The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

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Author: Abiola Irele,Biodun Jeyifo

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195334736

Category: History

Page: 988

View: 4783

From St. Augustine and early Ethiopian philosophers to the anti-colonialist movements of Pan-Africanism and Negritude, this encyclopedia offers a comprehensive view of African thought, covering the intellectual tradition both on the continent in its entirety and throughout the African Diaspora in the Americas and in Europe. The term "African thought" has been interpreted in the broadest sense to embrace all those forms of discourse - philosophy, political thought, religion, literature, important social movements - that contribute to the formulation of a distinctive vision of the world determined by or derived from the African experience. The Encyclopedia is a large-scale work of 350 entries covering major topics involved in the development of African Thought including historical figures and important social movements, producing a collection that is an essential resource for teaching, an invaluable companion to independent research, and a solid guide for further study.

African Art and Leadership

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Author: Douglas Fraser,Herbert M. Cole

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299058241

Category: Art

Page: 332

View: 9067

A series of fourteen thought-provoking essays by art historians, anthropologists, and historians analyzes the complex interactions between art and leadership in sub-Saharan Africa. Amply and carefully illustrated throughout.

Baule

African Art, Western Eyes

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Author: Susan Mullin Vogel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780300073171

Category: Art

Page: 312

View: 3261

Featuring 250 illustrations, a detailed study of the sculpture of the Baule people of the Ivory Coast--long seen by Westerners as one of Africa's most important artistic traditions--explores the Baules' ways of expression and aesthetic understanding. UP.

Beauty in Context

Towards an Anthropological Approach to Aesthetics

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Author: Wilfried Van Damme

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004106086

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1558

In surveying the field of the anthropology of aesthetics, the author argues that the phenomenon of cultural relativism in easthetic preference may be accounted for by demonstrating that culturally varying notions of beauty are inspired by culturally varying sociocultural ideals.

Embodying Colonial Memories

Spirit Possession, Power, and the Hauka in West Africa

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Author: Paul Stoller

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415908771

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 4945

Embodying Colonial Memories is the first in-depth study of the West African Hauka, spirits in the body of (human) mediums which mimic and mock Europeans of the colonial epoch. Paul Stoller, who was initiated into a spirit possession troupe, recounts an insider's tale of the Hauka with respect and "brotherly" deference. He combines narrative description, historical analysis, and reflections on the importance of embodiment and mimesis to social theory, with particular reference to the Songhay peoples of the Republic of Niger. Why have the Hauka mimicked white men and their colonial behaviors? In this innovative book, Stoller argues that mimicry is about power. To copy something is to master it. Through the Hauka, the Songhay try to divert the power of the Europeans. Embodying Colonial Memories not only desribes a spirit possession cult; it considers such significant subjects as the cultural sentience of the body, the dynamics of colonial movements of resistance, and the particularly poignant political discourses of West African postcolonies. -- Back cover.

Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces

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Author: R. I. Masel,Richard I. Masel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471303923

Category: Science

Page: 804

View: 3309

Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces As with other books in the field, Principles of Adsorption andReaction on Solid Surfaces describes what occurs when gases come incontact with various solid surfaces. But, unlike all the others, italso explains why. While the theory of surface reactions is stillunder active development, the approach Dr. Richard Masel takes inthis book is to outline general principles derived fromthermodynamics and reaction rate theory that can be applied toreactions on surfaces, and to indicate ways in which theseprinciples may be applied. The book also provides a comprehensivetreatment of the latest quantitative surface modeling techniqueswith numerous examples of their use in the fields of chemicalengineering, physical chemistry, and materials science. A valuableworking resource and an excellent graduate-level text, Principlesof Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces provides readerswith: * A detailed look at the latest advances in understanding andquantifying reactions on surfaces * In-depth reviews of all crucial background material * 40 solved examples illustrating how the methods apply tocatalysis, physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition,electrochemistry, and more * 340 problems and practice exercises * Sample computer programs * Universal plots of many key quantities * Detailed, class-tested derivations to help clarify keyresults The recent development of quantitative techniques for modelingsurface reactions has led to a number of exciting breakthroughs inour understanding of what happens when gases come in contact withsolid surfaces. While many books have appeared describing variousexperimental modeling techniques and the results obtained throughtheir application, until now, there has been no single-volumereference devoted to the fundamental principles governing theprocesses observed. The first book to focus on governing principles rather thanexperimental techniques or specific results, Principles ofAdsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces provides students andprofessionals with a quantitative treatment of the application ofprinciples derived from the fields of thermodynamics and reactionrate theory to the investigation of gas adsorption and reaction onsolid surfaces. Writing for a broad-based audience including, amongothers, chemical engineers, chemists, and materials scientists, Dr.Richard I. Masel deftly balances basic background in areas such asstatistical mechanics and kinetics with more advanced applicationsin specialized areas. Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces was alsodesigned to provide readers an opportunity to quickly familiarizethemselves with all of the important quantitative surface modelingtechniques now in use. To that end, the author has included all ofthe key equations involved as well as numerous real-worldillustrations and solved examples that help to illustrate how theequations can be applied. He has also provided computer programsalong with universal plots that make it easy for readers to applyresults to their own problems with little computationaleffort. Principles of Adsorption and Reaction on Solid Surfaces is avaluable working resource for chemical engineers, physicalchemists, and materials scientists, and an excellent text forgraduate students in those disciplines.

Africana

The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience

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Author: Kwame Anthony Appiah,Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0195170555

Category: History

Page: 3960

View: 6851

Ninety years after W.E.B. Du Bois first articulated the need for "the equivalent of a black Encyclopedia Britannica," Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry Louis Gates Jr., realized his vision by publishing Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience in 1999. This new, greatly expanded edition of the original work broadens the foundation provided by Africana. Including more than one million new words, Africana has been completely updated and revised. New entries on African kingdoms have been added, bibliographies now accompany most articles, and the encyclopedia's coverage of the African diaspora in Latin America and the Caribbean has been expanded, transforming the set into the most authoritative research and scholarly reference set on the African experience ever created. More than 4,000 articles cover prominent individuals, events, trends, places, political movements, art forms, business and trade, religion, ethnic groups, organizations and countries on both sides of the Atlantic. African American history and culture in the present-day United States receive a strong emphasis, but African American history and culture throughout the rest of the Americas and their origins in African itself have an equally strong presence. The articles that make up Africana cover subjects ranging from affirmative action to zydeco and span over four million years from the earlies-known hominids , to Sean "Diddy" Combs. With entries ranging from the African ethnic groups to members of the Congressional Black Caucus, Africana, Second Edition, conveys the history and scope of cultural expression of people of African descent with unprecedented depth.

Widows in African Societies

Choices and Constraints

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Author: Betty Potash

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804766562

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 3778

Although widows constitute a quarter of the adult female population in many African societies, they have not been the focus of detailed, cross-cultural research. This is the first comparative anthropological study of widowhood in Africa, comprising ten case studies that cover a broad spectrum of societies in different parts of the continent. This volume shows clearly that widows are not passive objects of male transactions; they have interests and options, and make choices affecting their own lives. Ties to children, access to productive sources, and rights to housing are shown to have particular importance for widows' residential and marital decisions. This book provides a needed corrective both to the male perspective on kinship and to women's studies that deal almost exclusively with the adult married woman. In contrast to the traditional anthropological emphasis on widow remarriage and the functions such marriages have for the maintenance of marriage alliances, these papers deal with the women themselves and the quality of their lives. The introduction surveys the literature, examines the factors affecting the widows' strategies, and shows how accepted anthropological concepts of marriage, affinity, and community look different when considered from the perspective of widows. There is a foreword by Mariam K. Slater.

In My Father's House

Africa in the Philosophy of Culture

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Author: Kwame Anthony Appiah

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199874354

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 5573

The beating of Rodney King and the resulting riots in South Central Los Angeles. The violent clash between Hasidim and African-Americans in Crown Heights. The boats of Haitian refugees being turned away from the Land of Opportunity. These are among the many racially-charged images that have burst across our television screens in the last year alone, images that show that for all our complacent beliefs in a melting-pot society, race is as much of a problem as ever in America. In this vastly important, widely-acclaimed volume, Kwame Anthony Appiah, a Ghanaian philosopher who now teaches at Harvard, explores, in his words, "the possibilities and pitfalls of an African identity in the late twentieth century." In the process he sheds new light on what it means to be an African-American, on the many preconceptions that have muddled discussions of race, Africa, and Afrocentrism since the end of the nineteenth century, and, in the end, to move beyond the idea of race. In My Father's House is especially wide-ranging, covering everything from Pan Africanism, to the works of early African-American intellectuals such as Alexander Crummell and W.E.B. Du Bois, to the ways in which African identity influences African literature. In his discussion of the latter subject, Appiah demonstrates how attempts to construct a uniquely African literature have ignored not only the inescapable influences that centuries of contact with the West have imposed, but also the multicultural nature of Africa itself. Emphasizing this last point is Appiah's eloquent title essay which offers a fitting finale to the volume. In a moving first-person account of his father's death and funeral in Ghana, Appiah offers a brilliant metaphor for the tension between Africa's aspirations to modernity and its desire to draw on its ancient cultural roots. During the Los Angeles riots, Rodney King appeared on television to make his now famous plea: "People, can we all get along?" In this beautiful, elegantly written volume, Appiah steers us along a path toward answering a question of the utmost importance to us all.

Fodor's France 2012

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Author: Fodor's

Publisher: Fodor's Travel

ISBN: 087637142X

Category: Travel

Page: 872

View: 9031

Get inspired and plan your next trip with Fodor’s ebook travel guide to France. Intelligent Planning: Discover all of the essential, up-to-date travel insights you expect in a Fodor’s guide, including Fodor’s Choice dining and lodging, top experiences and attractions, and detailed planning advice. Easy Navigation for E-Readers: Whether you’re reading this ebook from start to finish or jumping from chapter to chapter as you develop your itinerary, Fodor’s makes it easy to find the information you need with a single touch. In addition to a traditional main table of contents for the ebook, each chapter opens with its own table of contents, making it easy to browse. Full-Color Photos and Maps: It’s hard not to fall in love with France as you flip through a vivid full-color photo album. Explore the layout of city centers and popular neighborhoods with easy-to-read full-color maps. Plus get an overview of French geography with the convenient atlas at the end of the ebook. What’s Covered? Get to Know France: The Ile-de-France region is the nation’s heartland. Here Louis XIV built vainglorious Versailles, Chartres brings the faithful to their knees, and Monet’s Giverny enchants all. To the south, the Loire Valley offers a parade of royal and near-royal chateaus that magnificently capture France’s golden age of monarchy. Northwest Normandy is sculpted with cliff-lined coasts and a dramatic past marked by Mont-St-Michel’s majestic abbey, Rouen’s towering cathedral, and the D-Day beaches. Brittany, a long arm of rocky land stretching into the Atlantic, is a place unto itself with its own language and time-defying towns such as Gauguin’s Pont-Aven and the pirate haven of St-Malo. The region of Alsace-Lorraine may look and sound German, but its main sights---18th-century Nancy, medieval Strasbourg, and the lovely Route du Vine---remain proudly French. For those travelers looking to imbibe, trips to Champagne Country, the capital of bubbly, or Burgundy, whose vineyards are among the world’s best, cannot be missed. Lyon is France’s natural hub where you can ski Mont Blanc or take a heady trip along the Beaujolais Wine Road. Don’t forget Provence, famed for its Lavender Route, the honey-gold hill towns of Luberon, and vibrant cities. The pebble beaches and zillion-dollar houses of the French Riviera have always captivated sun lovers and socialites from amorous St-Tropez and beauteous Antibes, to sophisticated Nice. The southwestern region, The Midi-Pyrenees is less glamorous than the Riviera and Provence but has an array of must-sees including the “pink city” of Toulouse and fairy-tale Carcassonne. The Dordogne is a stone-cottage pastoral studded with fairy-tale castles, storybook villages, and France’s top prehistoric sights. You’ll fall under Basque Country’s spell with Bay of Biscay resorts like Biarritz, coastal villages such as St-Jean-De-Luz, or the Pyrenean peaks. Relax by sampling the wines of Bordeaux, the standard against which others are measured. They've made the city rich and the owners of its vineyards even richer. No trip to France would be complete without a stop in Paris. A quayside vista that takes in the Seine, a passing boat, Notre-Dame, the Eiffel tower, and mansard roofs all in one generous sweep is enough to convince you that this is indeed the most beautiful city on Earth. Note: This ebook edition is adapted from Fodor’s France 2011 but differs in some content. Additionally, the ebook edition includes photographs and maps that will appear on black-and-white devices but are optimized for devices that support full-color images.