Search results for: applied-antisense-oligonucleotide-technology

Applied Antisense Oligonucleotide Technology

Author : Cy A. Stein
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Applied Antisense Oligonucleotide Technology provides the basic concepts as well as the practical concerns associated with the use of antisense oligonucleotides to modify gene expression. Chapters include oligonucleotide chemistry, DNA triplex formation, delivery mechanisms, pharmocokinetics, toxicity, oligonucleotides.

Modulating Gene Expression by Antisense Oligonucleotides to Understand Neural Functioning

Author : Margaret M. McCarthy
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When first introduced, antisense oligonucleotides were hailed as the long awaited magic bullet that would provide an unprecedented level of specificity in controlling gene expression. Following this initial enthusiasm, antisense oligonucleotides have been maligned as nonspecific, toxic, and essentially useless. However, application of antisense oligonucleotide technology in the nervous system stands apart from the use of this technique in peripheral systems, largely because of its enormous success. The source of this success remains a matter of some controversy. Modulating Gene Expression by Antisense Oligonucleotides to Understand Neural Functioning addresses the origins of that controversy and determines whether the nervous system is a privileged site for antisense oligonucleotide action and not subject to the same vagaries and pitfalls as non-neuronal systems. Modulating Gene Expression by Antisense Oligonucleotides to Understand Neural Functioning contains chapters by experts in the field that focus on the use of this technique in a variety of behavioral systems, as well as rapid and nonspecific effects and the uptake and metabolism of antisense oligonucleotides by the nervous system. Modulating Gene Expression by Antisense Oligonucleotides to Understand Neural Functioning features: experts in the field reporting on the use of antisense oligonucleotide technology in a variety of behavioral systems, including pain control, circadian rhythms, ingestion and control of water balance, and reproductive behaviors; the novel use of plasmids to express antisense RNA in the nervous system; the biodistribution and metabolism of antisense oligonucleotides in the nervous system; rapid and unusual effects; and non-specific effects.

Antisense Drug Technology

Author : Stanley T. Crooke
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Extensively revised and updated, Antisense Drug Technology: Principles, Strategies, and Applications, Second Edition reflects the logarithmic progress made in the past four years of oligonucleotide-based therapies, and, in particular, antisense therapeutics and research. Interpreting lessons learned from the clinical trials of first generati

Pharmaceutical Aspects of Oligonucleotides

Author : Patrick Couvreur
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Oligonucleotides diffuse poorly through biological barriers, including cell membranes. They are also rapidly degraded in vivo by nucleuses. Aiming to improve the administration of compounds, the book studies the development of nucleotide chemistry.

Antisense Elements genetics Research Focus

Author : A. G. Hernandes
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Antisense molecules interact with complementary strands of nucleic acids, modifying expression of genes. Some regions within a double strand of DNA code for genes, which are usually instructions specifying the order of amino acids in a protein along with regulatory sequences, splicing sites, non-coding introns and other complicating details. For a cell to use this information, one strand of the DNA serves as a template for the synthesis of a complementary strand of RNA. The template DNA strand is called the transcribed strand with antisense sequence and the mRNA transcript is said to be sense sequence (the complement of antisense). Because the DNA is double-stranded, the strand complementary to the antisense sequence is called non-transcribed strand and has the same sense sequence as the mRNA transcript (though T bases in DNA are substituted with U bases in RNA). This book presents important new research from around the world in this field.

Antisense Technology Part B Applications

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Antisense technology is the ability to manipulate gene expression within mammalian cells providing powerful experimental approaches for the study of gene function and gene regulation. For example, methods which inhibit gene expression permit studies probing the normal function of a specific product within a cell. Such methodology can be used in many disciplines such as pharmacology, oncology, genetics, cell biology, developmental biology, molecular biology, biochemistry, and neurosciences. This volume will be a truly important tool in biomedically-oriented research. The critically acclaimed laboratory standard for more than forty years, Methods in Enzymology is one of the most highly respected publications in the field of biochemistry. Since 1955, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Now with more than 300 volumes (all of them still in print), the series contains much material still relevant today-truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of life sciences.

Cancer Gene Therapy

Author : David T. Curiel
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A complete introduction and guide to the latest developments in cancer gene therapy-from bench to bedside. The authors comprehensively review the anticancer genes and gene delivery methods currently available for cancer gene therapy, including the transfer of genetic material into the cancer cells, stimulation of the immune system to recognize and eliminate cancer cells, and the targeting of the nonmalignant stromal cells that support their growth. They also thoroughly examine the advantages and limitations of the different therapies and detail strategies to overcome obstacles to their clinical implementation. Topics of special interest include vector-targeting techniques, the lessons learned to date from clinical trials of cancer gene therapy, and the regulatory guidelines for future trials. Noninvasive techniques to monitor the extent of gene transfer and disease regression during the course of treatment are also discussed.

Toll and Toll Like Receptors

Author : Tina Rich
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Toll Receptors and the Renaissance of Innate Immunity Elizabeth H. Bassett and Tina Rich Overview n the last few pages of Immunology: The Science of Self-Nonself Discrimination Jan Klein ponders on what he would study if he were to start over in the lab. ^ Dismissing the I antibody, MHC, the T-cell and parasitology, he considers instead the phylogeny of immune reactions, particularly in ancient phyla. As for a favored cell he chooses the macrophage. Describ ing it as a ^^MddchenfUr alles," (all purpose kitchen maid) Klein believed that this immunocyte still had secrets to reveal. Toll-Like Receptor (TLR) biology would prove to be one of these secrets. Analyses of the evolution of these receptors (Tolls and TLRs) have also helped us to rethink immune system phylogeny. In the first part of this chapter the history of the discovery of Toll and TLR biology is described. The evolution of the TLR genes and theories of immune function are covered in later sections. The remainder of this book presents work from nine groups active in the field. In the first chapter, "The Function of Toll-Like Receptors", Zlatko Dembic sets the stage by introducing us to many of the components of the immune system and their relationships vis a vis Toll receptors. Zlatko finishes his chapter with a discussion about current immune system models and contributes his own 'integrity model'. Work from the laboratory of Nicholas Gay follows this in "Structures and Motifs Involved in Toll Signaling".

Nuclease Methods and Protocols

Author : Catherine H. Schein
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Nucleases, the enzymes that cleave and shape nucleic acids, are key regulators of cellular metabolism. Angiogenesis and the unfolded protein response are just a few instances of important intra- and extracellular pathways regulated by nucleases. In Nuclease Methods and Protocols, researchers at the forefront of academic research and pharmaceutical drug development from four continents summarize their recent results. Their projects involve nucleases in many different areas of medicine and biology, ranging from protein structure and folding, to DNA repair, to developing cures for insidious diseases such as cystic fibrosis, AIDS, and cancer. Each chapter contains a minireview of a specific nuclease or nuclease-related theme, a discussion of why and when to use the assays described, and often, an explanation of how the assay was developed. The authors describe their most valuable methods for determining the mode of action, structure, interaction with other molecules, and physiological role of nucleases. Detailed step-by-step instructions and notes on avoiding pitfalls help ensure readily reproducible results. Comprehensive and highly practical, Nuclease Methods and Protocols offers both novice and experienced researchers a deeper understanding of the importance of nucleases in cell metabolism, growth control mechanisms, and, increasingly, in diagnostics and therapeutics.

Novel Anticancer Agents

Author : Alex A. Adjei
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This book offers pertinent basic science information on strategies used for the rational design and discovery of novel anticancer agents, and, in addition, translational studies involving clinical trial design and execution with these novel, mostly cytostatic agents. This book covers basic science strategies that are being used in drug discovery and preclinical evaluation focused on novel molecular targets, as well as clinical trial methodology including clinical pharmacokinetics and imaging to address issues of efficacy evaluation of the new, relatively non-cytotoxic anticancer agents. At present, there is no book that provides such an integration of basic and clinical studies of novel anticancer agents, covering both drug discovery and translational research extensively. * Addresses the critical issues involved in the development of novel agents for cancer therapy by experts in the field * Presents drug discovery strategies * Discusses regulatory issues surrounding drug development *