Welfare Reform in Rural Places

Comparative Perspectives

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Author: Paul Milbourne,Terry Marsden

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1849509182

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 951

Intends to significantly extend previous research work on the rural impacts of national welfare reform and position it in a broader context. This title provides a comprehensive and comparative account of the rural dimensions of welfare in a number of developed countries.

Poverty in America

A Handbook

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Author: John Iceland

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520956796

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 5091

The United States is among the most affluent nations in the world and has its largest economy; nevertheless, it has more poverty than most countries with similar standards of living. Growing income inequality and the Great Recession have made the problem worse. In this thoroughly revised edition of Poverty in America, Iceland takes a new look at this issue by examining why poverty remains pervasive, what it means to be poor in America today, which groups are most likely to be poor, the root causes of poverty, and the effects of policy on poverty. This new edition also includes completely updated data and extended discussions of poverty in the context of the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street movements as well as new chapters on the Great Recession and global poverty. In doing so this book provides the most recent information available on patterns and trends in poverty and engages in an open and accessible manner in current critical debates.

Welfare, Work, and Poverty

Social Assistance in China

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Author: Qin Gao

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190682124

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 9228

Welfare, Work, and Poverty provides the first systematic and comprehensive evaluation of the impacts and effectiveness of China's primary social assistance program -- Minimum Livelihood Guarantee, or Dibao -- since its inception in 1993. Dibao serves the dual function of providing a basic safety net for the poor and maintaining social and political stability. Despite currently being the world's largest welfare program in terms of population coverage, evidence on Dibao's performance has been lacking. This book offers important new empirical evidence and draws policy lessons that are timely and useful for both China and beyond. Specifically, author Qin Gao addresses the following questions: · How effective has Dibao been in targeting the poor and alleviating poverty? · Have the Dibao recipients been dependent on welfare or able to move from welfare to work? · How has Dibao affected recipients' consumption patterns and subjective well-being? · Do they use the Dibao subsidy to meet survival needs (such as food, clothing, and shelter) or invest in human capital (such as health and education)? · Are they distressed by the stigma associated with receiving Dibao or do they become more optimistic about future and enjoy greater life satisfaction because of the Dibao support? · And finally, what policy lessons can we learn from the existing evidence in order to strengthen and improve Dibao in the future? Answers to these questions not only help us gain an in-depth understanding of Dibao's performance, but also add the Chinese case to the growing international literature on comparative welfare studies. Welfare, Work, and Poverty is essential reading for political scientists, economists, sociologists, public policy researchers, and social workers interested in learning about and understanding contemporary China.

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

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Author: Edwin Amenta,Kate Nash,Alan Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355074

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 4638

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology is a complete reference guide, reflecting the scope and quality of the discipline, and highlighting emerging topics in the field. Global in focus, offering up-to-date topics from an interdisciplinary, international set of scholars addressing key issues concerning globalization, social movements, and citizenship The majority of chapters are new, including those on environmental politics, international terrorism, security, corruption, and human rights Revises and updates all previously published chapters to include new themes and topics in political sociology Provides an overview of scholarship in the field, with chapters working independently and collectively to examine the full range of contributions to political sociology Offers a challenging yet accessible and complete reference guide for students and scholars

The Social Safety Net

Impact of the Recession and the Recovery Act : Hearing Before the Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, First Session, Hearing Held in Washington, DC, December 9, 2009

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Employment stabilization

Page: 64

View: 3549

America's Poor and the Great Recession

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Author: Kristin S. Seefeldt,John David Graham,Gordon Abner

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253009677

Category: Political Science

Page: 158

View: 7105

Millions have entered poverty as a result of the Great Recession's terrible toll of long-term unemployment. Kristin S. Seefeldt and John D. Graham examine recent trends in poverty and assess the performance of America's "safety net" programs. They consider likely scenarios for future developments and conclude that the well-being of low-income Americans, particularly the working poor, the near poor, and the new poor, is at substantial risk despite economic recovery.

American Poverty in a New Era of Reform

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Author: Harrell R. Rodgers

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765606266

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 4999

The U.S. poverty rate today is about 13.3 percent. This modest statistic translates to some 35 million people -- greater than the total population of California, almost twice the population of Texas. Clearly, American society has a stake in assisting as many of the poor as possible to become self-reliant, secure, and economically productive. This was the goal of the most comprehensive major public policy change in recent American history, the welfare reform plan enacted in August 1996. In this book Harrell Rodgers offers a carefully documented assessment of poverty in America and the initial impacts of welfare reform -- which, fortunately, has been implemented during a period of economic expansion and low unemployment. He also underscores the importance of backing up welfare reform with policies that support families' efforts to make genuine, sustainable, long-term improvements in their lives and the prospects of their children.

Appalachian Legacy

Economic Opportunity after the War on Poverty

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Author: James P. Ziliak

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 081572215X

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 1885

In 1964 President Lyndon Johnson traveled to Kentucky's Martin County to declare war on poverty. The following year he signed the Appalachian Regional Development Act, creating a state-federal partnership to improve the region's economic prospects through better job opportunities, improved human capital, and enhanced transportation. As the focal point of domestic antipoverty efforts, Appalachia took on special symbolic as well as economic importance. Nearly half a century later, what are the results? Appalachian Legacy provides the answers. Led by James P. Ziliak, prominent economists and demographers map out the region's current status. They explore important questions, including how has Appalachia fared since the signing of ARDA in 1965? How does it now compare to the nation as a whole in key categories such as education, employment, and health? Was ARDA an effective place-based policy for ameliorating hardship in a troubled region, or is Appalachia still mired in a poverty trap? And what lessons can we draw from the Appalachian experience? In addition to providing the reports of important research to help analysts, policymakers, scholars, and regional experts discern what works in fighting poverty, Appalachian Legacy is an important contribution to the economic history of the eastern United States.

Early Care and Education for Children in Poverty

Promises, Programs, and Long-Term Results

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Author: W. Steven Barnett,Sarane Spence Boocock

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791495817

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 6267

Establishes the power of early care and education to change children's lives, particularly children in poverty.

Faces of Poverty

Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare

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Author: Jill Duerr Berrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198025818

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9211

Most Americans are insulated from the poor; it's hard to imagine the challenges of poverty, the daily fears of crime and victimization, the frustration of not being able to provide for a child. Instead, we are often exposed to the rhetoric and hyperbole about the excesses of the American welfare system. These messages color our perception of the welfare problem in the United States and they close the American mind to a full understanding of the complexity of family poverty. But who are these poor families? What do we know about how they arrived in such desperate straits? Is poverty their fate for a lifetime or for only a brief period? In Faces of Poverty, Jill Duerr Berrick answers these questions as she dispels the misconceptions and myths about welfare and the welfare population that have clouded the true picture of poverty in America. Over the course of a year, Berrick spent numerous hours as a participant-observer with five women and their families, documenting their daily activities, thoughts, and fears as they managed the strains of poverty. We meet Ana, Sandy, Rebecca, Darlene, and Cora, all of whom, at some point, have turned to welfare for support. Each represents a wider segment of the welfare population--ranging from Ana (who lost a business, injured her back, and temporarily lost her job, all in a short period of time) to Cora (who was raised in poverty, spent ten years in an abusive relationship, and now struggles to raise six children in a drug-infested neighborhood). And as Berrick documents these women's experiences, she also debunks many of the myths about welfare: she reveals that welfare is not generous (welfare families remain below the poverty line even with government assistance); that the majority of women on welfare are not long-term welfare dependents; that welfare does not run in families; that "welfare mothers" do not keep having children to increase their payments (women on welfare have, on average, two children); and that almost half of all women on welfare turned to it after a divorce. At a time when welfare has become a hotly debated political issue, Faces of Poverty gives us the facts. The debate surrounding welfare will continue as each of the 50 states struggles to reform their welfare programs, and this debate will turn on the public's perception of the welfare population. Berrick offers insight into each of the reforms under consideration and starkly demonstrates their implications for poor women and children. She provides a window into these women's lives, brilliantly portraying their hopes and fears and their struggle to live with dignity.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

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Author: Richard T. Schaefer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412926947

Category: Social Science

Page: 1622

View: 1033

This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

From Welfare to Workfare

The Unintended Consequences of Liberal Reform, 1945-1965

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Author: Jennifer Mittelstadt

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807876435

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3774

In 1996, Democratic president Bill Clinton and the Republican-controlled Congress "ended welfare as we know it" and trumpeted "workfare" as a dramatic break from the past. But, in fact, workfare was not new. Jennifer Mittelstadt locates the roots of the 1996 welfare reform many decades in the past, arguing that women, work, and welfare were intertwined concerns of the liberal welfare state beginning just after World War II. Mittelstadt examines the dramatic reform of Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) from the 1940s through the 1960s, demonstrating that in this often misunderstood period, national policy makers did not overlook issues of poverty, race, and women's role in society. Liberals' public debates and disagreements over welfare, however, caused unintended consequences, she argues, including a shift toward conservatism. Rather than leaving ADC as an income support program for needy mothers, reformers recast it as a social services program aimed at "rehabilitating" women from "dependence" on welfare to "independence," largely by encouraging them to work. Mittelstadt reconstructs the ideology, implementation, and consequences of rehabilitation, probing beneath its surface to reveal gendered and racialized assumptions about the welfare poor and broader societal concerns about poverty, race, family structure, and women's employment.

Families, Poverty, and Welfare Reform

Confronting a New Policy Era

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Author: Lawrence B. Joseph

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780962675553

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 5715

Can welfare encourage self-sufficiency, or does it merely foster ongoing dependence on the system? What hope can be placed in welfare reform? This essential volume combines essays by prominent public policy scholars with comments by social project directors who speak from their experience in the field. Essays include critical assessments of the effects of poverty on children and families, policies to reduce dependency on welfare, and welfare reform, as well as a more specific look at welfare reform in the state of Illinois.

Poverty, Welfare and the Disciplinary State

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Author: Chris Jones,Tony Novak

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415182898

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 7769

A forward-looking appraisal of the welfare state which examines issues such as poverty in Britain, demonisation of the poor in areas of social policy and other related topics.

Praxis for the Poor

Piven and Cloward and the Future of Social Science in Social Welfare

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Author: Sanford Schram

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814798171

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 8109

Richard Cloward and Frances Fox Pivin stand as models of politically engaged academics. In this compelling new book, the author examines the careers of Piven and Colward, along with nineteenth century feminist social reformer Jane Addams, to suggest--and demonstrate--how a more politically-active scholarship can contribute to struggles for social justice.

Escape from Poverty

What Makes a Difference for Children?

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Author: P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale,Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521629850

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 9516

Escape from Poverty addresses the recent increase of child poverty within the USA and suggests specific modes of change.

Five Years After

The Long-Term Effects of Welfare-to-Work Programs

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Author: Daniel Friedlander,Gary Burtless

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610442261

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 7435

Friedlander and Burtless teach us why welfare reform will not be easy. Their sobering assessment of job training programs willenlighten a debate too often dominated by wishful thinking and political rhetoric. Look for their findings to be cited for many years to come. —Douglas Besharov, American Enterprise Institute A methodologically astute study that sheds considerable light on the potential for and limits to raising the employment and earnings of welfare recipients and provides benchmarks against which the impacts of later programs can be compared. —Journal of Economic Literature With welfare reforms tested in almost every state and plans for a comprehensive federal overall on the horizon, it is increasingly important for Americans to understand how policy changes are likely to affect the lives of welfare recipients. Five Years After tells the story of what happened to the welfare recipients who participated in the influential welfare-to-work experiments conducted by several states in the mid-1980s.The authors review the distinctive goals and procedures of evaluations performed in Arkansas, Baltimore, San Diego, and Virginia, and then examine five years of follow-up data to determine whether the initial positive impact on employment, earnings, and welfare costs held up over time. The results were surprisingly consistent. Low-cost programs that saved money by getting individuals into jobs quickly did little to reduce poverty in the long run. Only higher-cost educational programs enabled welfare recipients to hold down jobs successfully and stay off welfare. Five Years After ends speculation about the viability of the first generation of employment programs for welfare recipients, delineates the hard choices that must be made among competing approaches, and provides a well-documented foundation for building more comprehensive programs for the next generation. A sobering tale for welfare reformers of all political persuasions, this book poses a serious challenge to anyone who promises to end welfare dependency by cutting welfare budgets.