Search results for: atoms-and-alchemy

Atoms and Alchemy

Author : William R. Newman
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In 'Atoms and Alchemy', William R. Newman provides a spirited defence of alchemy, awarding this ancient and much maligned field of endeavour an important place in the history of the Scientific Revolution.

The Chemical Philosophy of Robert Boyle

Author : Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino
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Robert Boyle (1627-1691) believed that a reductionist conception of the mechanical philosophy threatened the heuristic power and autonomy of chemistry as an experimental science. While some historical and philosophical scholars have examined his nuanced position, understanding the chemicalphilosophy he developed through his own experimental work is incredibly difficult even for experts in the field. In The Chemical Philosophy of Robert Boyle, Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino energetically explains Boyle's ideas in a whole new light and proposes that Boyle regarded chemical qualities asnon-reducible dispositional and relational properties that emerge from, and supervene upon, the mechanistic structure of chymical atoms. Banchetti-Robino demonstrates that these ideas are implicit in Boyle's writing, making his philosophical contributions crucial to the fields of both philosophy andchemistry.The arguments presented are further strengthened by a detailed mereological analysis of Boylean chymical atoms as chemically elementary entities, which establishes the theory of wholes and parts that is most consistent with an emergentist conception of chemical properties. More generally, this bookexamines the way in which Boyle sought to accommodate his complex chemical philosophy within the framework of the 17th century mechanistic theory of matter. Banchetti-Robino conceptualizes Boyle's experimental work as a scientific research programme, in the Lakatosian sense, to better explain thepositive and negative heuristic function of the mechanistic theory of matter within his chemical philosophy.The Chemical Philosophy of Robert Boyle actively engages with the contemporary and lively debates over the nature of Boyle's ideas about structural chemistry, fundamental mechanistic particles and properties, the explanatory power of subordinate causes, the complex relation between fundamentalparticles, natural kinds, and unified chemical wholes. The book is a rich historical account that begins with the dominant paradigms of 16th and 17th Century chemical philosophy and takes readers all the way through to the 21st Century.

Alchemy to Atoms

Author : Ellsworth Newcomb
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From Alchemy to Atoms

Author :
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From Alchemy to Atoms pt 3 The precursors pt 4 The modern alchemists

Author : Interlibrum Buchantiquariat (Vaduz, Liechtenstein)
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From Alchemy to Atoms pt 1 The alchemist s dream of transmutation pt 2 The foundations of modern chemistry

Author : Interlibrum Buchantiquariat (Vaduz, Liechtenstein)
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Newton the Alchemist

Author : William R. Newman
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A book that finally demystifies Newton’s experiments in alchemy When Isaac Newton’s alchemical papers surfaced at a Sotheby’s auction in 1936, the quantity and seeming incoherence of the manuscripts were shocking. No longer the exemplar of Enlightenment rationality, the legendary physicist suddenly became “the last of the magicians.” Newton the Alchemist unlocks the secrets of Newton’s alchemical quest, providing a radically new understanding of the uncommon genius who probed nature at its deepest levels in pursuit of empirical knowledge. In this evocative and superbly written book, William Newman blends in-depth analysis of newly available texts with laboratory replications of Newton’s actual experiments in alchemy. He does not justify Newton’s alchemical research as part of a religious search for God in the physical world, nor does he argue that Newton studied alchemy to learn about gravitational attraction. Newman traces the evolution of Newton’s alchemical ideas and practices over a span of more than three decades, showing how they proved fruitful in diverse scientific fields. A precise experimenter in the realm of “chymistry,” Newton put the riddles of alchemy to the test in his lab. He also used ideas drawn from the alchemical texts to great effect in his optical experimentation. In his hands, alchemy was a tool for attaining the material benefits associated with the philosopher’s stone and an instrument for acquiring scientific knowledge of the most sophisticated kind. Newton the Alchemist provides rare insights into a man who was neither Enlightenment rationalist nor irrational magus, but rather an alchemist who sought through experiment and empiricism to alter nature at its very heart.

The Alchemy of Us

Author : Ainissa Ramirez
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In the bestselling tradition of Stuff Matters and The Disappearing Spoon: a clever and engaging look at materials, the innovations they made possible, and how these technologies changed us. In The Alchemy of Us, scientist and science writer Ainissa Ramirez examines eight inventions—clocks, steel rails, copper communication cables, photographic film, light bulbs, hard disks, scientific labware, and silicon chips—and reveals how they shaped the human experience. Ramirez tells the stories of the woman who sold time, the inventor who inspired Edison, and the hotheaded undertaker whose invention pointed the way to the computer. She describes, among other things, how our pursuit of precision in timepieces changed how we sleep; how the railroad helped commercialize Christmas; how the necessary brevity of the telegram influenced Hemingway's writing style; and how a young chemist exposed the use of Polaroid's cameras to create passbooks to track black citizens in apartheid South Africa. These fascinating and inspiring stories offer new perspectives on our relationships with technologies. Ramirez shows not only how materials were shaped by inventors but also how those materials shaped culture, chronicling each invention and its consequences—intended and unintended. Filling in the gaps left by other books about technology, Ramirez showcases little-known inventors—particularly people of color and women—who had a significant impact but whose accomplishments have been hidden by mythmaking, bias, and convention. Doing so, she shows us the power of telling inclusive stories about technology. She also shows that innovation is universal—whether it's splicing beats with two turntables and a microphone or splicing genes with two test tubes and CRISPR.

The Atom

Author : Jack Challoner
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Until now, popular science has relegated the atom to a supporting role in defining the different chemical elements of the periodic table. This bold new title places its subject center stage, shining the spotlight directly onto the structure and properties of this tiniest amount of anything it is possible to identify. The book covers a huge range of topics, including the development of scientific thinking about the atom, the basic structure of the atom, how the interactions between atoms account for the familiar properties of everyday materials; the power and mystery of the atomic nucleus, and what the mysterious quantum realm of subatomic particles and their interactions can tell us about the very nature of reality. Sparkling text banishes an outdated world of dull chemistry, as it brightly introduces the reader to what everything is made of and how it all works, on the most fundamental level.

From Alchemy to Quarks

Author : Sheldon L. Glashow
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A Nobel Laureate who is committed to scientific literacy, Glashow brings his intelligence and vast understanding of the subject to a text geared to liberal arts students. Combining fascinating literary and historical references with a vigorous, whimsical, and often humorous writing style, Glashow traces the evolution of physics and chemistry from ancient to modern times and explains not only what we know about matter and the universe, but how we came to know it, and why it is important.

Rabbit No 202

Author : Charles Homer Wheelon
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From Alchemy to Chemistry

Author : John Read
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Broad, humanistic treatment focuses on great figures of chemistry and ideas that revolutionized the science. Much on alchemy, also development of modern chemistry, atomic theory, elements, organic chemistry, more. 50 illustrations.

Modern Alchemy

Author : Dorothy Fisk
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The Story of Atomic Energy

Author : Frederick Soddy
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Alchemy Source Books in Chemistry Illustrating the History of Chemistry from the 16th to the 20th Century

Author :
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The Newer Alchemy

Author : Ernest Rutherford
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Originally published in 1937, this book discusses the contributions that the study of radiation can make to the problem of elemental transmutation.

From Alchemy to Atomic Bombs

Author : Fathi Habashi
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The True Atomic Weights of the Chemical Elements and the Unity of Matter

Author : Gustavus Detlef Hinrichs
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Alchemy Chemistry and Pharmacy

Author : Michel Bougard
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This volume consists of two parts. The first deals with alchemy andprelavoisian chemistry with papers on Democritus, Christine of Pizan, vanHelmont, de Clave, Matte La Faveur, Marie Meurdrac and Galvani. The secondpart includes papers on chemistry in the 20th century in its political, academic and industrial context

The goldmakers 10 000 years of alchemy

Author : Kurt Karl Doberer
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