Search results for: animal-learning-and-cognition

Animal Learning and Cognition

Author : John M. Pearce
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This is a revision of An Introduction to Animal Cognition. The book reviews the main principles and experimental findings that have emerged from a century of research into animal intelligence. The book opens with an account of the various methods that have been used to study the intelligence of animals. The next four chapters then examine the contribution made by learning processes to intelligent behaviour. Topics covered include Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning, discrimination learning, categorisation, and an introduction to connectionist theories of learning. The second half of the book is concerned with animal cognition. There is a chapter on the representation of time, number and serial order. Additional chapters are devoted to memory, navigation, social learning, and language and communication. Issues raised throughout the book are reviewed in a concluding chapter that examines the way in which intelligence is distributed throughout the animal kingdom.

Animal Learning and Cognition

Author : N. J. Mackintosh
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How do animals learn? By what means can animals be conditioned? This volume of the acclaimed Handbook of Perception and Cognition, Second Edition, reviews such basic models as Pavlovian conditioning as well as more modern models of animal memory and social cognition. Sure to represent a benchmark of a vast literature from diverse disciplines, this reference work is a useful addition to any library devoted to animal learning, conditioning behavior, and interaction.

Animal Learning Cognition

Author : John M. Pearce
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"Animal Learning and Cognition: An Introduction provides an up-to-date review of the principal findings from more than a century of research into animal intelligence. This new edition has been expanded to take account of the many exciting developments that have occurred over the last ten years in both animal learning and comparative cognition." "Topics covered include Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning, discrimination learning, extinction, categorization, memory, navigation, social learning, language and communication, imitation, and knowledge representation. Issues raised throughout the book are reviewed in a concluding chapter that examines how intelligence is distributed throughout the animal kingdom." "The broad spectrum of topics covered in this book ensures that it will be invaluable to students of psychology, biology, zoology, and neuroscience. Since very little background knowledge is required, this book will be of equal value to anyone simply interested in either animal intelligence, or the animal origins of human intelligence."--BOOK JACKET.

Animal Learning and Cognition

Author : Nestor A. Schmajuk
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This text gives several mechanistic descriptions of complex cognitive behaviors, and shows how neural networks permit the development of useful brain models.

Animal Learning and Cognition

Author : Charles F. Flaherty
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Advances and Perspectives in Farm Animal Learning and Cognition

Author : Christian Nawroth
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Research on animal learning and cognition has so far mainly focused on a few prominent model species, including primates, corvids and dogs. For years, comparative psychologists and ethologists have been suggesting that more animal species should be considered in comparative cognitive science. The abundance and accessibility of livestock offer an opportunity, not merely to extend the comparative approach, but also to deepen our knowledge of the mental lives of farm animals. Such approaches also help to assess the needs of farm animals, in order to improve their welfare. In recent years, scientific interest in different aspects of farm animal psychology, including emotionality, personality and cognitive capacities, has been on the rise, proving that farm animals have sophisticated cognitive skills to comprehend and cope with their environment. As knowledge of how farm animals perceive and interact with their physical and social environments is crucial for animal welfare, the aim of this Research Topic is to promote investigations of farm animal cognitive capacities and their implications for animal welfare-related issues. We have therefore collected original research and review articles, as well as opinion and perspective papers that are distributed among the two hosting magazines, Frontiers in Veterinary Science (section Animal Behavior and Welfare) and Frontiers in Psychology (section Comparative Psychology). The published articles present state-of-the-art research on farm animal learning and cognition, highlight future perspectives in this research area and pinpoint shortcomings and limitations in interpreting current findings. They offer new cross-disciplinary frameworks (e.g. links between affective states and cognition) and discuss the applied implementation of these findings (e.g. cognitive enrichment). These contributions will increase our understanding of the cognitive mechanisms that enable farm animals to effectively interact with their environment and pave the way for future cross-disciplinary endeavors.

Purpose and cognition

Author : Edward Chace Tolman
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Animal Cognition

Author : Thomas R. Zentall
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Prepared as a tribute to Donald A. Riley, the essays that appear here are representative of a research area that has loosely been classified as animal cognition -- a categorization that reflects a functionalist philosophy that was prevalent in Riley's laboratory and that many of his students absorbed. According to this philosophy, it is acceptable to hypothesize that an animal might engage in complex processing of information, as long as one can operationalize evidence for such a process and the hypothesis can be presented in the context of testable predictions that can differentiate it from other mechanisms. The contributions to this volume represent the three most important areas of research in animal cognition -- stimulus representation, memory processes, and perceptual processes -- although current research has considerably blurred these distinctions.

Animal Cognition

Author : H. L. Roitblat
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First published in 1984. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Cognition Evolution and Behavior

Author : Sara J. Shettleworth
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How do animals perceive the world, learn, remember, search for food or mates, communicate, and find their way around? Do any nonhuman animals count, imitate one another, use a language, or have a culture? What are the uses of cognition in nature and how might it have evolved? What is the current status of Darwin's claim that other species share the same "mental powers" as humans, but to different degrees? In this completely revised second edition of Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior, Sara Shettleworth addresses these questions, among others, by integrating findings from psychology, behavioral ecology, and ethology in a unique and wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research on animal cognition, in the broadest sense--from species-specific adaptations of vision in fish and associative learning in rats to discussions of theory of mind in chimpanzees, dogs, and ravens. She reviews the latest research on topics such as episodic memory, metacognition, and cooperation and other-regarding behavior in animals, as well as recent theories about what makes human cognition unique. In every part of this new edition, Shettleworth incorporates findings and theoretical approaches that have emerged since the first edition was published in 1998. The chapters are now organized into three sections: Fundamental Mechanisms (perception, learning, categorization, memory), Physical Cognition (space, time, number, physical causation), and Social Cognition (social knowledge, social learning, communication). Shettleworth has also added new chapters on evolution and the brain and on numerical cognition, and a new chapter on physical causation that integrates theories of instrumental behavior with discussions of foraging, planning, and tool using.

Tasks and Techniques

Author : Matthew J. Anderson
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The purpose of this volume is to provide the reader with an overview of a wide sampling of research methodologies employed in the investigation of animal learning, behaviour, and cognition. The subject matter of primary concern in this text is the experimental methods employed in these fields, not necessarily the findings obtained with the methodologies themselves. Each chapter was written by a researcher with extensive knowledge and experience employing a particular technique. While this edited volume is intended to serve primarily as a starting point for new research projects, it may also be of use in research methods or animal learning and cognition courses.

Experiments in Animal Learning

Author : Churchill Freedman
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Associative Learning and Cognition Homage to Professor N J Mackintosh In Memoriam 1935 2015

Author : J. B. Trobalon & V. D. Chamizo
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The present volume is a homage to Professor N. J. Mackintosh (1935-2015), an outstanding academic and a dear friend and colleague to many of the participants, as a final tribute after being awarded the Gold Medal by the University of Barcelona (November 2015). Although the topics of the chapters in this book have been freely chosen by the authors (Geoffrey Hall, Anthony Dickinson, John M. Pearce, Ian McLaren, Paula J. Durlach, Irina Baetu to mention a few), as well as the type of contribution (either an empirical paper, a review, or an application), they concentrate on issues that are crucial to the understanding of the basic principles of attention and associative learning (both Pavlovian and instrumental), in humans and also in other animals. In other words, to unravel the nature of conditioning, with a special emphasis on perceptual learning. The final chapter, by Gabriel Ruiz, addresses the importance of the contribution by Professor Mackintosh to the renaissance of animal psychology in Spain, where the Spanish Society for Comparative Psychology (SEPC in Spanish) played a relevant role.

Theories of Animal Memory

Author : Donald F. Kendrick
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First published in 1986. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Current Topics in Animal Learning

Author : Lawrence Dachowski
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This book, based on the Flowerree Mardi Gras Symposium at Tulane University, juxtaposes contemporary research and theory from several areas of animal learning -- learning theory, comparative cognition, animal models of human behavior, and functional neurology. Investigators pursuing these different routes often work in isolation of progress being made in, what should be, related fields. This book will acquaint students and researchers with a variety of topics, ordinarily treated separately, in a way that will stimulate integrative thinking. Cognitive interpretations of animal learning are included, as well as recent developments in conditioning theory, physiological bases of learning, animal models of human behavior problems, and psychopharmacology.

Comparative Cognition Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Author : Edward A. Wasserman Department of Psychology University of Iowa
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Comparative Cognition celebrates comparative cognitions first quarter century with a state-of-the-art collection of chapters covering the broad realm of the scientific study of animal intelligence. It will be an invaluable resource for students and professional researchers in all areas of psychology and neuroscience.

Experimental Psychology

Author : Donald K. Freedheim
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Animal Cognition

Author : Nick Lund
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Animal Cognition looks at how non-human animals process information from their environment. Nick Lund has written an accessible and engaging account of this area of comparative psychology. The book contains chapters on animal navigation (including homing behaviour and migration), animal communication methods and research into animal language, and attempts to teach language to non-human animals. A chapter on memory includes models of memory in non-human animals and discusses the importance of memory in navigation and foraging behaviour. Animal Cognition is designed to cover the AQA(A) A2 level specification but will also be of interest to undergraduates new to comparative psychology. It is well illustrated and includes a study aids section with examination questions and answers, and key research summaries.

Cognition

Author : Daniel T. Willingham
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Explains foundational experiments and basic theories of cognition, and explains how they relate, in a clear, structured narrative.

The Thinking Rat

Author : Oskar Pineño
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For more than a century, the albino rat has been the standard subject in psychological research. Among other reasons, the rat was thought to be the perfect animal model of human behavior due to the presumed simplicity of its behavior, considered to be mechanistically controlled by the environment and, thus, free from the unnecessary complication caused by the influence of mental processes. In the last few years, a series of critical experiments have been conducted to understand the rat's mental abilities, finding evidence of sophisticated cognitive processes - some of which previously believed to be exclusively human. The rat, it turns out, is a good animal model of human cognition as well; its behavior is no more "reflexive" than it is "reflective". This book tells the story of the albino rat in the psychology laboratory, and how recent studies in animal cognition have changed our perception of its mental life. This is the story of the thinking rat.