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Archaeologica Nova Caesarea

Author : Charles C. Abbott
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Reprint of the original, first published in 1907.

Archaeologia Nova Caesarea

Author : Charles Conrad Abbott
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Archaeologica Nova Caeserea

Author : Charles C. Abbott
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Reprint of the original, first published in 1907-1909.

Arch ologia Nova C sarea 1909 Vol 3 Classic Reprint

Author : Charles Conrad Abbott
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Excerpt from Archæologia Nova Cæsarea, 1909, Vol. 3 T ime applies to human history only, and when it is to be applied to what we know as ancient human history, the greatest caution is called for, as many have found to their sorrow, when the facts of the earth have calmly contradicted the vagaries of dreamers. Nature has never recognized what man knows as time. Always existent, but ever changing, her career extends backward throughout the eternity of the past, as it will continue throughout the eternity of the future. Man's career, as yet, is but as a fleeting shadow on the surface of the sea, and only anapproximate date need concern the archaeologist who eu deavors to trace this career. To endeavor to date it as we do that which has happened within recorded human history, to speak of years, centuries, or even milleniums, is the bane of archaeological research Only the most indefinite phrases, as old anc very old, should be used. It is the business only of the archaeologist to trace the sequence of event, to arrange in proper order, if he can, the sadly mixed, dis jointed and exasperatingly confused facts and fragments thereof. And set thein forth again in orderly array. This is his proper work. No cherished theory, no adherence to long - settled convictions of one's days of ignorance should deter him from demonstrating, when opportunity affords, that this is older than that, and the invention of a simple form preceded the elaboration of a complex one. Who, standing in the shadow of a patriarchal oak, will attempt to Count its leaves, or trace the outlines of its tiniest twigs, or follow each sinuosity of its wrinkled bark? It is the tree as a whole that bids us pause, and there is ever enough to excite our wonder and call forth our admiration without asking the question, when was the first acorn evolved from some Quercian ancestor? Enough to know there are oaks, and for long have been; enough to know there are men, and for ages long have been, and, as. A fellow feeling makes us wondrous kind, at times, it also makes some of us wondrous curious at other times; so, to inquire into the career of those who preceded us is. Not unnatural, nor, perhaps, without some use. T here is always satisfac tion in the possession of a truth, even if we can make no special use of it. Certainly we never know when a truth may come into play. Man is an incident in the progress of events, and, as such, is of some interest; but, if we associate him with time absolute or time relative, as. We must an. Individual and his period of existence, we are led into a. Trackless wilderness, from which there is no escape. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Archaeologia Nova Caesarea

Author : Ch. C. Abbott
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Archaeologia Nova Caesarea

Author : Charles Conrad Abbott
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Archaeologia Nova Caesarea No

Author : Charles Conrad Abbott
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Excerpt from Archaeologia Nova Caesarea No It has been maintained that the term Archæology docs not I apply to North, Central or South America, but that this considerable portion of the earth's habitable surface was not a scene of human activity until Asia, Europe and Africa and the isles of the South Seas had been so long populated that humanity was an old and not very creditable story, and then about the dawn of what we know as the historic period some wandering unfortunates from other lands found some one of the three Americas, and finally drifted into the other two. According to these authors, and they are about all who have given attention to the subject, the history of America is about the heaviest, dreariest, most somnolent matter ever preserved in print, until Columbus made his discovery, or possibly from the supposed visit of the Norseman, four or five centuries earlier. All this may be true, but, happily for those archaeologically inclined, the probability of its so being is still an open question, and, despite the earnest, and we hope sincere, efforts of the ethnologists to modernize every phase of the subject, the thought will persist in coming to the fore, when fieldwork is in progress, can all this be within the range of history, or, at most, on the shadowy border of it, just prior to Columbus sighting land in the Antilles? About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

ARCHAEOLOGIA NOVA CAESAREA

Author : Charles C. (Charles Conrad) 184 Abbott
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Arch ologia Nova C sarea

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ARCHAEOLOGIA NOVA CAESAREA

Author : Charles Conrad 1843-1919 Abbott
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Archaeologia Nova Caesarea

Author : Charles Conrad Abbott
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

ARCHAEOLOGIA NOVA CAESAREA

Author : Charles Conrad 1843-1919 Abbott
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

ARCHAEOLOGIA NOVA CAESAREA

Author : Charles Conrad 1843-1919 Abbott
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Archaeologia Nova Caesarea Classic Reprint

Author : Charles Conrad Abbott
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Excerpt from Archaeologia Nova Caesarea Glacial Man in the Trenton Gravels? Little wonder that he replies negatively to his own question. Negative evidence was his sole quest. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Archaeologia Nova Caesarea

Author : Charles Conrad Abbott
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Graphing Culture Change in North American Archaeology

Author : R. Lee Lyman
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Documentation, analysis, and explanation of culture change have long been goals of archaeology. Scientific graphs facilitate the visual thinking that allow archaeologists to determine the relationship between variables, and, if well designed, comprehend the processes implied by the relationship. Different graph types suggest different ontologies and theories of change, and particular techniques of parsing temporally continuous morphological variation of artefacts into types influence graph form. North American archaeologists have grappled with finding a graph that effectively and efficiently displays culture change over time. Line graphs, bar graphs, and numerous one-off graph types were used between 1910 and 1950, after which spindle graphs displaying temporal frequency distributions of specimens within each of multiple artefact types emerged as the most readily deciphered diagram. The variety of graph types used over the twentieth century indicate archaeologists often mixed elements of both Darwinian variational evolutionary change and Midas-touch like transformational change. Today, there is minimal discussion of graph theory or graph grammar in introductory archaeology textbooks or advanced texts, and elements of the two theories of evolution are still mixed. Culture has changed, and archaeology provides unique access to the totality of humankind's cultural past. It is therefore crucial that graph theory, construction, and decipherment are revived in archaeological discussion.

Looking Beneath the Surface

Author : R. Alan Mounier
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For more than ten thousand years, humans have lived in New Jersey. From Summit to Cape May, from Trenton to the Jersey Shore, the state is a treasure trove of archaeological artifacts, revealing much about those who occupied the region prior to European settlement. As a rule, only the most durable of human creations3⁄4items of stone and pottery3⁄4survive the ravages of time. To complicate matters, the onslaught of our own culture and the indiscriminate looting of sites by greedy collectors have further diminished the cultural materials left behind. The task of the archaeologist is to gather and interpret these scraps for the benefit of science and the public. But digging up relics is a trivial pursuit if the only outcome is a collection of artifacts, however attractive or valuable they may be. Understanding what those relics mean in human terms is crucial. In Looking beneath the Surface, R. Alan Mounier looks at the human past of New Jersey. With particular focus on the ancient past and native cultures, the author tells the story of archaeology in the state as it has unfolded, and as it continues to unfold. New investigations and discoveries continually change our views and interpretations of the past. In jargon-free language, Mounier provides an in-depth introduction offering information to understand general archaeological practices as well as research in New Jersey. Subsequent chapters describe artifact types, archaeological settlements, and burial practices in detail. He concludes with vignettes of twenty-one archaeological investigations throughout the state to illustrate the variability of sites and the accomplishments of dedicated archaeologists, both professional and amateur.

Archaeologia Nova Caesarea

Author : Charles Conrad Abbott
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This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.

Misadventures in Archaeology

Author : Carolyn D. Dillian
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A comprehensive portrait of the controversial self-taught archaeologist C. C. Abbott. In the late nineteenth century, Charles Conrad Abbott, a medical doctor and self-taught archaeologist, gained notoriety for his theories on early humans. He believed in an American Paleolithic, represented by an early Ice Age occupation of the New World that paralleled that of Europe, a popular scientific topic at the time. He attempted to prove that the Trenton gravels—glacial outwash deposits near the Delaware River—contained evidence of an early, primitive population that pre-dated Native Americans. His theories were ultimately overturned in acrimonious public debate with government scientists, most notably William Henry Holmes of the Smithsonian Institution. His experience—and the rise and fall of his scientific reputation—paralleled a major shift in the field toward an increasing professionalization of archaeology (and science as a whole). This is the first biography of Charles Conrad Abbott to address his archaeological research beyond the Paleolithic debate, including his early attempts at historical archaeology on Burlington Island in the Delaware River, and prehistoric Middle Woodland collections made throughout his lifetime at Three Beeches in New Jersey, now the Abbott Farm National Historic Landmark. It also delves into his modestly successful career as a nature writer. As an archaeologist, he held a position with the Peabody Museum at Harvard University and was the first curator of the American Section at the Penn Museum. He also attempted to create a museum of American archaeology at Princeton University. Through various sources including archival letters and diaries, this book provides the most complete picture of the quirky and curmudgeonly, C. C. Abbott.

Trade and Exchange

Author : Carolyn D. Dillian
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Long before the advent of the global economy, foreign goods were transported, traded, and exchanged through myriad means, over short and long distances. Archaeological tools for identifying foreign objects, such as provenance studies, stylistic analyses, and economic documentary sources reveal non-local materials in historic and prehistoric assemblages. Trade and exchange represent more than mere production and consumption. Exchange of goods also led to an exchange of cultural and social experiences. Discoveries of the sources of alien objects surpass archaeological expectations of exchange and geographic distance, revealing important technological advances. With thirteen case studies from around the world, this comprehensive work provides a fresh perspective on material culture studies. Evidence of ongoing negotiation between individuals, villages, and nations provides insight into the impact of trade on the micro-, meso-, and macro-level. Covering a wide array of time periods and areas, this work will be of interest to archaeologists, anthropologists, and anyone working in cultural studies.