Worlds of Work

Building an International Sociology of Work

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Author: Daniel B. Cornfield,Randy Hodson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146150659X

Category: Social Science

Page: 380

View: 389

The advent of transnational economic production and market integration compels sociologists of work to look beyond traditional national boundaries and build an international sociology of work in order to effectively address the human, scientific, and practical challenges posed by global economic transnationalism. The purpose of this volume is to promote transnational dialogue about the sociology of work and help build a truly international discipline in this field.

Qualitative Sozialforschung und ihr Kontext

Wissenschaftliche Teamarbeit im internationalen Vergleich

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Author: Jessica Pflüger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012269

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 2518

​Prinzipiell handlungsleitende methodische Regeln der empirischen Sozialforschung werden in der Forschungspraxis ganz unterschiedlich umgesetzt. Dies hängt nicht nur vom Forschungsgegenstand ab, sondern auch von den Forschenden und deren Forschungsbedingungen – wie Jessica Pflüger mittels eines internationalen Vergleichs verschiedener Teams (der arbeitssoziologischen Fallstudienforschung) zeigt. Damit beleuchtet sie eine bislang wenig untersuchte Thematik an der Schnittstelle von Wissenschaftssoziologie und Methodologie: wissenschaftliche Teamarbeit. Die Ergebnisse der qualitativen Studie verweisen auf die Notwendigkeit einer stärkeren Kontextualisierung von Forschungspraxis. Sozialforschung kann nicht ohne den gesellschaftlichen Rahmen verstanden werden, sie ist in nationalspezifische (Forschungs-)Kulturen eingebettet.

Endspiel des Kooperativen Kapitalismus?

Institutioneller Wandel unter den Bedingungen des marktzentrierten Paradigmas

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Author: Ulrich Brinkmann,Karoline Krenn,Sebastian Schief

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531905228

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 9937

"Endet es? Wird es enden? Oder ist es bereits zu Ende?" Diese Fragen dienen als Leitmotiv für dieses Buch über das vermeintliche oder tatsächliche Ende des "Kooperativen Kapitalismus" in Deutschland. Nach langjähriger Persistenz scheint dieser nun das Zeitliche zu segnen. Ist das Modell nun tatsächlich an sein Ende gekommen? Haben wir es mit einem Auslaufmodell zu tun? Die Beiträge dieses Buches thematisieren ausgewählte Prozesse des Umbruchs der rheinischen Variante des Kapitalismus. Diskutiert werden u.a. die Transformation hin zu einem Finanzmarktkapitalismus, der Wandel der Corporate Governance, das Aufscheinen neuer Leitbilder in Unternehmen (wie "Intrapreneur"), die Veränderung der Industriellen Beziehungen in einem internationalen Kontext sowie der sozialen Sicherungssysteme. Der Band gibt einen breiten Überblick über den Zustand des Kooperativen Kapitalismus zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts in einem zunehmend internationalisierten Umfeld und unter der Maxime verstärkter Marktsteuerung - und er vermittelt Deutungsangebote über Art und Ausmaß der zu erwartenden Änderungen.

The Handbook of Community Practice

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Author: Marie Weil,Michael S. Reisch,Mary L. Ohmer

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289972

Category: Social Science

Page: 968

View: 8558

The Second Edition of The Handbook of Community Practice is expanded and updated with a major global focus and serves as a comprehensive guidebook of community practice grounded in social justice and human rights. It utilizes community and practice theories and encompasses community development, organizing, planning, social change, policy practice, program development, service coordination, organizational cultural competency, and community-based research in relation to global poverty and community empowerment. This is also the first community practice text to provide combined and in-depth treatment of globalization and international development practice issues—including impacts on communities in the United States and on international development work. The Handbook is grounded in participatory and empowerment practices, including social change, social and economic development, feminist practice, community-collaborative, and engagement in diverse communities. It utilizes the social development perspective and employs analyses of persistent poverty, asset development, policy practice, and community research approaches as well as providing strategies for advocacy and social and legislative action. The handbook consists of forty chapters which challenge readers to examine and assess practice, theory, and research methods. As it expands on models and approaches, delineates emerging issues, and connects policy and practice, the book provides vision and strategies for local to global community practice in the coming decades. The handbook will continue to stand as the central text and reference for comprehensive community practice, and will be useful for years to come as it emphasizes direction for positive change, new developments in community approaches, and focuses attention on globalization, human rights, and social justice. It will continue to be used as a core text for multiple courses within programs, will have long term application for students of community practice, and will provide practitioners with new grounding for development, planning, organizing, and empowerment and social change work.

Gender, Interaction, and Inequality

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Author: Cecilia L. Ridgeway

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475721994

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 3392

Causal explanations are essential for theory building. In focusing on causal mechanisms rather than descriptive effects, the goal of this volume is to increase our theoretical understanding of the way gender operates in interaction. Theoretical analyses of gender's effects in interaction, in turn, are necessary to understand how such effects might be implicated with individual-level and social structural-level processes in the larger system of gender inequality. Despite other differences, the contributors to this book all take what might be loosely called a "microstructural" approach to gender and interaction. All agree that individuals come to interaction with certain common, socially created beliefs, cultural meanings, experiences, and social rules. These include stereotypes about gendered activities and skills, beliefs about the status value of gender, rules for interacting in certain settings, and so on. However, as individuals apply these beliefs and rules to the specific contingent events of interaction, they combine and reshape their implications in distinctive ways that are particular to the encounter. As a result, individuals actively construct their social relations in the encounter through their interaction. The patterns of relations that develop are not completely determined or scripted in advance by the beliefs and rules of the larger society. Consequently, there is a reciprocal causal relationship between constructed patterns of interaction and larger social structural forms. The constructed patterns of social relations among a set of interactants can be thought of as micro-level social structures or, more simply, "microstructures.

Advances in Computer Entertainment

9th International Conference, ACE 2012, Kathmandu, Nepal, November 3-5, 2012, Proceedings

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Author: Anton Nijholt,Teresa Romão,Dennis Reidsma

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642342922

Category: Computers

Page: 599

View: 6017

This book constitutes the refereed conference proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment, ACE 2012, held in Kathmandu, Nepal, in November 2012. The 10 full paper and 19 short papers presented together with 5 papers from the special track Arts and Culture and 35 extended abstracts were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 140 submissions in all categories. The papers cover topics across a wide spectrum of disciplines including computer science, design, arts, sociology, anthropology, psychology, and marketing. Focusing on all areas related to interactive entertainment they aim at stimulating discussion in the development of new and compelling entertainment computing and interactive art concepts and applications.

Agricultural Standards

The Shape of the Global Food and Fiber System

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Author: Jim Bingen,Lawrence Busch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402039840

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 4242

Food and agricultural standards have recently risen to the top of both national and international agendas. Popular concerns about the power of the World Trade Organization focus on the intertwined relationships between environmental protection, labor and human rights, and the standards used to produce and supply our food and fiber globally. In the developing world, agricultural grades and standards are an important part of the reconfiguration of roles and responsibilities between various public and private actors in market reform. This original and informative collection of studies of agri-food standards in the modern economy addresses these and helps to define the scope of the emerging study of the politics of standards setting. Following an overview essay dealing with the multiple ways of thinking about, approaching and defining food and agricultural standards, eleven case studies offer a rich body of evidence that assesses the processes, dynamics and potential consequences of global agri-food standards. For all interested in the strategic use of food and agricultural standards – from those in national and international governmental agencies, researchers and others in the academic and private sector to those in the private business sector – this volume offers a broader perspective on and will serve as an important resource.

Digital Libraries: Achievements, Challenges and Opportunities

9th International Conference on Asian Digial Libraries, ICADL 2006, Kyoto, Japan, November 27-30, 2006, Proceedings

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Author: Shigeo Sugimoto,Jane Hunter,Andreas Rauber,Atsuyuki Morishima

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540493751

Category: Computers

Page: 574

View: 1302

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries, ICADL 2006, held in Kyoto, Japan in November 2006. The 46 revised full papers, 14 revised short papers, and 6 poster papers include coverage of information extraction, information retrieval, metadata, architectures for digital libraries and archives, ontologies, information seeking, cultural heritage and e-learning.

The Social Organization of Work

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Author: Randy Hodson,Teresa A. Sullivan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 111130095X

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 5415

THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF WORK, Fifth Edition, takes an analytical approach to the study of work that not only identifies and discusses substantive issues but also allows students the opportunity to better develop their analysis, reasoning, and argumentative skills. The authors achieve this by combining their key areas of expertise--industrial sociology, occupations, and professions--to present a unified view of the sociology of work. Chapter topics are organized around the framework of five key themes: technology, global perspectives, class relations, gender, and race. The world of work, how it is changing, and the implications of these changes for individuals and families are thoroughly explored in this contemporary and relevant text. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Maritime Piracy and Its Control: An Economic Analysis

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Author: C. Hallwood,T. Miceli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137461500

Category: Political Science

Page: 135

View: 9534

Maritime Piracy and its Control develops an economic approach to the problem of modern-day maritime piracy with the goal of assessing the effectiveness of remedies aimed at reducing the incidence of piracy.

The New Normal of Working Lives

Critical Studies in Contemporary Work and Employment

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Author: Stephanie Taylor,Susan Luckman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319660381

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 4311

This critical, international and interdisciplinary edited collection investigates the new normal of work and employment, presenting research on the experience of the workers themselves. The collection explores the formation of contemporary worker subjects, and the privilege or disadvantage in play around gender, class, age and national location within the global workforce. Organised around the three areas of: creative working, digital working lives, and transitions and transformations, its fifteen chapters examine in detail the emerging norms of work and work activities in a range of occupations and locations. It also investigates the coping strategies adopted by workers to manage novel difficulties and life circumstances, and their understandings of the possibilities, trajectories, mobilities, identities and potential rewards of their work situations. This book will appeal to a wide range of audiences, including students and academics of the sociology of work and labor history, and those interested in understanding the implications of the ‘new normal’ of work and employment.

Men, Fathering and the Gender Trap

Sweden and Poland Compared

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Author: Katarzyna Suwada

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331947782X

Category: Social Science

Page: 315

View: 4729

This book provides an account of fatherhood and changing parental roles in Sweden and Poland. It uses a comparative perspective to show what men understand a father’s role to be, and how they seek to live up to it. Fathering, the author argues, is a social phenomenon grounded in cultural patterns of parenting, gender roles and models of masculinity, and also shaped by family policy. Being a father today, she demonstrates, is longer connected solely with being the main breadwinner. Rather, it has become increasingly common for fathers to take on duties traditionally regarded as the domain of women. This means that men often face conflicting expectations based on different models of fatherhood. The aim of this thought-provoking book is to track these models, analysing their origins and their consequences for gender order. It will appeal to students and scholars of gender studies, the sociology of families and social policy studies.

Advancing Women in Science

An International Perspective

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Author: Willie Pearson, Jr.,Lisa M. Frehill,Connie L. McNeely

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319086294

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 2031

Many countries have implemented policies to increase the number and quality of scientific researchers as a means to foster innovation and spur economic development and progress. To that end, grounded in a view of women as a rich, yet underutilized knowledge and labor resource, a great deal of recent attention has focused on encouraging women to pursue education and careers in science — even in countries with longstanding dominant patriarchal regimes. Yet, overall, science remains an area in which girls and women are persistently disadvantaged. This book addresses that situation. It bridges the gap between individual- and societal-level perspectives on women in science in a search for systematic solutions to the challenge of building an inclusive and productive scientific workforce capable of creating the innovation needed for economic growth and societal wellbeing. This book examines both the role of gender as an organizing principle of social life and the relative position of women scientists within national and international labor markets. Weaving together and engaging research on globalization, the social organization of science, and gendered societal relations as key social forces, this book addresses critical issues affecting women’s contributions and participation in science. Also, while considering women’s representation in science as a whole, examinations of women in the chemical sciences, computing, mathematics and statistics are offered as examples to provide insights into how differing disciplinary cultures, functional tasks and socio-historical conditions can affect the advancement of women in science relative to important variations in educational and occupational realities. Edited by three social scientists recognized for their expertise in science and technology policy, education, workforce participation, and stratification, this book includes contributions from an intellectually diverse group of international scholars and analysts and features compelling cases and initiatives from around the world, with implications for research, industry practice, education and policy development.

Developing Frontier Cities

Global Perspectives — Regional Contexts

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Author: Harvey Lithwick,Yehuda Gradus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401712352

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 3546

The Unique Nature of Frontier Cities and their Development Challenge Harvey Lithwick and Yehuda Grad us The advent of government downsizing, and globalization has led to enormous com petitive pressures as well as the opening of new opportunities. How cities in remote frontier areas might cope with what for them might appear to be a devastating challenge is the subject of this book. Our concern is with frontier cities in particular. In our earlier study, Frontiers in Regional Development (Rowman and Littlefield, 1996), we examined the distinction between frontiers and peripheries. The terms are often used interchangeably, but we believe that in fact, both in scholarly works and in popular usage, very different connotations are conveyed by these concepts. Frontiers evoke a strong positive image, of sparsely settled territories, offering challenges, adventure, unspoiled natural land scapes, and a different, and for many an attractive life style. Frontiers are lands of opportunity. Peripheries conjure up negative images, of inaccessibility, inadequate services and political and economic marginality. They are places to escape from, rather than frontiers, which is were people escape to. Peripheries are places of and for losers.

The Contribution of Technology to Added Value

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Author: António S.C Fernandes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447150015

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 104

View: 4568

There is a wide consensus that introduction of technology to the production process contributes to an overall economic value, however, confusion between technology, knowledge and capital often makes value calculations ambiguous and non-objective. The Contribution of Technology to Added Value addresses not only this issue of definition but also provides a production model to assess the value contribution of technology within the production process. A clarification of fundamental semantics provides a significant taxonomy for technology dependence, and allows understanding and modeling of how knowledge, technology and capital individually contribute to production and to value adding. A new technology dependence taxonomy is proposed and assessed following chapters explaining growth models, the KTC model and technology index values. Balancing theoretical knowledge with real-world data and applications The Contribution of Technology to Added Value clarifies the issue of value adding for a range of different viewpoints and purposes; from academic to industry and service across engineering, economics and management.

Margaret Mead

Contributions to Contemporary Education

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Author: Kate Maguire

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401793093

Category: Education

Page: 96

View: 390

This book makes a case for Margaret Mead's contributions to education discourses, which in retrospect appear visionary and profoundly democratic, non judgemental and transdisciplinary, and for their relevance for education today at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Mead combined her substantial skills and knowledge as a linguist, anthropologist and psychologist to draw attention to the primary role of culture and society in identity formation, privileging against sterner perspectives, the idea that the conditions that support the emergence of balanced personalities, able to contribute to society and to progress themselves as individuals, starts with observation of self before that of others. This observation of and reflection on self was for her a necessary demonstration of transparency while close observation of others was ‘an act of love’, much as the artist contemplates his/her subject, that dissolved negative differences of culture, belief and status.

The Oxford Handbook of Management

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Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Steven J. Armstrong,Michael Lounsbury

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198708610

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 750

View: 8292

Management - the pursuit of objectives through the organization and co-ordination of people - has been and is a core feature, and function, of modern society. Some 'classic' forms of corporate and bureaucratic management may come to be seen as a prevalent form of organization and organizing in the 20th century, and in the post-Fordist, global, knowledge driven contemporary world we are seeing different patterns, principles, and styles of management as old models are questioned. The functions, ideologies, practices, and theories of management have changed over time, as recorded by many scholars; and may vary according to different models of organization; and between different cultures and societies. 0The purpose of this Handbook is to analyse and explore the evolution of management; the core functions and how they may have changed; its position in the culture/zeitgeist of modern society; the institutions and ideologies that support it; and likely challenges and changes in the future. This book looks at what management is, and how this may change over time. It provides an overview of management - its history, development, context, changing function in organization and society, key elements and functions, and contemporary and future challenges.

Minimum Income Protection in Flux

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Author: I. Marx,K. Nelson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137291842

Category: Political Science

Page: 335

View: 8595

The current economic crisis has presented itself as a formidable challenge to the welfare states of Europe. It is more relevant than ever to ask: do existing minimum income protection schemes succeed in adequately protecting citizens, be it whether they are excluded from work, working, retired, or having children? Drawing on in-depth and up-to-date institutional data from across Europe and the US, this volume details the reality of minimum income protection policies over time. Including contributions from leading scholars in the field, each chapter provides a systematic cross-national analysis of minimum income protection policies, developing concrete policy guidance on an issue at the heart of the European debate.

Where Have All the Senior Women Gone?

9 Critical Job Assignments for Women Leaders

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Author: Ines Wichert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230354254

Category: Social Science

Page: 221

View: 1016

Essential career guidance for corporate women with talent and ambition and advice for HR leaders on managing a diverse workforce; it sets out nine job assignments that every woman should have on her CV in order to lay the way for promotion and progression and insights into the lessons learned by the top senior women (and men) in business.

The Diffusion of Power in Global Governance

International Political Economy meets Foucault

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Author: S. Guzzini,I. Neumann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137283556

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 6022

The study of global governance has often led separate lives within the respective camps of International Political Economy and Foucauldian Studies. Guzzini and Neumann combine these to look at an increasingly global politics with a growing number of agents, recognising the emergence of a global polity.