Welfare Reform in Rural Places

Comparative Perspectives


Author: Paul Milbourne,Terry Marsden

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1849509182

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 5884

Intends to significantly extend previous research work on the rural impacts of national welfare reform and position it in a broader context. This title provides a comprehensive and comparative account of the rural dimensions of welfare in a number of developed countries.

Poverty in America

A Handbook


Author: John Iceland

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520956796

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 6706

The United States is among the most affluent nations in the world and has its largest economy; nevertheless, it has more poverty than most countries with similar standards of living. Growing income inequality and the Great Recession have made the problem worse. In this thoroughly revised edition of Poverty in America, Iceland takes a new look at this issue by examining why poverty remains pervasive, what it means to be poor in America today, which groups are most likely to be poor, the root causes of poverty, and the effects of policy on poverty. This new edition also includes completely updated data and extended discussions of poverty in the context of the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street movements as well as new chapters on the Great Recession and global poverty. In doing so this book provides the most recent information available on patterns and trends in poverty and engages in an open and accessible manner in current critical debates.

Welfare, Work, and Poverty

Social Assistance in China


Author: Qin Gao

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190682124

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 5735

Welfare, Work, and Poverty provides the first systematic and comprehensive evaluation of the impacts and effectiveness of China's primary social assistance program -- Minimum Livelihood Guarantee, or Dibao -- since its inception in 1993. Dibao serves the dual function of providing a basic safety net for the poor and maintaining social and political stability. Despite currently being the world's largest welfare program in terms of population coverage, evidence on Dibao's performance has been lacking. This book offers important new empirical evidence and draws policy lessons that are timely and useful for both China and beyond. Specifically, author Qin Gao addresses the following questions: · How effective has Dibao been in targeting the poor and alleviating poverty? · Have the Dibao recipients been dependent on welfare or able to move from welfare to work? · How has Dibao affected recipients' consumption patterns and subjective well-being? · Do they use the Dibao subsidy to meet survival needs (such as food, clothing, and shelter) or invest in human capital (such as health and education)? · Are they distressed by the stigma associated with receiving Dibao or do they become more optimistic about future and enjoy greater life satisfaction because of the Dibao support? · And finally, what policy lessons can we learn from the existing evidence in order to strengthen and improve Dibao in the future? Answers to these questions not only help us gain an in-depth understanding of Dibao's performance, but also add the Chinese case to the growing international literature on comparative welfare studies. Welfare, Work, and Poverty is essential reading for political scientists, economists, sociologists, public policy researchers, and social workers interested in learning about and understanding contemporary China.

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology


Author: Edwin Amenta,Kate Nash,Alan Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355074

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 2987

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology is a complete reference guide, reflecting the scope and quality of the discipline, and highlighting emerging topics in the field. Global in focus, offering up-to-date topics from an interdisciplinary, international set of scholars addressing key issues concerning globalization, social movements, and citizenship The majority of chapters are new, including those on environmental politics, international terrorism, security, corruption, and human rights Revises and updates all previously published chapters to include new themes and topics in political sociology Provides an overview of scholarship in the field, with chapters working independently and collectively to examine the full range of contributions to political sociology Offers a challenging yet accessible and complete reference guide for students and scholars

Appalachian Legacy

Economic Opportunity After the War on Poverty


Author: James Patrick Ziliak

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815722141

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 6668

In 1964 President Lyndon Johnson traveled to Kentucky's Martin County to declare war on poverty. The following year he signed the Appalachian Regional Development Act,creating a state-federal partnership to improve the region's economic prospects through better job opportunities, improved human capital, and enhanced transportation. As the focal point of domestic antipoverty efforts, Appalachia took on special symbolic as well as economic importance. Nearly half a century later, what are the results? Appalachian Legacy provides the answers. Led by James P. Ziliak, prominent economists and demographers map out the region's current status. They explore important questions, including how has Appalachia fared since the signing of ARDA in 1965? How does it now compare to the nation as a whole in key categories such as education, employment, and health? Was ARDA an effective place-based policy for ameliorating hardship in a troubled region, or is Appalachia stillmired in a poverty trap? And what lessons can we draw from the Appalachian experience? In addition to providing the reports of important research to help analysts, policymakers, scholars, and regional experts discern what works in fighting poverty, Appalachian Legacy is an important contribution to the economic history of the eastern United States.

American Poverty in a New Era of Reform


Author: Harrell R. Rodgers

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765606266

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 5817

The U.S. poverty rate today is about 13.3 percent. This modest statistic translates to some 35 million people -- greater than the total population of California, almost twice the population of Texas. Clearly, American society has a stake in assisting as many of the poor as possible to become self-reliant, secure, and economically productive. This was the goal of the most comprehensive major public policy change in recent American history, the welfare reform plan enacted in August 1996. In this book Harrell Rodgers offers a carefully documented assessment of poverty in America and the initial impacts of welfare reform -- which, fortunately, has been implemented during a period of economic expansion and low unemployment. He also underscores the importance of backing up welfare reform with policies that support families' efforts to make genuine, sustainable, long-term improvements in their lives and the prospects of their children.

America's Poor and the Great Recession


Author: Kristin S. Seefeldt,John David Graham,Gordon Abner

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253009677

Category: Political Science

Page: 158

View: 8796

Millions have entered poverty as a result of the Great Recession's terrible toll of long-term unemployment. Kristin S. Seefeldt and John D. Graham examine recent trends in poverty and assess the performance of America's "safety net" programs. They consider likely scenarios for future developments and conclude that the well-being of low-income Americans, particularly the working poor, the near poor, and the new poor, is at substantial risk despite economic recovery.

Early Care and Education for Children in Poverty

Promises, Programs, and Long-Term Results


Author: W. Steven Barnett,Sarane Spence Boocock

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791495817

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 8185

Establishes the power of early care and education to change children's lives, particularly children in poverty.

Families, Poverty, and Welfare Reform

Confronting a New Policy Era


Author: Lawrence B. Joseph

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780962675553

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 7916

Can welfare encourage self-sufficiency, or does it merely foster ongoing dependence on the system? What hope can be placed in welfare reform? This essential volume combines essays by prominent public policy scholars with comments by social project directors who speak from their experience in the field. Essays include critical assessments of the effects of poverty on children and families, policies to reduce dependency on welfare, and welfare reform, as well as a more specific look at welfare reform in the state of Illinois.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society


Author: Richard T. Schaefer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412926947

Category: Social Science

Page: 1622

View: 492

This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

From Welfare to Workfare

The Unintended Consequences of Liberal Reform, 1945-1965


Author: Jennifer Mittelstadt

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807876435

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 8786

In 1996, Democratic president Bill Clinton and the Republican-controlled Congress "ended welfare as we know it" and trumpeted "workfare" as a dramatic break from the past. But, in fact, workfare was not new. Jennifer Mittelstadt locates the roots of the 1996 welfare reform many decades in the past, arguing that women, work, and welfare were intertwined concerns of the liberal welfare state beginning just after World War II. Mittelstadt examines the dramatic reform of Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) from the 1940s through the 1960s, demonstrating that in this often misunderstood period, national policy makers did not overlook issues of poverty, race, and women's role in society. Liberals' public debates and disagreements over welfare, however, caused unintended consequences, she argues, including a shift toward conservatism. Rather than leaving ADC as an income support program for needy mothers, reformers recast it as a social services program aimed at "rehabilitating" women from "dependence" on welfare to "independence," largely by encouraging them to work. Mittelstadt reconstructs the ideology, implementation, and consequences of rehabilitation, probing beneath its surface to reveal gendered and racialized assumptions about the welfare poor and broader societal concerns about poverty, race, family structure, and women's employment.

Poverty, Welfare and the Disciplinary State


Author: Chris Jones,Antony Kamm,Tony Novak

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415182898

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 7155

A forward-looking appraisal of the welfare state which examines issues such as poverty in Britain, demonisation of the poor in areas of social policy and other related topics.

Praxis for the Poor

Piven and Cloward and the Future of Social Science in Social Welfare


Author: Sanford Schram

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814798171

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 2891

Richard Cloward and Frances Fox Pivin stand as models of politically engaged academics. In this compelling new book, the author examines the careers of Piven and Colward, along with nineteenth century feminist social reformer Jane Addams, to suggest--and demonstrate--how a more politically-active scholarship can contribute to struggles for social justice.

Escape from Poverty

What Makes a Difference for Children?


Author: P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale,Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521629850

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 6602

Escape from Poverty addresses the recent increase of child poverty within the USA and suggests specific modes of change.

Long-Term Government Funded Programs

A Study of Their Impact on Poverty in the United States


Author: Rogette Harris

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1581123205

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 154

View: 9901

Several policymakers, public administrators, the media, and others have celebrated the "success" of the latest anti-poverty policy reforms. Is success a type of economic form or an assessment of the quality of one s life? Success is often defined in some type of economic form, even though it does not always provide a true sense of the effect of policy changes. Assessing the human impact of policy change requires more. It requires knowing about the resources of beneficiaries of social services and their conditions of life from various perspectives; therefore, we must strive to understand the socio-cultural aspects of people s lives that create the whole person, which evaluates one s quality of life. This study examines long-term government funded social programs. More significantly, it answers the question: Have long-term anti-poverty policies alleviated poverty in the U.S.' This study also outlines poverty s major root causes, current strategies, and presents a brief historical background on poverty in the United States. Both qualitative and quantitative data were used for this study compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau and other affiliated agencies. Library resources included electronic and computer database searches. Policy analysis research studies from Democrat, Republican, and Independent Think Tanks, economists, and scholars were assessed. The main research question is: What is the impact of long-term anti-poverty policies in the United States? The sub-questions are: What are major historical perspectives and arguments on government funded anti-poverty policies? What are the major root causes of poverty in the United States? What is the relationship between the economy and government, and does it result in income disparity? What are major anti-poverty strategies implemented to decrease U.S. poverty? When the U.S. government waged war on poverty in the 1960s, poverty was defined by income. Therefore, the obvious solution was to correct the income shortfall. This brings us to an equation seen throughout this study: POVERTY + MORE MONEY = RELIEF. Decades of research and experience with antipoverty programs have made it clear that poverty involves more complex, interrelated and sometimes-intractable socioeconomic, family, and individual issues; in addition, putting millions of dollars into long-term government funded programs is not the absolute solution. In reality, this money put into social programs have in many ways led to more poverty, as well as state and federal deficits. John F. Kennedy once stated in the early 1960s: Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country." The more long-term social programs are increased, the more chances generations of Americans will continue to be trapped in a continuous cycle of becoming more needy, dependent, and poor, which does not help the individual, their family, the American public, and certainly not the United States economy.

Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform


Author: Bruce A. Weber,Greg J. Duncan,Leslie A. Whitener

Publisher: W.E. Upjohn Institute

ISBN: 0880992409

Category: Political Science

Page: 499

View: 3982

This volume presents the first comprehensive look at how welfare reforms enacted in 1996 are affecting caseloads, employment, earnings, and family well-being in rural areas.

The Promise of Welfare Reform

Political Rhetoric and the Reality of Poverty in the Twenty-First Century


Author: Elizabeth Segal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136748938

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 6571

Find out how—and why—legislation has made economic rights more important than human rights Since 1996, politicians and public officials in the United States have celebrated the “success” of welfare reform legislation despite little, if any, evidence to support their claims. The Promise of Welfare Reform: Political Rhetoric and the Reality of Poverty in the Twenty-First Century presents articles from 23 community practitioners and researchers who challenge the “reform” that has turned public aid from a right to a privilege. The authors transcend conventional academic writing, offering careful and thoughtful analysis that examines the history of welfare reform, its connection to poverty, family issues, and the impact of racism on poverty and on the treatment of the poor. The Promise of Welfare Reform analyzes the consequences over the past ten years of legislative changes made to the public assistance program formerly known as Aid to Families with Dependant Children (AFDC). This powerful book examines the social, political, and economic context of welfare reform, including the elimination of poverty as a societal goal, how racial and ethic groups have been targeted, popular stereotypes about the poor and their work ethic, anti-immigrant hostility, the struggles of single mothers with children, domestic violence, and marriage as a realistic escape from poverty. The book’s authors address the need for empathy and understanding to change public sentiments about welfare and poverty. Contributors to The Promise of Welfare Reform include: Elizabeth A. Segal and Keith M. Kilty, co-founding editors of the Journal of Poverty (Haworth) Frances Fox Piven, co-author of Regulating the Poor: The Functions of Public Welfare Ann Withorn, co-editor of For Crying Out Loud: Women’s Poverty in the United States Mimi Abramovitz, author of Under Attack, Fighting Back: Women and Welfare in the United States Joel Blau, co-author with Mimi Abramovitz of The Dynamics of Social Welfare Policy Margaret K. Nelson, author of The Social Economy of Single Mothers: Raising Children in Rural America Gwendolyn Mink, co-editor of Welfare: A Documentary History of U.S. Policy and Politics Kenneth J. Neubeck, co-author of Welfare Racism: Playing the Race Card Against America’s Poor Lynn Fujiwara, author of Sanctioning Immigrants: Asian Immigrant Women and the Racial Politics of Welfare Reform Nancy C. Jurik, author of Bootstrap Dreams: U.S. Microenterprise Developments in an Era of Welfare Reform and much more! The Promise of Welfare Reform challenges current views on welfare reform and promotes alternative methods to alleviate poverty. It is an essential resource for sociologists, political scientists, economists, public policy and management specialists, social welfare and human services workers, and anyone else concerned about changes made to public assistance by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996.

Writers in Retrospect

The Rise of American Literary History, 1875-1910


Author: Claudia Stokes

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807857203

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 241

View: 5753

In the aftermath of America's centennial celebrations of 1876, readers developed an appetite for chronicles of the nation's past. Born amid this national vogue, the field of American literary history was touted as the balm for numerous "ills"_from burgeon

Age in the Welfare State

The Origins of Social Spending on Pensioners, Workers, and Children


Author: Julia Lynch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139454951

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 9013

This book asks why some countries devote the lion's share of their social policy resources to the elderly, while others have a more balanced repertoire of social spending. Far from being the outcome of demands for welfare spending by powerful age-based groups in society, the 'age' of welfare is an unintended consequence of the way that social programs are set up. The way that politicians use welfare state spending to compete for votes, along either programmatic or particularistic lines, locks these early institutional choices into place. So while society is changing - aging, divorcing, moving in and out of the labor force over the life course in new ways - social policies do not evolve to catch up. The result, in occupational welfare states like Italy, the United States, and Japan, is social spending that favors the elderly and leaves working-aged adults and children largely to fend for themselves.