Welfare Reform and Beyond

The Future of the Safety Net


Author: Isabel V. Sawhill,R. Kent Weaver,Ron Haskins,Andrea Kane

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815798828

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 4626

The Brookings Institution's Welfare Reform & Beyond Initiative was created to inform the critical policy debates surrounding the upcoming congressional reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and a number of related programs that were created or dramatically altered by the 1996 landmark welfare reform legislation. The goal of the project has been to take the large volume of existing and forthcoming research studies and shape them into a more coherent and policy-oriented whole. This capstone collection gathers twenty brief essays (published between January 2001 and February 2002) that focus on assessing the record of welfare reform, specific issues likely to be debated before the TANF reauthorization, and a broader set of policy options for low-income families. It is a reader-friendly volume that will provide policymakers, the press, and the interested public with a comprehensive guide to the numerous issues that must be addressed as Congress considers the future of the nation's antipoverty policies. The collection covers the following topics and features a new introduction from the editors: - An Overview of Effects to Date - Welfare Reform Reauthorization: An Overview of Problems and Issues - A Tax Proposal for Working Families with Children - Welfare Reform and Poverty - Reducing Non-Marital Births - Which Welfare Reforms are Best for Children? - Welfare and the Economy - What Can Be Done to Reduce Teen Pregnancy and Out-of-Wedlock Births? - Changing Welfare Offices - State Programs - Welfare Reform and Employment - Fragile Families, Welfare Reform, and Marriage - Health Insurance, Welfare, and Work - Helping the Hard-to-Employ - Sanctions and Welfare Reform - Child Care and Welfare Reform - Job Retention and Advancement in Welfare Reform - Housing and Welfare Reform - Non-Citizens - Block Grant Structure - Food Stamps - Work Support System - Possible Welfare Reform in the Cities

Race, Reform and Rebellion

The Second Reconstruction and Beyond in Black America, 1945-2006


Author: M. Marable

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 113715327X

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 6578

Since its original publication, this book has become widely known as one of the most crucial political and social histories of African Americans. This updated third edition analyzes the effects of such factors as black neo-conservatism, welfare reform, the Million Man March, the mainstreaming of hip-hop culture, 9/11, and Hurricane Katrina.

Welfare Reform and Beyond

Making Work Work : a Policy Statement by the Research and Policy Committee of the Committee for Economic Development


Author: Committee for Economic Development. Research and Policy Committee

Publisher: Committee for Economic

ISBN: 9780871861375

Category: Social Science

Page: 68

View: 9476

Lost Ground

Welfare Reform, Poverty, and Beyond


Author: Ann Withorn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780896086593

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 5197

A who's who of social scientists and activists takes on welfare reform and suggests other strategies to end poverty.

Disability Benefits, Welfare Reform and Employment Policy


Author: C. Lindsay,D. Houston

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137314273

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 1896

This book aims to tackle the issues that are central to understanding and addressing one of the most important employment policy problems facing governments in the UK and beyond: the high number of people of working age claiming 'disability' or 'incapacity' benefits.

Generation Unbound

Drifting into Sex and Parenthood without Marriage


Author: Isabel V. Sawhill

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725590

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 4397

Over half of all births to young adults in the United States now occur outside of marriage, and many are unplanned. The result is increased poverty and inequality for children. The left argues for more social support for unmarried parents; the right argues for a return to traditional marriage. In Generation Unbound, Isabel V. Sawhill offers a third approach: change "drifters" into "planners." In a well-written and accessible survey of the impact of family structure on child well-being, Sawhill contrasts "planners," who are delaying parenthood until after they marry, with "drifters," who are having unplanned children early and outside of marriage. These two distinct patterns are contributing to an emerging class divide and threatening social mobility in the United States. Sawhill draws on insights from the new field of behavioral economics, showing that it is possible, by changing the default, to move from a culture that accepts a high number of unplanned pregnancies to a culture in which adults only have children when they are ready to be a parent.

Child Support Enforcement

Strong Leadership Required to Maximize Benefits of Automated Systems


Author: Christie M. Motley

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788147401


Page: 79

View: 7506

Automating child support information systems appears to improve caseworker productivity, allowing automatic searches of other databases and eliminating the need to develop voluminous paper documentation. Automated systems also help track court actions relating to paternity, support orders, collections and distributions. This report makes several recommendations designed to increase the likelihood that states will develop child support systems that perform as required and to minimize the risk of costly technology decisions and wasted expenditures during the development and implementation of these systems.

The Third Way and Beyond

Criticisms, Futures and Alternatives


Author: Sarah Hale,Will Leggett,Luke Martell

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719065996

Category: Political Science

Page: 206

View: 6162

Written in a rigorous but accessible style, this interdisciplinary collection should be useful reading for anyone with an interest in understanding a key idea propounded by New Labour and the contemporary centre-left. It should appeal to anyone studying politics, sociology, contemporary history, social policy, social and political theory, and applied philosophy. It provides both an introduction to the topic and new and original insights for specialists in the area.

Changing Welfare Services

Case Studies of Local Welfare Reform Programs


Author: Michael J Austin,Marvin D Feit

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135426376

Category: Medical

Page: 456

View: 1566

Contains field-tested techniques to enhance the effectiveness of your local social services! Changing Welfare Services: Case Studies of Local Welfare Reform Programs describes promising programs and practices that have emerged in the United States since the enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Using case studies, this reference provides important lessons that will help social service directors and staff to develop strategies that will improve local welfare-to-work services. This casebook focuses on the agencies rather than the welfare population, emphasizing the guiding values of these agencies and the lessons they learned. Changing Welfare Services explores new approaches to service delivery, with emphasis on removing barriers to work force participation and promoting self-sufficiency through support services. The case studies involve programs focused on working with the community by developing partnerships with local organizations to provide better services. This text emphasizes the organizational changes—such as the development of new training programs, merging employment and social service agencies, and restructuring agency programs to foster collaboration between child welfare services and welfare-to-work programs—that were successful strategies used to implement welfare reform. In Changing Welfare Services, you will learn about: the Connections Shuttle and the Guaranteed Ride Home Program—transportation services for welfare-to-work participants the Exempt Provider Training Program— trains Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) participants and others to launch and improve their own high-quality child care businesses co-location of support services—situating mental health and substance abuse services near the social services agency so TANF participants can make a single visit for all necessary services the Family Loan Program—helps low-income families deal with large or unexpected one-time expenses the JobKeeper Hotline—provides round-the-clock counseling, crisis intervention, and referral services to help participants stay employed and much more! Changing Welfare Services shows how these agencies discovered new ways to serve the needs of low-income residents and offers you a variety of inventive techniques for improving your own agency’s support for welfare recipients. Enhanced with tables, figures, and appendixes, this practitioner-oriented casebook is a much-needed complement to the many quantitative studies of the welfare population. This book is a valuable resource for state and local human service administrators and staff, policymakers, and university faculty and students of public policy.

Transforming the Dutch Welfare State


Author: Mara A. Yerkes

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847429637

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 4823

This comprehensive study demonstrates the dramatic changes that have taken place in the protection of old and new social risks, exploring the mechanisms behind these changes in the context of corporatist welfare state institutions.

The Impact of Welfare Reform

Balancing Safety Nets and Behavior Modification


Author: Christopher R. Larrison,Michael K. Sullivan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780789031600

Category: Medical

Page: 292

View: 1045

Get a balanced, comprehensive analysis of the effects from 1996 welfare reform The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 was aimed at repairing the welfare system of the United States. The Impact of Welfare Reform: Balancing Safety Nets and Behavior Modification comprehensively examines how this bill transformed the system and affected not only clients but also the organizations that implemented the reform. This text moves beyond traditional analyses of welfare reform to reveal a full range of viewpoints and issues while avoiding mere political rhetoric. Leading authorities present knowledgeable perspectives on the clients and their problems, the implementing organizations, the struggles to comply with the requirements, and the issues that remain unresolved. The Impact of Welfare Reform presents revealing interviews with clients, organizational employees, and caseworkers. In-depth discussion topics include the value of emotional well-being on job status, the effects that the new time limit requirements have on clients, ways to facilitate the welfare-to-work transition for women with mental health issues, changes in the work environment of service-providing organizations, and the client's own experiences within and outside of the system. Qualitative and quantitative methods of study are used to effectively evaluate welfare reform while providing a direction for further research in the future. The text is extensively referenced and uses tables, charts, and figures to clearly illustrate data. This book will bring you up to date on: the impact of alcohol, drugs, and psychological well-being on successfully finding employment the impact of welfare reform on children and adolescents innovations by state welfare offices community and alternative interventions that help those on Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) to comply with work requirements and time limits the perceptions of caseworkers who implement TANF and the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) The Impact of Welfare Reform is enlightening reading for social workers, educators, graduate students, and public policy professionals.

Governance for Harmony in Asia and Beyond


Author: Julia Tao,Anthony B. L. Cheung,Martin Painter,Chenyang Li

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135181535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 1669

In the context of increasingly multi-religious, multi-racial and multi-ethnic modern societies, the achievement of harmony is emerging as a major challenge. This book examines the idea of harmony, and its place in politics and governance, both in theory and practice, in Asia, the West and elsewhere.

Beyond the Welfare State


Author: Artur Ursanov,Eline Chivot

Publisher: The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies

ISBN: 9492102099


Page: N.A

View: 3978

The modern welfare state is under stress. The Great Recession has had a severe impact on public finances in the Netherlands and in many other EU member states. While the pace of fiscal consolidation remains a very controversial topic, few would dispute the need to move public finances towards a more sustainable trajectory at some point in the future. Given that social spending constitutes the largest share of public expenditure in the Netherlands, it is inevitable that the questions about the affordability of existing welfare programs are being raised. The modern welfare state is also affected by various long-term structural changes in our society. Population aging is creating additional demands on the pension, health and long-term care systems at the same time when governments are looking for ways to cut public spending. Globalization makes capital and labor more mobile. This makes raising fiscal revenue to pay for the social services and transfers more challenging. Skill-biased technical change destroys many medium- and low-skilled jobs and contributes to raising inequality. Family patterns are changing as well, bringing about new risks. All these trends and challenges point to a clear bottom line: the welfare state has to change. King Willem-Alexander in his Speech from the Throne in September 2013 essentially announced that the old welfare state is dead and has to be replaced with a ‘participation society’. The new HCSS report Beyond the Welfare State takes a broad look at the welfare state: its historical evolution, and its different types in various countries. The report provides an in-depth study of several economic and societal trends that create substantial challenges for the welfare state. It also examines the efforts to reform various aspects of the welfare state that have been undertaken so far in a number of European countries. Finally, it outlines general approaches and principles that can serve as a basis for reforming the welfare state.

Welfare Reform in Canada

Provincial Social Assistance in Comparative Perspective


Author: Daniel Béland,Pierre-Marc Daigneault

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442609710

Category: Political Science

Page: 419

View: 8352

Welfare Reform in Canada provides systematic knowledge of Canadian social assistance by assessing provincial welfare regimes and emphasizing changes since the late twentieth century. The book examines activation, social investment, and economic inequalities and provides nuanced perspectives on social welfare across Canada's provinces in relation to trends and issues in the country and beyond. These conceptual, international, and historical perspectives inform in-depth case studies of social assistance reform in each province. The key issues of social assistance in Canada, including gender relations, immigrants, Aboriginal peoples, and the impact of activation programs, are addressed, as is the possibility of convergence taking place in provincial welfare policy. This book is the second volume in the Johnson-Shoyama Series on Public Policy, published by the University of Toronto Press in association with the Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, an interdisciplinary centre for research, teaching, and executive training with campuses at the Universities of Regina and Saskatchewan.

Beyond the Welfare State

Postwar Social Settlement and Public Pension Policy in Canada and Australia


Author: Sirvan Karimi

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1487500416

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

View: 8553

In Beyond the Welfare State, Sirvan Karimi utilizes a synthesis of Marxian class analysis and the power resources model to provide an analytical foundation for the divergent pattern of public pension systems in Canada and Australia.

Welfare and Work

Experiences in Six Cities


Author: Christopher T. King,Peter R. Mueser

Publisher: W.E. Upjohn Institute

ISBN: 0880993197

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 7540

Our study examines changes in welfare participation and labor market involvement offemale welfare recipients starting in the early 1990s and extending through 1999. We focusparticular attention on the dynamics of recipients' employment activities in the light of thewelfare-to-work emphasis of policy reform

The Failed Welfare Revolution

America's Struggle Over Guaranteed Income Policy


Author: Brian Steensland

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691127149

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 7416

Today the United States has one of the highest poverty rates among the world's rich industrial democracies. The Failed Welfare Revolution shows us that things might have turned out differently. During the 1960s and 1970s, policymakers in three presidential administrations tried to replace the nation's existing welfare system with a revolutionary program to guarantee Americans basic economic security. Surprisingly from today's vantage point, guaranteed income plans received broad bipartisan support in the 1960s. One proposal, President Nixon's Family Assistance Plan, nearly passed into law in the 1970s, and President Carter advanced a similar bill a few years later. The failure of these proposals marked the federal government's last direct effort to alleviate poverty among the least advantaged and, ironically, sowed the seeds of conservative welfare reform strategies under President Reagan and beyond. This episode has largely vanished from America's collective memory. Here, Brian Steensland tells the whole story for the first time--from why such an unlikely policy idea first developed to the factors that sealed its fate. His account, based on extensive original research in presidential archives, draws on mainstream social science perspectives that emphasize the influence of powerful stakeholder groups and policymaking institutions. But Steensland also shows that some of the most potent obstacles to guaranteed income plans were cultural. Most centrally, by challenging Americans' longstanding distinction between the "deserving" and "undeserving" poor, the plans threatened the nation's cultural, political, and economic status quo.

Citizenship and Welfare State Reform in Europe


Author: Jet Bussemaker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134658117

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 3384

This work examines the concept of citizenship in relation to social policy, in the context of the rapidly changing European welfare states. Leading academics analyse concrete changes in social rights and citizenship roles, and offer theoretical investigations of citizenship and the welfare state. Issues discussed include: · citizenship versus residence as a basis for social rights · the relationship between rights and obligations · workers rights and non-workers rights · exclusion and inclusion in the labour market and community life · the relationship between social and political citizenship · poverty and social exclusion · new roles for citizens as clients, consumers and participants in the welfare state

Beyond the Welfare State?

The New Political Economy of Welfare


Author: Chris Pierson

Publisher: Polity Press

ISBN: 9780745635217

Category: Fiction

Page: 273

View: 4721

Over the past decade, Beyond the Welfare State? has become established as the key text on the emergence and development of welfare states. It offers a comprehensive and remarkably well–informed introduction to the ever more intense debates that surround the history and, still more importantly, the future of welfare in advanced industrialised states. Comprehensively revised and re–written, this third edition of the book embraces all of the most important theoretical and empirical developments in welfare state studies of recent years. Working within an explicitly comparative framework, the book draws on a wealth of international evidence to survey what are now the most pressing issues surrounding the future of welfare: among them, globalisation, demographic change, declining fertility, postindustrialism and immigration. It draws extensively on the explosion of work on welfare states that has emerged within the North American political science community over the past ten years as well as giving detailed attention to developments with the UK, continental and northern Europe and beyond. Beyond the Welfare State? remains the most comprehensive and up–to–date guide to the complex of issues that surround welfare reform. It is required reading for anyone who wants to come to terms with what is really at stake in arguments about the future of welfare.