Search results for: babylonian-planetary-omens-part-ii

Babylonian Planetary Omens without special title

Author : Erica Reiner
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This third fascicle of Babylonian Planetary Omens contains the edition of all cuneiform texts dealing with the planet Venus known to us. Most of these tablets are kept in the British Museum; the large number of unpublished texts were transliterated and the previously published texts were checked and collated from the originals. The texts are accompanied by translations, and each group of texts is commented upon by David Pingree from the point of view of the text history and astronomical significance. A general introduction, also by David Pingree, analyzes the descriptions of Venus that occur in the texts in terms of astronomical phenomena. Indices are included to facilitate the study of this large corpus.

The Babylonian Astronomical Compendium MUL APIN

Author : Hermann Hunger
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MUL.APIN, written sometime before the 8th century BC, was the most widely copied astronomical text in ancient Mesopotamia: a compendium including information such as star lists, descriptions of planetary phases, mathematical schemes for the length of day and night, a discussion of the luni-solar calendar and rules for intercalation, and a short collection of celestial omens. This book contains an introductory essay, followed by a new edition of the text and a facing-page transliteration and English translation. Finally, the book contains a new and detailed commentary on the text. This is a fascinating study, and an important resource for anyone interested in the history of astronomy.

Babylonian Planetary Omens Part Four

Author : Erica Reiner
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Divination as Science

Author : Jeanette C. Fincke
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There is no doubt that Ancient Near Eastern divination is firmly rooted in religion, since all ominous signs were thought to have been sent by gods, and the invocation of omens was embedded in rituals. Nonetheless, the omen compendia display many aspects of a generally scientific nature. In their attempt to note all possible changes to the affected objects and to arrange their observations systematically for reference purposes, the scholars produced texts that resulted in a rather detailed description of the world, be it with respect to geography (the urban or rural environment on earth, or celestial and meteorological phenomena observed in the sky), biology (the outer appearance of the bodies of humans or animals, or the entrails of sheep), sociology (behavior of people) or others. Based on different divination methods and omen compendia, the question discussed during this workshop was whether the scholars had a scientific approach, presented as religion, or whether Ancient Near Eastern divination should be considered purely religious and that the term “science” is inappropriate in this context. The workshop attracted a large audience and lively discussion ensued. The papers presented in this volume reflect the focus of the sessions during the workshop and are likely to generate even more discussion, now that they are published.

The Babylonian Theory of the Planets

Author : N. M. Swerdlow
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In the second millennium b.c., Babylonian scribes assembled a vast collection of astrological omens, believed to be signs from the gods concerning the kingdom's political, military, and agricultural fortunes. The importance of these omens was such that from the eighth or seventh until the first century, the scribes observed the heavens nightly and recorded the dates and locations of ominous phenomena of the moon and planets in relation to stars and constellations. The observations were arranged in monthly reports along with notable events and prices of agricultural commodities, the object being to find correlations between phenomena in the heavens and conditions on earth. These collections of omens and observations form the first empirical science of antiquity and were the basis of the first mathematical science, astronomy. For it was discovered that planetary phenomena, although irregular and sometimes concealed by bad weather, recur in limited periods within cycles in which they are repeated on nearly the same dates and in nearly the same locations. N. M. Swerdlow's book is a study of the collection and observation of ominous celestial phenomena and of how intervals of time, locations by zodiacal sign, and cycles in which the phenomena recur were used to reduce them to purely arithmetical computation, thereby surmounting the greatest obstacle to observation, bad weather. The work marks a striking advance in our understanding of both the origin of scientific astronomy and the astrological divination through which the kingdoms of ancient Mesopotamia were governed. Originally published in 1998. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Predicting the Past in the Ancient Near East

Author : Matthew Neujahr
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This work provides an in-depth investigation of after-the-fact predictions in ancient Near Eastern texts from roughly 1200 B.C.E.–70 C.E. It argues that the Akkadian, Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek works discussed are all part of a developing scribal discourse of “mantic historiography” by which scribes blend their local traditions of history writing and predictive texts to produce a new mode of historiographic expression. This in turn calls into question the use and usefulness of traditional literary categories such as “apocalypse” to analyze such works.

Encyclopaedia of the History of Science Technology and Medicine in Non Western Cultures

Author : Helaine Selin
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Here, at last, is the massively updated and augmented second edition of this landmark encyclopedia. It contains approximately 1000 entries dealing in depth with the history of the scientific, technological and medical accomplishments of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. The entries consist of fully updated articles together with hundreds of entirely new topics. This unique reference work includes intercultural articles on broad topics such as mathematics and astronomy as well as thoughtful philosophical articles on concepts and ideas related to the study of non-Western Science, such as rationality, objectivity, and method. You’ll also find material on religion and science, East and West, and magic and science.

Weather Omens of En ma Anu Enlil

Author : Erlend Gehlken
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This book presents the second half of the weather section of En?ma Anu Enlil, a Mesopotamian omen series dealing with the stars, sun, moon, and weather. It attained particular importance when scholars used it to explain phenomena to Assyrian kings.

Die Zahl Sieben im Alten Orient

Author : Viktor Golinets
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In enger Zusammenarbeit mit einem international besetzten Mitarbeiterstab verschiedener Universitäten, Museen und archäologischer Fachinstitutionen leistet der Herausgeber Gotthard G. G. Reinhold erstmals einen umfassenden Beitrag zur Siebenzahl-Symbolik in der Bibel und ihrer altorientalischen Umwelt. Besonderes Augenmerk wird dabei auf archäologisches Fundmaterial gelegt, das mit verschiedensten Motiven der Siebenzahl verbunden ist: Tonwareverzierungen, Siegel- und Rollsiegeldarstellungen, Intarsienarbeiten, Abbildungen auf Keilschrifttafeln, Tonlampenverzierungen, Münzenprägungen, Felsritzungen, Reliefdarstellungen, u. a. mehr. Was die Bibel betrifft, werden die Heptaden im Kultleben des Alten Testaments, in Erzählungen, Kampfberichten, Psalmen und Sprüchen, in prophetischen Texten (Altes und Neues Testament), in der Onomastik und in der Struktur des biblischen Textes aufgespürt und analysiert. Für Dozenten, Studenten und Bibelinteressierte der Archäologie des Alten Orients und der Geschichte und Religion Israels soll der Band eine Grundlage bilden, um Detailforschungen zur Zahlensymbolik in altorientalischer Zeit voranzutreiben. In close cooperation with colleagues belonging to different universities, museums and archaeological institutions around the world, the final editor Gotthard G. G. Reinhold is the first to offer us an exhaustive contribution on the symbolism of the number seven in the Ancient Near East. Special attention is given to archaeological material related to various elements relevant to the number seven: decoration on ancient pottery, iconography on stamp and cylinder seals, ivory and shell carving and inlays, depictions on cuneiform tablets, decoration of oil lamps, coins, rock carvings, etc. As for the Bible, the heptades in the cultic life of the Old Testament, in narratives, war traditions, Psalms and Proverbs, in prophetic literature (in both the Old and New Testaments), in the onomasticon and in the literary structure of the biblical texts are traced and analysed. This is an important volume on the subject of numerical symbolism in the Ancient Near East for professors, students and ancient near eastern archaeologists interested in Bible alike.

Propheten in Mari Assyrien und Israel

Author : Matthias Köckert
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English summary: These essays interpret Old Testament prophetic writings and their social criticism in the cultural context of ancient near Eastern prophecy. German description: Die radikale Gesellschaftskritik der alttestamentlichen Propheten in Israel und Juda wird haufig in scharfem Gegensatz zu prophetischen Texten auaerhalb der Bibel gesetzt, besonders zu den herrschaftskonformen Aussagen aus Mari und Assur. Die Beitrager dieses Bandes stellen diese Alternative in Frage: Martti Nissinen, Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum, Reinhard G. Kratz, Jorg Jeremias, Herbert B. Huffmon und Elisabeth Pongratz-Leisten.

Transforming Literature into Scripture

Author : Russell Hobson
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Transforming Literature into Scripture examines how the early textual traditions of ancient Israel - stories, laws, and rituals - were transformed into sacred writings. By comparing evidence from two key collections from antiquity - the royal library at Nineveh and the biblical manuscripts from the Dead Sea Scrolls - the book traces the stabilisation of textual traditions in the ancient Near East towards fixed literary prototypes. The study presents a new methodology which enables the quantification, categorisation and statistical analysis of texts from different languages, writing systems, and media. The methodology is tested on wide range of text genres from the cuneiform and biblical traditions in order to determine which texts tend towards stabilised forms. Transforming Literature into Scripture reveals how authoritative literary collections metamorphosed into fixed ritualised texts and will be of interest to scholars across Biblical, Judaic and Literary Studies.

Neo Assyrian and Greek Divination in War

Author : Krzysztof Ulanowski
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Neo-Assyrian and Greek Divination in War is about practices which enabled humans contact the divine. These relations, especially in difficult times of military conflict, could be crucial in deciding the fate of individuals, cities, dynasties or even empires.

The Meaning of Color in Ancient Mesopotamia

Author : Shiyanthi Thavapalan
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"In The Meaning of Color in Ancient Mesopotamia, Shiyanthi Thavapalan offers the first in-depth study of the words and expressions for colors in the Akkadian language (c. 2500-500 BCE). By combining philological analysis with the technical investigation of materials, she debunks the misconception that people in Mesopotamia had a limited sense of color and convincingly positions the development of Akkadian color language as a corollary of the history of materials and techniques in the ancient Near East"--

Astrology and Cosmology in the World s Religions

Author : Nicholas Campion
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When you think of astrology, you may think of the horoscope section in your local paper, or of Nancy Reagan's consultations with an astrologer in the White House in the 1980s. Yet almost every religion uses some form of astrology: some way of thinking about the sun, moon, stars, and planets and how they hold significance for human lives on earth. Astrology and Cosmology in the World’s Religions offers an accessible overview of the astrologies of the world's religions, placing them into context within theories of how the wider universe came into being and operates. Campion traces beliefs about the heavens among peoples ranging from ancient Egypt and China, to Australia and Polynesia, and India and the Islamic world. Addressing each religion in a separate chapter, Campion outlines how, by observing the celestial bodies, people have engaged with the divine, managed the future, and attempted to understand events here on earth. This fascinating text offers a unique way to delve into comparative religions and will also appeal to those intrigued by New Age topics.

Literature 1986

Author : Prof. Dr. Roland Wielen
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Astronomy Across Cultures

Author : Helaine Selin
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Astronomy Across Cultures: A History of Non-Western Astronomy consists of essays dealing with the astronomical knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Polynesian, Egyptian and Tibetan astronomy, among others, the book includes essays on Sky Tales and Why We Tell Them and Astronomy and Prehistory, and Astronomy and Astrology. The essays address the connections between science and culture and relate astronomical practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay is well illustrated and contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book fills a gap in both the history of science and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.

The Circulation of Astronomical Knowledge in the Ancient World

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The Circulation of Astronomical Knowledge in the Ancient World explores the ways in which astronomical knowledge circulated between different communities of scholars over time and space, and what was done with that knowledge when it was received.

Wrestling with Nature

Author : Peter Harrison
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When and where did science begin? Historians have offered different answers to these questions, some pointing to Babylonian observational astronomy, some to the speculations of natural philosophers of ancient Greece. Others have opted for early modern Europe, which saw the triumph of Copernicanism and the birth of experimental science, while yet another view is that the appearance of science was postponed until the nineteenth century. Rather than posit a modern definition of science and search for evidence of it in the past, the contributors to Wrestling with Nature examine how students of nature themselves, in various cultures and periods of history, have understood and represented their work. The aim of each chapter is to explain the content, goals, methods, practices, and institutions associated with the investigation of nature and to articulate the strengths, limitations, and boundaries of these efforts from the perspective of the researchers themselves. With contributions from experts representing different historical periods and different disciplinary specializations, this volume offers a fresh perspective on the history of science and on what it meant, in other times and places, to wrestle with nature.

The Ambitions of Curiosity

Author : G. E. R. Lloyd
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The Pantheon of Uruk During the Neo Babylonian Period

Author : Paul-Alain Beaulieu
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A careful analysis of the 9th to 5th century archive of the Eanna (Ishtar) temple in Uruk, providing a wealth of data on the Neo-Babylonian pantheon.