Cellular Automata And Complexity

Collected Papers

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Author: Stephen Wolfram

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429973721

Category: Mathematics

Page: 608

View: 2276

Are mathematical equations the best way to model nature? For many years it had been assumed that they were. But in the early 1980s, Stephen Wolfram made the radical proposal that one should instead build models that are based directly on simple computer programs. Wolfram made a detailed study of a class of such models known as cellular automata, and discovered a remarkable fact: that even when the underlying rules are very simple, the behaviour they produce can be highly complex, and can mimic many features of what we see in nature. And based on this result, Wolfram began a program of research to develop what he called A Science of Complexity."The results of Wolfram's work found many applications, from the so-called Wolfram Classification central to fields such as artificial life, to new ideas about cryptography and fluid dynamics. This book is a collection of Wolfram's original papers on cellular automata and complexity. Some of these papers are widely known in the scientific community others have never been published before. Together, the papers provide a highly readable account of what has become a major new field of science, with important implications for physics, biology, economics, computer science and many other areas.

Pixelspiele

Modellieren und Simulieren mit zellulären Automaten

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Author: Daniel Scholz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642451314

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 3721

Zelluläre Automaten bieten eine einfache aber weitreichende Möglichkeit zur diskreten Modellierung und Simulation komplexer Sachverhalte. Die grundlegende Idee dabei ist es, auf einem Spielfeld eine große Anzahl von Spielern wie Figuren, Teilchen, Elemente, Tiere oder Ähnliches zu simulieren, die sich alle nach exakt identischen Regeln verhalten, aber nur mit einer kleinen Anzahl von Spielern aus ihrer Nachbarschaft interagieren. Im vorliegenden Buch werden unterschiedliche Modelle zum Beispiel aus der Populationsdynamik, der Reaktionskinetik, dem Verkehrswesen oder der Strömungsmechanik vorgestellt, wobei alle Kapitel je nach Interesse unabhängig voneinander studiert werden können. Weiterhin werden alle Beispiele durch zahlreiche Abbildungen ergänzt, sodass die Modelle so einfach wie möglich und ohne Vorkenntnisse verstanden sowie reproduziert werden können.

Cellular Automata

A Discrete Universe

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Author: Andrew Ilachinski

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812381835

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 808

View: 3895

Cellular automata are a class of spatially and temporally discrete mathematical systems characterized by local interaction and synchronous dynamical evolution. Introduced by the mathematician John von Neumann in the 1950s as simple models of biological self-reproduction, they are prototypical models for complex systems and processes consisting of a large number of simple, homogeneous, locally interacting components. Cellular automata have been the focus of great attention over the years because of their ability to generate a rich spectrum of very complex patterns of behavior out of sets of relatively simple underlying rules. Moreover, they appear to capture many essential features of complex self-organizing cooperative behavior observed in real systems.This book provides a summary of the basic properties of cellular automata, and explores in depth many important cellular-automata-related research areas, including artificial life, chaos, emergence, fractals, nonlinear dynamics, and self-organization. It also presents a broad review of the speculative proposition that cellular automata may eventually prove to be theoretical harbingers of a fundamentally new information-based, discrete physics. Designed to be accessible at the junior/senior undergraduate level and above, the book will be of interest to all students, researchers, and professionals wanting to learn about order, chaos, and the emergence of complexity. It contains an extensive bibliography and provides a listing of cellular automata resources available on the World Wide Web.

Cellular Automata

9th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2010, Ascoli Piceno, Italy, September 21-24, 2010, Proceedings

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Author: Stefania Bandini,Sara Manzoni,Hiroshi Umeo,Giuseppe Vizzari

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642159796

Category: Computers

Page: 672

View: 3372

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2010, held in Ascoli Piceno, Italy, in September 2010. The first part of the volume contains 39 revised papers that were carefully reviewed and selected from the main conference; they are organized according to six main topics: theoretical results on cellular automata, modeling and simulation with cellular automata, CA dynamics, control and synchronization, codes and cryptography with cellular automata, cellular automata and networks, as well as CA-based hardware. The second part of the volume comprises 35 revised papers dedicated to contributions presented during ACRI 2010 workshops on theoretical advances, specifically asynchronous cellular automata, and challenging application contexts for cellular automata: crowds and CA, traffic and CA, and the international workshop of natural computing.

Hydrodynamic Limits and Related Topics

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Author: Shui Feng,Anna T. Lawniczak,S. R. S. Varadhan

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821871331

Category: Science

Page: 141

View: 7372

This book presents the lecture notes and articles from the workshop on hydrodynamic limits held at The Fields Institute (Toronto). The first part of the book contains the notes from the mini-course given by Professor S. R. S. Varadhan. The second part contains research articles reviewing the diverse progress in the study of hydrodynamic limits and related areas. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the theory and its techniques, including entropy and relative entropy methods, large deviation estimates, and techniques in nongradient systems. This book, especially the lectures of Part I, could be used as a text for an advanced graduate course in hydrodynamic limits and interacting particle systems.

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 5218

Gewinnen Strategien für mathematische Spiele

Band 4 Solitairspiele

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Author: Elwyn R. Berlekamp,John H. Conway,Richard K. Guy

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322831736

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 159

View: 1413

Der vierte Band ,,Solitairspiele" behandelt Ein-Personen-Spiele mit Ausnahme von Schach, Go etc. Ein Hauptteil ist dem berühmten ,,Game of Life" gewidmet.

Classical Cellular Automata. Homogeneous Structures

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Author: V. Z. Aladjev

Publisher: Fultus Corporation

ISBN: 1596822228

Category:

Page: 480

View: 1747

Book on cellular automata (CA) considers such questions as nonconstructible configurations, extremal possibilities of CA, complexity of finite configurations and global transition functions, modeling in CA, decomposition of global transition functions, appendices of CA, etc.

Cellular Automata

Theory and Experiment

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Author: Howard Gutowitz

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262570862

Category: Science

Page: 483

View: 8904

The thirty four contributions in this book cover many aspects of contemporary studies on cellular automata and include reviews, research reports, and guides to recent literature and available software.

National Workshop on Nonlinear Dynamics

Pavullo nel Frignano, Modena : 19-22 May 1994

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Author: M. Costato,Antonio Degasperis,M. Milani

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788877940704

Category: Science

Page: 299

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Functional photonic integrated circuits

9-10 February 1995, San Jose, California

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Author: Mario N. Armenise,Ka-Kha Wong,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 228

View: 8336

Computational Science - ICCS 2006

6th International Conference, Reading, UK, May 28-31, 2006, Proceedings

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Author: Vassil N. Alexandrov,G. Dick van Albada,Peter M.A. Sloot,J. J. Dongarra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540343830

Category: Computers

Page: 1136

View: 3768

The four-volume set LNCS 3991-3994 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Computational Science, ICCS 2006, held in Reading, UK, in May 2006. The main conference and its 32 topical workshops attracted over 1400 submissions. The 98 revised full papers and 29 revised poster papers of the main track presented together with 500 accepted workshop papers were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the four volumes. The papers span the whole range of computational science, with focus on the following major themes: tackling grand challenges problems; modelling and simulations of complex systems; scalable algorithms and tools and environments for computational science. Of particular interest were the following major recent developments in novel methods and modelling of complex systems for diverse areas of science, scalable scientific algorithms, advanced software tools, computational grids, advanced numerical methods, and novel application areas where the above novel models, algorithms and tools can be efficiently applied such as physical systems, computational and systems biology, environmental systems, finance, and others.

2001 - Odyssee im Weltraum

Roman

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Author: Arthur C. Clarke

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641116805

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 6945

Eine Reise in die Unendlichkeit Zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts entdecken irdische Raumfahrer, die auf dem Mond eine Basis errichten, in einem Krater ein uraltes Artefakt: Einen schwarzen Monolithen, der Signale ins All sendet. Eine Forschungsexpedition an Bord des Raumschiffes Discovery, dessen Funktionen komplett von HAL 9000, einem Supercomputer, gesteuert wird, macht sich auf den Weg, um das Rätsel zu lösen. Doch während des langes Fluges kommt es zu einem offenen Kampf zwischen HAL und der menschlichen Besatzung - und auf den Sieger wartet das Tor zur Unendlichkeit.

Messer, Gabel, Reissverschluss

Die Evolution der Gebrauchsgegenstände

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Author: Henry Petroski

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034861893

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 342

View: 1536

Systematic Design for Emergence in Cellular Nonlinear Networks

With Applications in Natural Computing and Signal Processing-

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Author: Radu Dogaru

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540768009

Category: Computers

Page: 166

View: 2142

In this insightful work, Dogaru proposes a systematic framework for measuring emergence and a systematic design method to locate computationally meaningful genes in a reasonable computing time. Programs and application examples are provided so that the reader may easily understand the new concepts and develop her own specific experiments. The book’s approachability recommends it to a large audience including specialists from various interdisciplinary fields.