Atomic Physics at Accelerators: Mass Spectrometry

Proceedings of the APAC 2000, held in Cargèse, France, 19–23 September 2000

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Author: David Lunney,Georges Audi,Heinz-Jürgen Kluge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401512701

Category: Science

Page: 556

View: 2883

The search for examples of proton radioactivity has resulted in the discovery of a large number of proton emitters in the region 50

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry

Ultrasensitive Analysis for Global Science

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Author: Claudio Tuniz,W. Kutschera,D. Fink,Gregory F. Herzog,John R. Bird

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849345388

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 1032

This extensive undertaking, Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, conducts an elaborate and comprehensive summary of one of the foremost catalysts of progress in scientific research. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS), an innovative analytical technique, measures rare atoms at unprecedented levels of sensitivity, revolutionizing the science of radiocarbon dating and accessing new natural radioisotopes as environmental tracers and chronometers. This book demonstrates how AMS is applied in the studies of extraterrestrial materials, the earth sciences, the future of the global environment, and the history of mankind. This compendium also highlights the significant impact of AMS on several fields of scientific investigation, spurring remarkable studies in global climate change, ancient artifacts, pollution, nuclear safeguards, geochronology, and materials characterization. The myriad of sample types and variety of applications in this examination include: Meteorites from Mars Ancient air trapped in Antarctic ice The Shroud of Turin The dating of human bones The colonization of the Americas and Australia Ancient rock art The crown of Charlemagne Cancerogenic effects of cooked meat The consequences of the Chernobyl accident The role of aluminum in Alzheimer's Disease This unique edition has compiled the diverse set of scientific literature into a single volume, suitable as a text or resource on the major AMS-related outcomes, issues, and methods.

Mass Spectrometry Handbook

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Author: Mike S. Lee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118180720

Category: Science

Page: 1368

View: 3308

Due to its enormous sensitivity and ease of use, mass spectrometry has grown into the analytical tool of choice in most industries and areas of research. This unique reference provides an extensive library of methods used in mass spectrometry, covering applications of mass spectrometry in fields as diverse as drug discovery, environmental science, forensic science, clinical analysis, polymers, oil composition, doping, cellular research, semiconductor, ceramics, metals and alloys, and homeland security. The book provides the reader with a protocol for the technique described (including sampling methods) and explains why to use a particular method and not others. Essential for MS specialists working in industrial, environmental, and clinical fields.

Encyclopedia of Nuclear Physics and its Applications

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Author: Reinhard Stock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527649263

Category: Science

Page: 796

View: 6416

This book fills the need for a coherent work combining carefully reviewed articles into a comprehensive overview accessible to research groups and lecturers. Next to fundamental physics, contributions on topical medical and material science issues are included.

Modern Analytical Geochemistry

An Introduction to Quantitative Chemical Analysis Techniques for Earth, Environmental and Materials Scientists

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Author: Robin Gill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317894715

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 8098

A comprehensive handbook of analytical techniques in geochemistry which provides the student and the professional with an understanding of the wide spectrum of different analytical methods that can be applied to Earth and environmental materials, together with a critical appreciation of their relative merits and limitations.

Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry

Sixteenth International Conference. 1-5 November 2000, Denton, Texas, USA

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Author: Jerome L. Duggan,I.L. Morgan

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 1200

View: 3809

The purpose of the conference was to review current research and the wealth of industrial applications that are in progress with accelerators throughout the world. The conference was composed of two symposia which ran in parallel. These are the Research Symposium and the Industrial Applications of Accelerators. Some of the sessions, which are of general interest, were held common to both groups. Over 500 invited papers were given at these symposia and contributed papers were accepted in the following areas: Accelerator and Component Design and Automation, Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS), Accelerator Technology, Atomic Physics and Related Phenomena, Beam Processing Biological and Chemical Applications, Carbon Dating, Channeling, Charged Particle Microprobes, Computer Tomography, CTR and Related Phenomena, Detectors-Electronics-Instrumentation, Dosimetry, Electron Beam Processing, ERDA, Geosciences and Related Phenomena, Government Funding for Research, Insitu Beams, Ion Implantation (Semiconductors), Ion Implantation (Metallurgical), Ion Sources and Control Systems, Material Analysis with Ion Beams, Medical Applications with Accelerators, Medical Radioisotopes, Neutron Activation Analysis and Bulk Analysis with Accelerators, Nuclear Physics Photon-Ion Interaction using Fast Beams, Positron Beam Experiments and Facilities, Radiation Effects, Radiation Processing, Radiation Therapy, Radioactive Beam Experiments and Facilities, Radiological Safety Aspects of Accelerators, RBS, Single-Event Upsets Stopping Power, Surface Analysis with Ion Beams (PIXE), Synchrotron Light Source experiments, Targetry, Trace Analysis with Ion Beams, and Use of Small Accelerators in the Undergraduate Curriculum.

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

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Author: Pavel Povinec

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080553375

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 8293

The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.