Search results for: art-and-the-academy-in-the-nineteenth-century

Art and the Academy in the Nineteenth Century

Author : Rafael Cardoso Denis
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Academies functioned as the main venues for the promotion, display and teaching of art throughout the 19th century. 20th-century opinion has tended to maintain a consipicuous silence on their account, except for the strategic employment of academicism as a term of abuse. The authors uncover the institutional structures and artistic practices of academies from London and Paris to Dusseldorf and Rio de Janeiro. By situating the efforts of individual artists and academies within the context of a network of global proportions, new insights are gained into the ways in which institutions of art helped shape the 19th century's view of itself as an age of equipoise and civilization amidst the turmoil of rapid social and cultural change.

The Academy and French Painting in the Nineteenth Century

Author : Albert Boime
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Creativity and Reproduction

Author : Susanne Anderson-Riedel
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The study investigates the engravers’ rise within the French academic system and demonstrates their success in transforming a reproductive medium into a creative and original art genre. In the nineteenth century, graphic artists developed an artistic language that was independent and on par with the original model that they reproduced. The Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture welcomed graphic artists into its ranks in 1655. As talented reproductive artists were able to disseminate works of art produced at the Academy, engravers rose to occupy administrative positions at the compagnie in the eighteenth century. Their success notwithstanding, graphic artists remained unable to overcome the perception of being reproductive artisans rather than creative and original fine artists. The proof of their predicament was the continuous refusal of advanced artistic training for graphic artists within the French academic system. The Section de Gravure at the Institut de France, established in 1803, was the first academic institution that distinguished between imitative and creative artistic execution in the reproductive graphic arts. Through patronage, the supervision of competitions, and the administration of the Prix de Rome program for graphic artists, the Engraving Department established specific guidelines for artistic reproduction and encouraged the formulation of an independent, artistic language in the reproductive arts. Finally, it defined the characteristics of fine engraving as a creative art medium. The Prix de Rome for engraving was crucial in consolidating the new understanding of engraving as an original art form. The engravers’ participation in the Grand Prix competition transformed their artisanal training practice in the master’s workshop into an artistic and academic education of graphic artists in the engraving ateliers. Furthermore, their sojourn at the French Academy in Rome encouraged the collegial collaboration between painters, sculptors, and engravers, leading engravers to develop a free and graphic interpretation of their model. The reproductive engraver was now able to rival painters and sculptors and, consequently, he emerged as a creative and original artist.

A Century of British Painters

Author : Richard Redgrave
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A survey of British painting from Hogarth to Constable discusses the work of Reynolds, Gainsborough, Romney, Turner, and other eighteenth-century artists

Keywords of Nineteenth century Art

Author : Christine Lindey
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The book provides quick reference, a rich source of quotations and an overall insight into the major preoccupations of nineteenth-century art and artists.

Nineteenth Century Art

Author : Robert Rosenblum
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"19th-Century Art has been influential in cementing the reputations of many painters and sculptors, and this new edition adds more artists to the pantheon. It also explores for the first time the work of photographers, who themselves provoked new ways of looking at nineteenth-century painting. Historical perspective is enhanced in this edition with a selection of sparkling critical and artistic responses to many of the key works of art since their creation, such as: Gericault on the public response to his famous Raft of the Medusa, John Ruskin on Turner, and poet Baudelaire on the sculpture of the day." "To match the opulence of the subject, the new edition features 540 illustrations, 370 of which are in full color."--BOOK JACKET.

Nineteenth century American Art

Author : Barbara S. Groseclose
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Painting and sculpture flourished in nineteenth-century America and saw the rise of self-taught travelling artists and professional artists producing works for a growing number of wealthy patrons.This innovative introduction examines the profession of the artist alongside the reception of their work by nineteenth-century art audiences. Works of art by familiar names such as Thomas Eakins and Winslow Homer are discussed in detail within the larger arena of visual culture, as are key works byrecently discovered artists such as Harriet Hosmer. The thematic approach focuses on portraiture, landscape painting, the American West, commemorative art, and goes on to examine the ways in which painters responded to major social and economic changes resulting from the rapid change from anagriculturally-based former colony to an industrialized imperial power with an evolving democracy.Uniquely, Barbara Groseclose treats the embeddedness of American Art in its European heritage as continual and salutary, rather than intermittent and oppositional, and also explores the changing interpretations of art of this period.

An Introduction to Nineteenth Century Art

Author : Michelle Facos
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Using the tools of the "new" art history (feminism, Marxism, social context, etc.) An Introduction to Nineteenth-Century Art offers a richly textured, yet clear and logical, introduction to nineteenth-century art and culture. This textbook will provide readers with a basic historical framework of the period and the critical tools for interpreting and situating new and unfamiliar works of art. Michelle Facos goes beyond existing histories of nineteenth-century art, which often focus solely on France, Britain, and the United States, to incorporate artists and artworks from Scandinavia, Germany, and Eastern Europe. The book expertly balances its coverage of trends and individual artworks: where the salient trends are clear, trend-setting works are highlighted, and the complexity of the period is respected by situating all works in their proper social and historical context. In this way, the student reader achieves a more nuanced understanding of the way in which the story of nineteenth-century art is the story of the ways in which artists and society grappled with the problem of modernity. Key pedagogical features include: Data boxes provide statistics, timelines, charts, and historical information about the period to further situate artworks. Text boxes highlight extracts from original sources, citing the ideas of artists and their contemporaries, including historians, philosophers, critics, and theorists, to place artists and works in the broader context of aesthetic, cultural, intellectual, social, and political conditions in which artists were working. Beautifully illustrated with over 250 color images. Margin notes and glossary definitions. Online resources at with access to a wealth of information, including original documents pertaining to artworks discussed in the textbook, contemporary criticism, timelines and maps to enrich your understanding of the period and allow for further comparison and exploration. Chapters take a thematic approach combined within an overarching chronology and more detailed discussions of individual works are always put in the context of the broader social picture, thus providing students with a sense of art history as a controversial and alive arena of study. Michelle Facos teaches art history at Indiana University, Bloomington. Her research explores the changing relationship between artists and society since the Enlightenment and issues of identity. Prior publications include Nationalism and the Nordic Imagination: Swedish Painting of the 1890s (1998), Art, Culture and National Identity in Fin-de-Siècle Europe, co-edited with Sharon Hirsh (2003), and Symbolist Art in Context (2009).

Artistes Pompiers

Author : James Harding
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Women Artists in Nineteenth century France and England

Author : Charlotte Yeldham
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Deel 2 bevat afbeeldingen van het werk van de kunstenaressen.


Author : Nicolai Cikovsky (Jr.)
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A specifically American form of art emerged in the nineteenth century that was much more than just a reflection of European developments or stylistic trends. It was a period during which noteworthy local traditions were brought to light, and this is reflected in the selection of landscapes, portraits, and genre paintings contained in this volume, with a plate section including 146 works by 43 artists. The works provide a comprehensive survey of American painting spanning more than one hundred years, from the close of the eighteenth century until World War I. In the context of their genre, these works demonstrate both the continuity and the breaks in the development of nineteenth-century American art and question the established art-historical narrative of American painting.

Nineteenth century European Art

Author : Petra ten-Doesschate Chu
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This study addresses 19th-century European art along with the forces that informed it. After introducing historical events and cultural and artistic trends from about 1760 that would exert their influence well into the new century, Petra ten-Doesschate Chu discusses the advent of modernism and its many interpretations. She considers the changing relationship between artist and audience, evolving attitudes towards the depiction of nature, and the confrontation of European artists with non-Western art due to expanding trade and travel. understanding of the art, as do sidebars that focus on specific works, techniques or historical circumstances. Although painting and sculpture are central in her narrative, Chu also covers a broad scope of visual culture, including architecture, decorative arts, photography and graphic design. A timeline, glossary and bibliography, listing not only books but also films related to the period, complete the volume.

The Embodiment of the National in Late Nineteenth century Mexican Painting

Author : Stacie G. Widdifield
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The years bracket a series of seven biennial exhibitions held at the Academy of San Carlos in Mexico City and also encompass the consolidation of the liberal state, from the execution of Emperor Maximilian to the complete entrenchment of the liberal dictatorship of President Porfirio Diaz. The realization of a sovereign republic was on the horizon, and there was an intense and often very public demand for the creation of a national culture.

Telling Tales

Author : Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
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Facing the Past

Author : Susan Danly
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American Expatriate Painters of the Late Nineteenth Century

Author : Michael Quick
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Nineteenth Century Art

Author : Stephen Eisenman
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"Rich in ideas and illustrations...of interest to scholars and art enthusiasts alike."—Library Journal

Critical Exchange

Author : Carol Adlam
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This collection examines the development of art criticism across Russia and Western Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Art criticism articulated local ideas about functions of art but, more importantly, it also became one of the most responsive fields in which a larger, transnational European exchange of ideas about the role of critical discourse could take place. Art criticism of this period was also rich in rhetorical strategies and textual diversity. International contributors to this volume, who include art historians, cultural historians, and specialists in critical and philosophical discourse, examine the emergence of art critical discourse in a variety of cultural and geo-political contexts.

Utilitarianism and the Art School in Nineteenth Century Britain

Author : Malcolm Quinn
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The mid-nineteenth century saw the introduction of publicly funded art education as an alternative to the established private institutions. Quinn explores the ways in which members of parliament applied Bentham’s utilitarian philosophy to questions of public taste.

Nineteenth century Painters and Painting

Author : Geraldine Norman
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