War and Society in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds

Asia, the Mediterranean, Europe, and Mesoamerica


Author: Kurt A. Raaflaub,Nathan Stewart Rosenstein

Publisher: Harvard University Press


Category: History

Page: 484

View: 3945

A unique, multi-authored social history of war from the third millennium B.C.E. to the tenth century C.E. in the Mediterranean, the Near East, and Europe (Egypt, Achaemenid Persia, Greece, the Hellenistic World, the Roman Republic and Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the early Islamic World, and early Medieval Europe), with parallel studies of Mesoamerica (the Maya and Aztecs) and East Asia (ancient China, medieval Japan). The product of a colloquium at Harvard's Center for Hellenic Studies, this volume offers a broadly based, comparative examination of war and military organization in their complex interactions with social, economic, and political structures as well as cultural practices.

Brill's Companion to Alexander the Great


Author: Joseph Roisman

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900421755X

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 6300

The book deals with central issues of Alexander’s reign including his depiction in ancient literature and art, his treatment of Greeks, Macedonians, and Asians, the military, political, social and cultural aspects of his campaign, and his legacy in ancient philosophy as well as in modern Balkan communities.

A Companion to the Classical Greek World


Author: Konrad H. Kinzl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405172010

Category: History

Page: 632

View: 2886

This Companion provides scholarly yet accessible newinterpretations of Greek history of the Classical period, from theaftermath of the Persian Wars in 478 B.C. to the death of Alexanderthe Great in 323 B.C. Topics covered range from the political and institutionalstructures of Greek society, to literature, art, economics,society, warfare, geography and the environment Discusses the problems of interpreting the various sources forthe period Guides the reader towards a broadly-based understanding of thehistory of the Classical Age

Art in the Era of Alexander the Great

Paradigms of Manhood and Their Cultural Traditions


Author: Ada Cohen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521769043

Category: Architecture

Page: 398

View: 607

"Simultaneously historical and thematic, this book studies an important period in Greek art, the late Classical and earely Hellenistic, especially the reigns of Philip II, his famous son Alexander the Great, and their successors. It focuses on the three traditionally "masculine" themes of warfare, hunting, and the abduction of women. All three show a preoccupation with the pictorial celebration of violence and draw analogies among the ideological categories "enemy, " "animal, " and "women." The book explores the ways in which masculine and feminine identities were usually constructed and communicated"--Provided by publisher.

Rome at War

Farms, Families, and Death in the Middle Republic


Author: Nathan Rosenstein

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807864102

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 2669

Historians have long asserted that during and after the Hannibalic War, the Roman Republic's need to conscript men for long-term military service helped bring about the demise of Italy's small farms and that the misery of impoverished citizens then became fuel for the social and political conflagrations of the late republic. Nathan Rosenstein challenges this claim, showing how Rome reconciled the needs of war and agriculture throughout the middle republic. The key, Rosenstein argues, lies in recognizing the critical role of family formation. By analyzing models of families' needs for agricultural labor over their life cycles, he shows that families often had a surplus of manpower to meet the demands of military conscription. Did, then, Roman imperialism play any role in the social crisis of the later second century B.C.? Rosenstein argues that Roman warfare had critical demographic consequences that have gone unrecognized by previous historians: heavy military mortality paradoxically helped sustain a dramatic increase in the birthrate, ultimately leading to overpopulation and landlessness.

Ungarn, Türken und Mongolen

kleine Schriften von Hansgerd Göckenjan


Author: Hansgerd Göckenjan,Eberhard Winkler

Publisher: N.A


Category: Mongols

Page: 589

View: 366

Tomb Painting and Identity in Ancient Thebes, 1419-1372 BCE


Author: Melinda K. Hartwig

Publisher: Brepols Pub


Category: Art

Page: 275

View: 7483

Tomb Painting and Identity in Ancient Thebes, 1419-1372 BCE examines the style, iconography, and symbolism of painting in all extant private Theban tomb chapels decorated during the reigns of Thutmose IV and Amenhotep III. The book studies the ways in which pictorial imagery functioned on behalf of the dead in the afterlife, presented their identity to the living, and revealed underlying religious developments with important societal implications. Various aspects of the pre-Amarna Theban tomb are explored, from the tomb's purpose as a creative and commemorative vehicle for the deceased to the placement and functional properties of its imagery. The book also discusses the different styles of painting in the chapels of state and religious officials and how these styles reveal workshop organization and "patronage" practices in Thebes. The majority of the book is dedicated to the iconography of the functioning image in the tomb chapel, its reception, and its purpose as a bridge between what was represented and what was signified, between the mundane and the sacred, and between the living and the dead. Particular attention is paid to the iconography on the "western" back walls of the transverse hall in T-shaped tomb chapels, walls that held aesthetic, cultic, and symbolic significance to the ancient Egyptians. On these walls as well as the northern or southern long wall in rectangular tomb chapels, iconography and text commemorated the deceased's personal and professional identity, projected this identity into the hereafter, and contained key components for the tomb owner's rebirth. The eternal well-being of the deceased was secured through the iconography of gift giving that also mirrored religious trends that permeated society. Tomb Painting and Identity in Ancient Thebes, 1419-1372 BCE addresses Theban tomb painting and its underlying creative and commemorative properties as a medium of regeneration, preservation, and display on behalf of the tomb owner and the world of which he was a part.

Anthropology News


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Anthropological linguistics

Page: N.A

View: 1908

Dialog und Debatte in der Spätantike


Author: Averil Cameron

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: 9783515107976

Category: History

Page: 121

View: 1823

Konnten Christen 'Dialoge fuhren'? Mit dieser Frage verknupft Averil Cameron ein starkes Pladoyer fur eine intensivere Auseinandersetzung mit einer Gattung christlicher Literatur, die in der Spatantike eine ungeheure Produktivitat entfaltete. Dialoge und Debatten, die sich gegen Haretiker, Juden, Manichaer und spater gegen Muslime richteten, fuhrten zu einer neuen Blute der antiken Dialogform und nicht zu deren Ende, wie haufig gegenteilig behauptet wurde. So vielseitig wie die unterschiedlichen Anlasse waren auch die Formen der Debatten, die haufig in todernster Absicht gefuhrt wurden. Averil Cameron behandelt die Dialoge als Teil der christlichen Literatur, um sie hinsichtlich ihrer gesellschaftlichen Dynamik und ihrer intellektuellen und literarischen Leistung zu untersuchen. Mit seinem Anmerkungsapparat und ausfuhrlichem Literaturverzeichnis ist der Band auch als Einfuhrung in einen lohnenswerten und wichtigen Forschungsbereich geeignet.

2000 Jahre Varusschlacht

Geschichte - Archäologie - Legenden


Author: Ernst Baltrusch,Morten Hegewisch,Michael Meyer,Uwe Puschner,Christian Wendt

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110282518

Category: History

Page: 452

View: 5892

On the occasion of the 2000-year anniversary of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, archeologists, historians, and art historians assembled at the Freie Universität of Berlin for a special lecture series. This volume documents this interdisciplinary conference and presents an exemplary range of different research perspectives for exploring this battle, including its context and legacy.

Über Bewegung von Lebewesen

De motu animalium


Author: Aristoteles

Publisher: Meiner, F

ISBN: 9783787322749

Category: Philosophy

Page: 104

View: 4346

Thema der kleinen und bemerkenswerten Spätschrift des Aristoteles ist die Beantwortung der Frage ›Wie bewegt die Seele den Körper?‹, d.h. der Frage nach dem Auslöser der Selbstbewegung von Lebewesen. Dies beinhaltet alle gewollten oder auch ungewollten Akte der Selbstbewegung animalischer und menschlicher Organismen. Damit steht die Schrift in der Mitte zwischen der allgemeinen Bewegungslehre des Aristoteles und der in seinen früheren Schriften abgehandelten Biologie und Psychologie, auf die er hier häufig zurückgreift. In 'De motu' wird eine umfassende biologische Theorie des animalischen und menschlichen Handelns formuliert, die handlungstheoretischen und physiologischen Fragen gleichermaßen gerecht zu werden sucht. Auch äußert Aristoteles sich darin erstmals zum berühmten ›angeborenen Pneuma‹, in dem er eine vermittelnde Instanz in der Bewegungsübertragung sieht. Diese Ausgabe bietet die Schrift, die seit der Edition von Martha Nussbaum (1978) in den Blickpunkt der Forschung geraten ist, in einer Neuedition des griechischen Originaltextes von Oliver Primavesi und in einer neuen deutschen Übersetzung und Erläuterung von Klaus Corcilius. Der griechische Text konnte an vielen Stellen durch die Heranziehung des zweiten selbstständigen Überlieferungszweiges verbessert werden, der allen früheren Herausgebern unbekannt geblieben war und den Oliver Primavesi 2011 auf dem 19. Symposium Aristotelicum zu 'De motu' vorgestellt hat.

Material turn: Feministische Perspektiven auf Materialität und Materialismus


Author: Imke Leicht,Christine Löw,Nadja Meisterhans,Katharina Volk

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 3847404067

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 1236

Das Thema Materialität wird innerhalb feministischer Forschungen in den letzten Jahren erneut diskutiert. Vor dem Hintergrund des material turn widmet sich der Band aktuellen Auseinandersetzungen mit Materialität und Materialismus. Dabei sollen zum einen bestehende Konfliktfelder zwischen Diskurs und Materialität sowie Struktur, Handlungsfähigkeit und Subjektivität aus feministischer Perspektive aufgezeigt werden. Zum anderen strebt der Band an, Potenziale einer verbindenden Perspektive auf 'neue' und 'alte' Konzeptionen von Materialität und Materialismen innerhalb feministischer Theorien und Praxen kritisch auszuloten.

Kulturgeschichte des Klimas

von der Eiszeit bis zur globalen Erwärmung


Author: Wolfgang Behringer

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406528668

Category: Climate and civilization

Page: 352

View: 8997

Globale Erwärmung - Kleine Eiszeit.