What works

Wie Verhaltensdesign die Gleichstellung revolutionieren kann

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Author: Iris Bohnet

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406712290

Category: Social Science

Page: 381

View: 542

Die fünf besten amerikanischen Orchester hatten jahrzehntelang einen Frauenanteil von insgesamt 5 Prozent. Beim Vorspielen vor den männlichen Jurys fielen die Kandidatinnen regelmäßig durch. Offenbar sind Frauen die schlechteren Musiker. Oder doch nicht? Als eine der Jurys nicht mehr sehen konnte, ob ein Mann oder eine Frau spielte, stieg die Quote plötzlich dramatisch an. Alles, was es dazu brauchte, war ein Vorhang. Bei der Einstellung, bei der Beförderung, beim Gehalt – überall werden Frauen massiv benachteiligt. Die Harvard-Professorin Iris Bohnet zeigt in ihrem brillanten Buch What works, dass die Ursache dafür oft verzerrte Wahrnehmungen sind, die unsere Entscheidungen auch dann beeinflussen, wenn wir fest glauben, dass wir ganz objektiv sind. So wie die Jury überzeugt war, dass sie lediglich die musikalische Leistung bewertet. Die Antwort auf dieses Dilemma liegt nicht in der Anpassung der Frauen an männliche Verhaltensmuster oder im Appell an unsere Objektivität. Wir können unsere Wahrnehmung nicht überlisten. Aber wir können mehr Vorhänge aufhängen und die Spielregeln ändern. Das ist die revolutionäre Botschaft von What works.

What Works – Welches Wissen braucht die Soziale Arbeit?

Zum Konzept evidenzbasierter Praxis

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Author: Hans-Uwe Otto,Andreas Polutta,Holger Ziegler

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3866496605

Category: Education

Page: 268

View: 6520

Der Band diskutiert Möglichkeiten und Grenzen eines neuen Ansatzes für die Soziale Arbeit, die „evidenzbasierte Praxis“. Eine Neuausrichtung Sozialer Arbeit auf der Basis wissenschaftlich nachweisbarer Wirksamkeitskriterien, wie sie mit dem Modell einer „evidenzbasierten Praxis“ einhergeht, gewinnt auch in der Bundesrepublik zunehmend an Bedeutung. International führende ExpertInnen erörtern in diesem Band die Grundlagen dieses Paradigmenwechsels und führen systematisch in die fachlich heftig umstrittene Debatte ein. Aus dem Inhalt: Wissen und Professionalität Evidenzbasierte Praxis und Wirkungsorientierte Forschung Eine neue Soziale Arbeit? Beiträge von: Heinz-Jürgen Dahme, Bernd Dewe, Daniel Gredig, Axel Groenemeyer, Fabian Kessl, Heinz Kindler, Thomas Klatetzki, Alexandra Klein, Heinz-Günter Micheel, Ed Mullen, Andreas Polutta, Enola Proctor, Aaron Rosen, Andreas Scharrschuch, Christoph M. Schmidt, Stefan Schnurr, Mark Schrödter, Peter Sommerfeld, Haluk Soydan, Stephen Webb, Wolf-Rainer Wendt, Norbert Wohlfahrt

Does 'What works' work? Bildungspolitik, Bildungsadministration und Bildungsforschung im Dialog

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Author: Kerstin Drossel,Birgit Eickelmann

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830987838

Category: Education

Page: 344

View: 9201

Seit den 1990er Jahren werden im Zuge des Paradigmenwechsels von der Input- zur Outputsteuerung Reformen im Schul- und Bildungsbereich in Deutschland aus der Perspektive der Evidenzbasierung diskutiert. So soll gewährleistet werden, dass bildungsbezogene Reformen auf der Basis empirischer Daten - und nicht auf Grund ideologischer oder politischer Ansichten - erfolgen. Um die dafür erforderlichen Daten zu generieren, hat die Bildungsforschung seit dem Paradigmenwechsel eine Expansion erlebt und Bildungsforschung, Bildungspolitik und Bildungsadministration nähern sich einander an. Inwiefern diese Entwicklungen rückblickend auf fast 30 Jahre der evidenzbasierten Steuerung tatsächlich zu Verbesserungen im Bildungswesen beitragen und wie sich der Dialog und die Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Akteuren ausgestaltet, wurde im Rahmen der Herbsttagung 2016 der Kommission Bildungsplanung, Bildungsorganisation und Bildungsrecht (KBBB) in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Erziehungswissenschaft thematisiert.

What Works in Tackling Health Inequalities?

Pathways, Policies and Practice Through the Lifecourse

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Author: Sheena Asthana,Dr. Joyce Halliday

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781861346742

Category: Medical

Page: 612

View: 3959

Establishing what works in health inequalities policy, how and why, this book gives evidence of key targets for intervention through a detailed exploration of lifetime pathways and processes that are found to give rise to health inequalities.

What Works in Development?

Thinking Big and Thinking Small

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Author: Jessica Cohen,William Easterly

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815704195

Category: Social Science

Page: 245

View: 3781

What Works in Development? brings together leading experts to address one of the most basic yet vexing issues in development: what do we really know about what works— and what doesn't—in fighting global poverty? The contributors, including many of the world's most respected economic development analysts, focus on the ongoing debate over which paths to development truly maximize results. Should we emphasize a big-picture approach—focusing on the role of institutions, macroeconomic policies, growth strategies, and other country-level factors? Or is a more grassroots approach the way to go, with the focus on particular microeconomic interventions such as conditional cash transfers, bed nets, and other microlevel improvements in service delivery on the ground? The book attempts to find a consensus on which approach is likely to be more effective. Contributors include Nana Ashraf (Harvard Business School), Abhijit Banerjee (MIT), Nancy Birdsall (Center for Global Development), Anne Case (Princeton University), Jessica Cohen (Brookings),William Easterly (NYU and Brookings),Alaka Halla (Innovations for Poverty Action), Ricardo Hausman (Harvard University), Simon Johnson (MIT), Peter Klenow (Stanford University), Michael Kremer (Harvard), Ross Levine (Brown University), Sendhil Mullainathan (Harvard), Ben Olken (MIT), Lant Pritchett (Harvard), Martin Ravallion (World Bank), Dani Rodrik (Harvard), Paul Romer (Stanford University), and DavidWeil (Brown).

What Works when with Children and Adolescents

A Handbook of Individual Counseling Techniques

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Author: Ann Vernon

Publisher: Research Press

ISBN: 9780878224388

Category: Psychology

Page: 329

View: 7894

Designed for counselors, school psychologists and others, this practical handbook offers creative, useful interventions for problems children and adolescents commonly experience.

Educational Research: Why 'What Works' Doesn't Work

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Author: Paul Smeyers,Marc Depaepe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402053088

Category: Education

Page: 196

View: 8755

In this book distinguished philosophers and historians of education from six countries focus on the problematical nature of the search for ‘what works’ in educational contexts, in practice as well as in theory. Beginning with specific problems, they move on to more general and theoretical considerations, seeking to go beyond simplistic notions of cause and effect and the rhetoric of performativity that currently grips educational thinking.

Knowing What Works in Health Care

A Roadmap for the Nation

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Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Reviewing Evidence to Identify Highly Effective Clinical Services

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309134194

Category: Medical

Page: 278

View: 3383

There is currently heightened interest in optimizing health care through the generation of new knowledge on the effectiveness of health care services. The United States must substantially strengthen its capacity for assessing evidence on what is known and not known about "what works" in health care. Even the most sophisticated clinicians and consumers struggle to learn which care is appropriate and under what circumstances. Knowing What Works in Health Care looks at the three fundamental health care issues in the United States--setting priorities for evidence assessment, assessing evidence (systematic review), and developing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines--and how each of these contributes to the end goal of effective, practical health care systems. This book provides an overall vision and roadmap for improving how the nation uses scientific evidence to identify the most effective clinical services. Knowing What Works in Health Care gives private and public sector firms, consumers, health care professionals, benefit administrators, and others the authoritative, independent information required for making essential informed health care decisions.

Drug Abuse Prevention What Works

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Author: Karol L. Kumpeer

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788173677

Category:

Page: 91

View: 2190

Provides an overview of the theory and research on which community-based substance abuse prevention programs are based. Intended for use by prevention practitioners who vary in training and experience in the field but who are interested in developing prevention programs in their communities. Includes a definition of prevention, descriptions of substance abuse risk and protective factors and a discussion of the key features of three prevention strategies -- universal, selective, and indicated -- that have proven effective. Also explains how prevention efforts can be strengthened by using knowledge gained through research.

What Works in Corrections

Reducing the Criminal Activities of Offenders and Deliquents

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Author: Doris Layton MacKenzie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139451472

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 352

What Works in Corrections, first published in 2006, examines the impact of correctional interventions, management policies, treatment and rehabilitation programs on the recidivism of offenders and delinquents. The book reviews different strategies for reducing recidivism and describes how the evidence for effectiveness is assessed. Thousands of studies were examined in order to identify those of sufficient scientific rigor to enable conclusions to be drawn about the impact of various interventions, policies and programs on recidivism. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were performed to further examine these results. This book assesses the relative effectiveness of rehabilitation programs (e.g., education, life skills, employment, cognitive behavioral), treatment for different types of offenders (e.g. sex offenders, batterers, juveniles), management and treatment of drug-involved offenders (e.g., drug courts, therapeutic communities, outpatient drug treatment) and punishment, control and surveillance interventions (boot camps, intensive supervision, electronic monitoring). Through her extensive research, MacKenzie illustrates which of these programs are most effective and why.

More what Works when with Children and Adolescents

A Handbook of Individual Counseling Techniques

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Author: Ann Vernon

Publisher: Research Press

ISBN: 9780878226146

Category: Education

Page: 365

View: 934

This companion manual to What Works When with Children and Adolescents provides additional counseling strategies, expanded coverage of developmental applications, and over 80 new interventions. The book addresses disorders such as anxiety, depression, stress, grief, low frustration tolerance, anger, bullying, and acting out. It also covers self-defeating behaviors such as self-injury, eating disorders, substance abuse, and suicidal behavior. The accompanying CD includes printable worksheets and student handouts.

What Works: Training & Development

Leadership Development, Conflict Management, Diversity Training, Technology Training, Behavioral Modeling

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Author: Laurie Jo Bassi,Darlene F. Russ-Eft,American Society for Training and Development

Publisher: American Society for Training and Development

ISBN: 9781562860752

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 152

View: 5145

Five areas in the HRD Field are critically reviewed: leadership development, conflict management, diversity training, learning technologies, and behavior modeling/modification.

What Works!

Successful Strategies for Middle Childhood Generalists Pursuing National Board Certification

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Author: Bobbie Faulkner

Publisher: R&L Education

ISBN: 1475800312

Category: Education

Page: 112

View: 6834

WHAT WORKS! will guide Middle Childhood Generalists through the maze of requirements and prompts found in the four portfolio entries and prepare them for the Assessment Center Exercises. This is the go-to resource for Middle Childhood Generalists.

What Works in Therapeutic Prisons

Evaluating Psychological Change in Dovegate Therapeutic Community

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Author: J. Brown,S. Miller,S. Northey,D. O'Neill

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137306211

Category: Social Science

Page: 283

View: 901

Exploring the first purpose-built prison community of its kind, the HMP Dovegate Therapeutic Community, this book provides the most comprehensive coverage of this research to date, following the progress of individual prisoners' through therapy and highlighting the key essentials for prisoners to address their motivations and criminal behaviour.

What Works

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Author: Robert Cornish,Wil Seabrook

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118412028

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 7355

Two weeks into a recession, business partners Robert Cornish and Wil Seabrook started their company with two people, two laptops, a handshake, and an idea. They ignored the conventional wisdom that was burying their industry and forged their own path. Their mantra? "Do What Works." Only three years later, the company, Richter10.2 Media Group, attained million dollar revenues and over 300 percent growth in one year. Today, it is one of the fastest growing small businesses in America with more than fifty employees, and debt-free, having never borrowed a penny. What Works is the blueprint to Richter's success. Now more than ever, the old models of how to start, promote, and run a successful business are no longer viable. What Works delivers real, applicable knowledge that will help you to grow your business and create the outcomes that you're striving for. What Works offers critical advice such as: Know Your Public: Focus all sales and marketing efforts only on companies and people that fit the audience you defined in the profile, which will dramatically drive growth as you direct your efforts to the people most likely to do business with you Measure by week and manage by week: Avoid catastrophes that would be hard to correct if you only measure quarterly Say No and Walk Away: Focus on distilling the deals that don't fully align with your goals, purposes, and policies And much more! What Works offers the opportunity to learn how a couple of successful entrepreneurs did it themselves. Gain an edge by getting inside information that you can put into action today. No fluff, no filler. Only what works.

What Works?

Better Policies and Practices for a Better Pacific

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Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292547364

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 37

View: 7242

There is now quite a widespread view in the Pacific that development policy and practice have not yielded adequately robust results. Governments, regional institutions such as the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, and development partners have been trying to find more effective ways to deliver assistance, including helping to strengthen policy and institutional settings. Recent country performance and institutional assessments undertaken by the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank provide some very valuable insights. These assessments are based on a common questionnaire that in turn is based on international development experience and theory. Some "good practices" hold promise and ought to be considered by Pacific governments, regional institutions, and development partners assisting those governments. This policy brief summarizes the practices that appear to have worked. Each Pacific developing member country should apply these practices to their unique social, political, and economic situation. The practices also provide the basis for discussion and improved understanding of alternative---and hopefully better---policies.

What Works?

Evaluating Interfaith Dialogue Programs

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Author: Renee Garfinkel

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437904114

Category:

Page: 12

View: 6669

What Works in Offender Rehabilitation

An Evidence-Based Approach to Assessment and Treatment

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Author: Leam A. Craig,Theresa A. Gannon,Louise Dixon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118328930

Category: Psychology

Page: 504

View: 1331

This comprehensive volume summarizes the contemporary evidencebase for offender assessment and rehabilitation, evaluatingcommonly used assessment frameworks and intervention strategies ina complete guide to best practice when working with a variety ofoffenders. Presents an up-to-date review of ‘what works’in offer assessment and rehabilitation, along with discussion ofcontemporary attitudes and translating theory into practice Includes assessment and treatment for different offender typesacross a range of settings Internationally renowned contributors include James McGuire,James Bonta, Clive Hollin, Anthony Beech, Tony Ward, WilliamLindsay, Karl Hanson, Ray Novaco and William Marshall

Learning What Works

Infrastructure Required for Comparative Effectiveness Research: Workshop Summary

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Author: Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309224993

Category: Medical

Page: 610

View: 5734

It is essential for patients and clinicians to have the resources needed to make informed, collaborative care decisions. Despite this need, only a small fraction of health-related expenditures in the United States have been devoted to comparative effectiveness research (CER). To improve the effectiveness and value of the care delivered, the nation needs to build its capacity for ongoing study and monitoring of the relative effectiveness of clinical interventions and care processes through expanded trials and studies, systematic reviews, innovative research strategies, and clinical registries, as well as improving its ability to apply what is learned from such study through the translation and provision of information and decision support. As part of its Learning Health System series of workshops, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Roundtable on Value & Science-Driven Health Care hosted a workshop to discuss capacity priorities to build the evidence base necessary for care that is more effective and delivers higher value for patients. Learning What Works summarizes the proceedings of the seventh workshop in the Learning Health System series. This workshop focused on the infrastructure needs--including methods, coordination capacities, data resources and linkages, and workforce--for developing an expanded and efficient national capacity for CER. Learning What Works also assesses the current and needed capacity to expand and improve this work, and identifies priority next steps. Learning What Works is a valuable resource for health care professionals, as well as health care policy makers.