Search results for: an-introduction-to-statistical-learning

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

Author : Gareth James
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An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.

An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory

Author : Sanjeev Kulkarni
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A thought-provoking look at statistical learning theory and its role in understanding human learning and inductive reasoning A joint endeavor from leading researchers in the fields of philosophy and electrical engineering, An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory is a comprehensive and accessible primer on the rapidly evolving fields of statistical pattern recognition and statistical learning theory. Explaining these areas at a level and in a way that is not often found in other books on the topic, the authors present the basic theory behind contemporary machine learning and uniquely utilize its foundations as a framework for philosophical thinking about inductive inference. Promoting the fundamental goal of statistical learning, knowing what is achievable and what is not, this book demonstrates the value of a systematic methodology when used along with the needed techniques for evaluating the performance of a learning system. First, an introduction to machine learning is presented that includes brief discussions of applications such as image recognition, speech recognition, medical diagnostics, and statistical arbitrage. To enhance accessibility, two chapters on relevant aspects of probability theory are provided. Subsequent chapters feature coverage of topics such as the pattern recognition problem, optimal Bayes decision rule, the nearest neighbor rule, kernel rules, neural networks, support vector machines, and boosting. Appendices throughout the book explore the relationship between the discussed material and related topics from mathematics, philosophy, psychology, and statistics, drawing insightful connections between problems in these areas and statistical learning theory. All chapters conclude with a summary section, a set of practice questions, and a reference sections that supplies historical notes and additional resources for further study. An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory is an excellent book for courses on statistical learning theory, pattern recognition, and machine learning at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as an introductory reference for researchers and practitioners in the fields of engineering, computer science, philosophy, and cognitive science that would like to further their knowledge of the topic.

Machine Learning and Data Science

Author : Daniel D. Gutierrez
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A practitioner’s tools have a direct impact on the success of his or her work. This book will provide the data scientist with the tools and techniques required to excel with statistical learning methods in the areas of data access, data munging, exploratory data analysis, supervised machine learning, unsupervised machine learning and model evaluation. Machine learning and data science are large disciplines, requiring years of study in order to gain proficiency. This book can be viewed as a set of essential tools we need for a long-term career in the data science field – recommendations are provided for further study in order to build advanced skills in tackling important data problem domains. The R statistical environment was chosen for use in this book. R is a growing phenomenon worldwide, with many data scientists using it exclusively for their project work. All of the code examples for the book are written in R. In addition, many popular R packages and data sets will be used.

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

Author : Peter Forrest
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This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform.

Introduction to Machine Learning

Author : Ethem Alpaydin
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An introductory text in machine learning that gives a unified treatment of methods based on statistics, pattern recognition, neural networks, artificial intelligence, signal processing, control, and data mining.

Introduction to Statistical Machine Learning

Author : Masashi Sugiyama
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Machine learning allows computers to learn and discern patterns without actually being programmed. When Statistical techniques and machine learning are combined together they are a powerful tool for analysing various kinds of data in many computer science/engineering areas including, image processing, speech processing, natural language processing, robot control, as well as in fundamental sciences such as biology, medicine, astronomy, physics, and materials. Introduction to Statistical Machine Learning provides a general introduction to machine learning that covers a wide range of topics concisely and will help you bridge the gap between theory and practice. Part I discusses the fundamental concepts of statistics and probability that are used in describing machine learning algorithms. Part II and Part III explain the two major approaches of machine learning techniques; generative methods and discriminative methods. While Part III provides an in-depth look at advanced topics that play essential roles in making machine learning algorithms more useful in practice. The accompanying MATLAB/Octave programs provide you with the necessary practical skills needed to accomplish a wide range of data analysis tasks. Provides the necessary background material to understand machine learning such as statistics, probability, linear algebra, and calculus. Complete coverage of the generative approach to statistical pattern recognition and the discriminative approach to statistical machine learning. Includes MATLAB/Octave programs so that readers can test the algorithms numerically and acquire both mathematical and practical skills in a wide range of data analysis tasks Discusses a wide range of applications in machine learning and statistics and provides examples drawn from image processing, speech processing, natural language processing, robot control, as well as biology, medicine, astronomy, physics, and materials.

The Elements of Statistical Learning

Author : Trevor Hastie
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During the past decade there has been an explosion in computation and information technology. With it have come vast amounts of data in a variety of fields such as medicine, biology, finance, and marketing. The challenge of understanding these data has led to the development of new tools in the field of statistics, and spawned new areas such as data mining, machine learning, and bioinformatics. Many of these tools have common underpinnings but are often expressed with different terminology. This book describes the important ideas in these areas in a common conceptual framework. While the approach is statistical, the emphasis is on concepts rather than mathematics. Many examples are given, with a liberal use of color graphics. It should be a valuable resource for statisticians and anyone interested in data mining in science or industry. The book’s coverage is broad, from supervised learning (prediction) to unsupervised learning. The many topics include neural networks, support vector machines, classification trees and boosting---the first comprehensive treatment of this topic in any book. This major new edition features many topics not covered in the original, including graphical models, random forests, ensemble methods, least angle regression & path algorithms for the lasso, non-negative matrix factorization, and spectral clustering. There is also a chapter on methods for “wide” data (p bigger than n), including multiple testing and false discovery rates. Trevor Hastie, Robert Tibshirani, and Jerome Friedman are professors of statistics at Stanford University. They are prominent researchers in this area: Hastie and Tibshirani developed generalized additive models and wrote a popular book of that title. Hastie co-developed much of the statistical modeling software and environment in R/S-PLUS and invented principal curves and surfaces. Tibshirani proposed the lasso and is co-author of the very successful An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Friedman is the co-inventor of many data-mining tools including CART, MARS, projection pursuit and gradient boosting.

Introduction to Statistical Relational Learning

Author : Lise Getoor
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Advanced statistical modeling and knowledge representation techniques for a newly emerging area of machine learning and probabilistic reasoning; includes introductory material, tutorials for different proposed approaches, and applications. Handling inherent uncertainty and exploiting compositional structure are fundamental to understanding and designing large-scale systems. Statistical relational learning builds on ideas from probability theory and statistics to address uncertainty while incorporating tools from logic, databases and programming languages to represent structure. In Introduction to Statistical Relational Learning, leading researchers in this emerging area of machine learning describe current formalisms, models, and algorithms that enable effective and robust reasoning about richly structured systems and data. The early chapters provide tutorials for material used in later chapters, offering introductions to representation, inference and learning in graphical models, and logic. The book then describes object-oriented approaches, including probabilistic relational models, relational Markov networks, and probabilistic entity-relationship models as well as logic-based formalisms including Bayesian logic programs, Markov logic, and stochastic logic programs. Later chapters discuss such topics as probabilistic models with unknown objects, relational dependency networks, reinforcement learning in relational domains, and information extraction. By presenting a variety of approaches, the book highlights commonalities and clarifies important differences among proposed approaches and, along the way, identifies important representational and algorithmic issues. Numerous applications are provided throughout.

The Nature of Statistical Learning Theory

Author : Vladimir Vapnik
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The aim of this book is to discuss the fundamental ideas which lie behind the statistical theory of learning and generalization. It considers learning as a general problem of function estimation based on empirical data. Omitting proofs and technical details, the author concentrates on discussing the main results of learning theory and their connections to fundamental problems in statistics. This second edition contains three new chapters devoted to further development of the learning theory and SVM techniques. Written in a readable and concise style, the book is intended for statisticians, mathematicians, physicists, and computer scientists.

An Introduction to Machine Learning

Author : Miroslav Kubat
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This book presents basic ideas of machine learning in a way that is easy to understand, by providing hands-on practical advice, using simple examples, and motivating students with discussions of interesting applications. The main topics include Bayesian classifiers, nearest-neighbor classifiers, linear and polynomial classifiers, decision trees, neural networks, and support vector machines. Later chapters show how to combine these simple tools by way of “boosting,” how to exploit them in more complicated domains, and how to deal with diverse advanced practical issues. One chapter is dedicated to the popular genetic algorithms.

Introduction to Machine Learning

Author : Aditya Tandon
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Machine learning is one of the fastest growing areas of computer science, with far-reaching applications. The aim of this textbook is to introduce machine learning, and the algorithmic paradigms it offers, in a principled way. The book provides an extensive theoretical account of the fundamental ideas underlying machine learning and the mathematical derivations that transform these principles into practical algorithms. Following a presentation of the basics of the field, the book covers a wide array of central topics that have not been addressed by previous textbooks. These include a discussion of the computational complexity of learning and the concepts of convexity and stability; important algorithmic paradigms including stochastic gradient descent, neural networks, and structured output learning; and emerging theoretical concepts such as the PAC-Bayes approach and compression-based bounds. Designed for an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate course, the text makes the fundamentals and algorithms of machine learning accessible to students and nonexpert readers in statistics, computer science, mathematics, and engineering.

Learning From Data

Author : Arthur Glenberg
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Learning from Data focuses on how to interpret psychological data and statistical results. The authors review the basics of statistical reasoning to helpstudents better understand relevant data that affecttheir everyday lives. Numerous examples based on current research and events are featured throughout.To facilitate learning, authors Glenberg and Andrzejewski: Devote extra attention to explaining the more difficult concepts and the logic behind them Use repetition to enhance students’ memories with multiple examples, reintroductions of the major concepts, and a focus on these concepts in the problems Employ a six-step procedure for describing all statistical tests from the simplest to the most complex Provide end-of-chapter tables to summarize the hypothesis testing procedures introduced Emphasizes how to choose the best procedure in the examples, problems and endpapers Focus on power with a separate chapter and power analyses procedures in each chapter Provide detailed explanations of factorial designs, interactions, and ANOVA to help students understand the statistics used in professional journal articles. The third edition has a user-friendly approach: Designed to be used seamlessly with Excel, all of the in-text analyses are conducted in Excel, while the book’s CD contains files for conducting analyses in Excel, as well as text files that can be analyzed in SPSS, SAS, and Systat Two large, real data sets integrated throughout illustrate important concepts Many new end-of-chapter problems (definitions, computational, and reasoning) and many more on the companion CD Online Instructor’s Resources includes answers to all the exercises in the book and multiple-choice test questions with answers Boxed media reports illustrate key concepts and their relevance to realworld issues The inclusion of effect size in all discussions of power accurately reflects the contemporary issues of power, effect size, and significance. Learning From Data, Third Edition is intended as a text for undergraduate or beginning graduate statistics courses in psychology, education, and other applied social and health sciences.

Introduction to Machine Learning and Bioinformatics

Author : Sushmita Mitra
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Lucidly Integrates Current Activities Focusing on both fundamentals and recent advances, Introduction to Machine Learning and Bioinformatics presents an informative and accessible account of the ways in which these two increasingly intertwined areas relate to each other. Examines Connections between Machine Learning & Bioinformatics The book begins with a brief historical overview of the technological developments in biology. It then describes the main problems in bioinformatics and the fundamental concepts and algorithms of machine learning. After forming this foundation, the authors explore how machine learning techniques apply to bioinformatics problems, such as electron density map interpretation, biclustering, DNA sequence analysis, and tumor classification. They also include exercises at the end of some chapters and offer supplementary materials on their website. Explores How Machine Learning Techniques Can Help Solve Bioinformatics Problems Shedding light on aspects of both machine learning and bioinformatics, this text shows how the innovative tools and techniques of machine learning help extract knowledge from the deluge of information produced by today’s biological experiments.

Introduction to Machine Learning

Author : Ethem Alpaydin
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A substantially revised third edition of a comprehensive textbook that covers a broad range of topics not often included in introductory texts. The goal of machine learning is to program computers to use example data or past experience to solve a given problem. Many successful applications of machine learning exist already, including systems that analyze past sales data to predict customer behavior, optimize robot behavior so that a task can be completed using minimum resources, and extract knowledge from bioinformatics data. Introduction to Machine Learning is a comprehensive textbook on the subject, covering a broad array of topics not usually included in introductory machine learning texts. Subjects include supervised learning; Bayesian decision theory; parametric, semi-parametric, and nonparametric methods; multivariate analysis; hidden Markov models; reinforcement learning; kernel machines; graphical models; Bayesian estimation; and statistical testing. Machine learning is rapidly becoming a skill that computer science students must master before graduation. The third edition of Introduction to Machine Learning reflects this shift, with added support for beginners, including selected solutions for exercises and additional example data sets (with code available online). Other substantial changes include discussions of outlier detection; ranking algorithms for perceptrons and support vector machines; matrix decomposition and spectral methods; distance estimation; new kernel algorithms; deep learning in multilayered perceptrons; and the nonparametric approach to Bayesian methods. All learning algorithms are explained so that students can easily move from the equations in the book to a computer program. The book can be used by both advanced undergraduates and graduate students. It will also be of interest to professionals who are concerned with the application of machine learning methods.

An Introduction to Statistics

Author : Kieth A. Carlson
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An Introduction to Statistics is the ideal text for incorporating an active learning approach to the subject of introductory statistics. Authors Kieth A. Carlson and Jennifer R. Winquist carefully explain fundamental statistical concepts in short, easy-to-understand chapters, then use empirically developed workbook activities to both reinforce and expand on these fundamental concepts. These activities are self-correcting so students discover and correct their own misunderstandings early in the learning process. This approach enables students to be responsible for their own learning by helping them to "read with purpose. Based on contemporary memory research (e.g., the testing effect, embedded reading questions), the text is designed to actively engage students while they generate explanations, which leads to better long term retention. It also contains more traditional student aids including carefully developed learning objectives, realistic research scenarios, practice problems, and self-test questions.

Introduction to Machine Learning with R

Author : Scott V. Burger
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Machine learning is an intimidating subject until you know the fundamentals. If you understand basic coding concepts, this introductory guide will help you gain a solid foundation in machine learning principles. Using the R programming language, you’ll first start to learn with regression modelling and then move into more advanced topics such as neural networks and tree-based methods. Finally, you’ll delve into the frontier of machine learning, using the caret package in R. Once you develop a familiarity with topics such as the difference between regression and classification models, you’ll be able to solve an array of machine learning problems. Author Scott V. Burger provides several examples to help you build a working knowledge of machine learning. Explore machine learning models, algorithms, and data training Understand machine learning algorithms for supervised and unsupervised cases Examine statistical concepts for designing data for use in models Dive into linear regression models used in business and science Use single-layer and multilayer neural networks for calculating outcomes Look at how tree-based models work, including popular decision trees Get a comprehensive view of the machine learning ecosystem in R Explore the powerhouse of tools available in R’s caret package

Statistical Learning Theory

Author : Vladimir N. Vapnik
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Introduction: The Problem of Induction and Statistical Inference. Two Approaches to the Learning Problem. Appendix to Chapter1: Methods for Solving III-Posed Problems. Estimation of the Probability Measure and Problem of Learning. Conditions for Consistency of Empirical Risk Minimization Principle. Bounds on the Risk for Indicator Loss Functions. Appendix to Chapter 4: Lower Bounds on the Risk of the ERM Principle. Bounds on the Risk for Real-Valued Loss Functions. The Structural Risk Minimization Principle. Appendix to Chapter 6: Estimating Functions on the Basis of Indirect Measurements. Stochastic III-Posed Problems. Estimating the Values of Function at Given Points. Perceptrons and Their Generalizations. The Support Vector Method for Estimating Indicator Functions. The Support Vector Method for Estimating Real-Valued Functions. SV Machines for Pattern Recognition. SV Machines for Function Approximations, Regression Estimation, and Signal Processing. Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Uniform Convergence of Frequencies to Their Probabilities. Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Uniform Convergence of Means to Their Expectations. Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for Uniform One-Sided Convergence of Means to Their Expectations.

Statistics for Machine Learning

Author : Himanshu Singh
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A practical guide that will help you understand the Statistical Foundations of any Machine Learning Problem KEY FEATURES ● Develop a Conceptual and Mathematical understanding of Statistics ● Get an overview of Statistical Applications in Python ● Learn how to perform Hypothesis testing in Statistics ● Understand why Statistics is important in Machine Learning ● Learn how to process data in Python DESCRIPTION This book talks about Statistical concepts in detail, with its applications in Python. The book starts with an introduction to Statistics and moves on to cover some basic Descriptive Statistics concepts such as mean, median, mode, etc. You will then explore the concept of Probability and look at different types of Probability Distributions. Next, you will look at parameter estimations for the unknown parameters present in the population and look at Random Variables in detail, which are used to save the results of an experiment in Statistics. You will then explore one of the most important fields in Statistics - Hypothesis Testing, and then explore various types of tests used to check our hypothesis. The last part of our book will focus on how you can process data using Python, some elements of Non-parametric statistics, and finally, some introduction to Machine Learning. WHAT YOU WILL LEARN ● Understand the basics of Statistics ● Get to know more about Descriptive Statistics ● Understand and learn advanced Statistics techniques ● Learn how to apply Statistical concepts in Python ● Understand important Python packages for Statistics and Machine Learning WHO THIS BOOK IS FOR This book is for anyone who wants to understand Statistics and its use in Machine Learning. This book will help you understand the Mathematics behind the Statistical concepts and the applications using the Python language. Having a working knowledge of the Python language is a prerequisite. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction to Statistics 2. Descriptive Statistics 3. Probability 4. Random Variables 5. Parameter Estimations 6. Hypothesis Testing 7. Analysis of Variance 8. Regression 9. Non Parametric Statistics 10. Data Analysis using Python 11. Introduction to Machine Learning

Machine Learning

Author : Rodrigo Fernandes de Mello
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This book presents the Statistical Learning Theory in a detailed and easy to understand way, by using practical examples, algorithms and source codes. It can be used as a textbook in graduation or undergraduation courses, for self-learners, or as reference with respect to the main theoretical concepts of Machine Learning. Fundamental concepts of Linear Algebra and Optimization applied to Machine Learning are provided, as well as source codes in R, making the book as self-contained as possible. It starts with an introduction to Machine Learning concepts and algorithms such as the Perceptron, Multilayer Perceptron and the Distance-Weighted Nearest Neighbors with examples, in order to provide the necessary foundation so the reader is able to understand the Bias-Variance Dilemma, which is the central point of the Statistical Learning Theory. Afterwards, we introduce all assumptions and formalize the Statistical Learning Theory, allowing the practical study of different classification algorithms. Then, we proceed with concentration inequalities until arriving to the Generalization and the Large-Margin bounds, providing the main motivations for the Support Vector Machines. From that, we introduce all necessary optimization concepts related to the implementation of Support Vector Machines. To provide a next stage of development, the book finishes with a discussion on SVM kernels as a way and motivation to study data spaces and improve classification results.

Introduction to Machine Learning

Author : Ethem Alpaydin
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A substantially revised fourth edition of a comprehensive textbook, including new coverage of recent advances in deep learning and neural networks. The goal of machine learning is to program computers to use example data or past experience to solve a given problem. Machine learning underlies such exciting new technologies as self-driving cars, speech recognition, and translation applications. This substantially revised fourth edition of a comprehensive, widely used machine learning textbook offers new coverage of recent advances in the field in both theory and practice, including developments in deep learning and neural networks. The book covers a broad array of topics not usually included in introductory machine learning texts, including supervised learning, Bayesian decision theory, parametric methods, semiparametric methods, nonparametric methods, multivariate analysis, hidden Markov models, reinforcement learning, kernel machines, graphical models, Bayesian estimation, and statistical testing. The fourth edition offers a new chapter on deep learning that discusses training, regularizing, and structuring deep neural networks such as convolutional and generative adversarial networks; new material in the chapter on reinforcement learning that covers the use of deep networks, the policy gradient methods, and deep reinforcement learning; new material in the chapter on multilayer perceptrons on autoencoders and the word2vec network; and discussion of a popular method of dimensionality reduction, t-SNE. New appendixes offer background material on linear algebra and optimization. End-of-chapter exercises help readers to apply concepts learned. Introduction to Machine Learning can be used in courses for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and as a reference for professionals.