Search results for: atomic-clusters-volume-12

Fullerene Research 1985 1993

Author : T Braun
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This volume contains very carefully compiled material presenting bibliographic descriptions of approximately 3500 papers, with a computer-generated index on authors, subject headings, corporate addresses and journals. There are many on-line services available on fullerenes, but they serve mainly current-awareness functions; none of them is selectively complete and carefully indexed and none can replace a complete retrospective bibliography, which most researchers in the field would want to have on hand in their laboratories and offices. Contents:ForewordA Brief User's Guide to the Bibliography and the IndexesBibliographyAuthor IndexGeographical and Corporate IndexPartially Permuted Title Word IndexA Collection of Statistical Tables and Charts Readership: Materials scientists, condensed matter scientists, engineers and chemists. keywords:Fullerene;Buckminster;Endohedral;Cage;Cluster;C60;C70;Cx;Nanotube;Superconductivity;AxC60;C-C;Nanostructure;Pi-Electrons;Isomers;Symmetry “To assess the comprehensiveness of the work would be perhaps a larger project than its compilation, but one hopeful indicator is that it even includes book reviews. Continuations are planned.” Science “It is hoped that the compilations will continue because they are of great interest to all participating in or even just entering fullerene research as well as to scholars of trends and fashions in scientific research. This is a beautifully produced volume, a visually pleasing addition to the Series whose inaugural volume has already been reviewed in these pages.” The Chemical Intelligencer

Atomic Clusters

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Atomic Clusters: From Gas Phase to Deposited brings together a series of chapters, prepared by acknowledged experts in their fields. Both fundamental and practical aspects are addressed of the physics and chemistry of a novel state of matter, namely clusters of small numbers of atoms of nanometre dimensions. This is a field of nanoscience that existed before the word was invented, but has particularly achieved major advances in the recent years. * Contributions from leading experts in solid surfaces research * Cluster science is concerned with the properties of materials on the nano-metre scale * Brings together work on both free (gas-phase) clusters and those deposited on surfaces

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning Volume 12

Author : Rajiv Kohli
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Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Methods for Assessment and Verification of Cleanliness of Surfaces and Characterization of Surface Contaminants, Volume Twelve, the latest release in the Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning series, provides best practices on determining surface cleanliness. Chapters include an introduction to the nature and size of particles, a discussion of cleanliness levels, detailed coverage of measurement methods, characterization methods and analytical methods for evaluating surfaces, and an overview of analysis methods for various contaminants. As a whole, the series creates a unique and comprehensive knowledge base for those in research and development in a variety of industries. Manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification professionals in the aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography industries will find this book to be very helpful. In addition, researchers in an academic setting will also find these volumes excellent source books. Includes an extensive listing, with a description of available methods for the assessment of surface cleanliness Provides a single source of information on methods for verification of surface cleanliness Serves as a guide to the selection, assessment and verification of methods for specific applications

Atom Molecule and Cluster Beams I

Author : Hans Pauly
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A consistent, up-to-date description of the extremely manifold and varied experimental techniques which nowadays enable work with neutral particles. Th book lays the physical foundations of the various experimental techniques, which utilize methods from most fields in physics.

Electric Dipole Polarizabilities of Atoms Molecules and Clusters

Author : Keith D Bonin
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This book is an in-depth review of experiment and theory on electric-dipole polarizabilities. It is broad in scope, encompassing atomic, molecular, and cluster polarizabilities. Both static and dynamic polarizabilities are treated (in the absence of absorption) and a full tensor picture of the polarizability is used. Traditional experimental techniques for measuring electric polarizabilities are described in detail. Recently developed experimental methods, including light forces, position-sensitive time-of-flight deflection, and atom interferometry, are also extensively discussed. Theoretical techniques for calculating polarizabilities are reviewed, including a discussion on the use of Gaussian basis sets. Many important comparisons between theory and experiment are summarized in an extensive set of tables of polarizabilities of important atoms, molecules, and clusters. Applications of polarizabilities to many areas of chemistry and physics are described, including optics, chemical structure, interactions of gases and particles with surfaces, and the interaction of molecules with light. The emphasis is on a lucid presentation of the ideas and results with up-to-date discussions on important applications such as optical tweezers and nanostructure fabrication. This book provides an excellent overview of the importance of polarizabilities in understanding the physical, electronic, and optical properties of particles in a regime that goes from free atoms to condensed-phase clusters. Contents:General Properties of the Linear PolarizabilityPolarizable SystemsTheoryExperimentManifestations of Polarization Properties Readership: Chemists, physicists and engineers. keywords:Polarizability;Cluster;Refractive Index;Absorption;Scattering;Optics;Dipole Moment;Light;Atoms;Molecules;Susceptibility;Dispersion;Dipole;Van der Waals;Dielectric Constant;Trapping

Chemical Modelling

Author : Alexey Baranov
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Chemical Modelling covers a wide range of disciplines and this Specialist Periodical Report is the first stop for any materials scientist, biochemist, chemist or molecular physicist wishing to acquaint themselves with major developments and current opinion in the applications and theory of chemical modelling. The topics covered are wide ranging with authors writing on clusters to modelling nanotubes and dynamics. Containing both comprehensive and critical reviews, this volume is an essential resource and convenient reference for any research group active in the field or chemical sciences library.

Intermetallic Compounds Principles and Practice Volume 3

Author : J. H. Westbrook
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This third volume continues to set the standard in the field, as originally defined by the best-selling two-volume set Intermetallic Compounds: Principles and Practice. With contributions from 72 authors from 14 different countries, this book introduces a broad range of new topics including: new intermetallic families, new means of assessment of bonding and stability, new properties and phenomena, new applications, new practical processes and new research techniques. Stand-alone chapters set out in a manner that is meaningful to non-specialists, progressing to include knowledge useful to experts New, fully revised, and updated chapters on areas of intense research activity or great importance Providing definitions of intermetallic families, intended to assist all readers Written for clarity, consistency and thoroughness Full and up-to-date referencing to the literatur Critical assessments of the state of the subject Acronym list consolidating new entries with those compiled for the two earlier volumes As with Volumes 1 and 2, this is an invaluable aid to both scientists and engineers. Core reading for those who are starting research on intermetallics, and for those who wish to exploit the unique properties of intermetallics in practical applications.

Latest Advances in Atomic Cluster Collisions

Author : Andrey Solov'Yov
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This book presents a OC snapshotOCO of the most recent and significant advances in the field of cluster physics. It is a comprehensive review based on contributions by the participants of the 2nd International Symposium on Atomic Cluster Collisions (ISACC 2007) held in July 19OCo23, 2007 at GSI, Darmstadt, Germany. The purpose of the Symposium is to promote the growth and exhange of scientific information on the structure and properties of nuclear, atomic, molecular, biological and complex cluster systems studied by means of photonic, electronic, heavy particle and atomic collisions. Particular attention is devoted to dynamic phenomena, many-body effects taking place in cluster systems of a different nature OCo these include problems of fusion and fission, fragmentation, collective electron excitations, phase transitions, etc. Both the experimental and theoretical aspects of cluster physics, uniquely placed between nuclear physics on the one hand and atomic, molecular and solid state physics on the other, are discussed.

Fundamentals of Amorphous Solids

Author : Zbigniew H. Stachurski
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Long awaited, this textbook fills the gap for convincing concepts to describe amorphous solids. Adopting a unique approach, the author develops a framework that lays the foundations for a theory of amorphousness. He unravels the scientific mysteries surrounding the topic, replacing rather vague notions of amorphous materials as disordered crystalline solids with the well-founded concept of ideal amorphous solids. A classification of amorphous materials into inorganic glasses, organic glasses, glassy metallic alloys, and thin films sets the scene for the development of the model of ideal amorphous solids, based on topology- and statistics-governed rules of three-dimensional sphere packing, which leads to structures with no short, mid or long-range order. This general model is then concretized to the description of specific compounds in the four fundamental classes of amorphous solids, as well as amorphous polyethylene and poly(methyl)methacrylate, emphasizing its versatility and descriptive power. Finally, he includes example applications to indicate the abundance of amorphous materials in modern-day technology, thus illustrating the importance of a better understanding of their structure and properties. Equally ideal as supplementary reading in courses on crystallography, mineralogy, solid state physics, and materials science where amorphous materials have played only a minor role until now.

Physica E low dimensional systems nanostructures

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Electronic Structure of Materials

Author : Rajendra Prasad
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Most textbooks in the field are either too advanced for students or don't adequately cover current research topics. Bridging this gap, Electronic Structure of Materials helps advanced undergraduate and graduate students understand electronic structure methods and enables them to use these techniques in their work.Developed from the author's lecture

Clusters in Nuclei

Author : Christian Beck
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Following the pioneering discovery of alpha clustering and of molecular resonances, the field of nuclear clustering is today one of those domains of heavy-ion nuclear physics that faces the greatest challenges, yet also contains the greatest opportunities. After many summer schools and workshops, in particular over the last decade, the community of nuclear molecular physicists has decided to collaborate in producing a comprehensive collection of lectures and tutorial reviews covering the field. This third volume follows the successful Lect. Notes Phys. 818 (Vol. 1) and 848 (Vol. 2), and comprises six extensive lectures covering the following topics: - Gamma Rays and Molecular Structure - Faddeev Equation Approach for Three Cluster Nuclear Reactions - Tomography of the Cluster Structure of Light Nuclei Via Relativistic Dissociation - Clustering Effects Within the Dinuclear Model : From Light to Hyper-heavy Molecules in Dynamical Mean-field Approach - Clusterization in Ternary Fission - Clusters in Light Neutron-rich Isotopes By promoting new ideas and developments while retaining a pedagogical style of presentation throughout, these lectures will serve as both a reference and an advanced teaching manual for future courses and schools in the fields of nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics.

Accelerating Scientific Discovery

Author :
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Atoms Molecules and Clusters in Electric Fields

Author : George Maroulis
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With the central importance of electric polarizability and hyperpolarizability for a wide spectrum of activities, this book charts the trends in the accurate theoretical determination of these properties in specialized fields. The contributions include reviews and original papers that extend from methodology to applications in specific areas of primary importance such as cluster science and organic synthesis of molecules with specific properties. Contents:Atomic Static Dipole Polarizabilities (P Schwerdtfeger)First-Order ZPVA Correction to First Hyperpolarizabilities of Mono-Substituted Benzene Molecules (O Quinet, B Champagne & B Kirtman)Polarizability & Hyperpolarizability in Small Silicon Clusters (C Pouchan, D Y Zhang & D Bégué)Theoretical Calculations of the Static Dipole Polarizability of Atoms and Small Atomic Clusters (P Fuentealba)Elongation Method for Polymers and Its Application to Nonlinear Optics (F L Gu, A Imamura & Y Aoki)Responses of Molecular Vibrations to Intermolecular Electrostatic Interactions and Their Effects on Vibrational Spectroscopic Features (H Torii)The (Hyper)Polarizabilities of Liquid Water Modelled Using Coupled Cluster/Molecular Mechanics Response Theory Methods (J Kongsted, A Osted, K V Mikkelsen & O Christiansen)The Discrete Solvent Reaction Field Model: A Quantum Mechanics/Molecular Mechanics Model for Calculating Nonlinear Optical Properties of Molecules in Condensed Phase (L Jensen & P Th van Duijnen)Extraordinary First Hyperpolarizabilities from Loosely Bound Electron in Dipole-Bound Anions: (HF)n- (n = 2, 3, 4) (D Wu , Z R Li, Y Li & C C Sun)Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of Open-Shell and/or Charged Molecular Systems (M Nakano)Sequential Monte Carlo/Quantum Mechanics Study of the Dipole Polarizability of Atomic Liquids. The Argon Case (K Coutinho & S Canuto)High Order Polarizabilities from Optical Interaction-Induced Spectroscopy (T Bancewicz, Y Le Duff & J-L Godet)Polarizability Functions of Diatomic Molecules and Their Dimers (M A Buldakov & V N Cherepanov)Atomic Polarizabilities and Hyperpolarizabilities: A Critical Compilation (A J Thakkar & C Lupinetti)Polarizabilities of Few-Body Atomic and Molecular Systems (Z C Yan, J Y Zhang & Y Li)Nonlinear Optical Properties of Transition-Metal Clusters (K Wu)Interaction (Hyper)Polarizability in N2—He, CO2—He, H2O—He, (H2O)2—He and O3—He (G Maroulis & A Haskopoulos)Theoretical Studies on Polarizability of Alkali Metal Clusters (K R S Chandrakumar, Tapan K Ghanty & Swapan K Ghosh)Charge Distribution and Polarizabilities of Water Clusters (P Senet, M Yang & C van Alsenoy) Readership: Academics, researchers, and students in all areas of spectroscopy, materials science, molecular physics, chemical physics, physical chemistry, organic synthesis, polymer science, quantum chemistry and applied mathematics. Keywords:Polarizability;Hyperpolarizability;Electric Moments;NLO;Intermolecular Interactions;Atoms;Molecules;ClustersKey Features:The only book in the field that offers a comprehensive overview of trends in electric polarizability, hyperpolarizability and nonlinear optical properties calculationsProvides a unique introduction and account of recent efforts to determine accurate values for these propertiesCovers basic and applied research for a wide range of activities: from the atomic to the nanoscale

Chemistry and Physics of Nanostructures and Related Non equilibrium Materials

Author : E. Ma
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This volume addresses questions on the formation and stability of nanoscale microstructures, and the reasons for their unusual behaviour. Coverage includes the thermodynamics, atomic level structure, and atomic transport properties of nanocrystalline and related materials, such as amorphous alloys and multilayer structures.

Evolution of Thin Film and Surface Structure and Morphology Volume 355

Author : B. G. Demczyk
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The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Recent Advances in the Chemistry and Physics of Fullerenes and Related Materials

Author : Prashant V. Kamat
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Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry

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Advances in Quantum Chemistry

Author :
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Advances in Quantum Chemistry presents surveys of current developments in this rapidly developing field that falls between the historically established areas of mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology. With invited reviews written by leading international researchers, each presenting new results, it provides a single vehicle for following progress in this interdisciplinary area. This volume concerns the proceedings of the 4th International Conference on the DV-Xá Method. The focus is on key issues of materials science, surfaces, boundaries, defects, metals, ceramics and organic materials and spectroscopy. The DV-Xá method is a Density Functional-like development, which has reached an unparalleled theoretical and practical sophistication in Japan and Korea. Publishes articles, invited reviews and proceedings of major international conferences and workshops Written by leading international researchers in quantum and theoretical chemistry Highlights important interdisciplinary developments

Organometallic Chemistry

Author : E. W. Abel
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This Specialist Periodical Report aims to reflect the growing interest in the potential of organometallic chemistry.