War and Society in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds

Asia, the Mediterranean, Europe, and Mesoamerica

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Author: Kurt A. Raaflaub,Nathan Stewart Rosenstein

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 484

View: 2680

A unique, multi-authored social history of war from the third millennium B.C.E. to the tenth century C.E. in the Mediterranean, the Near East, and Europe (Egypt, Achaemenid Persia, Greece, the Hellenistic World, the Roman Republic and Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the early Islamic World, and early Medieval Europe), with parallel studies of Mesoamerica (the Maya and Aztecs) and East Asia (ancient China, medieval Japan). The product of a colloquium at Harvard's Center for Hellenic Studies, this volume offers a broadly based, comparative examination of war and military organization in their complex interactions with social, economic, and political structures as well as cultural practices.

Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books

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Author: Bill T. Arnold,H. G. M. Williamson

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 9780830869466

Category: Religion

Page: 1085

View: 4487

Edited by Bill T. Arnold and Hugh G. M. Williamson, the Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books is the second volume in IVP's Old Testament dictionary series. This volume picks up where the Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch left off--with Joshua and Israel poised to enter the land--and carries us through the postexilic period. Following in the tradition of the four award-winning IVP dictionaries focused on the New Testament, this encyclopedic work is characterized by in-depth articles focused on key topics, many of them written by noted experts. The history of Israel forms the skeletal structure of the Old Testament. Understanding this history and the biblical books that trace it is essential to comprehending the Bible. The Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books is the only reference book focused exclusively on these biblical books and the history of Israel. The dictionary presents articles on numerous historical topics as well as major articles focused on the books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah. Other articles focus on the Deuteronomistic History as well as the Chronicler's History, the narrative art of Israel's historians, innerbiblical exegesis, text and textual criticism, and the emergence of these books as canonical. One feature is a series of eight consecutive articles on the periods of Israel's history from the settlement to postexilic period, which form a condensed history of Israel within the DOTHB. Syro-Palestinian archaeology is surveyed in one article, while significant archaeological sites receive focused treatment, usually under the names of biblical cities and towns such as Jerusalem and Samaria, Shiloh and Shechem, Dan and Beersheba. Other articles delve into the histories and cultures of the great neighboring empires--Egypt, Assyria, Babylonia and Persia--as well as lesser peoples, such as the Ammonites, Edomites, Moabites, Philistines and Phoenicians. In addition there are articles on architecture, Solomon's temple, agriculture and animal husbandry, roads and highways, trade and travel, and water and water systems. The languages of Hebrew and Aramaic, as well as linguistics, each receive careful treatment, as well as the role of scribes and their schools, and writing and literacy in ancient Israel and its environs. The DOTHB also canvases the full range of relevant extrabiblical written evidence, with five articles focused on the various non-Israelite written sources as well as articles on Hebrew inscriptions and ancient Near Eastern iconography. Articles on interpretive methods, on hermeneutics and on preaching the Historical Books will assist students and communicators in understanding how this biblical literature has been studied and interpreted, and its proper use in preaching. In the same vein, theological topics such as God, prayer, faith, forgiveness and righteousness receive separate treatment. The history of Israel has long been contested territory, but never more so than today. Much like the quest of the historical Jesus, a quest of the historical Israel is underway. At the heart of the quest to understand the history of Israel and the Old Testament's Historical Books is the struggle to come to terms with the conventions of ancient historiography. How did these writers conceive of their task and to whom were they writing? Clearly the Old Testament historians did not go about their task as we would today. The divine word was incarnated in ancient culture. Rather than being a dictionary of quick answers and easy resolutions readily provided, the DOTHB seeks to set out the evidence and arguments, allowing a range of informed opinion to enrich the conversation. In this way it is hoped that the DOTHB will not only inform its readers, but draw them into the debate and equip them to examine the evidence for themselves.

Brill's Companion to Alexander the Great

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Author: Joseph Roisman

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900421755X

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 931

The book deals with central issues of Alexander’s reign including his depiction in ancient literature and art, his treatment of Greeks, Macedonians, and Asians, the military, political, social and cultural aspects of his campaign, and his legacy in ancient philosophy as well as in modern Balkan communities.

A Companion to the Classical Greek World

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Author: Konrad H. Kinzl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405172010

Category: History

Page: 632

View: 8614

This Companion provides scholarly yet accessible new interpretations of Greek history of the Classical period, from the aftermath of the Persian Wars in 478 B.C. to the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. Topics covered range from the political and institutional structures of Greek society, to literature, art, economics, society, warfare, geography and the environment Discusses the problems of interpreting the various sources for the period Guides the reader towards a broadly-based understanding of the history of the Classical Age

Art in the Era of Alexander the Great

Paradigms of Manhood and Their Cultural Traditions

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Author: Ada Cohen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521769043

Category: Architecture

Page: 398

View: 1090

"Simultaneously historical and thematic, this book studies an important period in Greek art, the late Classical and earely Hellenistic, especially the reigns of Philip II, his famous son Alexander the Great, and their successors. It focuses on the three traditionally "masculine" themes of warfare, hunting, and the abduction of women. All three show a preoccupation with the pictorial celebration of violence and draw analogies among the ideological categories "enemy, " "animal, " and "women." The book explores the ways in which masculine and feminine identities were usually constructed and communicated"--Provided by publisher.

Warless Societies and the Origin of War

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Author: Raymond Case Kelly

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472067381

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 5679

A concise study using archeological and ethnographic evidence to refute current theories about the origin of war

Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece

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Author: Kurt A. Raaflaub,Josiah Ober,Robert Wallace

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520258096

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 3225

"A balanced, high-quality analysis of the developing nature of Athenian political society and its relationship to 'democracy' as a timeless concept."—Mark Munn, author of The School of History

Rome at War

Farms, Families, and Death in the Middle Republic

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Author: Nathan Stewart Rosenstein

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807828397

Category: History

Page: 339

View: 6213

Historians have long asserted that during and after the Hannibalic War, the Roman Republic's need to conscript men for long-term military service helped bring about the demise of Italy's small farms and that the misery of impoverished citizens then became

War in the Tribal Zone

Expanding States and Indigenous Warfare

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Author: R. Brian Ferguson,Neil L. Whitehead

Publisher: James Currey

ISBN: 9780852559130

Category: Indigenous peoples

Page: 303

View: 515

In this text, the editors aim to make it impossible for researchers and theorists to treat preindustrial warfare without addressing the larger contexts within which all societies are embedded.

Guns, Sails and Empires

Technological Innovation and the Early Phases of European Expansion, 1400-1700

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Author: Carlo M. Cipolla

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780897450713

Category: Europe

Page: 192

View: 5437

Guns, Sails and Empires is that rarity among works of history: a short book with a simple, powerful thesis that the entire book is devoted to proving. Carlo Cipolla begins with the question, "Why, after the end of the fifteenth century were the Europeans able not only to force their way through to the distant Spice Islands but also to gain control of all the major sea-routes and to establish overseas empires?" (19) He quickly dismisses motive as a causal factor: motive to circumvent the "Moslem blockade" had existed in earlier centuries as well, but motive without means is empty. Cipolla identifies two developments that provided the means for Europeans to finally succeed beyond their wildest dreams: ships seaworthy enough to reach distant seas; and powerful cannon that could be carried by these ships.

Sources of World History

Readings for World Civilization

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Author: Mark A. Kishlansky

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780495913177

Category: History

Page: 370

View: 374

Edited by Mark Kishlansky, this reader is designed to supplement world civilization courses with a rich array of primary source materials including constitutional documents, political theory, philosophy, imaginative literature, and social description.

The Republican Roman Army

A Sourcebook

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Author: Michael M. Sage

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134682883

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 672

The Republican Roman Army assembles a wide range of source material and introduces the latest scholarship on the evolution of the Roman Army and the Roman experience of war. The author has carefully selected and translated key texts, many of them not previously available in English, and provided them with comprehensive commentaries and essays. This wide-ranging survey of documents recreates the social and historical framework in which ancient Roman warfare took place – from the Archaic and Servian period through to the Late Republic. The topics addressed extend beyond the conventional questions of army mechanics such as strategy and tactics, and explore questions such as the army’s influence on Roman society and its economy. Complete with notes, index and bibliography, The Republican Roman Army provides students of Ancient and Military History with an unprecedented survey of relevant materials.

The Future of Nature

Documents of Global Change

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Author: Libby Robin,Sverker Sorlin,Paul Warde

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300188471

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 6862

This anthology provides an historical overview of the scientific ideas behind environmental prediction and how, as predictions about environmental change have been taken more seriously and widely, they have affected politics, policy, and public perception. Through an array of texts and commentaries that examine the themes of progress, population, environment, biodiversity and sustainability from a global perspective, it explores the meaning of the future in the twenty-first century. Providing access and reference points to the origins and development of key disciplines and methods, it will encourage policy makers, professionals, and students to reflect on the roots of their own theories and practices.

Tomb Painting and Identity in Ancient Thebes, 1419-1372 BCE

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Author: Melinda K. Hartwig

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN: 9782503513157

Category: Art

Page: 275

View: 6793

Tomb Painting and Identity in Ancient Thebes, 1419-1372 BCE examines the style, iconography, and symbolism of painting in all extant private Theban tomb chapels decorated during the reigns of Thutmose IV and Amenhotep III. The book studies the ways in which pictorial imagery functioned on behalf of the dead in the afterlife, presented their identity to the living, and revealed underlying religious developments with important societal implications. Various aspects of the pre-Amarna Theban tomb are explored, from the tomb's purpose as a creative and commemorative vehicle for the deceased to the placement and functional properties of its imagery. The book also discusses the different styles of painting in the chapels of state and religious officials and how these styles reveal workshop organization and "patronage" practices in Thebes. The majority of the book is dedicated to the iconography of the functioning image in the tomb chapel, its reception, and its purpose as a bridge between what was represented and what was signified, between the mundane and the sacred, and between the living and the dead. Particular attention is paid to the iconography on the "western" back walls of the transverse hall in T-shaped tomb chapels, walls that held aesthetic, cultic, and symbolic significance to the ancient Egyptians. On these walls as well as the northern or southern long wall in rectangular tomb chapels, iconography and text commemorated the deceased's personal and professional identity, projected this identity into the hereafter, and contained key components for the tomb owner's rebirth. The eternal well-being of the deceased was secured through the iconography of gift giving that also mirrored religious trends that permeated society. Tomb Painting and Identity in Ancient Thebes, 1419-1372 BCE addresses Theban tomb painting and its underlying creative and commemorative properties as a medium of regeneration, preservation, and display on behalf of the tomb owner and the world of which he was a part.

Witnesses to History

A Compendium of Documents and Writings on the Return of Cultural Objects

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Author: Lyndel V. Prott

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231041282

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 439

View: 1061

This Compendium gives an outline of the historical, philosophical and ethical aspects of the return of cultural objects (e.g. cultural objects displaced during war or in colonial contexts), cites past and present cases (Maya Temple Facade, Nigerian Bronzes, United States of America v. Schultz, Parthenon Marbles and many more) and analyses legal issues (bona fide, relevant UNESCO and UNIDROIT Conventions, Supreme Court Decisions, procedure for requests etc.). It is a landmark publication that bears testament to the ways in which peoples have lost their entire cultural heritage and analyses the issue of its return and restitution by providing a wide range of perspectives on this subject. Essential reading for students, specialists, scholars and decision-makers as well as those interested in these topics.

Army and Power in the Ancient World

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Author: Άγγελος Χανιώτης

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515081979

Category: History

Page: 204

View: 4814

Papers from a round table held Aug. 9, 2000, in Oslo.

The Essential World History

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Author: William J. Duiker,Jackson J. Spielvogel

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305856481

Category: History

Page: 912

View: 7459

Explore world history in a brief, balanced, highly readable overview that examines common challenges and experiences that unite the human past and identify key global regional patterns over time with THE ESSENTIAL WORLD HISTORY. This brief overview of world history covers political, economic, social, religious, intellectual, cultural, and military history integrated into a chronologically ordered synthesis to help you gain an appreciation and understanding of the distinctive character and development of individual cultures in society. You can use the book’s global approach and its emphasis on analytical comparisons between cultures to link events together in a broad comparative and global framework that places the contemporary world in a more meaningful historical context. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Delta Jewels

In Search of My Grandmother's Wisdom

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Author: Alysia Burton Steele

Publisher: Center Street

ISBN: 1455562831

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 7114

Inspired by memories of her beloved grandmother, photographer and author Alysia Burton Steele--picture editor on a Pulitzer Prize-winning team--combines heart-wrenching narrative with poignant photographs of more than 50 female church elders in the Mississippi Delta. These ordinary women lived extraordinary lives under the harshest conditions of the Jim Crow era and during the courageous changes of the Civil Rights Movement. With the help of local pastors, Steele recorded these living witnesses to history and folk ways, and shares the significance of being a Black woman--child, daughter, sister, wife, mother, and grandmother in Mississippi--a Jewel of the Delta. From the stand Mrs. Tennie Self took for her marriage to be acknowledged in the phone book, to the life-threatening sacrifice required to vote for the first time, these 50 inspiring portraits are the faces of love and triumph that will teach readers faith and courage in difficult times.