A Global History of Doping in Sport

Drugs, Policy, and Politics

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Author: John Gleaves,Thomas Hunt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317555260

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 176

View: 979

From turn-of-the-century horseracing to the monolithic anti-doping attitudes now supported by sporting organizations, the development of anti-doping ideology has spread throughout modern sport. Yet heretofore few historians have explored the many ways that international sport has responded to doping. This book seeks to fill that gap by examining different aspects of sport’s global efforts to respond to athletes doping. By incorporating cultural, political, and feminist histories that examine international responses to doping, this special issue aims to better articulate the narrative of doping. The work starts with the first mention of doping in any sport. It examines not only the first efforts to ban doping but also the athletes who sought performance enhancers. Focusing on specific framing events, authors in this issue examine how history of doping and how it has indelibly marked the sporting landscape. The result is a work with both breadth and focus. From stories of Japanese swimmers to Italian runners to American jockeys, the work spans the range of doping history. At the same time, the authors remain focused around one single issue: the history of doping in sport. This bookw as published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.

Crooked

A History of Cheating in Sports

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Author: Fran Zimniuch

Publisher: Taylor Trade Publications

ISBN: 1589794192

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 240

View: 3499

As long as people have played games, there has been a temptation to win (or intentionally lose) by cheating. Infamous cases throughout the history of sport abound, from the "thrown" 1919 World Series to the recent doping confessions of track star Marion Jones. In this entertaining and informative book, sports historian Fran Zimniuch recalls the notorious scandals that have tainted our most popular sports, concluding that such incidents are often a reflection of the times. Benefiting from personal interviews with many figures either involved in or on the periphery of recent scandals, including BALCO's Victor Conte, Crooked presents a pageant of infamy as rich as the history of modern sports itself.

A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876 - 1976

Beyond Good and Evil

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Author: Paul Dimeo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134246854

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 168

View: 4404

This book offers a new history of drug use in sport. It argues that the idea of taking drugs to enhance performance has not always been the crisis or ‘evil’ we now think it is. Instead, the late nineteenth century was a time of some experimentation and innovation largely unhindered by talk of cheating or health risks. By the interwar period, experiments had been modernised in the new laboratories of exercise physiologists. Still there was very little sense that this was contrary to the ethics or spirit of sport. Sports, drugs and science were closely linked for over half a century. The Second World War provided the impetus for both increased use of drugs and the emergence of an anti-doping response. By the end of the 1950s a new framework of ethics was being imposed on the drugs question that constructed doping in highly emotive terms as an ‘evil’. Alongside this emerged the science and procedural bureaucracy of testing. The years up to 1976 laid the foundations for four decades of anti-doping. This book offers a detailed and critical understanding of who was involved, what they were trying to achieve, why they set about this task and the context in which they worked. By doing so, it reconsiders the classic dichotomy of ‘good anti-doping’ up against ‘evil doping’. Winner of the 2007 Lord Aberdare Literary Prize for the best book in British sports history.

Doping in Sports

Winning at Any Cost?

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Author: Stephanie Sammartino McPherson

Publisher: Twenty-First Century Books

ISBN: 1467795763

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 104

View: 8185

Behind the fame of big-time sports lies a complex web of controversy and deceit. Doping—the use of banned performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) to gain a competitive athletic edge—is common in many sports. While doping can improve performance, it poses huge risks for athletes' health and careers. Some of the world's top athletes, from cyclist Lance Armstrong to professional baseball player Alex Rodriguez, have seen their images tarnished by doping scandals. Still, the pressure to win and high financial stakes drive many athletes to PEDs. Award-winning author Stephanie Sammartino McPherson uncovers the shadowy world of athletes who dope, the people and organizations that help them, and the scientists and officials committed to stopping them.

Dying to Win

Doping in Sport and the Development of Anti-doping Policy

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Author: Barrie Houlihan

Publisher: Conseil de l'Europe

ISBN: 9789287135896

Category: Athletes

Page: 210

View: 3722

Today, the fight against drug use in sport has become an acute international preoccupation. This up to date overview of doping is richly illustrated with specific cases in various pan-European & world sports events & reflects the extent to which athletes will jeopardise their health to attain glory. What sports rely on what drugs to sustain performance or to build up the appropriate muscles? How do certain drugs affect the athlete's body? How are such drugs monitored, what masking agents are applied to hide their use & how do monitoring systems stay ahead of new drug methods & practices? Doping in sport traces the social importance of sport in recent history & the evolution of doping in major sports events. It lists banned substances & practices, discusses their physical effects & discusses the policies & controls which are being introduced, both nationally & internationally.

Doping in Sports

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Author: Christopher N. Burns

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594546839

Category: Medical

Page: 82

View: 5019

The use of performance-enhancing substances by athletes has a long history, predating the ancient Greek Olympiads. This report compares anti-doping policies for performance enhancing substances among the Olympic movement and three professional sports - Major League Baseball, the NBA, and the NFL.

Routledge Handbook of Drugs and Sport

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Author: Verner Møller,Ivan Waddington,John M. Hoberman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134464126

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 464

View: 3393

Doping has become one of the most important and high-profile issues in contemporary sport. Shocking cases such as that of Lance Armstrong and the US Postal cycling team have exposed the complicated relationships between athletes, teams, physicians, sports governing bodies, drugs providers, and judicial systems, all locked in a constant struggle for competitive advantage. The Routledge Handbook of Drugs and Sport is simply the most comprehensive and authoritative survey of social scientific research on this hugely important issue ever to be published. It presents an overview of key topics, problems, ideas, concepts and cases across seven thematic sections, which include chapters addressing: The history of doping in sport Philosophical approaches to understanding doping The development of anti-doping policy Studies of doping in seven major sports, including athletics, cycling, baseball and soccer In-depth analysis of four of the most prominent doping scandals in history, namely Ben Johnson, institutionalized doping in the former GDR, the 1998 Tour de France and Lance Armstrong WADA and the national anti-doping organizations Key contemporary debates around strict liability, the criminalization of doping, and zero tolerance versus harm reduction Doping outside of elite sport, in gyms, the military and the police. With contributions from many of the world’s leading researchers into drugs and sport, this book is the perfect starting point for any advanced student, researcher, policy maker, coach or administrator looking to develop their understanding of an issue that has had, and will continue to have, a profound impact on the development of sport.

Doping in Elite Sport

The Politics of Drugs in the Olympic Movement

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Author: Wayne Wilson (Ph. D.),Ed Derse

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9780736003292

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 295

View: 1438

The International Olympic Committee began its fight against performance-enhancing drugs nearly four decades ago. Testing has become increasingly more sophisticated, but the problem is far from being eliminated. Doping in Elite Sport: The Politics of Drugs in the Olympic Movementaddresses the challenges and complexities of the issue. The text, edited by Wayne Wilson, PhD, and Edward Derse, is based on papers presented at the 1998 conference, Doping in Elite Sport,and includes: -a basic scientific explanation of how performance-enhancing substances improve performance and how banned substances are detected; -a critical examination of the failure to control doping in the Olympic movement; -a historical timeline of drug use in sport; -evaluations of the philosophical and ethical issues of drug testing; -the international politics of combatting drug use in sport; and -insight as to how three very different countries have handled the issue of performance-enhancing drugs in sport. Part I,“The Science of Doping,” provides the reader with a basic scientific explanation of how banned substances can improve performance, the process of drug testing, and the detection of athletes' drug use. This section also offers a recommended protocol for drug testing and critiques the differences between the ideal and actual testing practices Part II,“The History, Ethics, and Social Context of Doping,” reviews the complex social and cultural issues surrounding doping. A thorough chronology of performance-enhancing drug use in sport precedes discussions of the ethical and cultural dimensions of the issue. Included is a comparative analysis of how Canada, Russia, and China - three very different countries - have responded to doping scandals involving their athletes. Part III,“The Politics of Doping,” critically examines the effectiveness of the IOC and the international sport federations in administering campaigns against doping. Lack of political will, financial interests, and uncooperative bureaucracies all have hindered effective enforcement. The first anthology on performance-enhancing drugs in sport, Doping in Elite Sport: The Politics of Drugs in the Olympic Movementis a critical examination of the failure to control the use of banned performance-enhancing drugs in the international sports arena. It provides an extensive overview of the real issues in the battle against doping in international sport.

Performance-Enhancing Drugs

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Author: Tom Robinson

Publisher: ABDO

ISBN: 9781604538625

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 7417

Explores the controversy surrounding performance-enhancing drugs, discussing their use by athletes; different types and their effects; their use within individual sports; and arguments for and against drug testing.

Doping

Athletes and Drugs

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Author: Jason Porterfield

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781404219175

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 8496

Presents an overview of performance-enhancing drugs in sports, discussing several high-profile scandals, the reasons behind drug use, the different types of drugs and their effects, and the detection, policing, and regulation of drugs.