Author : Dr. Mark S. Dworkin
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This collection of case studies—some never before published—uncover the details of actual disease outbreaks from within the United States and around the world. At the conclusion of each chapter, the investigator reviews the methods and processes that were employed to execute the investigation. Ideal as a complement to any text on infectious disease epidemiology, these case studies will bring to life the classic functions of field epidemiology and the application of epidemiological methods to unexpected health problems that require fast, on-site investigation and timely intervention. The cases cover investigations in infectious and non-infectious disease outbreaks, as well as environmental health related disease outbreaks.

Cases in Field Epidemiology A Global Perspective

Author : Dr. Mark S. Dworkin
File Size : 86.82 MB
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This collection of case studies—some never before published—uncover the details of actual disease outbreaks from within the United States and around the world. At the conclusion of each chapter, the investigator reviews the methods and processes that were employed to execute the investigation. Ideal as a complement to any text on infectious disease epidemiology, these case studies will bring to life the classic functions of field epidemiology and the application of epidemiological methods to unexpected health problems that require fast, on-site investigation and timely intervention. The cases cover investigations in infectious and non-infectious disease outbreaks, as well as environmental health related disease outbreaks.

Communicable Disease Epidemiology and Control

Author : Roger Webber
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Communicable diseases are major global health concerns that can devastate whole populations. This revised and updated textbook examines communicable diseases at the community level from an epidemiological perspective, covering both theory and practice in a systematic and globally comprehensive overview of communicable diseases and their control. It includes expanded coverage of epidemiology and clinical aspects, many summary tables and coverage of both developed and developing countries from tuberculosis and malaria to bioterrorism and hospital infections, drawing on the author's personal experience of working in many global locations.

Public Health Research Methods

Author : Greg Guest
File Size : 84.20 MB
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Public Health Research Methods, edited by Greg Guest and Emily Namey, provides a comprehensive foundation for planning, executing, and monitoring public health research of all types. The book goes beyond traditional epidemiologic research designs to cover state-of-the-art, technology-based approaches emerging in the new public health landscape. Written by experts in the field, each chapter includes a description of the research method covered, examples of its application in public health, clear instructions on how to execute the method, and a discussion of emerging issues and future directions. In addition, each chapter addresses the topic in the context of global health and health disparities. Such breadth provides readers with practical tools they can use in the field, as well as a current understanding of conceptual discussions. Illustrated with engaging case studies that enhance understanding of the concepts presented, Public Health Research Methods is a comprehensive, must-have reference ideal for researchers in all sectors—government, academia, and non-profit.

Epidemiology of Chronic Disease Global Perspectives

Author : Randall E. Harris
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Epidemiology of Chronic Disease: Global Perspectives is the most current and authoritative resource on the epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, risk factors and preventive factors of over 50 major chronic diseases and conditions. This comprehensive text provides readers with an excellent basis for examining current hypotheses regarding chronic disease epidemiology.

Global Perspectives in Health Volume I

Author : Boutros Pierre Mansourian
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Global Perspectives in Health is a component of Encyclopedia of Biological, Physiological and Health Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Global Perspectives in Health provides the essential aspects and with a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: Global Perspectives in Health; Determinants of Health and Their Interactions; Epidemiology: Health and Disease in Populations; Health Care Systems; Ethical Issues in Health; New Problems in Global Health. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Epidemiology and Disease Prevention

Author : John Yarnell
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This second edition of Epidemiology and Disease Prevention summarizes the natural history of the major disease groups, explaining and applying core epidemiological principles and practices with the help of case studies, questions, and references to the most important sources of information in the field.

Recovery from Schizophrenia An International Perspective

Author : Kim Hopper Ph.D.
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In the late 1960s, the World Health Organization initiated a series of international studies of the incidence, characteristics, course, and consequences of schizophrenia. Those studies - the largest ever in the history of psychiatry - provided important data about the disorder in groups of patients living in different countries and cultures, and first focused attention on the differences in short-term prognosis for schizophrenia between the third world and industrialized countries. In the 1990s, the International Study of Schizophrenia (ISoS) set out to relocate those subjects and to determine their clinical and social status some 15 to 25 years later. Recovery from Schizophrenia is a comprehensive account of what ISoS found, reporting follow-up results for over 1000 subjects examined in the earlier WHO studies (and in several local studies as well). The body of this volume consists of detailed descriptions of the long-term course and outcome of schizophrenia, together with portraits of the field research sites in 14 countries. Introductory and synoptic chapters lay out the origin and design of the WHO studies culminating in ISoS, and synthesize the study's main findings. ISoS shows that, with appropriate treatment, schizophrenia has a favorable outcome for a substantial portion of those afflicted. The surprising finding of the short-term follow-up studies - that outcome was better in the developing than in the developed countries - is confirmed here for long-term course. Yet while prognosis continues to favor subjects in developing countries, the varied outcomes for those in developed nations still offers ample reason for hope. This book is the first of its kind. The massive multinational investigations upon which it is based are unique in psychiatry and cross-cultural epidemiology. Recovery from Schizophrenia will be a valuable resource for researchers, epidemiologists, policymakers, and mental health professionals worldwide, providing evidence that supports investment in the care of persons with schizophrenia.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

Author : Malik Peiris
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Prompting the first WHO global health alert for over a decade, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was first recognised in South-East Asia in February 2003. With the causative agent now identified as a new strain of coronavirus, the medical world has gained important knowledge on the aetiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, pathogenesis, epidemiology, disease treatment and infection control with amazing speed. Despite this, major gaps remain in our understanding - the race is on to develop new cures and effective vaccines, and the long-term impact on health, society and economics are starting to unravel. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome: A Clinical Guide meets the urgent need for a comprehensive, authoritative reference guide for everyone in the medical and scientific community engaged in the fight against SARS: Definitive book on SARS, clearly and accurately documenting the extraordinary medical and scientific events around this new epidemic International experts in the field, with many contributors from the WHO and CDC Will help reader to understand and prevent future outbreaks with a repeat of the same consequences

The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

Author : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
File Size : 64.88 MB
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A NEW AND ESSENTIAL RESOURCE FOR THE PRACTICE OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PUBLIC HEALTH The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual is a definitive guide to investigating acute public health events on the ground and in real time. Assembled and written by experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as well as other leading public health agencies, it offers current and field-tested guidance for every stage of an outbreak investigation -- from identification to intervention and other core considerations along the way. Modeled after Michael Gregg's seminal book Field Epidemiology, this CDC manual ushers investigators through the core elements of field work, including many of the challenges inherent to outbreaks: working with multiple state and federal agencies or multinational organizations; legal considerations; and effective utilization of an incident-management approach. Additional coverage includes: · Updated guidance for new tools in field investigations, including the latest technologies for data collection and incorporating data from geographic information systems (GIS) · Tips for investigations in unique settings, including healthcare and community-congregate sites · Advice for responding to different types of outbreaks, including acute enteric disease; suspected biologic or toxic agents; and outbreaks of violence, suicide, and other forms of injury For the ever-changing public health landscape, The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual offers a new, authoritative resource for effective outbreak response to acute and emerging threats. *** Oxford University Press will donate a portion of the proceeds from this book to the CDC Foundation, an independent nonprofit and the sole entity created by Congress to mobilize philanthropic and private-sector resources to support the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's critical health protection work. To learn more about the CDC Foundation, visit www.cdcfoundation.org.

Curing and Healing

Author : Andrew Strathern
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Throughout history and throughout the world today, problems of health, sickness, and medical treatment have been intimately interwoven with social, cultural, and political life generally. Medical anthropology deals with these problems from a biocultural perspective, recognizing the deep connections between cultural patterns, historical change, and life processes. This book draws on a rich array of ethnographic cases from around the world to demonstrate the complexities of ideas and practices that surround the health of the human body, and how health is impacted by the beliefs and practices of the community. The authors make particular use of new materials from their field areas among the Hagen and Duna people in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea.The book is intended as a textbook useable for both anthropology courses and courses for medical students. The topics covered include a survey of earlier works in medical anthropology, regimens of bodily treatment, sex and reproduction, medical pluralism, doctor-patient communication, epidemiology, ethnopsychiatry, illness and the emotions, and how diseases such as AIDS have altered the ways in which individuals see themselves and 'traditional' practices alter to accommodate new diseases.Andrew Strathern and Pamela J. Stewart are a husband and wife anthropological team who work in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea and the Lowlands of Scotland.

Public Health

Author : Pranee Liamputtong
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This book provides students with a comprehensive overview of Australian and international public health issues and contexts. It explores recent changes in the local public health field, as well as complex global public health issues, and engages with the political and cultural impacts these have on public health systems. The book aims to deepen students' understanding of the determinants of health, historical and theoretical perspectives of public health, and current health research. Through consideration of new perspectives, it introduces the latest public health discourses and explores issues of health promotion and health inequalities that inform much of the understanding of public health today. Drawing on more than 25 years' experience, Pranee Liamputtong leads a stellar author team to present this essential resource. Each chapter includes learning objectives, key words, tutorial exercises and further reading, as well as illustrative and informative case studies to aid students' understanding of key concepts.

Environmental Health Perspectives

Author :
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Global Perspectives on Project based Language Learning Teaching and Assessment

Author : Gulbahar Beckett
File Size : 90.50 MB
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This volume provides a comprehensive account of project-based language learning (PBLL) which showcases key theoretical approaches, empirical research, technological tools, and research-based frameworks to help further PBLL implementation and research. Taking its cue from the conclusions drawn from project-based learning more broadly, which point to the impact of project-based work on learning and development, discourse socialization, subject engagement, and collaborative skills, the book highlights how these discussions might be extended and enhanced within the context of language learning. The volume begins with discussions of philosophical and theoretical models of PBLL and is followed by case studies from contributors from a range of learning contexts and geographic regions which demonstrate these models in practice, with a focus on the implementation of technology in such instances. The book also introduces resources for aligning projects with government standards in the classroom but also frameworks for researching and assessing PBLL. This comprehensive collection is essential reading for students and researchers in language learning and teaching, language education, curriculum design, and applied linguistics.

Emerging Infectious Diseases

Author :
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Viral Infections of Humans

Author : Richard A. Kaslow
File Size : 22.95 MB
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Striking changes have occurred in the world since the publication of the last edition of Viral Infections of Humans. The global population is rapidly approaching 8 billion; climate change is leading to the introduction of new hosts, vectors and virus diseases heretofore never seen in many parts of the world; technological advances have revolutionized the ability to recognize and characterize viruses new and old; vaccines are altering the epidemiological landscape of the diseases they target, in some cases raising the hope of their eradication and remarkably powerful computational tools are enabling not only detection of outbreaks of disease much sooner than in the past but also, through complex mathematical modeling, more accurate prediction of their potential impact. The new Fifth Edition of Viral Infections of Humans captures the both the excitement and frustration of the dynamic struggle between humankind and the viruses that continue to cause immense suffering. It presents the latest concepts, methods and technologies in epidemiology, detection, investigation, modeling and intervention. Updated and entirely new chapters by dozens of experts across the field provide analytic summaries of current knowledge of viruses and prions causing acute syndromes, chronic illnesses and/or malignancies. In sum, this ambitiously expanded volume offers a uniquely comprehensive perspective on viruses in humans, from agents of classic diseases (e.g., hepatitis, measles, polio, rabies and yellow fever), to those with greatest pandemic impact (e.g., influenza and human immunodeficiency virus), to those discovered relatively recently (e.g., henipavirus, metapneumovirus and norovirus). The new Fifth Edition of Viral Infections of Humans is an invaluable reference for students, fellows and established professionals in the fields of microbiology, public health and infectious disease epidemiology, medicine and health policy.

Educating the Global Workforce for Public Health

Author : Sanjay P. Zodpey
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Good quality management of the health system demands a critical mass of health professionals with sound technical knowledge. The education that produces a workforce of appropriate size and skills is often a challenge in the delivery of quality health services. Incidentally, health professionals’ education has not kept pace with the new emerging challenges. Recent globalization of health has further led to international migration of health professionals, thereby leading to cross-border recognition of health workers with an appropriate skill-mix, knowledge, and competence. The Lancet Commission Report of 2010 highlighted the need to develop a common strategy at a global level for postgraduate medical, nursing, and public health education that reaches beyond the confines of national borders and the silos of individual professions. This vision would require a series of instructional and institutional reforms, which should be guided by two proposed outcomes: transformative learning and interdependence in education. The purpose of this Research Topic is to increase the shared understanding of the current status of the education of the health workforce around the globe, particularly those working in the public health sector. With this foundation, further research and evaluation studies can then be done with a perspective that addresses global workforce issues impacting access, prevention, and care.

Case based Geriatrics A Global Approach

Author : Victor A. Hirth
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A full-color case-based guide to the principles and clinical aspects of geriatric care Case-Based Geriatrics utilizes a case-and-evidence-based approach to help you understand the key principles and clinical points of geriatric medicine and healthcare. Written to reflect the field’s growing trend toward interdisciplinary collaboration, the book is of value not only to physicians, but to the entire health team involved in the care of the elderly. This unique text is constructed around case presentations, which are used as the primary teaching tool. These cases reflect issues and principles of geriatrics that are encountered and practiced worldwide. You will learn how cultural characteristics of both patients and providers have added new layers of complications to this already challenging field – and how they can be recognized and overcome. Each case is directly linked to the learning objectives found in each chapter. Review questions appear at the beginning and end of each chapter to test your understanding. Case-Based Geriatrics is divided into three sections: Issues in Aging -- features foundational chapters covering essential topics such as biology of aging, worldwide demographics, the geriatric physical exam, sensory changes in aging, and approaches to laboratory testing and imaging in aging Inter-professional Geriatrics -- provides an overview of multi-professional team care and covers important topics such as pre -and-post operative care, discharge planning and transitional care, end-of-life care, home care, and long-term care Geriatric Syndromes and Important Issues -- covers common disorders such as delirium, dementia, depression, stroke, hypertension, osteoporosis, and more

Self restoration of People Living with HIV AIDS in China

Author : Rongting Hou
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This book adopts an approach based on relational psychoanalysis, developed in the USA in and since the 1990s and guided by the self-psychology championed by Kohut and the Post-Kohutians. How people infected with HIV/AIDS live their lives is a growing concern in China. The book, based on relational psychoanalysis, explores their self-restoration, and more specifically, how adopting an attitude of “dying to live” helps them face tremendous challenges in life. By interviewing selected individuals at a given organization, the author focuses on their life experiences and on corresponding interventional mechanisms. The book’s three most important features are as follows: 1) its application of self-psychology by Heinz Kohut into the context of psychological intervention; 2) a wealth of qualitative data gathered through in-depth interviews; and 3) the author’s self-reflection and analysis. The book offers a valuable guide for graduate students, researchers, and policymakers alike. By interviewing selected individuals at a given organization, the book focuses on the life histories of selected individuals after being diagnosed with AIDS (screening HIV positive) and on corresponding interventional mechanisms. Further, itemploys the self and self-object as key explanatory terms for the necessary psychotherapeutic interventions,and in order to create guidelines that sufficiently reflect the illness and corresponding interventions. Given its scope and focus, the book offers a valuable guide for graduate students, researchers, and policymakers alike.

Parasitology

Author : K.S. Warren
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Proceedings of a Meeting in Bellagio, Italy, April, 1982