Women, Politics and Constitutional Change

The First Years of the National Assembly for Wales

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Author: Paul Chaney,Fiona Mackay,Laura McAllister

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 7112

Female activists around the globe have long used the political opportunities afforded by constitutional reform to further gender equality and women’s participation in politics. This timely and accessible volume addresses the way in which changes introduced by devolved governance in Wales have transformed the role of women in contemporary Welsh politics and presented a new phase in the history of Welsh women’s activism. Based on original interviews with participants as well as a range of secondary sources, Women, Politics, and Constitutional Change examines the innovations, background, and effects that have led the new Welsh legislature to the second-highest proportion of women representatives in all of Europe, and the pro-devolution rhetoric of “inclusiveness” that opened the way.

Transforming Childcare and Listening to Families

Policy in Wales and Beyond

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Author: Wendy Ball

Publisher: University of Wales Press

ISBN: 0708325521

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 8285

This book presents original ethnographic research into the connections between childcare, family lives and social policy in Wales.

Women and Citizenship in Britain and Ireland in the 20th Century

What Difference Did the Vote Make?

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Author: Esther Breitenbach,Pat Thane

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441149007

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7103

The continuing under-representation of women in political and public life remains a matter of concern across a wide range of countries, including the UK and Ireland. Within the UK it is a topical issue as political parties currently debate strategies, often controversial, which will increase women's representation. At the same time, devolution has ushered in significant change in the level of women's representation in Scotland and Wales and improved representation for women in Northern Ireland. That such increases in women's representation in political institutions have been slow in coming is indisputable, given that full enfranchisement of women on equal terms with men was achieved in Ireland in 1921 and in the UK in 1928.

Gender and Social Justice in Wales

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Author: N.A

Publisher: University of Wales Press

ISBN: 0708322697

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 8998

This book assesses how policies developed by the National Assembly for Wales are affecting gender inequalities and investigates whether they are having an impact on social justice for women in Wales. In 1999 the first elections to devolved governments took place in Scotland and Wales. In Wales this resulted in 40 per cent of Assembly Members being women. In 2003 this proportion increased to 50 per cent which makes the National Assembly for Wales 'the first legislative body with equal numbers of men and women in the world' ("The Guardian", 3/5/03). This new gender balance of political representatives is a significant change in the gendering of political institutions and this, together with the creation of a new tier of government, has the potential to create new opportunities for the development of social policies which address gender and other social inequalities. Focusing on distinct policy domains, this book explores gender politics in a devolved Wales. Each chapter investigates a particular aspect of social policy, exploring the way it has developed since devolution and the extent to which considerations of gender and social justice for women are central to this development. The empirical chapters which form the core of the book are situated theoretically and politically by the first chapter which discusses how gender and social justice can be theorised and explores devolution and its relation to gender politics in Wales.

Introducing Gender and Women's Studies

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Author: Victoria Robinson,Diane Richardson

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137310707

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 2952

The fourth edition of this classic, comprehensive and best-selling text on gender and women's studies marks over twenty years of engaging with the key issues and developments in gender and feminist theory. With fully revised chapters written by specialists across a range of core topics, including sexuality, work, the media, race, education, family, bodies, masculinity, methodologies, social movements and politics, this accessible but academically rigorous collection breaks down contemporary debates with helpful examples and questions, whilst also underlining the complexities and contradictions of this area of study. In particular, this new edition: • continues to reflect the shift from 'women's studies' to 'gender studies', incorporating masculinity studies throughout; • features new chapters on violence and the environment, reflecting continuing and more recent feminist concerns; • includes expanded discussion of intersectionality, international and transnational issues. Coinciding with an upsurge in new forms of feminist politics, this timely publication confirms the continuing relevance of gender and women's studies. It remains an indispensable resource for students, academics and anyone interested in this lively field.

Placing the Nation

Aberystwyth and the Reproduction of Welsh Nationalism

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Author: Rhys Jones,Carwyn Fowler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780708321379

Category: History

Page: 237

View: 5958

Rather than viewing nationalism as something that exists purely on a national scale, Placing the Nation examines how the importance of people embedded within particular places contributes to nationalism’s cultural reproduction. Articulating this theme by examining the contributions of Aberystwyth citizens to the reproduction of Welsh nationalism since the 1960s, this volume demonstrates how national discourses and practices are generated within specific locales and then communicated to the broader membership of the nation. This wide-ranging and rich account reenergizes both our geographical and social constructions of nationalism’s changing conceptions.

The Indian Parliament and Democratic Transformation

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Author: Ajay K. Mehra

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351259830

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 5867

This book traces the trajectory of the Indian Parliament from its formation to present day. The essays presented here explore parliamentary democracy through the formative years and highlight the Parliament’s function as a representative and accountable institution, its procedures and responsibility, its connection with the other arms of the state, its relationship with grassroots democracy and the press, and its critical role in framing foreign policy and national security. The volume frames major debates surrounding the Parliament through historical, conceptual and contemporary political perspectives. It also looks at how politics in practice is being continuously changed and challenged by new social media and further views the transformation of India’s apex legislative institution in terms of democratizing processes, constitutional values and changing mores. The book will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of Indian politics, history, comparative politics, political science and modern India.

Politics and the Environment

Risk and the Role of Government and Industry

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Author: Michael Howes,Griffith University,Australia,

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134034253

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7464

'An evenhanded, realistic and thoughtful approach to identifying environmental problems and management goals' Stephen Zavestoski, Assistant Professor of Sociology and Environmental Studies, University of San Francisco '...a theoretically advanced yet accessible treatment of environmental governance, drawing on an impressive range of material to investigate the roles of states and industries in addressing environmental problems.' Harriet Bulkeley, Department of Geography, University of Durham 'Written in the vein of critical optimism, this book is pitched at the right level to inspire people trying to make pragmatic changes to their governmental and industrial systems: trying to make a difference where it counts.' Timothy Doyle, Associate Professor in Geographical and Environmental Studies, University of Adelaide What is the future for our environment? We face serious risks of major industrial accidents and global environmental degradation, yet new technological developments promise a standard of living unimaginable only a few generations ago. Michael Howes outlines the ways in which governments have responded to environmental risk over the past four decades. He examines the key environmental issues and the claims of envirosceptics, offering a new strategy for making major administrative decisions in the face of uncertainty. He explains how governments have developed environmental policy, and the ongoing tensions between science, industry, the state, social movements, and electoral politics. In a clear, straightforward manner, he shows how to use the work of theorists Ulrich Beck, Michel Foucault and John Dryzek to analyse environmental policy. He also develops a new method of measuring the effectiveness of environmental governance in developed countries. Howes draws on a wide array of sources from business, government, environment groups, academic research, and NGOs to illustrate his arguments, with comparisons between the environmental policies of the UK, the USA and Australia.

Nation-Building and National Identity in Timor-Leste

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Author: Michael Leach

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131531164X

Category: HISTORY

Page: 276

View: 9445

Timor-Leste’s long journey to nationhood spans 450 years of colonial rule by Portugal, a short-lived independence in 1975, and a 24-year occupation by Indonesia. This book examines the history of nation-building and national identity in Timor-Leste, and the evolution of a collective identity through two consecutive colonial occupations, and into the post-independence era. It charts the evolution of the idea of an East Timorese nation: its origins, its sources, and its competitors in traditional understandings of political community, and the distinct colonial visions imposed by Portugal or Indonesia. The author analyses the evolution of ideas of collective identity under the long era of Portuguese colonial rule, and through the 24-year struggle for independence from Indonesia from 1975 to 1999. Reflecting the contested history of the territory, these include successive attempts to define its members as colonial subjects in a wider ‘pluri-racial’ Portuguese empire, as citizens in an ‘integrated’ province of the Republic of Indonesia – and, of course, as a nation that demanded its right to self-determination. Finally, the host of nation-building tensions and fault lines that emerged after the restoration of independence in 2002 are discussed. Examining the history of debates and conflict over national identity, national history, cultural heritage, language policy, and relationships between distinct regions, generations, and language groups, this book will be of interest to academics in the fields of Asian studies, nationalism studies, and international and community development.

New Challenges to Constitutional Adjudication in Europe

A Comparative Perspective

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Author: Zoltán Szente,Fruzsina Gárdos-Orosz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351674749

Category: Law

Page: 324

View: 3293

In the past few years, constitutional courts have been presented with new challenges. The world financial crisis, the new wave of terrorism, mass migration and other country-specific problems have had wide-ranging effects on the old and embedded constitutional standards and judicial constructions. This book examines how, if at all, these unprecedented social, economic and political problems have affected constitutional review in Europe. As the courts’ response must conform with EU law and in some cases international law, analysis extends to the related jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights. The collection adopts a common analytical structure to examine how the relevant challenges have been addressed in ten country specific case studies. Alongside these, constitutional experts frame the research within the theoretical understanding of the constitutional difficulties of the day in Europe. Finally, a comparative chapter examines the effects of multilevel constitutionalism and identifies general European trends. This book will be essential reading for academics and researchers working in the areas of constitutional law, comparative law and jurisprudence.

National Parliaments within the Enlarged European Union

From 'Victims' of Integration to Competitive Actors?

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Author: John O'Brennan,Tapio Raunio

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134149204

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 6825

This book presents a wide range of perspectives on the role of national parliaments in EU politics and policy-making. Many accounts of the role of national parliaments portray them as passive victims of European integration. This study instead examines their role within the EU policy-making process, looking at efforts to address perceived democratic and information ‘deficits'. Bringing together leading scholars in the fields of European studies, public policy analysis, and legislative research, this new volume provides: a thorough and wide-ranging synthetic analysis of the position of national parliaments within the EU policy-making structures a range of detailed country studies, including for the first time an analysis of the new member state parliaments in Central and Eastern Europe an analysis of the significant changes to the position of national parliaments brought about by the recent Convention process and the provisions of the EU’s Constitutional Treaty. Making an important contribution to an emerging comparative literature on the parliamentary dimension to EU public policy-making, National Parliaments within the Enlarged European Union will interest students and researchers in the fields of European integration, EU politics, and public policy analysis.

The Government and Politics of Wales

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Author: Russell Deacon

Publisher: EUP

ISBN: 9780748699735

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 3329

This new textbook explains Welsh devolution through the use of case studies, critical analysis and clear explanations of processes and terms. As the Welsh Assembly moves towards becoming a Welsh Parliament and the Welsh Government fashions a Welsh policy agenda, distinct from Westminster, students of British politics will learn how Welsh politics works in practice and how it is evolving.

Parliamentary Elites in Central and Eastern Europe

Recruitment and Representation

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Author: Elena Semenova,Michael Edinger,Heinrich Best

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317935322

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 3313

Legislators are entrusted with key parliamentary functions and are important figures in the decision-making process. Their behaviour as political elites is as much responsible for the failures and successes of the new democracies as their institutional designs and constitutional reforms. This book provides a comparative examination of representative elites and their role in democratic development in post-communist Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It argues that as the drivers of the transformation process in CEE, individual and collective parliamentary actors matter. The authors provide an in-depth analysis of representatives from eleven national parliaments and explore country-specific features of recruitment and representation. They draw on an integrated dataset of parliamentary elites for individual, party family, and parliamentary variables over the 20 years following the collapse of Communism and develop a common framework for the analysis of variations in democratisation and political professionalisation between parliaments and political parties/party families across CEE. This unique volume will be of interest to students and scholars of comparative politics, elite research, post-communist politics, democratisation, legislative studies, and parliamentary representation.

The Constitutional Value of Sunset Clauses

An historical and normative analysis

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Author: Antonios Emmanouil Kouroutakis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315454319

Category: Law

Page: 212

View: 3869

In recent years, sunset clauses have mostly been associated with emergency legislation introduced in the wake of terrorist attacks. However, as this book demonstrates, they have a long history and a substantial constitutional impact on the separation of powers and the rule of law. In addition, the constitutional value of such clauses is examined from certain neglected normative aspects pertaining to concepts such as deliberative and consensus democracy, parliamentary sovereignty and constitutional dialogue. The work is an amalgam of three perspectives: the historical, the positive and the normative. All three are intertwined and each subsequent part builds upon the findings of the previous one. The historical perspective investigates the historical development of sunset clauses since the first Parliaments in England. The positive perspective examines the legal effect and the contemporary utility of sunset clauses. Finally, the normative perspective analyses their interaction with several models of separation of powers, and their influence on the dialogue between various institutions as it values their impact on the rule of law, formal and substantive. The detailed examination of this topical subject will be a valuable resource for academics, researchers and policy makers.

Half a Century of British Politics

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Author: Lynton J. Robins,Bill Jones

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719048401

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 7681

This volume brings together leading authorities in political science to assess 50 years of British political life from 1947. Retreat from empire to Europe, with all the adjustments which this entailed, is explored along with the changing nature of politics at home. The withdrawal of the welfare state, the persistence of poverty, along with the changing role of the state in society, are examined in terms of changing ideas and definitions. Political leadership, the changing party system, developments in the political culture, the growth in pressure group activity and the rise of the mass media are dissected to reveal critical events, trends and processes. The growing crisis in the territorial dimension of the United, or Disunited, Kingdom is discussed. Finally the impact of the information technology revolution on the scope and operation of government is assessed along with the constant urge to reform government in search of a better way.

Gothic Britain

Dark Places in the Provinces and Margins of the British Isles

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Author: William Hughes,Ruth Heholt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781786832337

Category: Gothic fiction (Literary genre), English

Page: 272

View: 3686

Gothic Britain is a collection of twelve original essays, each of which considers how the stylistics of Gothic have been applied to the regions and borderlands of Great Britain. Covering works in several media which depict the marginal spaces of England, Scotland and Wales, as well as Cornwall and the Isle of Man, Gothic Britain will support students and researchers at all levels

The Popular Encyclopedia

Being a General Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature, Biography, History, and Political Economy, Reprinted from the American Edition of the 'Conversations Lexicon' ... with Dissertations on the Rise and Progress of Literature

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Author: Sir Daniel Keyte Sandford,Thomas Thomson,Allan Cunningham

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page: N.A

View: 1925