Postrevolutionary Iran

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Postrevolutionary Iran

Postrevolutionary Iran

A Political Handbook

  • Author: Mehrzad Boroujerdi,Kourosh Rahimkhani
  • Publisher: Syracuse University Press
  • ISBN: 0815654324
  • Category: History
  • Page: 853
  • View: 1353
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The 1979 revolution fundamentally altered Iran’s political landscape as a generation of inexperienced clerics who did not hail from the ranks of the upper class—and were not tainted by association with the old regime—came to power. The actions and intentions of these truculent new leaders and their lay allies caused major international concern. Meanwhile, Iran’s domestic and foreign policy and its nuclear program have loomed large in daily news coverage. Despite global consternation, however, our knowledge about Iran’s political elite remains skeletal. Nearly four decades after the clergy became the state elite par excellence, there has been no empirical study of the recruitment, composition, and circulation of the Iranian ruling members after 1979. Postrevolutionary Iran: A Political Handbook provides the most comprehensive collection of data on political life in postrevolutionary Iran, including coverage of 36 national elections, more than 400 legal and outlawed political organizations, and family ties among the elite. It provides biographical sketches of more than 2,300 political personalities ranging from cabinet ministers and parliament deputies to clerical, judicial, and military leaders, much of this information previously unavailable in English. Providing a cartography of the complex structure of power in postrevolutionary Iran, this volume offers a window not only into the immediate years before and after the Iranian Revolution but also into what has happened during the last four turbulent decades. This volume and the data it contains will be invaluable to policymakers, researchers, and scholars of the Middle East alike.

Republic of Azerbaijan

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Republic of Azerbaijan

Republic of Azerbaijan

2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Informational Annex

  • Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
  • Publisher: International Monetary Fund
  • ISBN: 1475536496
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 83
  • View: 2482
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Azerbaijan built large buffers and invested heavily during the oil boom years, but efforts to diversify the economy have lagged. The authorities have taken steps to adjust to slumping oil prices and weaker growth in trading partner countries. In 2015, the Central Bank of Azerbaijan (CBA) undertook two devaluations and switched to a managed float. Inflation rose while the large current account surplus evaporated and the budget moved to a deficit. Financial sector soundness deteriorated. Monetary policy has been tightened to address inflation and support the currency. The non-oil primary balanced improved in 2015, but is being reversed in 2016 with a revised budget that boosts capital and current spending. The largest bank is being restructured via a bad bank-special purpose vehicle (SPV) model, some smaller banks have been closed or intervened, and a new integrated financial supervisory agency has been created.

Azerbaijan and the European Union

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Azerbaijan and the European Union

Azerbaijan and the European Union

  • Author: Eske van Gils
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429949030
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 4300
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This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of EU-Azerbaijan relations. It examines the current state of Azerbaijan and its regime, charts the development of EU-Azerbaijan relations over time and discusses the dynamics at work in the relationship. It details the nature of the Azerbaijani regime, including its authoritarian character and allegations of corruption, explores the differences between European values and the values of the Azerbaijani government, and explains the difficulties that have arisen in the relationship, including the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict resolution process, media suppression and human rights violations. The book includes a comparison with EU relations with other states in the region.

Establishing Food Security and Alternatives to International Trade in Emerging Economies

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Establishing Food Security and Alternatives to International Trade in Emerging Economies

Establishing Food Security and Alternatives to International Trade in Emerging Economies

  • Author: Erokhin, Vasily
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 1522527346
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 406
  • View: 4810
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The process of food production and distribution has grown into a global corporate system in recent years. This has caused significant impacts on sustainability on an international scale, particularly for developing nations. Establishing Food Security and Alternatives to International Trade in Emerging Economies is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on agricultural trade relations and trade liberalization in the context of developing countries. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as crop productivity, rural development, and value-added agriculture, this book is ideally designed for academics, researchers, graduate students, and practitioners interested in the current state of global food markets.

Proquest Statistical Abstract of the United States 2018

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Proquest Statistical Abstract of the United States 2018

Proquest Statistical Abstract of the United States 2018

The National Data Book

  • Author: ProQuest (Firm),Bernan Press
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: 9781598889451
  • Category: Census
  • Page: 1032
  • View: 1737
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The most valuable reference tool in existence. The Statistical Abstract is the recognized authority for U.S. statistics and directs users to where they can find more detail in an easily readable format.

Azerbaijan

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Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

Cooking and Culture

  • Author: Brunhild Seeler-Herzog
  • Publisher: Wienand Verlag
  • ISBN: 9783868323160
  • Category:
  • Page: 168
  • View: 2208
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Azerbaijan, the 'land of fire’, is full of infinite beauty and treasures; moreover it offers a wide variety of cultural attractions. As part of the South Caucasus, the country lies between the Mountains and Asia Minor and the Black and Caspian Seas. Just as diverse as the landscape is Azerbaijani cuisine: hearty lamb dishes, sticky sweet baklava, and the sheer never-ending world of oriental spices are just asking to be cooked. The atmospheric images by the Cologne photographer Barbara Lutterbeck, who captured the heart and soul of the country on her travels, tempt the reader on a tour of discovery as much as her enticing recipes do.

The Politics of Culture in Soviet Azerbaijan, 1920-40

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The Politics of Culture in Soviet Azerbaijan, 1920-40

The Politics of Culture in Soviet Azerbaijan, 1920-40

  • Author: Audrey Altstadt
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317245431
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 234
  • View: 6274
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The early Soviet Union’s nationalities policy involved the formation of many national republics, within which "nation building" and "modernization" were undertaken for the benefit of "backward" peoples. This book, in considering how such policies were implemented in Azerbaijan, argues that the Soviet policies were in fact a form of imperialism, with "nation building" and "modernization" imposed firmly along Soviet lines. The book demonstrates that in Azerbaijan, and more widely among western Turkic peoples, the Volga and Crimean Tatars, there were before the onset of Soviet rule, well developed, forward looking, secular, national movements, which were not at all "backward" and were different from the Soviets. The book shows how in the period 1920 to 1940 the two different visions competed with each other, with eventually the pre-Soviet vision of Azerbaijani culture losing out, and the Soviet version dominating in a new Soviet Azerbaijani culture. The book examines the details of this Sovietization of culture: in language policy and the change of the alphabet, in education, higher education and in literature. The book concludes by exploring how pre-Soviet Azerbaijani culture survived to a degree underground, and how it was partially rehabilitated after the death of Stalin and more fully in the late Soviet period.

Azerbaijan Business and Investment Opportunities Yearbook Volume 1 Strategic, Practical Information and Opportunities

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Azerbaijan Business and Investment Opportunities Yearbook Volume 1 Strategic, Practical Information and Opportunities

Azerbaijan Business and Investment Opportunities Yearbook Volume 1 Strategic, Practical Information and Opportunities

  • Author: IBP, Inc.
  • Publisher: Lulu.com
  • ISBN: 1438776195
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 322
  • View: 9306
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Azerbaijan Business and Investment Opportunities Yearbook Volume 1 Strategic, Practical Information and Opportunities

Minerals Yearbook - Area Reports: International Review

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Minerals Yearbook - Area Reports: International Review

Minerals Yearbook - Area Reports: International Review

2011, Europe and Central Eurasia

  • Author: Geological Survey
  • Publisher: Government Printing Office
  • ISBN: 9781411336711
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 3571
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NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNT FOR THIS PRODUCT- OVERSTOCK SALE - Significantly reduced list price Providesavailable minerals data on countries in Europe and Central Eurasia. Discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these countries and to the United States."

Leadership and Nationalism in Azerbaijan

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Leadership and Nationalism in Azerbaijan

Leadership and Nationalism in Azerbaijan

Ali Mardan bey Topchibashov, Founder and Creator

  • Author: Jamil Hasanli
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429785364
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 288
  • View: 553
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Ali Mardan bey Topchibashov was a prominent politician, who played a crucial role in the history of Azerbaijan. One of the most striking personalities in the history of Azerbaijan, the founder of liberal ideas, and the first President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, he led the Muslim faction in the first Russian Duma and the Union of Muslims of Russia and was a central figure of the Caucasian émigrés in Europe. This book analyses and presents the life of the first independent Azerbaijani political leaders. Based on extensive research from archives in Azerbaijan, France, Georgia, Russia (Moscow and Kazan) and the UK, some of which are newly accessible, it traces the political personality of Topchibashov as one of the largest Muslim leaders and founder of the Azerbaijan Republic. At the same time, it offers insights into the history of the formation and creation of the national consciousness of the Russian Muslims and tracks the challenges in the national and religious policy of the Imperial administration of the Soviet Union. The author sheds light on the significant problems of the Russian Empire (nationalities specifically) and global movements such as the post-World War I settlement and the difficulties of the many non-Russian groups that declared independence after the Bolshevik rise of power. Filling a lacuna in modern Azerbaijan history, this book will be of interest to academics working on Russian, Soviet, South Caucasus and Central Asian History, in particular Russian Empire, Muslim nations, and nationalism in Central Asia and the Caucasus.