Victorians Against the Gallows

Capital Punishment and the Abolitionist Movement in Nineteenth Century Britain


Author: James Gregory

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857730886

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 9770

By the time that Queen Victoria ascended the throne in 1837, the list of crimes liable to attract the death penalty had effectively been reduced to murder. Yet, despite this, the gallows remained a source of controversy in Victorian Britain and there was a growing unease in liberal quarters surrounding the question of capital punishment. In this book, James Gregory examines organised efforts to abolish capital punishment in Britain and the Empire in the Victorian era, focusing particularly on the activities of the Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment. The amelioration of the notoriously ‘Bloody Code’ of the British state may have limited capital punishment effectively to a small number of murderers after 1840 but, despite this, capital punishment was a matter of perennial debate, from the local arena of school debating societies to the ‘imperial Parliament’, and a topic to trouble the minds of thoughtful Victorians across the British world. Drawing on a wide range of sources, from pamphlets by abolitionists or their opponents to gallows broadsides, official inquiries, provincial newspapers, novels and short stories, Gregory studies a movement acknowledged by contemporaries to be agitating one of the ‘questions of the day’ - challenging as it did contemporary theology, state infliction of violence, and prevalent ideas about punishment. He explores important aspects such as: capital punishment debates in the ‘Lex Britannica’ of British colonies and dominions, the role of women abolitionists and the class and gendered inflexions to the ‘gallows question’, the representation of the problem of capital punishment in Victorian fiction, and the relationship between abolitionists and the Home Office which exercised the royal prerogative of mercy. While the abolitionism of Nonconformist reformers such as the Quakers and Unitarians is familiar, Gregory introduces the reader to the abolitionist debates in Jewish, secularist and spiritualist circles, and explores themes such as the imagined role of the Queen as ‘fount of mercy’ and the disturbing figure of the hangman. Studying the provincial, national and international aspects to the movement, Victorians Against the Gallows offers an important contribution to our understanding of Victorian reform activities, and Victorian culture.

The Poetry and the Politics

Radical Reform in Victorian England


Author: James Gregory

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1780767234

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 4704

The nineteenth century was a time of social, political and technological ferment; perhaps especially in the 1840s and 1850s. In this book, James Gregory studies radical reform at the margins of early Victorian Britain through the life of James Elmslie Duncan, an eccentric poet living through extraordinary times: when foreign and British promoters of extravagant technologically-assisted utopias could attract many hundreds of supporters of limited means, when pioneers of vegetarianism joined the ranks of the temperance cause, and when working-class Chartists, reviving a struggle for political reform, seemed to threaten the State for a brief moment in April 1848. Gregory brings these themes and leading characters vividly to life in a study that will be essential reading for anyone interested in radical reform or popular political movements in Victorian Britain.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice


Author: Paul Knepper,Anja Johansen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019935233X

Category: Crime

Page: 720

View: 3836

The historical study of crime has expanded in criminology during the past few decades, forming an active niche area in social history. Indeed, the history of crime is more relevant than ever as scholars seek to address contemporary issues in criminology and criminal justice. Thus, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice provides a systematic and comprehensive examination of recent developments across both fields. Chapters examine existing research, explain on-going debates and controversies, and point to new areas of interest, covering topics such as criminal law and courts, police and policing, and the rise of criminology as a field. This Handbook also analyzes some of the most pressing criminological issues of our time, including drug trafficking, terrorism, and the intersections of gender, race, and class in the context of crime and punishment. The definitive volume on the history of crime, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of criminology, criminal justice, and legal history.

Explaining the Depiction of Violence Against Women in Victorian Literature

Applying Julia Kristeva's Theory of Abjection to Dickens, Brontë, and Braddon


Author: Karen F. Tatum

Publisher: N.A


Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 199

View: 3757

This book examines the causes of the abject response in canonical novels, such as Charles Dickens' Oliver Twist, Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre, and Mary Elizabeth Braddon's Aurora Floyd and Lady Audley's Secret. In Powers of Horror, Julia Kristeva outlines her theory of abjection as a simultaneous fascination and horror stemming from sensorial reminders of the subject's primal, psychological relation to the mother. The author suggests that these psychological perspectives can potentially result in acts of physical violence, which are called abject response. By developing Julia Kristeva's theory of abjection as a model for reading physical acts of violence against women, the book yields specific answers to its overriding questions: why was a female body so threatening in nineteenth-century fiction? The answer lies in social constructions of women as powers of horror, which the male subject imbibes and which lead to domestic violence if improperly balanced.

Ein verhängnisvoller Auftrag. Meisterspion Mary Quinn 01


Author: Y. S. Lee

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423715201


Page: 379

View: 7513

Ironie des Schicksals? Ausgerechnet Mary Quinn, als verurteilte Diebin nur knapp dem Tod durch den Strang entronnen, soll ihrem Vaterland als Spionin dienen. Aber die Fähigkeiten, die die nun 17-Jährige als Waisenkind zum Überleben gebraucht hat, stehen auch einer Spionin nicht schlecht zu Gesicht. Und so kommt sie, als Gesellschafterin für die gleichaltrige Angelica getarnt, in den Haushalt der reichen Familie Thorold. Denn Mr Thorold steht im Verdacht, Kunstschätze aus Fernost nach England zu schmuggeln. Ihre Nachforschungen führen Mary in einen Schrank - und dort in die Arme des jungen und geheimnisvollen James Easton -, in das London chinesischer Matrosen und nicht zuletzt in ihre eigene Vergangenheit. Y. S. Lee wurde in Singapur geboren und ist in Kanada aufgewachsen. Recherchen für ihr Studium über das viktorianische England inspirierten sie zu den Romanen über die "Meisterspionin Mary Quinn". Y. S. Lee lebt heute gemeinsam mit ihrem Mann und ihrem kleinen Sohn in Kingston, Ontario.

The Great Stink

A Novel of Corruption and Murder Beneath the Streets of Victorian London


Author: Clare Clark

Publisher: HMH

ISBN: 0547540086

Category: Fiction

Page: 368

View: 8491

A mystery that offers “a gripping and richly atmospheric glimpse into the literal underworld of Victorian England—the labyrinthine London sewer system” (Publishers Weekly, starred review). Clare Clark’s critically acclaimed The Great Stink “reeks of talent” as it vividly brings to life the dark and mysterious underworld of Victorian London (The Washington Post Book World). Set in 1855, it tells the story of William May, an engineer who has returned home to London from the horrors of the Crimean War. When he secures a job trans­forming the city’s sewer system, he believes that he will be able to find salvation in the subterranean world beneath the city. But the peace of the tunnels is shattered by a murder, and William is implicated as the killer. Could he truly have committed the crime? How will he bring the truth above ground? With richly atmospheric prose, The Great Stink combines fact and fiction to transport readers into London’s putrid past, and marks the debut of a remarkably talented writer in the tradition of the very best historical novelists. “A crackerjack historical novel that combines the creepy intrigue of Caleb Carr, the sensory overload of Peter Ackroyd and the academic curiosity of A. S. Byatt.” —Los Angeles Times

Der Fluch des Hauses Foskett


Author: M.R.C. Kasasian

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455000665

Category: Fiction

Page: 445

View: 6706

Sidney Grice ist zurück, und seine Laune ist nicht besser geworden. Die Stimmung in der Gower Street 125 ist mies. Seit Sidney Grice durch seine Ermittlungen einen unschuldigen Mann an den Galgen gebracht hat, laufen die Geschäfte schlecht. Der scharfsinnigste Detektiv des viktorianischen England liegt stundenlang apathisch in der Badewanne. Selbst zum Einsetzen seines Glasauges fehlt ihm die Kraft. March Middleton, Sidneys Patentochter, langweilt sich zu Tode ... Bis zu dem Tag, an dem ein Mitglied des bizarren Clubs »Finaler Sterbefallverein« sein Leben aushaucht – mitten in Sidneys Wohnzimmer. Immerhin haben Sidney und March endlich wieder etwas zu tun. Und das nicht zu knapp, denn es bleibt nicht bei dieser einen Leiche. Die Ermittlungen führen das ungleiche Paar von London bis nach Kew in ein unheimliches Herrenhaus, dessen Eigentümerin, die enigmatische Baroness Foskett, eine alte Bekannte Sidneys ist.

Das Geheimnis von Wishtide Manor

Laetitia Rodd's erster Fall


Author: Kate Saunders

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310490278X

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 3275

Großer Auftritt für eine unwiderstehliche Ermittlerin, die alles sieht und keinem auffällt: Laetitia Rodd ist die Frau für diskrete Ermittlungen. Sie sieht, was anderen verborgen bleibt. Man vertraut ihr, denn sie gehört dazu. Sie erfährt Geheimnisse, weil sie als Witwe in der Gesellschaft so unauffällig ist. Ihr Auftrag führt sie 1851 von London auf den Landsitz des reichen Sir James Calderstone. Sein Sohn Charles will eine junge Frau heiraten, der Sir James misstraut. Was verheimlicht sie? Laetitia soll dunkle Flecken in Helens Vergangenheit aufspüren. Doch da wird Helen ermordet, und ihr Verlobter Charles gilt als der Täter. Die Suche nach dem wahren Mörder bringt Laetitia selbst in größte Gefahr...

Poison, detection, and the Victorian imagination


Author: Ian A. Burney

Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr


Category: History

Page: 193

View: 1229

This fascinating book looks at the phenomenon of murder and poisoning in the nineteenth century. Focusing on the case of William Palmer, a medical doctor who in 1856 was convicted of murder by poisoning, it examines how his case baffled toxicologists, doctors, detectives and judges. The investigation commences with an overview of the practice of toxicology in the Victorian era, and goes on to explore the demands imposed by legal testimony on scientific work to convict criminals. In addressing Palmer's trial, Burney focuses on the testimony of Albert Taylor, a leading expert on poisons, and integrates the medical, legal and literary evidence to make sense of the trial itself and the sinister place of poison in wider Victorian society. Ian Burney has produced an exemplary work of cultural history, mixing a keen understanding of the contemporary social and cultural landscape with the scientific and medical history of the period.

English Fiction of the Victorian Period, 1830-1890


Author: Michael Wheeler

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


Category: Fiction

Page: 292

View: 5029

Professor Wheeler's widely-acclaimed survey of the nineteenth-century fiction covers both the major writers and their works and encompasses the genres and "minor" fiction of the period. This excellent introduction and reference source has been revised for this second edition to include new material on lesser-known writers and a comprehensively updated bibliography.

The Trials of Laura Fair

Sex, Murder, and Insanity in the Victorian West


Author: Carole Haber

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 146960759X

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 840

On November 3, 1870, on a San Francisco ferry, Laura Fair shot a bullet into the heart of her married lover, A. P. Crittenden. Throughout her two murder trials, Fair's lawyers, supported by expert testimony from physicians, claimed that the shooting was the result of temporary insanity caused by a severely painful menstrual cycle. The first jury disregarded such testimony, choosing instead to focus on Fair's disreputable character. In the second trial, however, an effective defense built on contemporary medical beliefs and gendered stereotypes led to a verdict that shocked Americans across the country. In this rousing history, Carole Haber probes changing ideas about morality and immorality, masculinity and femininity, love and marriage, health and disease, and mental illness to show that all these concepts were reinvented in the Victorian West. Haber's book examines the era's most controversial issues, including suffrage, the gendered courts, women's physiology, and free love. This notorious story enriches our understanding of Victorian society, opening the door to a discussion about the ways in which reputation, especially female reputation, is shaped.

Dirty Old London

The Victorian Fight Against Filth


Author: Lee Jackson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300210221

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 850

In Victorian London, filth was everywhere: horse traffic filled the streets with dung, household rubbish went uncollected, cesspools brimmed with "night soil," graveyards teemed with rotting corpses, the air itself was choked with smoke. In this intimately visceral book, Lee Jackson guides us through the underbelly of the Victorian metropolis, introducing us to the men and women who struggled to stem a rising tide of pollution and dirt, and the forces that opposed them. Through thematic chapters, Jackson describes how Victorian reformers met with both triumph and disaster. Full of individual stories and overlooked details—from the dustmen who grew rich from recycling, to the peculiar history of the public toilet—this riveting book gives us a fresh insight into the minutiae of daily life and the wider challenges posed by the unprecedented growth of the Victorian capital.

The Death Penalty

A Debate


Author: Ernest Van den Haag,John Phillips Conrad

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489927875

Category: Social Science

Page: 305

View: 3716

From 1965 until 1980, there was a virtual moratorium on executions for capital offenses in the United States. This was due primarily to protracted legal proceedings challenging the death penalty on constitutional grounds. After much Sturm und Drang, the Supreme Court of the United States, by a divided vote, finally decided that "the death penalty does not invariably violate the Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause of the Eighth Amendment." The Court's decisions, however, do not moot the controversy about the death penalty or render this excellent book irrelevant. The ball is now in the court of the Legislature and the Executive. Leg islatures, federal and state, can impose or abolish the death penalty, within the guidelines prescribed by the Supreme Court. A Chief Executive can commute a death sentence. And even the Supreme Court can change its mind, as it has done on many occasions and did, with respect to various aspects of the death penalty itself, durlog the moratorium period. Also, the people can change their minds. Some time ago, a majority, according to reliable polls, favored abolition. Today, a substantial majority favors imposition of the death penalty. The pendulum can swing again, as it has done in the past.

Civil War Journal: The Legacies


Author: William C. Davis,Brian Pohanka,Don Troiani

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 1418559040

Category: History

Page: 515

View: 1590

"In many arenas, the Civil War changed things both in military and civilian life," William C. Davis observes. "The roles in society of women and minorities were altered drastically. Advancements in medicine and technology exerted a profound impact on the future. Industry burgeoned. The reporting of news entered the modern era with the photograph. Culture changed as the complexion of Americans evolved and as war's wounds imposed lasting divisions upon our society. It ensured at once that future wars would be more terrible, and yet we would be equipped to cope with that terror to come. These are the legacies of the war covered in this volume." Civil War Journal: The Legacies is the third volume of a three-volume treatment of the Civil War developed from the popular History Channel series Civil War Journal. Drawing on personal letters, diaries, and newspaper reports, these volumes focus on seldom-told stories of people, places, and events that bring to life the heroic intensity of the Civil War. They portray the human side of the conflict that is frequently overlooked in recounting troop movements and engagements.

Victorian Prison Lives


Author: Philip Priestley

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448130042

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 1779

Victorian Prison Lives is the first account of the process of imprisionment in England between 1830 and 1914 to be drawn largely from the writings of prisoners themselves. The period was in some ways one of great change, beginning with an astonishing penitentiary experiement when prisons were seen as moral hospitals. But this approach eventually gave way to the idea of penal servitude and created a legacy of harshness and suffering still preserved in the reputations of Portland Chatham and Dartmoor. It was only towards the end of the period that the concept of modern prison administration began to emerge. But while statutary changes where taking place there was an underlying continuity. This is examined in a series of chapters on every aspect of prison life - from admission procedure, fellow prisoners and the nature of hard labour, diet and discipline to the process of release, which for a long-term prisioner could be as daunting as entry into prison.

alias Grace



Author: Margaret Atwood

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 349297743X

Category: Fiction

Page: 624

View: 1326

Toronto, 1843: Das junge Dienstmädchen Grace wird mit sechzehn des Doppelmordes an ihren Arbeitgebern schuldig gesprochen. In letzter Sekunde wandelt das Gericht ihr Todesurteil in eine lebenslange Gefängnisstrafe um. Sie verbringt Jahre hinter Gittern, bis man sie schließlich entlässt. Im Haushalt des Anstaltdirektors begegnet sie dem Nervenarzt Simon, der ihrer Geschichte auf den Grund gehen will: Ist Grace eine gemeingefährliche Verbrecherin oder unschuldig? Margaret Atwood hat einen Roman von hypnotischer Spannung geschrieben, der die Geschichte einer realen Gestalt, einer der berüchtigtsten Frauen Kanadas erzählt.

Femininity, Crime and Self-Defence in Victorian Literature and Society

From Dagger-Fans to Suffragettes


Author: E. Godfrey

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284560

Category: Fiction

Page: 192

View: 5752

This exploration into the development of women's self-defence from 1850 to 1914 features major writers, including H.G. Wells, Elizabeth Robins and Richard Marsh, and encompasses an unusually wide-ranging number of subjects from hatpin crimes to the development of martial arts for women.