Basic Principles of Membrane Technology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: J. Mulder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401708355

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 2419

Membranes playa central role in our daily life, or as indicated by one of my foreign colleagues, Richard Bowen, 'If you are tired of membranes, you are tired of life' . Biological membranes are hardly used in industrial applications, but separations with synthetic membranes have become increasingly important. Today, membrane processes are used in a wide range of applications and their numbers will certainly increase. Therefore, there is a need for well educated and qualified engineers, chemists, scientists and technicians who have been taught the basic principles of membrane technology. However, despite the growing importance of membrane processes, there are only a few universities that include membrane technology in their regular curricula. One of the reasons for this may be the lack of a comprehensive textbook. For me, this was one of the driving forces for writing a textbook on the basic principles of membrane technology which provides a broad view on the various aspects of membrane technology. I realise that membrane technology covers a broad field but nevertheless I have tried to describe the basic principles of the various disciplines. Although the book was written with the student in mind it can also serve as a first introduction for engineers, chemists, and technicians in all kind of industries who wish to learn the basics of membrane technology.

Membrane Technology and Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Richard W. Baker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470854457

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 9013

Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgments for the first edition Acknowledgments for the second edition 1 Overview of Membrane Science and Technology 1 2 Membrane Transport Theory 15 3 Membranes and Modules 89 4 Concentration Polarization 161 5 Reverse Osmosis 191 6 Ultrafiltration 237 7 Microfiltration 275 8 Gas Separation 301 9 Pervaporation 355 10 Ion Exchange Membrane Processes - Electrodialysis 393 11 Carrier Facilitated Transport 425 12 Medical Applications of Membranes 465 13 Other Membrane Processes 491 Appendix 523 Index 535.

Membrane Technology

in the Chemical Industry

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Suzana Pereira Nunes,Klaus-Viktor Peinemann

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527608591

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 6060

Membrane Technology - a clean and energy saving alternative to traditional/conventional processes. Developed from a useful laboratory technique to a commercial separation technology, today it has widespread and rapidly expanding use in the chemical industry. It has established applications in areas such as hydrogen separation and recovery of organic vapors from process gas streams, and selective transport of organic solvents, and it is opening new perspectives for catalytic conversion in membrane reactors. Membrane technology provides a unique solution for industrial waste treatment and for controlled production of valuable chemicals. This book outlines several established applications of membranes in the chemical industry, reviews the available membranes and membrane processes for the field, and discusses the huge potential of this technology in chemical processes. Each chapter has been written by an international leading expert with extensive industrial experience in the field.

Membrane-Based Separations in Metallurgy

Principles and Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Lan Ying Jiang,Li Na

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128034270

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 418

View: 2419

Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane’s multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes. Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy Includes case studies and examples of various processes Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts

Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy, Water, and Environment

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Takeshi Matsuura

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118190149

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 6634

A detailed look at the most recent developments in sustainablemembrane technology for use in energy, water, and the environment A collection of twenty-seven groundbreaking papers on importantideas about the development of membrane science and technology,Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy, Water, andEnvironment brings together contributions from leadinginternational experts in one comprehensive volume. Covering thelatest developments and most innovative ideas in the field, thisbook is a unique resource for understanding the growing interest inusing membranes across several industries. Divided into six chapters that cover new membrane materials andmembrane development; membrane applications for gas and vaporseparation; membrane applications in water treatment; environmentalapplications of membranes; energy applications of membranes; andother industrial membrane applications, the book looks at thecurrent and emerging applications for membrane science andtechnology in detail. As the Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN) and the Middle East emerge as the next generation ofmembrane research and development centers, in part due to theirneed for water and natural gas production technology, this bookprovides invaluable insights into the cutting-edge work takingplace in these regions. Additional topics covered also include newmembrane materials, membrane applications for food processing, andmuch more. Designed for engineers, scientists, professors, and graduatestudents who are engaged in membrane R&D activities, as well asfor anyone interested in sustainable development, SustainableMembrane Technology for Energy, Water, and Environment is acutting-edge look at membrane applications.

Reverse Osmosis

Industrial Processes and Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jane Kucera

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119145783

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 6116

This new edition of the bestselling Reverse Osmosis isthe most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the process ofreverse osmosis in industrial applications, a technology that isbecoming increasingly more important as more and more companieschoose to “go green.” This book covers all of theprocesses and equipment necessary to design, operate, andtroubleshoot reverse osmosis systems, from the fundamentalprinciples of reverse osmosis technology and membranes to the muchmore advanced engineering principles necessary for designing areverse osmosis system. The second edition is an enhanced version of the original bestseller. Each chapter has been reviewed and updated. Revised features include more detail on various pretreatmenttechniques such as greensand and pyrolusite pretreatmentmedia. The design projection chapter has been edited toinclude up-to-date information on current projectionprograms. A new section on microbial fouling controlfeaturing chlorine and alternative techniques is included toaddress the needs of most RO systems. Also, a discussion onforward osmosis is added as an alternative and/or companiontechnology to reverse osmosis for water treatment. The secondedition includes all updated, basic, in-depth information fordesign, operation, and optimization of reverse osmosissystems. Earlier chapters cover the basic principles, the history ofreverse osmosis, basic terms and definitions, and essentialequipment. The book then goes into pretreatment processes andsystem design, then, finally, operations and troubleshooting. The author includes a section on the impact of other membranetechnologies and even includes a “Frequently AskedQuestions” chapter.

Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Norman N Li,Anthony G. Fane,W. S. Winston Ho,Takeshi Matsuura

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118211545

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1016

View: 5926

Advanced membranes-from fundamentals and membrane chemistry to manufacturing and applications A hands-on reference for practicing professionals, Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications covers the fundamental principles and theories of separation and purification by membranes, the important membrane processes and systems, and major industrial applications. It goes far beyond the basics to address the formulation and industrial manufacture of membranes and applications. This practical guide: Includes coverage of all the major types of membranes: ultrafiltration; microfiltration; nanofiltration; reverse osmosis (including the recent high-flux and low-pressure membranes and anti-fouling membranes); membranes for gas separations; and membranes for fuel cell uses Addresses six major topics: membranes and applications in water and wastewater; membranes for biotechnology and chemical/biomedical applications; gas separations; membrane contractors and reactors; environmental and energy applications; and membrane materials and characterization Includes discussions of important strategic issues and the future of membrane technology With chapters contributed by leading experts in their specific areas and a practical focus, this is the definitive reference for professionals in industrial manufacturing and separations and research and development; practitioners in the manufacture and applications of membranes; scientists in water treatment, pharmaceutical, food, and fuel cell processing industries; process engineers; and others. It is also an excellent resource for researchers in industry and academia and graduate students taking courses in separations and membranes and related fields.

Handbook of sol-gel science and technology. 3. Applications of sol-gel technology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Sumio Sakka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402079689

Category: Ceramic materials

Page: 791

View: 886

Since Dr. Disiich of Germany prepared a glass lens by the sol-gel method around 1970, sol-gel science and technology has continued to develop. Since then this field has seen remarkable technical developments as well as a broadening of the applications of sol-gel science and technology. There is a growing need for a comprehensive reference that treats both the fundamentals and the applications, and this is the aim of "Handbook of Sol-Gel Science and Technology."The primary purpose of sol-gel science and technology is to produce materials, active and non-active including optical, electronic, chemical, sensor, bio- and structural materials. This means that sol-gel science and technology is related to all kinds of manufacturing industries. Thus Volume 1, "Sol-Gel Processing," is devoted to general aspects of processing. Newly developed materials such as organic-inorganic hybrids, photonic crystals, ferroelectric coatings, photocatalysts will be covered. Topics in this volume include: Volume 2, "Characterization of Sol-Gel Materials and Products, "highlights the important fact that useful materials are only produced when characterization is tied to processing. Furthermore, characterization is essential to the understanding of nanostructured materials, and sol-gel technology is a most important technology in this new field. Since nanomaterials display their functional property based on their nano- and micro-structure, "characterization" is very important. Topics found in Volume 2 include: Sol-gel technology is a versatile technology, making it possible to produce a wide variety of materials and to provide existing substances with novel properties. This technology was applied to producingnovel materials, for example organic-inorganic hybrids, which are quite difficult to make by other fabricating techniques, and it was also applied to producing materials based on high temperature superconducting oxides. "Applications of Sol-Gel Technology," (Volume 3), will cover applications such as: