Search results for: alexander-the-great

Alexander the Great

Author : Waldemar Heckel
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Alexander the Great: A New History combines traditional scholarship with contemporary research to offer an innovative treatment of one of history's most famous figures. Written by leading experts in the field Looks at a wide range of diverse topics including Alexander's religious views, his entourage during his campaign East, his sexuality, the influence of his legacy, and his representations in art and cinema Discusses Alexander's influence, from his impact on his contemporaries to his portrayals in recent Hollywood films A highly informed and enjoyable resource for students and interested general readers

Alexander the Great

Author : Thomas R. Martin
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This book explains what made Alexander 'Great' according to the people and expectations of his time and place.

Alexander the Great

Author : Ian Worthington
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This exciting new volume includes a selection of the most significant and representative published articles and chapters about Alexander and covers all the main areas of debate and discussion in Alexander scholarship.

A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great

Author : John Bagnell Bury
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Alexander the Great

Author : Erik Richardson
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Alexander the Great explores the background, personality, and battle tactics of a legendary conqueror, whose prowess in battle cemented his name in human history. The engaging and comprehensive text depicts Alexander's life, the lives of his soldiers, the stories of his battles, and the formations of cities and legends. Paintings, photographs, and engravings illustrate Greek culture and historical figures. Maps and diagrams depict the brilliant strategy of a commander who fought with his men. Though Alexander reigned and conquered over two thousand years ago, his battle successes and political ambitions had an enduring impact on military strategy and on the regions and cultures he ruled.

Alexander the Great

Author : Michael Burgan
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Biography of Alexander the Great.

The Battle of Issus

Author : Charles River Editors
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*Includes pictures *Includes excerpts of ancient accounts *Includes a bibliography for further reading At one point in antiquity, the Achaemenid Persian Empire was the largest empire the world had ever seen, but aside from its role in the Greco-Persian Wars and its collapse at the hands of Alexander the Great, it has been mostly overlooked. When it has been studied, the historical sources have mostly been Greek, the very people the Persians sought to conquer. Needless to say, their versions were biased, and attitudes about the Persians were only exacerbated by Alexander the Great and his biographers, who maintained a fiery hatred toward Xerxes I of Persia due to his burning of Athens. The Macedonians targeted many of his building projects after their capture of Persepolis, and they pushed an even bleaker picture of the king, one of an idle, indolent, cowardly, and corrupt ruler. It was not until excavations in the region during the 20th century that many of the relics, reliefs, and clay tablets that offer so much information about Persian life could be studied for the first time. Through archaeological remains, ancient texts, and work by a new generation of historians, a picture can today be built of this remarkable civilization and their most famous leaders. Of course, far more is known about Alexander the Great and his military accomplishments, the most important of which was bringing about the demise of the Persian Empire. Over the last 2,000 years, ambitious men have dreamed of forging vast empires and attaining eternal glory in battle, but of all the conquerors who took steps toward such dreams, none were ever as successful as antiquity's first great conqueror. Leaders of the 20th century hoped to rival Napoleon's accomplishments, while Napoleon aimed to emulate the accomplishments of Julius Caesar. But Caesar himself found inspiration in Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE), the Macedonian king who managed to stretch an empire from Greece to the Himalayas in Asia by the age of 30. It took less than 15 years for Alexander to conquer much of the known world. Ever since the famous Persian invasions that had been repelled by the Athenians at Marathon and then by the Spartans at Thermopylae and Plataea, Greece and Persia had been at odds. For the past few years they had enjoyed an uneasy peace, but that peace was shattered when, in 334 BCE, Alexander crossed the Hellespont into Persia. He brought with him an army of 50,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry and a navy of over 100 ships, a mixed force of Macedonians, Greeks, Thracians and Illyrians, all chosen for their specific strengths (the Thessalians, for example, were famous cavalrymen). He was still just 22. Darius III, king of Persia at the time of Alexander's invasion, was no tactical genius, but he was an intelligent and persistent enemy who had been handed the throne just before the arrival of the indomitable Alexander. His misfortune was to face an enemy at the forefront of military innovation and flexibility, a fighting force that he was not equipped to handle, and the unconquerable will of the Macedonian army, fueled by devotion to their daring and charismatic king. He would personally face Alexander twice, once at the Battle of Issus and again at the Battle of Gaugamela, and the battles would decide the fate of his empire and the fate of the Western world. The Battle of Issus: The History of Alexander the Great's Most Famous Victory against the Achaemenid Persian Empire looks at one of antiquity's most important battles, and the profound ramifications of Alexander's campaign. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about the battle like never before.

Alexander the Great in Fact and Fiction

Author : A. B. Bosworth
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Ten essays from a symposium held at Newcastle University in 1997, which examine the general themes of kingship and imperialism by focusing on the romances that surround Alexander.

Alexander the Great

Author : Lewis Vance Cummings
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Presents a vivid, readable biography of a brilliant, often contradictory leader, from his youth in Macedonia as the son of King Philip and Queen Olympia, his education by Aristotle, his military conquests, and his influence on the ancient world. Reprint.

Alexander the Great

Author : Elizabeth Baynham
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02 Alexander the Great has remained a source of fascination since antiquity. The empire he created spanned the huge distance from Greece through the Middle East to India, at a time when defending such an enormous frontier was all but unheard of. The tools Alexander used with such success were a superb army, marvelous skills of organization, and his own charismatic personality. The literary tradition surrounding the Macedonian conqueror is similarly rich, contradictory, and complex, and was so right from Alexander's death in 323 b.c.e. Much of what we know of Alexander comes down to us in the history of Quintus Curtius, who wrote a history of Alexander from his own contemporary perspective. In her book, Elizabeth Baynham explores Curtius' historical style and his fascinating presentation of this legendary king. In order to investigate what aspects of Alexander's person and reign interested ancient writers, and to understand what any ancient historian chose to preserve about Alexander, it is important to explore the historian's use of ancient sources and methods. Baynham's highly accessible work addresses all of these issues. She assumes that Curtius belonged to the first century c.e.--a very important period for historiographical writing aside from interest in Alexander-- and her discussion explores his literary heritage, the influence of his predecessors, and the importance of his style. Most notably, the volume explores the results of grouping Curtius and other historians of Alexander without considering their literary style and contemporary political concerns, and it also demonstrates that Curtius' work was a carefully planned narrative. Curtius was not only interested in presenting Alexander as a savvy ruler and accomplished tactician, but also as a human subject to the whims of chance, of fortuna. This volume is a solid contribution to studies of Alexander the Great as well as to Greek and Roman historiography. It will appeal to students of Alexander, but also to those with interests in Roman values and ancient literary composition. Elizabeth Baynham is lecturer in Classics at the University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. Alexander the Great has remained a source of fascination since antiquity. The empire he created spanned the huge distance from Greece through the Middle East to India, at a time when defending such an enormous frontier was all but unheard of. The tools Alexander used with such success were a superb army, marvelous skills of organization, and his own charismatic personality. The literary tradition surrounding the Macedonian conqueror is similarly rich, contradictory, and complex, and was so right from Alexander's death in 323 b.c.e. Much of what we know of Alexander comes down to us in the history of Quintus Curtius, who wrote a history of Alexander from his own contemporary perspective. In her book, Elizabeth Baynham explores Curtius' historical style and his fascinating presentation of this legendary king. In order to investigate what aspects of Alexander's person and reign interested ancient writers, and to understand what any ancient historian chose to preserve about Alexander, it is important to explore the historian's use of ancient sources and methods. Baynham's highly accessible work addresses all of these issues. She assumes that Curtius belonged to the first century c.e.--a very important period for historiographical writing aside from interest in Alexander-- and her discussion explores his literary heritage, the influence of his predecessors, and the importance of his style. Most notably, the volume explores the results of grouping Curtius and other historians of Alexander without considering their literary style and contemporary political concerns, and it also demonstrates that Curtius' work was a carefully planned narrative. Curtius was not only interested in presenting Alexander as a savvy ruler and accomplished tactician, but also as a human subject to the whims of chance, of fortuna. This volume is a solid contribution to studies of Alexander the Great as well as to Greek and Roman historiography. It will appeal to students of Alexander, but also to those with interests in Roman values and ancient literary composition. Elizabeth Baynham is lecturer in Classics at the University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

Alexander the Great Volume 2 Sources and Studies

Author : W. W. Tarn
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Tarn's Alexander the Great has become a classic and its importance for subsequent Alexander studies can hardly be exaggerated.

Alexander The Great

Author : James S. Romm
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Comprised of relevant selections from the writings of four ancient historians, this volume provides a complete narrative of the important events in the life of Alexander the Great. The Introduction sets these works in historical context, from the conclusion of the Peloponnesian War through Alexander's conquest of Asia, and provides an assessment of Alexander's historical importance, as well as a survey of the central controversies surrounding his personality, aims and intentions. Includes a timeline, maps, bibliography, glossary, and index.

Alexander the Great

Author : Bill Yenne
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When the Oracle of Delphi told Alexander the Great that he was invincible, it was right. The son of the great King Philip II of Macedonia, Alexander was educated by Aristotle and commanded a wing of his father's army in the victory over the Thebans and Athenians at the Battle of Chaeronea—all when he was still just a teenager. By the time of his death at age 32, he had amassed an empire that stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River and included all of Persia and most of Egypt. He ruled as both the shah of Persia and as a pharaoh of Egypt by right of conquest, and he was also crowned king of Asia. Here, historian Bill Yenne illuminates the legendary vision of this classical hero. Exhibiting the best traits of a battlefield leader, Alexander was audacious, aggressive, fearless and victorious. His unfailing integration of strategic vision and tactical genius took him to the ends of the earth, and into immortality as a military leader. Alexander's influence on cultural and political history and the scope of his military prowess remains awe-inspiring to this day.

Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army

Author : Donald W. Engels
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The most important work on Alexander the Great to appear in a long time. Engels uses all the archaeological work done in Asia in the past generation and makes it accessible. Careful analysis of terrain, climate, and supply requirements are throughout combined in a fashion to help account for Alexander's strategic decision in the light of the options open to him. The chief merit of this splendid book is the way in which it brings an ancient army to life, as it really was and moved: the hours it took for simple operations of washing and cooking and feeding animals; the train of noncombatants moving with the army--New York Review of Books.

The Quest for the Tomb of Alexander the Great

Author : Andrew Michael Chugg
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In 2004 the author's first book, The Lost Tomb of Alexander the Great, was published to the accompaniment of international media attention, since it reported the first credible suggestion as to the current whereabouts of the long-vanished corpse of the illustrious conqueror. In the intervening years, direct progress on testing of the candidate remains has been thwarted by the Church authorities, yet much new information has emerged, casting the enigma in an ever more probing light. It may turn out to be the greatest archaeological story of the century, for nobody has yet been able to refute the author's novel suggestion that the body stolen from Alexandria in AD828 and now in Venice may have acquired a false identity in the 4th century AD. This updated and extended account lays bare the forgotten secrets of one of the greatest mysteries bequeathed to us by the ancient world. Includes the author's several published academic articles on the subject as Appendices. Over 80 illustrations.

Alexander the Great

Author : Nathaniel Lee
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The Conquests of Alexander the Great

Author : Waldemar Heckel
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Waldemar Heckel provides a revisionist overview of the conquests of Alexander the Great. Emphasising the aims and impact of his military expeditions, the political consequences of military action, and the use of propaganda, both for motivation and justification, his underlying premise is that the basic goals of conquest and the keys to military superiority have not changed dramatically over the millennia. Indeed, as Heckel makes clear, many aristocratic and conquest societies are remarkably similar to that of Alexander in their basic aims and organisation. Heckel rejects the view of Alexander as a reincarnation of Achilles - as an irrational youth on a heroic quest for fame and immortality. In an engaging and balanced account of key military events, Heckel shows how Alexander imposed his will on the willing and how the defeated were no longer capable of resisting his military might.

Alexander the Great

Author : Philip Freeman
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In the first authoritative biography of Alexander the Great written for a general audience in a generation, classicist and historian Philip Freeman tells the remarkable life of the great conqueror. The celebrated Macedonian king has been one of the most enduring figures in history. He was a general of such skill and renown that for two thousand years other great leaders studied his strategy and tactics, from Hannibal to Napoleon, with countless more in between. He flashed across the sky of history like a comet, glowing brightly and burning out quickly: crowned at age nineteen, dead by thirty-two. He established the greatest empire of the ancient world; Greek coins and statues are found as far east as Afghanistan. Our interest in him has never faded. Alexander was born into the royal family of Macedonia, the kingdom that would soon rule over Greece. Tutored as a boy by Aristotle, Alexander had an inquisitive mind that would serve him well when he faced formidable obstacles during his military campaigns. Shortly after taking command of the army, he launched an invasion of the Persian empire, and continued his conquests as far south as the deserts of Egypt and as far east as the mountains of present-day Pakistan and the plains of India. Alexander spent nearly all his adult life away from his homeland, and he and his men helped spread the Greek language throughout western Asia, where it would become the lingua franca of the ancient world. Within a short time after Alexander’s death in Baghdad, his empire began to fracture. Best known among his successors are the Ptolemies of Egypt, whose empire lasted until Cleopatra. In his lively and authoritative biography of Alexander, classical scholar and historian Philip Freeman describes Alexander’s astonishing achievements and provides insight into the mercurial character of the great conqueror. Alexander could be petty and magnanimous, cruel and merciful, impulsive and farsighted. Above all, he was ferociously, intensely competitive and could not tolerate losing—which he rarely did. As Freeman explains, without Alexander, the influence of Greece on the ancient world would surely not have been as great as it was, even if his motivation was not to spread Greek culture for beneficial purposes but instead to unify his empire. Only a handful of people have influenced history as Alexander did, which is why he continues to fascinate us.

Alexander the Great

Author : Samuel Willard Crompton
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Describes the life and accomplishments of Alexander the Great of Macedonia.

Alexander the Great

Author : Nigel Cawthorne
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The Alexander the Great that features in this illustrated guide is the one we are all familiar with: the king who lived a life of mythical proportions' and never lost a battle'.