Ataturk

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Ataturk

Ataturk

An Intellectual Biography

  • Author: M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 1400838177
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 296
  • View: 3241
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When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the first president of Turkey in 1923, he set about transforming his country into a secular republic where nationalism sanctified by science--and by the personality cult Atatürk created around himself--would reign supreme as the new religion. This book provides the first in-depth look at the intellectual life of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him within the historical context of the turbulent age in which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the late Ottoman imperial order to the modern Turkish state through his life and ideas. Shedding light on one of the most complex and enigmatic statesmen of the modern era, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's youth as a Muslim boy in the volatile ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his education in nonreligious and military schools, to his embrace of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing Young Turks movement. Who was this figure who sought glory as an ambitious young officer in World War I, defied the victorious Allies intent on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the last sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's intellectual and ideological development at every stage of his life, demonstrating how he was profoundly influenced by the new ideas that were circulating in the sprawling Ottoman realm. He shows how Atatürk drew on a unique mix of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and other theories to fashion a grand utopian framework on which to build his new nation.

Ataturk: A Biography of Mustafa Kemal, Father of Modern Turkey

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Ataturk: A Biography of Mustafa Kemal, Father of Modern Turkey

Ataturk: A Biography of Mustafa Kemal, Father of Modern Turkey

  • Author: Lord Kinross, William Morrow
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5974
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The Role of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in the Recent History of Turkey

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The Role of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in the Recent History of Turkey

The Role of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in the Recent History of Turkey

  • Author: Nadiia Kudriashova
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag
  • ISBN: 3668947376
  • Category: History
  • Page: 13
  • View: 3394
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Essay from the year 2017 in the subject History - Miscellaneous, , language: English, abstract: The defeat of Germany, on the side of which the Ottoman Empire fought, in the First World War, the military setbacks, and discontent in the country, and, finally, the surrender of Turkey in October 1918 put an end to the power of the Young Turks, who defended the integrity of the empire. The Allies annexed all of its external possessions. The question arose what post-war Turkey should be. In these difficult days, the Turkish people, led by new leaders, whose main goal was the independence of all Turkey, took over the decision of the issue. On the wave of national-patriotic upsurge in April 1920, in Ankara, a new Majlis was elected - the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. The chairman of the Assembly was Mustafa Kemal Pasha (known as Ataturk), who proclaimed the new body the only legitimate authority in Turkey. The problem of the role of Kemal Ataturk in the recent history of Turkey has long attracted the attention of orientalists by its relevance, complexity, and versatility. However, it is especially noteworthy that, at a critical stage in the development of the Turkish state, Kemal Ataturk found the strength, courage, and talent to re-evaluate the role of his country in the world history, lead the struggle for national liberation and independent development of Turkey. Thanks to this, Ataturk eliminated the caliphate, was the first among the Turks who turn views towards civilizational Europe, and, taking advantage of the fact that the country is fighting for national liberation, ended the Sharia, the sultanate, and the caliphate, intensified the policy of Westernization, managed to convince the Turks that the secular nature of the state with a careful attitude to the traditions of Islam is the guarantee of the country's further well-being. He is regarded as a person who sought to turn Turkey to Western culture. Thanks to him, Turkey has become the only Islamic country that has embarked on the path of democratic development and acceptance of the values of Western civilization.

Ataturk

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Ataturk

Ataturk

The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey

  • Author: Andrew Mango
  • Publisher: Abrams
  • ISBN: 1590209249
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 539
  • View: 5720
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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was virtually unknown until 1919, when he took the lead in thwarting the victorious Allies' plan to partition the Turkish core of the Ottoman Empire. He divided the Allies, defeated the last Sultan, and secured the territory of the Turkish national state, becoming the first president of the new republic in 1923, fast creating his own legend. Andrew Mango's revealing portrait of Atatürk throws light on matters of great importance today-resurgent nationalism, religious fundamentalism, and the reality of democracy.

Ataturk

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Ataturk

Ataturk

  • Author: Patrick Kinross
  • Publisher: Hachette UK
  • ISBN: 1780224443
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 560
  • View: 4546
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The definitive biography of the father of modern Turkey, a powerful figure in the still-unfolding drama of the Middle East. With the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after the First World War came the emergence of new nations, chief among them Turkey itself. It was the creation of one man, the soldier-statesman Mustafa Kemal, who dragged his country from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century, and in defeating Western imperialists inspired 'the cause of the East'. Lord Kinross writes of the intrigues of empires, the brutalities of civil war, personal courage - showing us Ataturk, the incarnation of glory - as well as of Kemal's youthful ambition, and his problems with his wife.

Ataturk

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Ataturk

Ataturk

A Biography of Mustafa Kemal, Father of Modern Turkey

  • Author: Patrick Balfour Baron Kinross
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Presidents
  • Page: 615
  • View: 2650
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Ataturk

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Ataturk

Ataturk

  • Author: Alexander Lyon Macfie
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 131789734X
  • Category: History
  • Page: 232
  • View: 1124
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This concise account of the life and career of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881--1938), the formidable "founder of modern Turkey", offers a substantial revaluation of a key figure in modern history, and also an introduction to the Turkish republic itself. It is a timely study with Turkey again at the centre of international attention, as Islamic fundamentalists challenge many of Atatürk's westernising and secularizing reforms, and as the regional aftershocks of the Soviet collapse reopen profound questions about Turkey's nature, role and relationships Atatürk had sought to settle for good.

Ataturk's planning of the Turkish revolution: The unknown 6 months in Istanbul

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Ataturk's planning of the Turkish revolution: The unknown 6 months in Istanbul

Ataturk's planning of the Turkish revolution: The unknown 6 months in Istanbul

  • Author: Alev Coşkun
  • Publisher: Ataturk Research Center CT
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: History
  • Page: 1165
  • View: 4640
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November 13, 1918. The day Mustafa Kemal arrived in Istanbul, just two weeks after the signing of the Armistice of Mudros. May 16, 1919. The day he left Istanbul for Samsun on the Bandırma steamship. This book relates the adventure that took place during the intervening six months. It is a story that has never received the treatment it deserves, but that has now been remedied. These six months were essentially the planning and preparation phase of the war of independence. Dr. Alev Coşkun gives the reader a masterful and meticulous account of Mustafa Kemal’s daily contacts in the context of political developments with commentary on the significance of these events. On the one hand we see minorities supporting the occupying British, French and Italian forces, spies brazenly operating everywhere and British sympathizers, and on the other hand, we see the Turks, exhausted, helpless and grieving the fact that their capital is now occupied. This was the catastrophe to which Mustafa Kemal and his comrades sought a remedy. It is a breathtaking six months filled with incredible events. The original name of this book was ‘Samsun'dan Önce Bilinmeyen 6 Ay İşgal, Hüzün, Hazırlık” (The Unknown Six Months Before Samsun: Occupation, Grief and Preparation.)” Because the book covers in detail the six-month period during which Atatürk planned the revolution that would lay the foundations of the Republic of Turkey, the book’s English title makes reference to the Turkish Revolution. The author’s straightforward and easy-to-read narrative was first published in Turkish in 2008. The events related in this rigorous historical work are fully documented and skillfully woven together. The book is in its 24th printing and has sold 100,000 copies, proof that it is achieving its mission of “passing on” the history of the Republic of Turkey to the next generation.

Turkey Before and After Ataturk

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Turkey Before and After Ataturk

Turkey Before and After Ataturk

Internal and External Affairs

  • Author: Sylvia Kedourie
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1136325522
  • Category: History
  • Page: 296
  • View: 6891
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Turkey's modern history has been unstable and contradictory. National identity continues to be an issue as Turks are faced with joining the West and preserving their own culture. The emergence of Islamicism contributes to the question of how safe the secular constitutional democracy is.

Atatürk

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Atatürk

Atatürk

  • Author: Andrew Mango
  • Publisher: John Murray Publishers
  • ISBN: 9780719565922
  • Category: Presidents
  • Page: 666
  • View: 6881
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Ataturk, founding father of the Turkish Republic, was virtually unknown until 1919, when he took the lead in thwarting the victorious Allies' plan to partition the Turkish core of the Ottoman Empire. He quickly created his own legend and his own cult.