Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree

The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order


Author: J. David. Archibald

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231164122

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 4464

Leading paleontologist David Archibald explores the rich history of visual metaphors for biological order from ancient times to the present and their influence on human beingsÕ perception of their place in nature. Specifically, Archibald focuses on ladders and trees, and the first appearance of trees to represent seasonal life cycles. Their use in ancient Roman decorations and genealogies was then appropriated by the early Christian Church to represent biblical genealogies. The late eighteenth century saw the idea of a tree reappropriated to visualize relationships in the natural world, sometimes with a creationist view, but in some instances suggesting evolution. Charles DarwinÕs On the Origin of Species (1859) exorcised the exclusively creationist view of the Òtree of life.Ó His ideas sparked an explosion of trees, mostly by younger acolytes in Europe. Although DarwinÕs influence waned in the early twentieth century, by midcentury his ideas held sway once again in time for another and even greater explosion of tree building, generated by the development of new theories on how to assemble trees, the birth of powerful computing, and the emergence of molecular technology. Throughout his far-reaching study, and with the use of many figures, Archibald connects the evolution of Òtree of lifeÓ iconography to our changing perception of the world and ourselves, offering uncommon insight into how we went from standing on the top rung of the biological ladder to embodying just one tiny twig on the tree of life.

Humour in the Arts

New Perspectives


Author: Vivienne Westbrook,Shun-liang Chao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429849885

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 4263

This collection demonstrates the usefulness of approaching texts—verbal, visual and aural—through a framework of humour. Contributors offer in-depth discussions of humour in the West within a wider cultural historical context to achieve a coherent, chronological sense of how humour proceeds from antiquity to modernity. Reading humorously reveals the complexity of certain aspects of texts that other reading approaches have so far failed to reveal. Humour in the Arts explores humour as a source of cultural formation that engages with ethical, political, and religious controversies whilst acquainting readers with a wide range of humorous structures and strategies used across Western cultures.

The Vulgate Bible, Volume I

The Pentateuch


Author: Swift Edgar,Angela M Kinney

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674055349

Category: Bibles

Page: 1151

View: 2641

The Vulgate Bible was used from the early Middle Ages through the twentieth century in the Western European Christian (and, later, specifically Catholic) tradition. This volume elegantly and affordably presents the text of the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Bible, beginning with the creation of the world and the human race, continuing with the Great Flood, God’s covenant with Abraham, Israel’s flight from Egypt and wanderings through the wilderness, the laws revealed to Moses, his mustering of the twelve tribes of Israel, and ending on the eve of Israel’s introduction into the Promised Land. This is the first volume of the projected five-volume set of the complete Vulgate Bible.

Caxton Celebration, 1877

Catalogue of the Loan Collection of Antiquities, Curiosities, and Appliances Connected with the Art of Printing


Author: George Bullen

Publisher: N.A


Category: Caxton Celebration

Page: 472

View: 5607

Cyclopaedia Bibliographica

A Library Manual of Theological and General Literature, and Guide to Books for Authors, Preachers, Students, and Literary Men : Analytical, Bibliographical, and Biographical ; Subjects, Holy Scriptures


Author: James Darling

Publisher: N.A



Page: N.A

View: 6533