Search results for: a-philosophy-of-universality

A Philosophy of Universality

Author : Omraam Mikhael Aivanhov
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Presentation The importance of developing a collective consciousness. This book is a real how-to manual to help us overcome our limited and self-centered viewpoints to broaden our awareness to the community. And not only human but also all the kingdoms that share this planet with us and far beyond. It is not about giving up our own development but making it useful to as many people as possible. From there we can finally participate in a universal fraternity. ‘Each individual must work for his own development, for his own enrichment, provided that he does not do it only for himself, but for the good of the community. At that point, we no longer spoke only of collectivity but of fraternity. The community is not yet the brotherhood. Fraternity is a community where there is real cohesion, because each individual works consciously for the good of all. In reality, there are three categories of individuals in a society that correspond to three levels of consciousness: those who want to work alone, isolated, withdrawn; those who have understood the advantages they can derive from collective life and who come together, but only because they have an interest in it, without knowing or loving each other well; and finally those who learn to live more fraternally by deepening more and more in themselves the consciousness of universality.’ Omraam Mikhaël Aïvanhov Table of contents 1 - What is a Sect? 2 - No Church is Eternal 3 - The Spirit Behind the Form 4 - The Advent of the Church of St. John 5 - The Foundations of a Universal Religion 6 - The Great Universal White Brotherhood 7 - For a Universal Notion of the Family 8 - Brotherhood, a Higher State of Consciousness 9 - The Annual Conventions at the Bonfin 10 - The Universal Dimension of All Our Activities

Universality and Singularity

Author : Janice M. Brencick
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Universality in Set Theories

Author : Manuel Bremer
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The book discusses the fate of universality and a universal set in several set theories. The book aims at a philosophical study of ontological and conceptual questions around set theory. Set theories are ontologies. They posit sets and claim that these exhibit the essential properties laid down in the set theoretical axioms. Collecting these postulated entities quantified over poses the problem of universality. Is the collection of the set theoretical entities itself a set theoretical entity? What does it mean if it is, and what does it mean if it is not? To answer these questions involves developing a theory of the universal set. We have to ask: Are there different aspects to universality in set theory, which stand in conflict to each other? May inconsistency be the price to pay to circumvent ineffability? And most importantly: How far can axiomatic ontology take us out of the problems around universality?

Being Humans

Author : Neil Roughley
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On the Universality of What Is Not

Author : William Franke
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Branching out from his earlier works on the history and theory of apophatic thinking, William Franke?s newest book, On the Universality of What Is Not: The Apophatic Turn in Critical Thinking, offers something unique and different. In this study, Franke does not merely examine theoretical paradigms of apophatic thought or interpret the works of classic apophatic authors. Rather, he examines actual applications of apophatic thinking across a variety of media, historical periods, geographical regions, and disciplines?going all the way from the literary humanities to more empirical fields such as social science, and including even evolutionary biology and cognitive science. Amidst the cacophony of current discourse, which presently has no better designation than ?postmodern critical theory,? Franke argues that the most compelling way to understand our age of culture is, in fact, to see its various forms as enacting ?the apophatic turn.? It is not the case that apophatic thought today is simply one cultural tendency among many. Rather, apophatic thought shapes our entire cultural era as a common (un)ground that conditions everything. In this way, just as ?the linguistic turn? gives us a handle on the most earthshaking movements of thought in the twentieth century, so too ?the apophatic turn? performs a similar service for the twenty-first. This book provides the keys to a new and overarching insight into the deep structure and logic of the present age. On the Universality of What Is Not is an original philosophical reflection that demonstrates how the question ?What is apophatic thinking?? cannot be answered, ultimately, apart from showing what apophatic thinking actually does. This book will appeal especially to scholars in philosophy, religious studies, and critical theory, and also more widely to readers contemplating the perennial dilemmas of existence torn between the technically sayable and an unsayable divine-human mystery.

Dialogue and Universalism

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Toward synergy of civilizations.

The Intimate Universal

Author : William Desmond
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William Desmond sees religion, art, philosophy, and politics as essential and distinctive modes of human practice, manifestations of an intimate universality that illuminates individual and social being. They are also surprisingly permeable phenomena, and by observing their relations, Desmond captures notes of a clandestine conversation that transforms ontology.

Hermes Or a Philosophical Inquiry Concerning Universal Grammar

Author : James Harris
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On the Universal

Author : Francois Jullien
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François Jullien, the leading philosopher and specialist in Chinese thought, has always aimed at building on inter-cultural relations between China and the West. In this new book he focuses on the following questions: Do universal values exist? Is dialogue between cultures possible? To answer these questions, he retraces the history of the concept of the universal from its invention as an aspect of Roman citizenship, through its neutralization in the Christian idea of salvation, to its present day manifestations. This raises the question of whether the search for the universal is a uniquely Western preoccupation: do other cultures, like China, even have a notion of the universal, and if so, how does it differ from ours? Having considered the meaning of the concept in the East and West, Jullien argues that, if communication between cultures is to be meaningful, facile assumptions of universal values and complacent relativism need to be examined. It follows, therefore, that dialogue between cultures should not begin with issues of identity and difference, but rather by considering divergence and profusion. By no longer simply assuming universality, we allow for greater self-reflection. This wide-ranging and engaging study will be of particular interest to students and scholars of philosophy and of Chinese culture and society. It will also appeal to a wider readership interested in contemporary thought and the challenges of communication between East and West.

Unveiling the Universality of Indology and Indian Philosophy

Author : Ravindra Kumar
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Japan Studies Review

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Paulin Hountondji

Author : Franziska Dübgen
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Paulin J. Hountondji is one of the most important and controversial figures in contemporary African philosophy. His critique of ethnophilosophy as a colonial, exoticising and racialized undertaking provoked contentious debates among African intellectuals on the proper methods and scope of philosophy and science in an African and global context since the 1970s. His radical pledge for scientific autonomy from the global system of knowledge production made him turn to endogenous forms of practising science in academia. The horizon of his philosophy is the quest for critical universality from a historical, and situated perspective. Finally, his call for a notion of culture that is antithetical to political movements focused on a single identitarian doctrine or exclusionary norms shows how timely his political thought remains to this day. This book gives a comprehensive overview of Hountondji’s philosophical arguments and provides detailed information on the historical and political background of his intellectual oeuvre. It situates Hountondji in the dialogue with his African colleagues and explores links to current debates in philosophy, cultural studies, postcolonialism and the social sciences.

The Universe and the Light

Author : Nicholas Hagger
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In our time, materialists have excluded the spiritual and divine as mysticism, thereby reducing man to an accidental and futile collection of atoms, cells and neurons. Nicholas Hagger's approach, as described in this book, unites physics, cosmology, biology, physiology, psychology and philosophy, with mysticism, metaphysics, religion and history. He advocates a new metaphysical science which seeks to achieve a marriage between physics and metaphysics that restores man's uniqueness and purpose. This philosophy asserts that the universal energy of the light manifests into the universe and guides man's soul or universal being with great universality, an experience which is central to all religions.

The Universality of Maimonides

Author : Jehuda Melber
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Religion Reason and Universality in the religious Philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas

Author : Paul Overend
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A Common Human Ground

Author : Claes G. Ryn
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The 21st century is rife with tensions and conflict among cultures, peoples, and persons. In this thought-provoking book, Claes G. Ryn explores the great danger of turbulence and war and propounds a strongly argued thesis about what can make peaceful relations possible. Many trust in “democracy,” “capitalism,” “liberal tolerance,” scientific progress, or general enlightenment to create peace and order. Ryn contends that the problem is deeper and more complex than usually recognized and that peaceful, respectful relations have demanding moral and cultural prerequisites. One Western philosophical tradition, for which Plato sets the pattern, maintains that unity can be achieved only if diversity gives way to universality. Diversity must yield to a homogenizing transcendent good. A very different Western tradition, represented today by post-modern multiculturalism, denies the existence of universality altogether and celebrates diversity, which leaves unanswered the question of what will avert conflict. Ryn questions both of these positions and argues that universality and particularity, unity and diversity, are potentially compatible. He advances the thesis that a certain way of cultivating what is distinctive to persons, peoples, and cultures can enrich and strengthen our common humanity and increase the likelihood of peace. In A Common Human Ground, now with a new preface by the author, Ryn sets forth a philosophy of human interaction that he applies to foreign policy and international relations, notably the issue of war and peace. Philosophical but not technical, scholarly but not specialized, Ryn’s well-received work is interdisciplinary, ranging from politics to literature and the arts.

Universality and the Liar

Author : Keith Simmons
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This book is about one of the most baffling of all paradoxes--the famous Liar paradox. Suppose we say: "We are lying now." Then if we are lying, we are telling the truth; and if we are telling the truth we are lying. This paradox is more than an intriguing puzzle, since it involves the concept of truth. Thus any coherent theory of truth must deal with the Liar. Keith Simmons discusses the solutions proposed by medieval philosophers and offers his own solutions and in the process assesses other contemporary attempts to solve the paradox. Unlike such attempts, Simmons' "singularity" solution does not abandon classical semantics and does not appeal to the kind of hierarchical view found in Barwise's and Etchemendy's The Liar. Moreover, Simmons' solution resolves the vexing problem of semantic universality--the problem of whether there are semantic concepts beyond the expressive reach of a natural language such as English.

Philosophy s Literature

Author : Andrew E. Benjamin
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This work takes up and elaborates the themes set out in Benjamin's previous book The Plural Event. While in The Plural Event Benjamin formulated a reworking of the idea of ontology through an investigation of crucial writings on the topic by Heidegger, Hegel et al, this book aplpies the insights gleaned in a systematic way to the fields of literature, philosophy and psychoanalysis.

African Philosophy

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Redefining A Philosophy for World Governance

Author : Tingyang Zhao
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This Key Concepts pivot discusses the contemporary relevance of the ancient Chinese concept of Tianxia or ‘All-Under-Heaven’ and argues the case for a new global political philosophy. ‘All-under-heaven’ is a conceptualization of the world as the composition of three realms: the physical, psychological and political, which places inclusivity and harmony at the heart of a global world view above other considerations, transcending the notion of nation state. In a highly interconnected and globalized world, the idea of Tianxia can offer a new 21st century vision of international relations and world order, based on a harmonized global organization defined by the “all-inclusiveness principle.” Promoting the ontology of co-existence and relational rationality hand in hand with rational risk aversion in a globalized world, this pivot makes the case that Tianxia could offer a new vision for contemporary world order, redefining the universality and legitimacy of politics.