A Primer of Botanical Latin with Vocabulary

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Author: Emma Short,Alex George

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107693756

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 292

View: 8040

A practical guide for botanists worldwide, providing a simple explanation of Latin grammar along with an in-depth vocabulary.

Molecular Biology of Food and Water Borne Mycotoxigenic and Mycotic Fungi

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Author: R. Russell M. Paterson,Nelson Lima

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466559888

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 638

View: 9130

A part of the Food Microbiology Series, Molecular Biology of Food and Water Borne Mycotoxigenic and Mycotic Fungi reveals similarities between fungi present in/on food and water and those that cause human fungal diseases. The book covers food borne mycotoxigenic fungi in depth and examines food borne fungi from the standpoint of mycoses (i.e. fungal growth on humans) as well as mycotoxin diseases and includes contributions from a wide range of international experts in food borne fungal pathogens research. Designed to be a single source on food borne human fungal pathogens including mycotoxigenic fungi, the book presents: Basic concepts of developments in nomenclature and bar coding Authoritative description of key molecular techniques applicable to food borne fungal pathogens research State-of-art review of molecular biology, genome structure, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, control, and prevention of major food borne fungal pathogens Thorough discussion of alternative methods to those involving nucleic acids The book provides higher-level knowledge of which foods and water can contain potentially dangerous fungi. It includes background information on basic mycology, covers identification methods, and discusses molecular biological and other biochemical methods, and supplies information on vaccines against fungi. It is a reliable roadmap to future developments in improved, innovative molecular methods.

Botanical Latin

History, Grammar, Syntax, Terminology and Vocabulary

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Author: William Thomas Stearn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Botany

Page: 546

View: 9950

Describing Species

Practical Taxonomic Procedure for Biologists

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Author: Judith E. Winston

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231506651

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 1174

New species are discovered every day—and cataloguing all of them has grown into a nearly insurmountable task worldwide. Now, this definitive reference manual acts as a style guide for writing and filing species descriptions. New collecting techniques and new technology have led to a dramatic increase in the number of species that are discovered. Explorations of unstudied regions and new habitats for almost any group of organisms can result in a large number of new species discoveries—and hence the need to be described. Yet there is no one source a student or researcher can readily consult to learn the basic practical aspects of taxonomic procedures. Species description can present a variety of difficulties: Problems arise when new species are not given names because their discoverers do not know how to write a formal species description or when these species are poorly described. Biologists may also have to deal with nomenclatural problems created by previous workers or resulting from new information generated by their own research. This practical resource for scientists and students contains instructions and examples showing how to describe newly discovered species in both the animal and plant kingdoms. With special chapters on publishing taxonomic papers and on ecology in species description, as well as sections covering subspecies, genus-level, and higher taxa descriptions, Describing Species enhances any writer's taxonomic projects, reports, checklists, floras, faunal surveys, revisions, monographs, or guides. The volume is based on current versions of the International Codes of Zoological and Botanical Nomenclature and recognizes that systematics is a global and multicultural exercise. Though Describing Species has been written for an English-speaking audience, it is useful anywhere Taxonomy is spoken and will be a valuable tool for professionals and students in zoology, botany, ecology, paleontology, and other fields of biology.

From Elvish to Klingon

Exploring Invented Languages

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Author: Michael Adams

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191631604

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 9130

How are languages invented? Why are they invented? Who uses them? What are the cultural effects of invented languages? This fascinating book looks at all manner of invented languages and explores the origins, purpose, and usage of these curious artefacts of culture. Written by experts in the field, chapters discuss languages from Esperanto to Klingon and uncover the motives behind their creation, and the outcomes of their existence. Introduction by Michael Adams Linking all invented languages, Michael Adams explains how creating a language is intimidating work; no one would attempt to invent one unless driven by a serious purpose or aspiration. He explains how the origin and development of each invented language illustrates inventors' and users' dissatisfaction with the language(s) already available to them, and how each invented language expresses one or more of a wide range of purposes and aspirations: political, social, aesthetic, intellectual, and technological. Chapter 1: International Auxiliary Languages by Arden Smith From the mythical Language of Adam to Esperanto and Solrésol, this chapter looks at the history, linguistics, and significance of international or universal languages (including sign languages). Chapter 2: Invented Vocabularies: Newspeak and Nadsat by Howard Jackson Looking at the invented vocabularies of science fiction, for example 1984's 'Newspeak' and Clockwork Orange's 'Nadsat', this chapter discusses the feasibility of such vocabularies, the plausibility of such lexical change, and the validity of the Sapir-Whorfian echoes heard in such literary experiments. Chapter 3: 'Oirish' Inventions: James Joyce, Samuel Beckett, Paul Muldoon by Stephen Watt This chapter looks at literary inventions of another kind, nonsense and semi-nonsense languages, including those used in the works of James Joyce and Samuel Beckett. Chapter 4: Tolkien's Invented Languages by Edmund Weiner Focussing on the work of the accomplished philologist J.R.R. Tolkien, the fifteen languages he created are considered in the context of invented languages of other kinds. Chapter 5: Klingon and other Science Fiction Languages by Marc Okrand, Judith Hendriks-Hermans, and Sjaak Kroon Klingon is the most fully developed of fictional languages (besides Tolkien's). Used by many, this chapter explores the speech community of 'Trekkies', alongside other science fiction vocabularies. Chapter 6: Logical Languages by Michael Adams This chapter introduces conlangs, 'constructed languages'. For example, Láaden, created to express feminine experience better than 'patriarchal' languages. Chapter 7: Gaming Languages and Language Games by James Portnow Languages and games are both fundamentally interactive, based on the adoption of arbitrary sign systems, and come with a set of formal rules which can be manipulated to express different outcomes. This being one of the drivers for the popularity of invented languages within the gaming community, James Portnow looks at several gaming languages and language games, such as Gargish, D'ni, Simlish, and Logos. Chapter 8: Revitalized Languages as Invented Languages by Suzanne Romaine The final chapter looks at language continuation, renewal, revival, and resurrection - in the cases of Gaelic, Welsh, Cornish, and Breton - as well as language regulation.

The Athenæum

A Journal of Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music, and the Drama

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3631