Zionism and Revolution in European-Jewish Literature

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Laurel Plapp

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415957184

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 246

View: 6682

Zionism and Revolution in European-Jewish Literature examines twentieth-century Jewish writing that challenges imperialist ventures and calls for solidarity with the colonized, most notably the Arabs of Palestine and Africans in the Americas. Since Edward Said defined orientalism in 1978 as a Western image of the Islamic world that has justified domination, critics have considered the Jewish people to be complicit with orientalism because of the Zionist movement. However, the Jews of Europe have themselves been caught between East and West —both marginalized as the "Orientals" of Europe and connected to the Middle East through their own political and cultural ties. As a result, European-Jewish writers have had to negotiate the problematic confluence of antisemitic and orientalist discourse. Laurel Plapp traces this trend in utopic visions of Jewish-Muslim relations that criticized the early Zionist movement; in post-Holocaust depictions of coalition between Jews and African slaves in the Caribbean revolutions; and finally, in explorations of diasporic, transnational Jewish identity after the founding of Israel. Above all, Plapp proposes that Jewish studies and postcolonial studies have much in common by identifying ways in which Jewish writers have allied themselves with colonized and exilic peoples throughout the world.

The Orient in Europe

Zionism and Revolution in European-Jewish Literature

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Laurel A. Plapp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: European literature

Page: 588

View: 5495

Orientalism, Gender, and the Jews

Literary and Artistic Transformations of European National Discourses

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ulrike Brunotte,Anna-Dorothea Ludewig,Axel Stähler

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110339102

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 8269

Originating in the collaboration of the international Research Network “Gender in Antisemitism, Orientalism and Occidentalism” (RENGOO), this collection of essays proposes to intervene in current debates about historical constructions of Jewish identity in relation to colonialism and Orientalism. The network‌’s collaborative research addresses imaginative and aesthetic rather than sociological questions with particular focus on the function of gender and sexuality in literary, scholarly and artistic transformations of Orientalist images. RENGOO’s first publication explores the ways in which stereotypes of the external and internal Other intertwine. With its interrogation of the roles assumed in this interplay by gender, processes of sexualization, and aesthetic formations, the volume suggests new directions to the interdisciplinary study of gender, antisemitism, and Orientalism.

Hebräische Avantgarde

Else Lasker-Schülers Poetologie im Kontext des Kulturzionismus

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Birgit M. Körner

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 3412509051

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 356

View: 2876

Das Gesamtwerk von Else Lasker-Schüler ist durch eine umfassende Auseinandersetzung mit dem kulturzionistischen Diskurs geprägt. Ebenso steht der deutschsprachige Kulturzionismus (bes. Martin Buber) den historischen Avantgarden nahe. In freiwilliger Assoziation und kritischer Überschreitung entwirft Lasker-Schüler ihre Poetologie einer „Hebräischen Avantgarde“. Im Frühwerk nimmt sie dabei kulturzionistische Metaphorik, Thematik und Graphik auf und entwickelt eine weibliche bis androgyne orientalisierte ‚Identität‘ als jüdische Dichterin. Ab 1912 entfaltet Lasker-Schüler im Kontext des Kulturzionismus ihr eigenes poetologisches Projekt einer Erneuerung der jüdischen Tradition. Es ist als Fortsetzung rabbinischer Hermeneutik in Literatur angelegt.

Orientalism and the Hebrew Imagination

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Yaron Peleg

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801443763

Category: History

Page: 153

View: 7658

Calling into question prevailing notions about Orientalism, Yaron Peleg shows how the paradoxical mixture of exoticism and familiarity with which Jews related to Palestine at the beginning of the twentieth century shaped the legacy of Zionism. In Peleg's view, the tension between romancing the East and colonizing it inspired a revolutionary reform that radically changed Jewish thought during the Hebrew Revival that took place between 1900 and 1930.Orientalism and the Hebrew Imagination introduces a fresh voice to the contentious debate over the concept of Orientalism. Zionism has often been labeled a Western colonial movement that sought to displace and silence Palestinian Arabs. Based on his readings of key texts, Peleg asserts that early Zionists were inspired by Palestinian Arab culture, which in turn helped mold modern Jewish gender, identity, and culture.Peleg begins with the new ways in which the lands of the Bible are formulated as a modern "Orient" in David Frishman's Bamidbar. He continues by showing how in The Sons of Arabia, Moshe Smilansky laid the basis for the literary construction of the "New Jew," modeled after Palestinian Arabs. Peleg concludes with a discussion of L. A. Arielli's 1913 play Allah Karim! in which both the promise and the problems of the Land of Israel as "Orient" marked the end of Hebrew Orientalism as a viable cultural option.

Orientalism and the Jews

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ivan Davidson Kalmar,Derek Jonathan Penslar

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781584654117

Category: History

Page: 285

View: 2451

A fascinating analysis of how Jews fit into scholarly debates about Orientalism.

A History of Zionism

From the French Revolution to the Establishment of the State of Israel

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Walter Laqueur

Publisher: Schocken

ISBN: 030753085X

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 8205

From one of the most distinguished historians of our time comes the definitive general history of the Zionist movement.

Language in Time of Revolution

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Benjamin Harshav

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804735407

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 234

View: 1305

This book on culture and consciousness in history concerns the worldwide transformations of Jewish culture and society and the revival of the ancient Hebrew language following the waves of pogroms in Russia in 1881, when large numbers of Jews in Eastern and Central Europe redefined their identity as Jews in a new and baffling world. Reviews "With his customary versatility and lucidity Harshav has given us . . . a host of new and provocative insights into modern Jewish history. . . . This book is an outstanding attempt to juxtapose the revolution in Jewish life with that of the Hebrew language in such a way that each informs our understanding of the other." —Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi, Columbia University "It is no small component of Harshav's success in this altogether fascinating book to have made clear the family resemblance between what is still regularly called 'the almost miraculous revival of the Hebrew language' and the coterie movements of European high modernism in both politics and the arts." —Modernism/Modernity "A wise, original, and stimulating book on the shaping of modern Jewish culture. . . . Humane, deeply erudite, and very satisfying." —Steven Zipperstein, Stanford University "Israeli Hebrew, Angel Sáenz-Badillos has written, 'is not the result of natural evolution but of a process without parallel in the development of any other language.' The precise nature of the process is studied in illuminating detail in Language in Time of Revolution." —London Review of Books "The crisscrossing among the discourses of literature, ideology, history, and linguistics makes for a heady intellectual experience. . . . Harshav writes with great authority and verve. . . . His discussions are a model of clarity." —Alan Mintz, Brandeis University

Marketing Identities

The Invention of Jewish Ethnicity in Ost und West

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David A. Brenner

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814326848

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 548

This work analyzes how Ost und West (East and West), the first Jewish magazine (1901-1923) published in Berlin by westernized Jews originally from Eastern Europe, promoted ethnic identity to Jewish audiences in Germany and throughout the world. Using techniques of modern marketing, such as stereotyping, the editors of this successful journal attempted to forge a minority consciousness. Marketing Identities is thus about the beginnings of ethnicity as we know it in the late 20th century.

The Jewish Revolution

Jewish Statehood

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Israel Eldad,Arieh Eldad

Publisher: Gefen Publishing House Ltd

ISBN: 9789652294142

Category: History

Page: 157

View: 5937

With The Jewish Revolution classical Zionism has found its true interpretation. In the highest tradition of the soldier-statesman, Dr. Israel Eldad advocates a form of Zionism that is unpopular in conventional society. He condemns “establishmentarian,” “social-club” Zionism as a belittling of Jewish history and a threat to Jewish lives. In its place, he calls for a revolutionary creed – one that dares assert its right to the Jewish homeland; not as defined by diplomats, politicians and Security Council Resolutions, but in biblical, historical terms. He boldly declares that Jewish “diplomacy” failed to save millions of European Jews, and he accuses world leaders of inviting new Holocausts by denying history's lessons and ignoring its imperatives. He warns the Jewish people that it can rely only on its own forces, and he offers a solution to the Arab problem in the Middle East. The Jewish Revolution combines the passion of the patriot, the logic of the scholar and the sweep of the historian.

The European Jews, Patriotism and the Liberal State 1789-1939

A Study of Literature and Social Psychology

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David Aberbach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136158952

Category: History

Page: 348

View: 2791

The fragility of the liberal democratic state after 1789 is illustrated in the history of the European Jews from the French Revolution to the Holocaust. Emancipation and hope of emancipation amongst the European Jewish population created a plethora of Jewish identities and forms of patriotism. This book takes the original approach of studying European Jewish patriotism as a whole, with particular attention given to creative literature. Despite their growing awareness of racial, genocidal hatred, most European Jews between 1789 and 1939 tended to be patriotic toward the countries of their citizenship, an attitude reflected in the literature of the time. Yet, the common assumption among emancipated Jews that anti-Semitism would fade in a world governed by reason proved false. For millions of European Jews, the infinite possibilities they associated with emancipation came to nothing. The Jewish experience exposed many of the weaknesses and failings of the liberal multicultural state, and demonstrated that its survival cannot be taken for granted but is dependent on vigilance and struggle. By focusing on Jewish patriotism from 1789-1939, this book explores the nature of the liberal state, how it can fail, and the conditions needed for its survival.

Jews and Arabs

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Albert Memmi

Publisher: J Philip O'Hara

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 3479

Der Judenstaat

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Theodor Herzl

Publisher: BookRix

ISBN: 3736842295

Category: Fiction

Page: 88

View: 3184

"Der Judenstaat. Versuch einer modernen Lösung der Judenfrage" ist ein Buch von Theodor Herzl, mit dem er versuchte, eine jüdische Antwort auf die damals so genannte Judenfrage aufzuzeigen. Es erschien 1896 in Leipzig und Wien in der "M. Breitenstein's Verlags-Buchhandlung", nachdem "Cronbach" in Berlin und "Duncker & Humblot" eine Publikation abgelehnt hatten. Herzl schrieb es unter dem Eindruck der Dreyfus-Affäre; er beendete das Manuskript am 17. Juni 1895.

The Political Philosophy of Zionism

Trading Jewish Words for a Hebraic Land

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Eyal Chowers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107005949

Category: Philosophy

Page: 274

View: 7359

Zionism emerged at the end of the nineteenth century in response to a rise in anti-Semitism in Europe and to the crisis of modern Jewish identity. This novel, national revolution aimed to unite a scattered community defined mainly by shared texts and literary tradition, into a vibrant political entity destined for the Holy Land. As this remarkable book demonstrates, however, Zionism was about much more than a national political ideology and practice. By tracing its origins in the context of a European history of ideas, and by considering the writings of key Jewish and Hebrew writers and thinkers from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the book offers an entirely new philosophical perspective on Zionism as a unique movement based on intellectual boldness and belief in human action. In counter-distinction to the studies of history and ideology that dominate the field, this book also offers a new way of reflecting upon contemporary Israeli politics.

Totalitarian Democracy and After

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jacob Leib Talmon,Yehoshua Arieli,Nathan Rotenstreich

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714651842

Category: Political Science

Page: 412

View: 6760

This book, first published in 1984, contains the principal papers from a distinguished colloquium held in his honour in 1982. Its avowed purpose was to investigate further the notion of totalitarian democracy that Talmon brought to the fore in his influential first book The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy (1951), and to look at its repercussions in the contemporary world.

Emancipation

How Liberating Europe's Jews from the Ghetto Led to Revolution and Renaissance

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael Goldfarb

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439160481

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 567

The first popular history of the Emancipation of Europe’s Jews in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries—a transformation that was startling to those who lived through it and continues to affect the world today. Freed from their ghettos, Jews ushered in a second renaissance. Within a century Marx, Freud, and Einstein created revolutions in politics, human science, and physics that continue to shape our world. Proust, Schoenberg, Mahler, and Kafka redefined artistic expression. Emancipation reformed the practice of Judaism, encouraged some to imagine a modern nation of their own, and within decades led to the dream of Zionism.

Contemporary Israel

New Insights and Scholarship

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Frederick E. Greenspahn

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479893897

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8006

For a country smaller than Vermont, with roughly the same population as Honduras, modern Israel receives a remarkable amount of attention. For supporters, it is a unique bastion of democracy in the Middle East, while detractors view it as a racist outpost of Western colonialism. The romanticization of Israel became particularly prominent in 1967, when its military prowess shocked a Jewish world still reeling from the sense of powerlessness dramatized by the Holocaust. That imagery has grown ever more visible, with Israel’s supporters idealizing its technological achievements and its opponents attributing almost every problem in the region, if not beyond, to its imperialistic aspirations. The contradictions and competing views of modern Israel are the subject of this book. There is much to consider about modern Israel besides the Middle East conflict. Over the past generation, a substantial body of scholarship has explored numerous aspects of the country, including its approaches to citizenship and immigration, the arts, the women’s movement, religious fundamentalism, and language; but much of that work has to date been confined within the walls of the academy. This book does not seek not to resolve either the country’s internal debates or its struggle with the Arab world, but to present a sample of contemporary scholars’ discoveries and discussions about modern Israel in an accessible way. In each of the areas discussed, competing narratives grapple for prominence, and it is these which are highlighted in this volume.

Zionism

The Birth and Transformation of an Ideal

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Milton Viorst

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1466890320

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 4445

From serving as the Middle East correspondent for The New Yorker to penning articles for the New York Times, Milton Viorst has dedicated his career to studying the Middle East. Now, in this new book, Viorst examines the evolution of Zionism, from its roots by serving as a cultural refuge for Europe's Jews, to the cover it provides today for Israel's exercise of control over millions of Arabs in occupied territories. Beginning with the shattering of the traditional Jewish society during the Enlightenment, Viorst covers the recent history of the Jews, from the spread of Jewish Emancipation during the French Revolution Era to the rise of the exclusionary anti-Semitism that overwhelmed Europe in the late nineteenth century. Viorst examines how Zionism was born and follows its development through the lives and ideas of its dominant leaders, who all held only one tenet in common: that Jews, for the first time in two millennia, must determine their own destiny to save themselves. But, in regards to creating a Jewish state with a military that dominates the region, Viorst argues that Israel has squandered the goodwill it enjoyed at its founding, and thus the country has put its own future on very uncertain footing. With the expertise and knowledge garnered from decades of studying this contentious region, Milton Viorst deftly exposes the risks that Israel faces today.

Jewish Rights, National Rites

Nationalism and Autonomy in Late Imperial and Revolutionary Russia

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Simon Rabinovitch

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804793034

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 4522

In its full-color poster for elections to the All-Russian Jewish Congress in 1917, the Jewish People's Party depicted a variety of Jews in seeking to enlist the support of the broadest possible segment of Russia's Jewish population. It forsook neither traditional religious and economic life like the Jewish socialist parties, nor life in Europe like the Zionists. It embraced Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian as fulfilling different roles in Jewish life. It sought the democratization of Jewish communal self-government and the creation of new Russian Jewish national-cultural and governmental institutions. Most importantly, the self-named "folkists" believed that Jewish national aspirations could be fulfilled through Jewish autonomy in Russia and Eastern Europe more broadly. Ideologically and organizationally, this party's leadership would profoundly influence the course of Russian Jewish politics. Jewish Rights, National Rights provides a completely new interpretation of the origins of Jewish nationalism in Russia. It argues that Jewish nationalism, and Jewish politics generally, developed in a changing legal environment where the idea that nations had rights was beginning to take hold, and centered on the demand for Jewish autonomy in Eastern Europe. Drawing on numerous archives and libraries in the United States, Russia, Ukraine, and Israel, Simon Rabinovitch carefully reconstructs the political movement for Jewish autonomy, its personalities, institutions, and cultural projects. He explains how Jewish autonomy was realized following the February Revolution of 1917, and for the first time assesses voting patterns in November 1917 to determine the extent of public support for Jewish nationalism at the height of the Russian revolutionary period.

The Jewish Question

Biography of a World Problem

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Alex Bein

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 9780838632529

Category: History

Page: 784

View: 8961

This monumental work of Alex Bein, noted scholar and chief librarian of the Israeli National Library, is the most authoritative survey of Jewish culture and Jewish problems in the Diaspora. First published in two massive volumes in German, it is here made available in a single volume in English.