Warfare in Nineteenth Century

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Author: David Gates

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1403940290

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 1963

This book is not a campaign history, but rather an examination of the development of warfare in its wider context in the course of the 1800s. David Gates's study not only covers warfare as it evolved throughout the nineteenth century but also seeks to explore its connection with, and effect on, technical, social, economic, political and cultural change. In this examination of war per se, specific engagements and campaigns are invoked only to highlight the turning points in the development of the way in which military operations were conducted. Indeed, Gates argues, actual fighting became just part of an ever more complex situation as competition between dynasties gave way to rivalries between peoples and the 'totality' of warfare increased; if attainable at all, victory on the battlefield could, and frequently did, prove cruelly deceptive, for success here might ultimately be nullified by failure elsewhere. Thoughtful, wide-ranging and informed, for anybody seeking a work that places war during the 1800s in its wider historical context, this book is essential reading.

Culture Wars

Secular-Catholic Conflict in Nineteenth-Century Europe

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Author: Christopher Clark,Wolfram Kaiser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139439909

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 4299

Across nineteenth-century Europe, the emergence of constitutional and democratic nation-states was accompanied by intense conflict between Catholics and anticlerical forces. At its peak, this conflict touched virtually every sphere of social life: schools, universities, the press, marriage and gender relations, burial rites, associational culture, the control of public space, folk memory and the symbols of nationhood. In short, these conflicts were 'culture wars', in which the values and collective practices of modern life were at stake. These 'culture wars' have generally been seen as a chapter in the history of specific nation-states. Yet it has recently become increasingly clear that the Europe of the mid- and later nineteenth century should also be seen as a common politico-cultural space. This book breaks with the conventional approach by setting developments in specific states within an all-European and comparative context, offering a fresh and revealing perspective on one of modernity's formative conflicts.

The History of the European Family: Family life in the long nineteenth century (1789-1913)

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Author: Professor David I Kertzer,David I. Kertzer,Marzio Barbagli

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300090901

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 9545

The penultimate volume in this series explores the effect that industrialisation, new technology, the growth of cities, and the revolutions in transport and in communication had on the family between 1789 and 1913.

The Oxford Handbook of European History, 1914-1945

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Author: Nicholas Doumanis,Senior Lecturer in World History Nicholas Doumanis, Dr

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199695660

Category: Europe

Page: 672

View: 9083

The period spanning the two World Wars was unquestionably the most catastrophic in Europe's history. Historians have been drawn to its exceptionally dramatic and harrowing events, as bookshops continue to stock new studies on Hitler, Stalin, Churchill, the Holocaust, and the battles of the two World Wars with monotonous regularity. There is a deeper need, however, to explain why Europe experienced so many conflicts, revolutions, coup d'états, and civil wars within such a short space of time? Why did much of Europe succumb to authoritarian rule and why did political violence become so endemic? Why was mass politics followed by mass murder? Why did Europe experience a 'Thirty Years' War'? Another challenge is to explain the diversity of experiences: why some European societies were not traumatized by war and invasion, why liberal democracy survived throughout north-western Europe, why general living standards continued to rise, and why the status of women continued to improve. The Oxford Handbook of European History 1914-1945 looks afresh at this troubled and complicated age. It does so by taking comparative and transnational approaches rather than merely focusing on individual national experiences. Its features a collection of distinguished historians who explain the patterns of change and continuity that applied generally, while at the same time accounting for various regional and local articulations. Among the themes covered are political economy, international relations, genocide, colonialism, gender, sexuality, human rights, welfare, rural politics, labour and youth, as well as the era's more distinctive features, such as fascism, Stalinism, the Great Depression, trench warfare and the ethnic cleansing. The Handbook serves as a guide for revising the 1914-1945 era, and for how to write histories that take the whole Europe as their subject and not merely its constituent parts: histories of Europe rather than merely in Europe.

Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

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Author: Thomas Hippler,Miloš Vec

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191043877

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 5344

'Peace' is often simplistically assumed to be war's opposite, and as such is not examined closely or critically idealized in the literature of peace studies, its crucial role in the justification of war is often overlooked. Starting from a critical view that the value of 'restoring peace' or 'keeping peace' is, and has been, regularly used as a pretext for military intervention, this book traces the conceptual history of peace in nineteenth century legal and political practice. It explores the role of the value of peace in shaping the public rhetoric and legitimizing action in general international relations, international law, international trade, colonialism, and armed conflict. Departing from the assumption that there is no peace as such, nor can there be, it examines the contradictory visions of peace that arise from conflict. These conflicting and antagonistic visions of peace are each linked to a set of motivations and interests as well as to a certain vision of legitimacy within the international realm. Each of them inevitably conveys the image of a specific enemy that has to be crushed in order to peace being installed. This book highlights the contradictions and paradoxes in nineteenth century discourses and practices of peace, particularly in Europe.

Empires, Systems and States

Great Transformations in International Politics

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Author: Michael Cox,Tim Dunne,Ken Booth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521016865

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 9670

This volume brings together a collection of leading scholars to consider various dimensions of the 'turn' to history in International Relations. The scope of this volume is broad. It includes conventional accounts of the development of the European states system, but is not limited by it. Other essays consider the non-European experience; a number of path-breaking essays on how other cultures and continents have ordered their political communities, in particular, the question how and why a states system triumphed over other forms of political organisation. The theme of the subtitle - great transformations - is pursued by each author. The essays consider one of the biggest questions of our time, namely, how did we arrive at this historical and institutional expression of political community? And what alternative future world orders exist? The volume will be of interest to scholars of International Relations and History interested in great transformations in world politics.

War and Social Change in Modern Europe

The Great Transformation Revisited

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Author: Sandra Halperin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521540155

Category: History

Page: 510

View: 6793

Focuses on the interrelationship of social forces, industrial expansion, and conflict in Europe between 1789 and 1945.

War in the Modern World since 1815

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Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136402330

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6706

Conflict is central to human history. It is often the cause, course and consequence of social, cultural and political change. Military history therefore has to be more than a technical analysis of armed conflict. War in the Modern World since 1815 addresses war as a cultural phenomenon, discusses its meaning in different socities and explores the various contexts of military action.

Africa in the Nineteenth Century Until the 1880s

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Author: J. F. Ade Ajayi

Publisher: James Currey Publishers

ISBN: 9780852550960

Category: Africa

Page: 356

View: 8041

SPECIAL COMMENDATION in Africa's 100 Best Books of the Twentieth Century. The series is illustrated throughout with maps and black and white photographs.

Im Herzen der See

Die letzte Fahrt des Walfängers Essex

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Author: Nathaniel Philbrick

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641146631

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4252

Die wahre Geschichte hinter dem Klassiker Moby Dick – verfilmt mit Starbesetzung Was jetzt als »Major Motion Picture« in die Kinos kommt – produziert von Oscar-Preisträger Ron Howard (A Beautiful Mind – Genie und Wahnsinn) –, hat schon als Buch seine Leser gefesselt. Nathaniel Philbrick erzählt die wahre Geschichte jener Ereignisse, die Herman Melville zu seinem Roman Moby Dick inspiriert haben: Im November 1820 wird der Walfänger Essex mitten auf dem Pazifik von einem Pottwal gerammt. Das Schiff kentert, doch die 20 Mann starke Besatzung kann sich auf drei kleine Beiboote retten. Knapp 4000 Kilometer westlich der südamerikanischen Küste beginnt für die Männer eine beispiellose Odyssee: Drei Monate lang segeln sie in offenen, notdürftig aufgetakelten Booten und ohne ausreichend Proviant über eine feindliche See – und stoßen dabei an die Grenzen ihrer Menschlichkeit.

Peace, War and the European Powers, 1814-1914

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Author: C. J. Bartlett

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312161385

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 6470

The causes of war have tended to attract more attention than the causes of peace, yet the two are intimately related. As study of the whole question of the best methods by which to defend and advance thenational interest is often more illuminating on why wars were avoided. This valuable book will be welcomed by anyone wishing to understand the nature of European state relations in the nineteenth century.

UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. VI

Africa in the Nineteenth Century Until the 1880s

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Author: J. F. Ade Ajayi

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520039173

Category: History

Page: 861

View: 1268

Looks at the history of Africa, from the beginning of the nineteenth century until 1880.

War in the Nineteenth Century

1800-1914

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Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745655262

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 8028

This book provides an accessible and up-to-date account of the rich military history of the nineteenth century. It takes a fresh approach, making novel links with conflict and coercion, and moving away from teleological emphases. Naval developments and warfare are included, as are social and cultural dimensions of military activity. Leading military historian Jeremy Black offers the reader a twenty-first century approach to this period, particularly through his focus on the dynamic drive provided by different forms of military goals, or "tasking". This allows echoes with modern warfare to come to the fore and provides a fuller understanding of a period sometimes considered solely as background to the total war of 1914-45. Alongside state-to-state warfare and the move toward "total war", Black's emphasis on different military goals gives due weight to trans-oceanic conflict at the expense of non-Europeans. Irregular, internal and asymmetric war are all considered, ranging from local insurgencies to imperial expeditions, and provide a deliberate shift from Western-centricity. At the very cutting edge of its field, this book is a must read for all students and scholars of military history and its related disciplines.

The Historical Novel in Nineteenth-Century Europe

Representations of Reality in History and Fiction

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Author: Brian Hamnett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199695040

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 5940

Brian Hamnett examines key historical novels by Scott, Balzac Manzoni, Dickens, Eliot, Flaubert, Fontane, Galdâos, and Tolstoy, revealing the contradictions inherent in this form of fiction and exploring the challenges writers encountered in attempting to represent a reality that linked past and present.

Knowledge and Postmodernism in Historical Perspective

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Author: Joyce Oldham Appleby

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415913836

Category: History

Page: 559

View: 6966

This comprehensive reader chronicles the western engagement with the nature of knowledge during the past four centuries while providing the historical context for the postmodernist thought of Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Richard Rorty and Hayden White, and the challenges their ideas have posed to our conventional ways of thinking, writing and knowing.

Beyond Calvin

The Intellectual, Political and Cultural World of Europe's Reformed Churches, c. 1540-1620

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Author: Graeme Murdock

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137197161

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 9147

An international community of Reformed churches emerged during the sixteenth century. Although attempts were made by Calvinists to reach agreement over key beliefs, and to establish uniformity in patterns of worship and church government, there were continuing divisions over some ideas and differences between local practices of moral discipline and religious life. However, Reformed intellectuals developed common ideas about rights of resistance against tyrants, communities prayed, fasted and donated money to aid brethren in distress, and many Calvinists across the Continent developed a strong sense of collective identity. Beyond Calvin considers the Reformed churches of Europe in an international and comparative context from around 1540 to 1620. Graeme Murdock: - discusses how Calvinism operated as an international movement by looking at links between Reformed churches, communities and states - explains what Reformed churches across the Continent stood for - focuses on how Calvinists sought to purify the practice of Christian religion, and to renew European politics, society and culture - examines both the strengths and limits of the international Reformed community

The Direction of War

Contemporary Strategy in Historical Perspective

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Author: Hew Strachan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107047854

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 2129

A major contribution to our understanding of contemporary warfare and strategy by one of the world's leading military historians.

German History in Modern Times

Four Lives of the Nation

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Author: William W. Hagen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521191904

Category: History

Page: 463

View: 6512

This history of German-speaking central Europe offers a very wide perspective, emphasizing a succession of many-layered communal identities. It highlights the interplay of individual, society, culture and political power, contrasting German with Western patterns. Rather than treating 'the Germans' as a collective whole whose national history amounts to a cumulative biography, the book presents the pre-modern era of the Holy Roman Empire; the nineteenth century; the 1914–45 era of war, dictatorship and genocide; and the Cold War and post-Cold War eras since 1945 as successive worlds of German life, thought and mentality. This book's 'Germany' is polycentric and multicultural, including the multinational Austrian Habsburg Empire and the German Jews. Its approach to National Socialism offers a conceptually new understanding of the Holocaust. The book's numerous illustrations reveal German self-presentations and styles of life, which often contrast with Western ideas of Germany.