Warfare in Nineteenth Century

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Author: David Gates

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1403940290

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 1892

This book is not a campaign history, but rather an examination of the development of warfare in its wider context in the course of the 1800s. David Gates's study not only covers warfare as it evolved throughout the nineteenth century but also seeks to explore its connection with, and effect on, technical, social, economic, political and cultural change. In this examination of war per se, specific engagements and campaigns are invoked only to highlight the turning points in the development of the way in which military operations were conducted. Indeed, Gates argues, actual fighting became just part of an ever more complex situation as competition between dynasties gave way to rivalries between peoples and the 'totality' of warfare increased; if attainable at all, victory on the battlefield could, and frequently did, prove cruelly deceptive, for success here might ultimately be nullified by failure elsewhere. Thoughtful, wide-ranging and informed, for anybody seeking a work that places war during the 1800s in its wider historical context, this book is essential reading.

Culture Wars

Secular-Catholic Conflict in Nineteenth-Century Europe

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Author: Christopher Clark,Wolfram Kaiser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139439909

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 396

Across nineteenth-century Europe, the emergence of constitutional and democratic nation-states was accompanied by intense conflict between Catholics and anticlerical forces. At its peak, this conflict touched virtually every sphere of social life: schools, universities, the press, marriage and gender relations, burial rites, associational culture, the control of public space, folk memory and the symbols of nationhood. In short, these conflicts were 'culture wars', in which the values and collective practices of modern life were at stake. These 'culture wars' have generally been seen as a chapter in the history of specific nation-states. Yet it has recently become increasingly clear that the Europe of the mid- and later nineteenth century should also be seen as a common politico-cultural space. This book breaks with the conventional approach by setting developments in specific states within an all-European and comparative context, offering a fresh and revealing perspective on one of modernity's formative conflicts.

History Derailed

Central and Eastern Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century

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Author: Ivan T. Berend

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520245253

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 2470

"I do not think it possible to understand the troubles and instabilities of Central and Eastern Europe today without reading Ivan T.Berend, the finest comparative historian of this region. In History Derailed, he has produced a characteristically lucid and masterly synthesis of its economic, social, political and cultural history in the 'long nineteenth century' which every reader of his much admired study of inter-war Central and Eastern Europe, Decades of Crisis, will need to read, and anyone interested in the continuing problems of the region will want to read."—Eric J. Hobsbawm, Emeritus Professor of Economic and Social History at the University of London and author of many histories including The Age of Extremes: A History of the World, 1914-1991 "This multi-faceted and lavishly illustrated analytical history of Central-East Europe before World War I, written by the world’s foremost scholar of the region, explains how and why the paths of modernization and development diverged so markedly between East and West Europe. Ivan T. Berend’s tour de force of historical interpretation must be essential reading for anyone seeking a true perspective on modern Europe."—Derek H. Aldcroft, University Fellow in the Department of Economic & Social Science, University of Leicester

Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

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Author: Thomas Hippler,Miloš Vec

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191043877

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 4860

'Peace' is often simplistically assumed to be war's opposite, and as such is not examined closely or critically idealized in the literature of peace studies, its crucial role in the justification of war is often overlooked. Starting from a critical view that the value of 'restoring peace' or 'keeping peace' is, and has been, regularly used as a pretext for military intervention, this book traces the conceptual history of peace in nineteenth century legal and political practice. It explores the role of the value of peace in shaping the public rhetoric and legitimizing action in general international relations, international law, international trade, colonialism, and armed conflict. Departing from the assumption that there is no peace as such, nor can there be, it examines the contradictory visions of peace that arise from conflict. These conflicting and antagonistic visions of peace are each linked to a set of motivations and interests as well as to a certain vision of legitimacy within the international realm. Each of them inevitably conveys the image of a specific enemy that has to be crushed in order to peace being installed. This book highlights the contradictions and paradoxes in nineteenth century discourses and practices of peace, particularly in Europe.

The History of the European Family: Family life in the long nineteenth century (1789-1913)

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Author: Professor David I Kertzer,David I. Kertzer,Marzio Barbagli

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300090901

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 3272

The penultimate volume in this series explores the effect that industrialisation, new technology, the growth of cities, and the revolutions in transport and in communication had on the family between 1789 and 1913.

Empires, Systems and States

Great Transformations in International Politics

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Author: Michael Cox,Tim Dunne,Ken Booth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521016865

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 5711

This volume brings together a collection of leading scholars to consider various dimensions of the 'turn' to history in International Relations. The scope of this volume is broad. It includes conventional accounts of the development of the European states system, but is not limited by it. Other essays consider the non-European experience; a number of path-breaking essays on how other cultures and continents have ordered their political communities, in particular, the question how and why a states system triumphed over other forms of political organisation. The theme of the subtitle - great transformations - is pursued by each author. The essays consider one of the biggest questions of our time, namely, how did we arrive at this historical and institutional expression of political community? And what alternative future world orders exist? The volume will be of interest to scholars of International Relations and History interested in great transformations in world politics.

The Oxford Handbook of European History, 1914-1945

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Author: Nicholas Doumanis,Senior Lecturer in World History Nicholas Doumanis, Dr

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199695660

Category: Europe

Page: 672

View: 3241

The period spanning the two World Wars was unquestionably the most catastrophic in Europe's history. Historians have been drawn to its exceptionally dramatic and harrowing events, as bookshops continue to stock new studies on Hitler, Stalin, Churchill, the Holocaust, and the battles of the two World Wars with monotonous regularity. There is a deeper need, however, to explain why Europe experienced so many conflicts, revolutions, coup d'états, and civil wars within such a short space of time? Why did much of Europe succumb to authoritarian rule and why did political violence become so endemic? Why was mass politics followed by mass murder? Why did Europe experience a 'Thirty Years' War'? Another challenge is to explain the diversity of experiences: why some European societies were not traumatized by war and invasion, why liberal democracy survived throughout north-western Europe, why general living standards continued to rise, and why the status of women continued to improve. The Oxford Handbook of European History 1914-1945 looks afresh at this troubled and complicated age. It does so by taking comparative and transnational approaches rather than merely focusing on individual national experiences. Its features a collection of distinguished historians who explain the patterns of change and continuity that applied generally, while at the same time accounting for various regional and local articulations. Among the themes covered are political economy, international relations, genocide, colonialism, gender, sexuality, human rights, welfare, rural politics, labour and youth, as well as the era's more distinctive features, such as fascism, Stalinism, the Great Depression, trench warfare and the ethnic cleansing. The Handbook serves as a guide for revising the 1914-1945 era, and for how to write histories that take the whole Europe as their subject and not merely its constituent parts: histories of Europe rather than merely in Europe.

War in the Modern World since 1815

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Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136402330

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8681

Conflict is central to human history. It is often the cause, course and consequence of social, cultural and political change. Military history therefore has to be more than a technical analysis of armed conflict. War in the Modern World since 1815 addresses war as a cultural phenomenon, discusses its meaning in different socities and explores the various contexts of military action.

War and Social Change in Modern Europe

The Great Transformation Revisited

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Author: Sandra Halperin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521540155

Category: History

Page: 510

View: 2791

Focuses on the interrelationship of social forces, industrial expansion, and conflict in Europe between 1789 and 1945.

Peace, War and the European Powers, 1814-1914

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Author: C. J. Bartlett

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312161385

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 8748

The causes of war have tended to attract more attention than the causes of peace, yet the two are intimately related. As study of the whole question of the best methods by which to defend and advance thenational interest is often more illuminating on why wars were avoided. This valuable book will be welcomed by anyone wishing to understand the nature of European state relations in the nineteenth century.

Childhood in South East Europe

Historical Perspectives on Growing Up in the 19th and 20th Century

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Author: Slobodan Naumović,Slobodan Naumovic,Miroslav Jovanovic,Miroslav Jovanović

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825864392

Category: History

Page: 299

View: 6009

Rapid growth of interest in the research of childhood during the last several decades can be regarded not only as an indicator but also as an important factor in the long-term processes of changes, which have radically transformed history as a scientific discipline. With the growth of the history of childhood as a discipline a series of problems neglected until then has been opened, and along the questions about the new sources and equivalent methods of research. This is especially true for historiography in the South East European countries, where social history and historical anthropology is still marginal. The volume comprises 18 contributions to the topic with authors from all countries of the region, focussing on the 19th and 20th century. Topics like "upbringing of female children in Serbia" or "rural childhoods in mountain regions of Austria and Greece" are as well touched as "children and war" and "children and migration". This is the first volume that provides an international readership with an overall picture on childhood in South Eastern Europe.

Africa in the Nineteenth Century Until the 1880s

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Author: J. F. Ade Ajayi

Publisher: James Currey Publishers

ISBN: 9780852550960

Category: Africa

Page: 356

View: 548

SPECIAL COMMENDATION in Africa's 100 Best Books of the Twentieth Century. The series is illustrated throughout with maps and black and white photographs.

Von Windhuk nach Auschwitz?

Beiträge zum Verhältnis von Kolonialismus und Holocaust

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Author: Jürgen Zimmerer

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3825890554

Category: Genocide

Page: 349

View: 3654

"Vierzig Jahre vor dem 'Vernichtungskrieg im Osten' und dem Holocaust verübten deutsche Kolonialtruppen in Deutsch-Südwestafrika den ersten Genozid des 20. Jahrhunderts. 'Von Windhuk nach Auschwitz?' fragt nach dem Verhältnis von Kolonialismus und Nationalsozialismus und nimmt Genozid, 'Rassenstaat' und Zwangsarbeitsregime als Ausgangspunkt einer vergleichenden Betrachtung. Der Band ist ein unverzichtbares Dokument einer Debatte um eine postkoloniale Erweiterung der deutschen Geschichte, wie sie innerhalb der deutschen wie der internationalen Geschichtswissenschaft intensiv geführt wird, und erlaubt einen frischen Blick sowohl auf die Geschichte des Kolonialismus wie des 'Dritten Reiches.'"--Cover.

UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. VI

Africa in the Nineteenth Century Until the 1880s

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Author: J. F. Ade Ajayi

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520039173

Category: History

Page: 861

View: 1788

Looks at the history of Africa, from the beginning of the nineteenth century until 1880.

The British Imperial Century, 1815–1914

A World History Perspective

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Author: Timothy H. Parsons

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 074257217X

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 2805

Ideal for adoption in introductory and upper-level classes in European and world history, this book provides a concise narrative account of the rise and fall of British imperialism. Focusing on the transition from informal to formal empire which broadened and intensified Britain's relations with Asia and Africa, Timothy Parsons describes the establishment of extensive colonies and protectorates in Egypt, India, China, and the Ottoman Empire. Parsons explores the cultural, political, economic, and social implications of British authority in these areas and he describes the various ways in which subject peoples contested and adapted to the expansion of the British Crown. This book is an excellent introduction to the subject of imperialism, and will be extremely useful for those studying this history of Britain, Africa, the Middle East, India, and the Far East.

Paying for the Liberal State

The Rise of Public Finance in Nineteenth-Century Europe

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Author: José Luís Cardoso,Pedro Lains

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113948480X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 6160

Public finance is a major feature of the development of modern European societies, and it is at the heart of the definition of the nature of political regimes. Public finance is also a most relevant issue in the understanding of the constraints and possibilities of economic development. This book is about the rise and development of taxation systems, expenditure programs, and debt regimes in Europe from the early nineteenth century to the beginning of World War I. Its main purpose is to describe and explain the process by which financial resources were raised and managed. The volume presents studies of nine countries or empires that are considered highly representative of the widest European experience on the matter and discusses whether there are any common patterns in the way the different European states responded to the need for raising additional resources to pay for the new tasks they were performing.

War in the Nineteenth Century

1800-1914

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Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745655262

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 1070

This book provides an accessible and up-to-date account of the rich military history of the nineteenth century. It takes a fresh approach, making novel links with conflict and coercion, and moving away from teleological emphases. Naval developments and warfare are included, as are social and cultural dimensions of military activity. Leading military historian Jeremy Black offers the reader a twenty-first century approach to this period, particularly through his focus on the dynamic drive provided by different forms of military goals, or "tasking". This allows echoes with modern warfare to come to the fore and provides a fuller understanding of a period sometimes considered solely as background to the total war of 1914-45. Alongside state-to-state warfare and the move toward "total war", Black's emphasis on different military goals gives due weight to trans-oceanic conflict at the expense of non-Europeans. Irregular, internal and asymmetric war are all considered, ranging from local insurgencies to imperial expeditions, and provide a deliberate shift from Western-centricity. At the very cutting edge of its field, this book is a must read for all students and scholars of military history and its related disciplines.