Basic Noncommutative Geometry

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Author: Masoud Khalkhali

Publisher: European Mathematical Society

ISBN: 9783037190616

Category: Mathematics

Page: 223

View: 8007

"Basic Noncommutative Geometry provides an introduction to noncommutative geometry and some of its applications. The book can be used either as a textbook for a graduate course on the subject or for self-study. It will be useful for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics and all those who are interested in gaining an understanding of the subject. One feature of this book is the wealth of examples and exercises that help the reader to navigate through the subject. While background material is provided in the text and in several appendices, some familiarity with basic notions of functional analysis, algebraic topology, differential geometry and homological algebra at a first year graduate level is helpful. Developed by Alain Connes since the late 1970s, noncommutative geometry has found many applications to long-standing conjectures in topology and geometry and has recently made headways in theoretical physics and number theory. The book starts with a detailed description of some of the most pertinent algebra-geometry correspondences by casting geometric notions in algebraic terms, then proceeds in the second chapter to the idea of a noncommutative space and how it is constructed. The last two chapters deal with homological tools: cyclic cohomology and Connes-Chern characters in K-theory and K-homology, culminating in one commutative diagram expressing the equality of topological and analytic index in a noncommutative setting. Applications to integrality of noncommutative topological invariants are given as well."--Publisher's description.

An Invitation to Noncommutative Geometry

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Author: Matilde Marcolli

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812814337

Category: Mathematics

Page: 506

View: 5651

This is the first existing volume that collects lectures on this important and fast developing subject in mathematics. The lectures are given by leading experts in the field and the range of topics is kept as broad as possible by including both the algebraic and the differential aspects of noncommutative geometry as well as recent applications to theoretical physics and number theory. Sample Chapter(s). A Walk in the Noncommutative Garden (1,639 KB). Contents: A Walk in the Noncommutative Garden (A Connes & M Marcolli); Renormalization of Noncommutative Quantum Field Theory (H Grosse & R Wulkenhaar); Lectures on Noncommutative Geometry (M Khalkhali); Noncommutative Bundles and Instantons in Tehran (G Landi & W D van Suijlekom); Lecture Notes on Noncommutative Algebraic Geometry and Noncommutative Tori (S Mahanta); Lectures on Derived and Triangulated Categories (B Noohi); Examples of Noncommutative Manifolds: Complex Tori and Spherical Manifolds (J Plazas); D-Branes in Noncommutative Field Theory (R J Szabo). Readership: Researchers in mathematical and theoretical physics, geometry and topology, algebra and number theory.

Noncommutative Geometry and Particle Physics

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Author: Walter D. van Suijlekom

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401791627

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 4575

This book provides an introduction to noncommutative geometry and presents a number of its recent applications to particle physics. It is intended for graduate students in mathematics/theoretical physics who are new to the field of noncommutative geometry, as well as for researchers in mathematics/theoretical physics with an interest in the physical applications of noncommutative geometry. In the first part, we introduce the main concepts and techniques by studying finite noncommutative spaces, providing a “light” approach to noncommutative geometry. We then proceed with the general framework by defining and analyzing noncommutative spin manifolds and deriving some main results on them, such as the local index formula. In the second part, we show how noncommutative spin manifolds naturally give rise to gauge theories, applying this principle to specific examples. We subsequently geometrically derive abelian and non-abelian Yang-Mills gauge theories, and eventually the full Standard Model of particle physics, and conclude by explaining how noncommutative geometry might indicate how to proceed beyond the Standard Model.

Noncommutative Geometry

Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Martina Franca, Italy, September 3-9, 2000

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Author: Alain Connes,Joachim Cuntz,Erik G. Guentner,Nigel Higson,Jerome Kaminker,John E. Roberts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540203575

Category: Mathematics

Page: 356

View: 7188

Noncommutative Geometry is one of the most deep and vital research subjects of present-day Mathematics. Its development, mainly due to Alain Connes, is providing an increasing number of applications and deeper insights for instance in Foliations, K-Theory, Index Theory, Number Theory but also in Quantum Physics of elementary particles. The purpose of the Summer School in Martina Franca was to offer a fresh invitation to the subject and closely related topics; the contributions in this volume include the four main lectures, cover advanced developments and are delivered by prominent specialists.

Noncommutative Geometry

A Functorial Approach

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Author: Igor V. Nikolaev

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311054525X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 276

View: 2783

This book covers the basics of noncommutative geometry (NCG) and its applications in topology, algebraic geometry, and number theory. The author takes up the practical side of NCG and its value for other areas of mathematics. A brief survey of the main parts of NCG with historical remarks, bibliography, and a list of exercises is included. The presentation is intended for graduate students and researchers with interests in NCG, but will also serve nonexperts in the field. Contents Part I: Basics Model examples Categories and functors C∗-algebras Part II: Noncommutative invariants Topology Algebraic geometry Number theory Part III: Brief survey of NCG Finite geometries Continuous geometries Connes geometries Index theory Jones polynomials Quantum groups Noncommutative algebraic geometry Trends in noncommutative geometry

Topics in Non-Commutative Geometry

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Author: Y. Manin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400862515

Category: Mathematics

Page: 174

View: 1912

There is a well-known correspondence between the objects of algebra and geometry: a space gives rise to a function algebra; a vector bundle over the space corresponds to a projective module over this algebra; cohomology can be read off the de Rham complex; and so on. In this book Yuri Manin addresses a variety of instances in which the application of commutative algebra cannot be used to describe geometric objects, emphasizing the recent upsurge of activity in studying noncommutative rings as if they were function rings on "noncommutative spaces." Manin begins by summarizing and giving examples of some of the ideas that led to the new concepts of noncommutative geometry, such as Connes' noncommutative de Rham complex, supergeometry, and quantum groups. He then discusses supersymmetric algebraic curves that arose in connection with superstring theory; examines superhomogeneous spaces, their Schubert cells, and superanalogues of Weyl groups; and provides an introduction to quantum groups. This book is intended for mathematicians and physicists with some background in Lie groups and complex geometry. Originally published in 1991. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Quantum Stochastic Processes and Noncommutative Geometry

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Author: Kalyan B. Sinha,Debashish Goswami

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461699

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 6495

The classical theory of stochastic processes has important applications arising from the need to describe irreversible evolutions in classical mechanics; analogously quantum stochastic processes can be used to model the dynamics of irreversible quantum systems. Noncommutative, i.e. quantum, geometry provides a framework in which quantum stochastic structures can be explored. This book is the first to describe how these two mathematical constructions are related. In particular, key ideas of semigroups and complete positivity are combined to yield quantum dynamical semigroups (QDS). Sinha and Goswami also develop a general theory of Evans-Hudson dilation for both bounded and unbounded coefficients. The unique features of the book, including the interaction of QDS and quantum stochastic calculus with noncommutative geometry and a thorough discussion of this calculus with unbounded coefficients, will make it of interest to graduate students and researchers in functional analysis, probability and mathematical physics.

Noncommutative Geometry and the Standard Model of Elementary Particle Physics

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Author: Florian Scheck,Wend Werner,Harald Upmeier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540440712

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 9637

The outcome of a close collaboration between mathematicians and mathematical physicists, these Lecture Notes present the foundations of A. Connes noncommutative geometry, as well as its applications in particular to the field of theoretical particle physics. The coherent and systematic approach makes this book useful for experienced researchers and postgraduate students alike.

An Introduction to Noncommutative Geometry

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Author: Joseph C. Várilly

Publisher: European Mathematical Society

ISBN: 9783037190241

Category: Mathematics

Page: 113

View: 4380

Noncommutative geometry, inspired by quantum physics, describes singular spaces by their noncommutative coordinate algebras and metric structures by Dirac-like operators. Such metric geometries are described mathematically by Connes' theory of spectral triples. These lectures, delivered at an EMS Summer School on noncommutative geometry and its applications, provide an overview of spectral triples based on examples. This introduction is aimed at graduate students of both mathematics and theoretical physics. It deals with Dirac operators on spin manifolds, noncommutative tori, Moyal quantization and tangent groupoids, action functionals, and isospectral deformations. The structural framework is the concept of a noncommutative spin geometry; the conditions on spectral triples which determine this concept are developed in detail. The emphasis throughout is on gaining understanding by computing the details of specific examples. The book provides a middle ground between a comprehensive text and a narrowly focused research monograph. It is intended for self-study, enabling the reader to gain access to the essentials of noncommutative geometry. New features since the original course are an expanded bibliography and a survey of more recent examples and applications of spectral triples.

Topics in Noncommutative Geometry

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Author: Guillermo Cortiñas

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821868640

Category: Mathematics

Page: 276

View: 7896

Luis Santalo Winter Schools are organized yearly by the Mathematics Department and the Santalo Mathematical Research Institute of the School of Exact and Natural Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires (FCEN). This volume contains the proceedings of the third Luis Santalo Winter School which was devoted to noncommutative geometry and held at FCEN July 26-August 6, 2010. Topics in this volume concern noncommutative geometry in a broad sense, encompassing various mathematical and physical theories that incorporate geometric ideas to the study of noncommutative phenomena. It explores connections with several areas including algebra, analysis, geometry, topology and mathematical physics. Bursztyn and Waldmann discuss the classification of star products of Poisson structures up to Morita equivalence. Tsygan explains the connections between Kontsevich's formality theorem, noncommutative calculus, operads and index theory. Hoefel presents a concrete elementary construction in operad theory. Meyer introduces the subject of $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebraic crossed products. Rosenberg introduces Kasparov's $KK$-theory and noncommutative tori and includes a discussion of the Baum-Connes conjecture for $K$-theory of crossed products, among other topics. Lafont, Ortiz, and Sanchez-Garcia carry out a concrete computation in connection with the Baum-Connes conjecture. Zuk presents some remarkable groups produced by finite automata. Mesland discusses spectral triples and the Kasparov product in $KK$-theory. Trinchero explores the connections between Connes' noncommutative geometry and quantum field theory. Karoubi demonstrates a construction of twisted $K$-theory by means of twisted bundles. Tabuada surveys the theory of noncommutative motives.