Slave-Wives, Single Women and “Bastards” in the Ancient Greek World

Law and Economics Perspectives


Author: Morris Silver

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 178570866X

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 8940

Greek scholars have produced a vast body of evidence bearing on nuptial practices that has yet to be mined by a professional economist. By standing on their shoulders, the author proposes and tests radically new interpretations of three important status groups in Greek history: the pallak?, the nothos, and the hetaira. It is argued that legitimate marriage – marriage by loan of the bride to the groom – was not the only form of legal marriage in classical Athens and the ancient Greek world generally. Pallakia – marriage by sale of the bride to the groom – was also legally recognized. The pallak?-wifeship transaction is a sale into slavery with a restrictive covenant mandating the employment of the sold woman as a wife. In this highly original and challenging new book, economist Morris Silver proposes and tests the hypothesis that the likelihood of bride sale rises with increases in the distance between the ancestral residence of the groom and the father’s household. Nothoi, the bastard children of pallakai, lacked the legal right to inherit from their fathers but were routinely eligible for Athenian citizenship. It is argued that the basic social meaning of hetaira (companion) is not ‘prostitute’ or ’courtesan,’ but ‘single woman’ – a woman legally recognized as being under her own authority (kuria). The defensive adaptation of single women is reflected in Greek myth and social practice by their grouping into packs, most famously the Daniads and Amazons.

Roman Wives, Roman Widows

The Appearance of New Women and the Pauline Communities


Author: Bruce W. Winter

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802849717

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 6625

A specialist in early Christianity and the Graeco-Roman world, Winter (divinity, U. of Cambridge) finds in ancient literary, legal, and non-literary sources the appearance of a phenomenon that some historians have recently dubbed the new woman, as contrasted with the modest wife and widow. Annotatio

Athenian Tragedy in Performance

A Guide to Contemporary Studies and Historical Debates


Author: Melinda Powers

Publisher: University of Iowa Press

ISBN: 1609382315

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 185

View: 1003

"Investigates the methodological problems that arise in some of the latest research on ancient Greek theatre."--Back cover.

Revenge in Athenian Culture


Author: Fiona McHardy

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 147250254X

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 3856

Revenge was an all important part of the ancient Athenian mentality, intruding on all forms of life - even where we might not expect to find it today. Revenge was of prime importance as a means of survival for the people of early Greece and remained in force during the rise of the 'poleis'. The revenge of epic heroes such as Odysseus and Menalaus influences later thinking about revenge and suggests that avengers prosper. Nevertheless, this does not mean that all forms of revenge were seen as equally acceptable in Athens. Differences in response are expected depending on the crime and the criminal. Through a close examination of the texts, Fiona McHardy here reveals a more complex picture of how the Athenian people viewed revenge.

Greek and Roman Dress from A to Z


Author: Liza Cleland,Glenys Davies,Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134589158

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 825

First Published in 2008. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Veil and the Voice

The Study of Female Beauty and Male Attraction in Ancient Greece


Author: Preston T. Massey

Publisher: N.A


Category: Classical literature

Page: 760

View: 1095

The thesis considers Greek literature from Homer to Philostratus. The approach is diachronic rather than by genre. In a final chapter, the investigation attempts to throw light from the classical Greek sources on the problematic injunction of Paul to the women of the early church (I Corinthians 11.2-16) on veiling and silence. A thorough examination from this text will be made of the meaning of the controversial Greek word akatakalyptos.

The clothed body in the ancient world


Author: Liza Cleland,Mary Harlow,Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones

Publisher: Oxbow Books


Category: Design

Page: 192

View: 6728

Studies of the nude body have been around for many years, but rarely has scholarship looked at the clothed body. Yet the way we clothe ourselves says a great deal about the society we live in and our place within it. The papers in this volume provide fascinating snapshots of the clothed body in the ancient world. Once collected together, these snapshots reveal common themes in scholarship and allow a comparison of methodologies across disciplines and periods. Clothing the body is a complex and significant act, and this volume goes some way to unravelling the intricacies inherent in this sociocultural phenomenon.

The Edinburgh Companion to Ancient Greece and Rome


Author: Edward Bispham,Thomas J. Harrison,Brian A. Sparkes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780748616299

Category: History

Page: 604

View: 8273

The Edinburgh Companion is a gateway to the fascinating worlds of ancient Greece and Rome. Wide-ranging in its approach, expert contributors demonstrate the multifaceted nature of classic civilization by drawing together perspectives and methods of different disciplines, from philosophy to history, poetry to archaeology, art history to numismatics, and many more.

Women's dress in the ancient Greek world


Author: Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones

Publisher: Classical Pr of Wales


Category: Design

Page: 260

View: 4237

The clothing and ornament of Greek women signalled much about the status and morality assigned to them. Yet this revealing aspect of women's history has been very little studied. In this collection of new papers by an international team, ancient visual evidence from vase painting and sculpture is used extensively alongside Greek literature to reconstruct how women of the Greek world were perceived, and also, in important ways, how they lived.

New Perspectives on Etruria and Early Rome

In Honor of Richard Daniel De Puma


Author: Sinclair Bell,Helen Nagy

Publisher: N.A


Category: Art

Page: 305

View: 6960

In surveying recent developments in Etruscan and Roman studies, the contributors to this collection pay tribute to an individual who has made a significant and influential contribution to both fields: Richard De Puma

Ancient Greece

From the Mycenaean Palaces to the Age of Homer


Author: Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy,Irene S. Lemos

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780748618897

Category: History

Page: 695

View: 3324

The period between the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization around 1200 BC and the dawning of the classical era four and half centuries later is widely known as the Dark Age of Greece, not least in the eponymous history by A. M. Snodgrass published by EUP in 1971, and reissued by the Press in 2000. In January 2003 distinguished scholars from all over the world gathered in Edinburgh to re-examine old and new evidence on the period. The subjects of their papers were chosen in advance by the editors so that taken together they would cover the field. This book, based on thirty-three of the presentations, constitutes the most fundamental reinterpretation of the period for 30 years. The authors take issue with the idea of a Greek Dark Age and everything it implies for the understanding of Greek history, culture and society. They argue that the period is characterised as much by continuity as disruption and that the evidence from every source shows a progression from Mycenaean kingship to the conception of aristocratic nobility in the Archaic period. The volume is divided into six parts dealing with political and social structures; questions of continuity and transformation; international and inter-regional relations; religion and hero cult; Homeric epics and heroic poetry; and the archaeology of the Greek regions. Copiously illustrated and with a collated bibliography, itself a valuable resource, this book is likely to be the essential and basic source of reference on the later phases of the Mycenaean and the Early Greek Iron Ages for many years.

Arts and Humanities Through the Eras


Author: James Evans

Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780787656997

Category: Art

Page: 498

View: 4558

Through the presentation of nine different arts and humanities topics, such as architecture and design, literature, religion, and visual arts, this volume describes the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome, from 1200 B.C.E. to 476 C.E

Aphrodite's Tortoise

The Veiled Woman of Ancient Greece


Author: Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones

Publisher: Classical Pressof Wales

ISBN: 9781905125425

Category: Design

Page: 358

View: 4380

Greek women routinely wore the veil. That is the unexpected finding of this major study. The Greeks, rightly credited with the invention of civic openness, are revealed as also part of a more eastern tradition of seclusion. Llewellyn-Jones' work proceeds from literary and, notably, from iconographic evidence. In sculpture and vase painting it demonstrates the presence of the veil, often covering the head, but also more unobtrusively folded back onto the shoulders. This discreet fashion not only gave a priviledged view of the face to the ancient art consumer, but also, incidentally, allowed the veil to escape the notice of traditional modern scholarship. From Greek literary sources, the author shows that full veiling of the head and face was commonplace. He analyses the elaborate Greek vocabulary for veiling and explores what the veil meant to achieve. He shows that the veil was a conscious extension of the house and was often referred to as "tegidion", literally "a little roof". Veiling was thus an ingeneous compromise; it allowed women to circulate in public while maintaining the ideal of a house-bound existence. Alert to the different types of veil used, the author uses Greek and more modern evidence (mostly from the Arab world) to show how women could exploit and subvert the veil as a means of eloquent, sometimes emotional, communication. First published in 2003, Llewellyn-Jones' book has established itself as a central - and inspiring - text for the study of ancient women.

Body Language in the Greek and Roman Worlds


Author: Douglas Cairns

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 1910589640

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 830

A distinguished cast of scholars discusses models of gesture and non-verbal communication as they apply to Greek and Roman culture, literature and art. Topics include dress and costume in the Homeric poems; the importance of looking, eye-contact, and face-to-face orientation in Greek society; the construction of facial expression in Greek and Roman epic; the significance of gesture and body language in the visual meaning of ancient sculpture; the evidence for gesture and performance style in the texts of ancient drama; the erotic significance of feet and footprints; and the role of gesture in Roman law. The volume seeks to apply a sense of history as well as of theory in interpreting non-verbal communication. It looks both at the cross-cultural and at the culturally specific in its treatment of this important but long-neglected aspect of Classical Studies.

The Classical Museum

A Journal of Philology, and of Ancient History and Literature


Author: Leonhard Schmitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110805773X

Category: History

Page: 450

View: 5817

Born near Aachen, Leonhard Schmitz (1807-90) studied at the University of Bonn, from which he received his PhD, before marrying an Englishwoman and becoming a naturalised British citizen. Made famous by the 1844 publication of his translation of Niebuhr's Lectures on the History of Rome, he became rector of the Royal High School, Edinburgh, where he taught Alexander Graham Bell. He also briefly tutored the future Edward VII (and he had previously taught Prince Albert in Bonn). This short-lived quarterly journal, which Schmitz founded and edited between 1844 and 1850, focused exclusively on aspects of classical antiquity - in contrast to the more general literary reviews that were common in the period. It illuminates the development of Classics as a specialist discipline as well as contemporary intellectual links between Britain and Germany. This first volume was published in 1844.

Creating a Hellenistic World


Author: Andrew Erskine,Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones

Publisher: Classical Pressof Wales


Category: History

Page: 355

View: 3119

After Alexander conquered the Persian empire, much of the territory that he seized would remain under the control of Macedonian kings until the arrival of the Romans. But Macedonian power also brought with it Greeks and Greek culture. New kingdoms were established, new cities such as Alexandria and Antioch were founded, art and literature discovered fresh patrons. Egyptians and Iranians had to come to terms with Graeco-Macedonian rulers and settlers; Greeks and Macedonians learned of cultures more ancient than their own. The essays presented here offer an exciting interdisciplinary approach to the study of this emerging world.

Herakles and Hercules

Exploring a Graeco-Roman Divinity


Author: Hugh Bowden,Louis Rawlings

Publisher: Classical Pressof Wales


Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 254

View: 2946

Herakles and Hercules: two names for a figure of pervasive appeal in Antiquity. He was a hero of myth and a god with cult associations. He was ancestor of Macedonian kings, patron of Carthaginian generals and of Roman emperors, and a role model for Stoic philosophers. As a performer of the famous labours, wanderer, liberator, madman and murderer of kin, Herakles-Hercules has retained his fascination down to the present. The eleven new studies in this volume explore why this figure appealed so widely in Antiquity. They examine his role in ancient myth and philosophy, drama and art, as well as in politics and propaganda, warfare and religion.

Women in Late Antiquity

Pagan and Christian Life-styles


Author: Gillian Clark

Publisher: Peterson's

ISBN: 9780198721666

Category: Drama

Page: 158

View: 7544

Although there are many books on women in the ancient world, this is the first to explore in depth what life was like for women in the period of late antiquity (3rd to 6th centuries AD) once Christianity became the dominant religion. It is also unique in focusing on both pagan and Christianlifestyles. Dr Clark provides a fascinating and comprehensive introduction to the basic conditions of life for women: marriage, divorce, celibacy, and prostitution; legal constraints and protection; child-bearing, health care and medical theories; housing, housework, and clothes; and ancient, somestill influential, theories about the nature of women. The author uses a wide range of source material - both Christian and non-Christian writings, art, and archaeology - to illustrate both what life was really like and the prevailing "discourses" of the ancient world.