1493

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1493

1493

Uncovering the New World Columbus Created

  • Author: Charles C. Mann
  • Publisher: Vintage
  • ISBN: 0307596729
  • Category: History
  • Page: 544
  • View: 2314
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From the author of 1491—the best-selling study of the pre-Columbian Americas—a deeply engaging new history of the most momentous biological event since the death of the dinosaurs. More than 200 million years ago, geological forces split apart the continents. Isolated from each other, the two halves of the world developed radically different suites of plants and animals. When Christopher Columbus set foot in the Americas, he ended that separation at a stroke. Driven by the economic goal of establishing trade with China, he accidentally set off an ecological convulsion as European vessels carried thousands of species to new homes across the oceans. The Columbian Exchange, as researchers call it, is the reason there are tomatoes in Italy, oranges in Florida, chocolates in Switzerland, and chili peppers in Thailand. More important, creatures the colonists knew nothing about hitched along for the ride. Earthworms, mosquitoes, and cockroaches; honeybees, dandelions, and African grasses; bacteria, fungi, and viruses; rats of every description—all of them rushed like eager tourists into lands that had never seen their like before, changing lives and landscapes across the planet. Eight decades after Columbus, a Spaniard named Legazpi succeeded where Columbus had failed. He sailed west to establish continual trade with China, then the richest, most powerful country in the world. In Manila, a city Legazpi founded, silver from the Americas, mined by African and Indian slaves, was sold to Asians in return for silk for Europeans. It was the first time that goods and people from every corner of the globe were connected in a single worldwide exchange. Much as Columbus created a new world biologically, Legazpi and the Spanish empire he served created a new world economically. As Charles C. Mann shows, the Columbian Exchange underlies much of subsequent human history. Presenting the latest research by ecologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians, Mann shows how the creation of this worldwide network of ecological and economic exchange fostered the rise of Europe, devastated imperial China, convulsed Africa, and for two centuries made Mexico City—where Asia, Europe, and the new frontier of the Americas dynamically interacted—the center of the world. In such encounters, he uncovers the germ of today’s fiercest political disputes, from immigration to trade policy to culture wars. In 1493, Charles Mann gives us an eye-opening scientific interpretation of our past, unequaled in its authority and fascination. From the Hardcover edition.

History of the Western Highlands and Isles of Scotland, from A.D. 1493 to A.D. 1625

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History of the Western Highlands and Isles of Scotland, from A.D. 1493 to A.D. 1625

History of the Western Highlands and Isles of Scotland, from A.D. 1493 to A.D. 1625

With a Brief Introductory Sketch, from A.D. 80 to A.D. 1493

  • Author: Donald Gregory
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Highlands (Scotland)
  • Page: 453
  • View: 5110
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America in European Consciousness, 1493-1750

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America in European Consciousness, 1493-1750

America in European Consciousness, 1493-1750

  • Author: Karen Ordahl Kupperman
  • Publisher: UNC Press Books
  • ISBN: 9780807845103
  • Category: History
  • Page: 428
  • View: 7828
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For review see: Stephen J. Homick, in The Hispanic Historical Review (HAHR), vol. 77, no. 1 (February 1997); p. 78-80.

Urban Images of the Hispanic World, 1493-1793

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Urban Images of the Hispanic World, 1493-1793

Urban Images of the Hispanic World, 1493-1793

  • Author: Richard L. Kagan,Fernando Marías
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • ISBN: 9780300083149
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 235
  • View: 6277
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This engrossing book examines the particular importance of cities in Spanish and Hispanic-American culture as well as the different meanings that artists and cartographers invested in their depiction of New and Old World cities and towns. Kagan maintains that cities are both built structures and human communities, and that representations of the urban form reflect both points of view. He discusses the peculiar character of Spain's "empire of towns"; the history and development of the cityscape as an independent artistic genre, both in Europe and in the Americas; the interaction between European and native mapping traditions; differences between European maps of urban America and those produced by local residents, whether native or creole; and the urban iconography of four different New World towns. Lavishly illustrated with a variety of maps, pictures, and plans, many reproduced here for the first time, this interdisciplinary study will be of interest to general readers and to specialists in art history, cartography, history, urbanism, and related fields.

Paracelsus (Theophrastus Bombastus Von Hohenheim, 1493-1541)

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Paracelsus (Theophrastus Bombastus Von Hohenheim, 1493-1541)

Paracelsus (Theophrastus Bombastus Von Hohenheim, 1493-1541)

Essential Theoretical Writings

  • Author: Paracelsus
  • Publisher: BRILL
  • ISBN: 9004157565
  • Category: Religion
  • Page: 975
  • View: 2687
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Drawing upon Huser's 1589 publication of Paracelsus' works, this dual-language volume combines a critical edition of Essential Theoretical Writings on philosophy, medicine, nature, and the supernatural, with new English translations and extensive commentary on the second largest sixteenth-century German-language corpus.

History of the Western highlands and isles of Scotland, 1493 to 1625

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History of the Western highlands and isles of Scotland, 1493 to 1625

History of the Western highlands and isles of Scotland, 1493 to 1625

  • Author: Donald Gregory
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5216
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History of the Western Highlands and Isles of Scotland, from ... 1493 to ... 1625; with an introductory sketch, from A.D. 80 to ... 1493

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History of the Western Highlands and Isles of Scotland, from ... 1493 to ... 1625; with an introductory sketch, from A.D. 80 to ... 1493

History of the Western Highlands and Isles of Scotland, from ... 1493 to ... 1625; with an introductory sketch, from A.D. 80 to ... 1493

  • Author: Donald GREGORY
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 8307
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The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898

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The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898

The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898

Explorations by Early Navigators, Descriptions of the Islands and Their Peoples, Their History and Records of the Catholic Missions, as Related in Contemporaneous Books and Manuscripts, Showing the Political, Economic, Commercial and Religious Conditions of Those Islands from Their Earliest Relations with European Nations to the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century

  • Author: Emma Helen Blair,James Alexander Robertson
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category: Demarcation line of Alexander VI.
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 4959
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Almanach nova ab a. 1493 - 1531

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Almanach nova ab a. 1493 - 1531

Almanach nova ab a. 1493 - 1531

  • Author: Johannes Stöffler
  • Publisher: N.A
  • ISBN: N.A
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 621
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The Philippine Islands 1493-1898, Vol. 4 of 55

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The Philippine Islands 1493-1898, Vol. 4 of 55

The Philippine Islands 1493-1898, Vol. 4 of 55

  • Author: Edited by E. H., Robertson Blair
  • Publisher: Library of Alexandria
  • ISBN: 1613108915
  • Category:
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 3964
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