Zionism and Revolution in European-Jewish Literature

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Author: Laurel Plapp

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415957184

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 246

View: 5114

Zionism and Revolution in European-Jewish Literature examines twentieth-century Jewish writing that challenges imperialist ventures and calls for solidarity with the colonized, most notably the Arabs of Palestine and Africans in the Americas. Since Edward Said defined orientalism in 1978 as a Western image of the Islamic world that has justified domination, critics have considered the Jewish people to be complicit with orientalism because of the Zionist movement. However, the Jews of Europe have themselves been caught between East and West —both marginalized as the "Orientals" of Europe and connected to the Middle East through their own political and cultural ties. As a result, European-Jewish writers have had to negotiate the problematic confluence of antisemitic and orientalist discourse. Laurel Plapp traces this trend in utopic visions of Jewish-Muslim relations that criticized the early Zionist movement; in post-Holocaust depictions of coalition between Jews and African slaves in the Caribbean revolutions; and finally, in explorations of diasporic, transnational Jewish identity after the founding of Israel. Above all, Plapp proposes that Jewish studies and postcolonial studies have much in common by identifying ways in which Jewish writers have allied themselves with colonized and exilic peoples throughout the world.

The Orient in Europe

Zionism and Revolution in European-Jewish Literature

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Author: Laurel A. Plapp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: European literature

Page: 588

View: 9629

Orientalism and the Hebrew Imagination

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Author: Yaron Peleg

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801443763

Category: History

Page: 153

View: 9684

Calling into question prevailing notions about Orientalism, Yaron Peleg shows how the paradoxical mixture of exoticism and familiarity with which Jews related to Palestine at the beginning of the twentieth century shaped the legacy of Zionism. In Peleg's view, the tension between romancing the East and colonizing it inspired a revolutionary reform that radically changed Jewish thought during the Hebrew Revival that took place between 1900 and 1930.Orientalism and the Hebrew Imagination introduces a fresh voice to the contentious debate over the concept of Orientalism. Zionism has often been labeled a Western colonial movement that sought to displace and silence Palestinian Arabs. Based on his readings of key texts, Peleg asserts that early Zionists were inspired by Palestinian Arab culture, which in turn helped mold modern Jewish gender, identity, and culture.Peleg begins with the new ways in which the lands of the Bible are formulated as a modern "Orient" in David Frishman's Bamidbar. He continues by showing how in The Sons of Arabia, Moshe Smilansky laid the basis for the literary construction of the "New Jew," modeled after Palestinian Arabs. Peleg concludes with a discussion of L. A. Arielli's 1913 play Allah Karim! in which both the promise and the problems of the Land of Israel as "Orient" marked the end of Hebrew Orientalism as a viable cultural option.

Orientalism, Gender, and the Jews

Literary and Artistic Transformations of European National Discourses

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Author: Ulrike Brunotte,Anna-Dorothea Ludewig,Axel Stähler

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110339102

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 4960

This collection of essays originates in the collaboration of the international Research Network “Gender in Antisemitism, Orientalism and Occidentalism.” The interdisciplinary volume proposes to intervene in current debates about historical constructions of Jewish identity in relation to colonialism and Orientalism.

Orientalism and the Jews

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Author: Ivan Davidson Kalmar,Derek Jonathan Penslar

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781584654117

Category: History

Page: 285

View: 4465

A fascinating analysis of how Jews fit into scholarly debates about Orientalism.

The Jewish Revolution

Jewish Statehood

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Author: Israel Eldad,Arieh Eldad

Publisher: Gefen Publishing House Ltd

ISBN: 9789652294142

Category: History

Page: 157

View: 4429

With The Jewish Revolution classical Zionism has found its true interpretation. In the highest tradition of the soldier-statesman, Dr. Israel Eldad advocates a form of Zionism that is unpopular in conventional society. He condemns “establishmentarian,” “social-club” Zionism as a belittling of Jewish history and a threat to Jewish lives. In its place, he calls for a revolutionary creed – one that dares assert its right to the Jewish homeland; not as defined by diplomats, politicians and Security Council Resolutions, but in biblical, historical terms. He boldly declares that Jewish “diplomacy” failed to save millions of European Jews, and he accuses world leaders of inviting new Holocausts by denying history's lessons and ignoring its imperatives. He warns the Jewish people that it can rely only on its own forces, and he offers a solution to the Arab problem in the Middle East. The Jewish Revolution combines the passion of the patriot, the logic of the scholar and the sweep of the historian.

Jews and Arabs

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Author: Albert Memmi

Publisher: J Philip O'Hara

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 9066

Emancipation

How Liberating Europe's Jews from the Ghetto Led to Revolution and Renaissance

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Author: Michael Goldfarb

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439160481

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 5097

The first popular history of the Emancipation of Europe’s Jews in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries—a transformation that was startling to those who lived through it and continues to affect the world today. Freed from their ghettos, Jews ushered in a second renaissance. Within a century Marx, Freud, and Einstein created revolutions in politics, human science, and physics that continue to shape our world. Proust, Schoenberg, Mahler, and Kafka redefined artistic expression. Emancipation reformed the practice of Judaism, encouraged some to imagine a modern nation of their own, and within decades led to the dream of Zionism.

The European Jews, Patriotism and the Liberal State 1789-1939

A Study of Literature and Social Psychology

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Author: David Aberbach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136158952

Category: History

Page: 348

View: 6218

The fragility of the liberal democratic state after 1789 is illustrated in the history of the European Jews from the French Revolution to the Holocaust. Emancipation and hope of emancipation amongst the European Jewish population created a plethora of Jewish identities and forms of patriotism. This book takes the original approach of studying European Jewish patriotism as a whole, with particular attention given to creative literature. Despite their growing awareness of racial, genocidal hatred, most European Jews between 1789 and 1939 tended to be patriotic toward the countries of their citizenship, an attitude reflected in the literature of the time. Yet, the common assumption among emancipated Jews that anti-Semitism would fade in a world governed by reason proved false. For millions of European Jews, the infinite possibilities they associated with emancipation came to nothing. The Jewish experience exposed many of the weaknesses and failings of the liberal multicultural state, and demonstrated that its survival cannot be taken for granted but is dependent on vigilance and struggle. By focusing on Jewish patriotism from 1789-1939, this book explores the nature of the liberal state, how it can fail, and the conditions needed for its survival.

A History of Zionism

From the French Revolution to the Establishment of the State of Israel

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Author: Walter Laqueur

Publisher: Schocken

ISBN: 030753085X

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 4506

From one of the most distinguished historians of our time comes the definitive general history of the Zionist movement.

Der Judenstaat

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Author: Theodor Herzl

Publisher: BookRix

ISBN: 3736842295

Category: Fiction

Page: 88

View: 2261

"Der Judenstaat. Versuch einer modernen Lösung der Judenfrage" ist ein Buch von Theodor Herzl, mit dem er versuchte, eine jüdische Antwort auf die damals so genannte Judenfrage aufzuzeigen. Es erschien 1896 in Leipzig und Wien in der "M. Breitenstein's Verlags-Buchhandlung", nachdem "Cronbach" in Berlin und "Duncker & Humblot" eine Publikation abgelehnt hatten. Herzl schrieb es unter dem Eindruck der Dreyfus-Affäre; er beendete das Manuskript am 17. Juni 1895.

Das jüdische Jahrhundert

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Author: Yuri Slezkine

Publisher: Ruprecht Gmbh & Company

ISBN: 9783525362907

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 4978

Mit "Das jüdische Jahrhundert" hat Yuri Slezkine ein Meisterwerk der historischen Essayistik vorgelegt. Er verbindet historische und anthropologische Ansätze, indem er die Frage nach dem Verhältnis von Judentum und Moderne universalisiert. Dabei bezeichnet er den Habitus jüdischer Lebenswelten als "merkurianisch", den der agrarischen Bevölkerung als "apollonisch". Im Zuge der Moderne, so Slezkine, verwandelten sich immer mehr Menschen in Merkurianer, sie werden gleichsam zu "Juden". Von diesen Fragestellungen und Metaphorisierungen der Soziologie um 1900 ausgehend zeigt das Buch die Alternativen auf, die den Juden um diese Zeit offen standen. Dabei rückt das revolutionäre Russland in den Mittelpunkt der Analyse. Die große Leistung Slezkines ist es, in einer sowohl nüchternen als auch ironischen Weise die Präsenz von Juden in den zentralen Bereichen des Sowjetregimes zu erklären. Er verweist auf die Attribute ihrer Modernität, ohne dem antisemitischen Diskurs über Juden und Bolschewismus zu folgen. Sozial-, Mentalitäts- und Literaturgeschichte verbindend gelingt es Slezkine, die paradigmatische jüdische Erfahrung im 20. Jahrhundert provokant und spannend nachzuzeichnen.

Mein gelobtes Land

Triumph und Tragödie Israels

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Author: Ari Shavit

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641148219

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 5577

Die große Geschichte Israels Der renommierte Journalist Ari Shavit sieht Israel in einer halt- und ausweglosen Lage: als jüdisch-westlicher Staat in einer arabisch-islamischen (Um-)Welt seit seiner Gründung in der Existenz bedroht, andererseits Okkupationsmacht über ein anderes, das palästinensische Volk. Der Innovationskraft und Lebensfreude seiner Menschen stehen ein bröckelndes Gemeinwesen, zermürbende Konflikte, militärische Scheinerfolge und der Verlust internationalen Ansehens gegenüber. Was als gemeinschaftlicher hoffnungsfroher Aufbruch begann, insbesondere nach den Schrecken des Holocausts, der gemeinsame Bau von Eretz Israel, ist heute allgemeiner Desillusion und Desintegration gewichen. Shavit erzählt, zunächst auf den Spuren seines zionistischen Urgroßvaters, eine sehr persönliche Geschichte Israels während der letzten anderthalb Jahrhunderte, von Erfolgen im steten Überlebenskampf, aber auch von schuldbehafteter Tragik und unübersehbarem Niedergang.

Altneuland

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Author: Theodor Herzl

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5872601808

Category: History

Page: 329

View: 4046

Marketing Identities

The Invention of Jewish Ethnicity in Ost und West

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Author: David A. Brenner

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814326848

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 7160

This work analyzes how Ost und West (East and West), the first Jewish magazine (1901-1923) published in Berlin by westernized Jews originally from Eastern Europe, promoted ethnic identity to Jewish audiences in Germany and throughout the world. Using techniques of modern marketing, such as stereotyping, the editors of this successful journal attempted to forge a minority consciousness. Marketing Identities is thus about the beginnings of ethnicity as we know it in the late 20th century.

The Zionist revolution

a new perspective

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Author: Harold Fisch

Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 197

View: 8583

Literary Passports

The Making of Modernist Hebrew Fiction in Europe

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Author: Shachar Pinsker

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804777247

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 504

View: 2469

Literary Passports is the first book to explore modernist Hebrew fiction in Europe in the early decades of the twentieth century. It not only serves as an introduction to this important body of literature, but also acts as a major revisionist statement, freeing this literature from a Zionist-nationalist narrative and viewing it through the wider lens of new comparative studies in modernism. The book's central claim is that modernist Hebrew prose-fiction, as it emerged from 1900 to 1930, was shaped by the highly charged encounter of traditionally educated Jews with the revolution of European literature and culture known as modernism. The book deals with modernist Hebrew fiction as an urban phenomenon, explores the ways in which the genre dealt with issues of sexuality and gender, and examines its depictions of the complex relations between tradition, modernity, and religion.

Language in Time of Revolution

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Author: Benjamin Harshav

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804735407

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 234

View: 6775

This book on culture and consciousness in history concerns the worldwide transformations of Jewish culture and society and the revival of the ancient Hebrew language following the waves of pogroms in Russia in 1881, when large numbers of Jews in Eastern and Central Europe redefined their identity as Jews in a new and baffling world. Reviews "With his customary versatility and lucidity Harshav has given us . . . a host of new and provocative insights into modern Jewish history. . . . This book is an outstanding attempt to juxtapose the revolution in Jewish life with that of the Hebrew language in such a way that each informs our understanding of the other." —Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi, Columbia University "It is no small component of Harshav's success in this altogether fascinating book to have made clear the family resemblance between what is still regularly called 'the almost miraculous revival of the Hebrew language' and the coterie movements of European high modernism in both politics and the arts." —Modernism/Modernity "A wise, original, and stimulating book on the shaping of modern Jewish culture. . . . Humane, deeply erudite, and very satisfying." —Steven Zipperstein, Stanford University "Israeli Hebrew, Angel Sáenz-Badillos has written, 'is not the result of natural evolution but of a process without parallel in the development of any other language.' The precise nature of the process is studied in illuminating detail in Language in Time of Revolution." —London Review of Books "The crisscrossing among the discourses of literature, ideology, history, and linguistics makes for a heady intellectual experience. . . . Harshav writes with great authority and verve. . . . His discussions are a model of clarity." —Alan Mintz, Brandeis University

Geschichte der Ostjuden

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Author: Heiko Haumann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423306638

Category: Europe, Eastern

Page: 246

View: 5203

Dotyczy m. in. Polski.