Veld Management in South Africa


Author: Neil Tainton

Publisher: University of Kwazulu Natal Press

ISBN: 9780869809488

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 1918

This text is a synthesis of research in production and management since the inception of the discipline as an agricultural science in the 1930s. All the ecological regions are covered extensively, but the main emphasis is on the three biomes (grassland, savanna and karoo) which produce the bulk of the forage supporting the domestic livestock, conservation and the game farming industries. The book has an audience beyond the borders of South Africa in the grassland and savanna areas which stretch through southern and central Africa.

Rangelands: A Resource Under Siege

Proceedings of the Second Inter Rangeland Congress


Author: P. J. Joss,P. W. Lynch,O. B. Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521309363

Category: Nature

Page: 634

View: 8765

This volume comprises the proceedings of the Second International Rangelands Congress held in Adelaide, Australia in May 1984, and includes some 350 contributions drawn from 43 different countries. The Congress addressed the problem of the conflict between land-users and the degradation of this valuable resource. Some 40% of the Earth's land surface is and or alpine and therefore unsuitable for agricultural cultivation. Collectively, these lands are known as rangelands and in their natural state they constitute a habitat for grazing animals, both domestic and wild. Despite their low productivity, rangelands have been used for thousands of years as a source of food and fibre, but other uses such as mining, tourism, recreation and conservation are exerting increasing demands. The result is often conflict between land-users and degradation of the resource.

Vegetation science applications for rangeland analysis and management


Author: P.T. Tueller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400930852

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 2868

Natural grasslands, pastures and meadows are among the vegetation types most frequently investigated with phytosociological methods. This was one of the reasons why volume 13, Application of vegetation science to grassland husbandry and agriculture, edited by W. Krause, appeared as one of the first volumes of this handbook. It appeared under the chief editorship of Prof. R. Tiixen and in his time main emphasis of the handbook was placed on Ziirich-Montpellier methods and the European vegetation. When we redesigned the handbook we felt the need to include other methods and aims of grassland analyses as well as a more global coverage of grasslands. Especially the natural dry and semidry areas of the world needed to be covered. was very fortunate in getting Prof. Tueller of the University of Reno I Nevada as an editor for this volume. He and the colleagues he motivated to compile volume 14 on Application of vegetation science to rangeland analysis and management have created a truly global coverage of the topics interesting for vegetation analyses in natural grasslands. Since volume 13 covered the problems of anthropogenically created grasslands, this topic was not expressly treated in order to avoid duplication. For the same reason no specific attempt was made to get more papers from Europe and the temperate forest region in general. The cooperation with Dr. Tueller has been very rewarding for me.

Wildland Fire Management Handbook for Sub-Sahara Africa


Author: Johann Georg Goldammer,Cornelis De Ronde

Publisher: African Minds

ISBN: 191983365X

Category: Fire ecology

Page: 432

View: 4852

Africa is a fire continent. Since the early evolution of humanity, fire has been harnessed as a land-use tool. Many ecosystems of Sub-Sahara Africa that have been shaped by fire over millennia provide a high carrying capacity for human populations.

Management of Semi-Arid Ecosystems


Author: B.H. Walker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444599975

Category: Nature

Page: 409

View: 3979

Extensive regions of the world have a climate which, whilst permitting development of a continuous vegetative cover, is too dry for successful annual cropping. These are the semi-arid areas where land use is based on the natural vegetation. Easily degraded and difficult to maintain, they are under increasing pressure as expanding human populations move in and endeavour to force a living from them. As a result they contain some of the worst examples of resource degradation. This book examines the problems and opportunities involved in man's use of semi-arid areas. The authors are all actively involved in research and land management in the areas discussed. Each chapter begins with a detailed, up-to-date account of the ecology of the region (its climate, soils, vegetation, fauna and main ecological characteristics). This is followed by a history of land use, problems involved in its management, a review of current research and recommended land use practices. The common features of semi-arid ecosystems are brought together in a final section.

Desertification in Developed Countries

International Symposium and Workshop on Desertification in Developed Countries: Why can’t We Control It?


Author: David A. Mouat,Charles F. Hutchinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400916353

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 2358

Desertification has re-emerged as a topic of global significance as a consequence of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. When first addressed over a generation ago, attention was drawn to the compelling, spectacular images of sand dunes engulfing farmlands and parched cattle dying around wells. Research tended to focus on these events as unusual phenomena that involved the unfortunate collision of climate and `irrational' land use. Since then, the work of many researchers has shown us that desertification is a multifaceted problem that involves climatic, biogeochemical, political, and socio-economic processes that operate more or less continuously but at rates that vary in time and space. No attempts to arrest or reverse desertification that ignore this complexity are likely to succeed. In a single volume, `Desertification in Developed Countries' describes the multiple dimensions of desertification as well as the novel approaches that have been used to address it within the economies of developed countries. This is done from the perspectives and experiences of the numerous authors who have contributed to this book.

Land and Water Management in Southern Africa

Towards Sustainable Agriculture. proceedings of the inaugural scientific symposium of the SADC Land and Water Management Applied Research and Training Programme, held in Lilongwe, Malawi, on 14-16 February 2006


Author: Calvin Nhira,Alfred Mapiki

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 0798302143

Category: Nature

Page: 668

View: 9844

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) and its Member States are making renewed efforts to revive agriculture in the region. Given that much of it is water-stressed, appropriate and sustainable land and water management practices are vital to achieving this objective. Recognising this, SADC's Land and Water Management Applied Research and Training Programme has convened two scientific symposiums. Held in Lilongwe, Malawi, in February 2006, the inaugural symposium brought together R&D practitioners from 10 participating SADC countries to deliberate on land and water management for sustainable agriculture, and discuss how the most recent research and development advances in land and water management might be made more relevant to policy-makers as well as the region's small-scale farmers. The edited contributions to the first symposium appear in this volume. The second symposium was held in Gaborone, Botswana, in February 2007, and brought together regional experts to discuss opportunities for improving water use and water use efficiency in agriculture in semi-arid and arid areas. The edited contributions to the second symposium appear in a companion volume entitled Land and Water Management in Southern Africa: Towards Better Water Use in Agriculture in Semi-Arid and Arid Areas (AISA 2008). It is hoped that these two volumes will help to disseminate regional expertise on land and water management to a wider audience, thus helping policy-makers and others to strengthen the agricultural sector in the region, and, in so doing, improve its food security and the wellbeing of its people.

Karoo Veld Ecology and Management


Author: William Richard John Dean

Publisher: N.A


Category: Agricultural conservation

Page: 214

View: 7037

Karoo veld promotes an ecosystem health approach to veld assessment, recognising that soil, plants, insects and wild animals, work with the land user to sustain the productivity and value of Karoo veld.

The Global Water System in the Anthropocene

Challenges for Science and Governance


Author: Anik Bhaduri,Janos Bogardi,Jan Leentvaar,Sina Marx

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319075489

Category: Science

Page: 437

View: 9798

The Global Water System in the Anthropocene provides the platform to present global and regional perspectives of world-wide experiences on the responses of water management to global change in order to address issues such as variability in supply, increasing demands for water, environmental flows and land use change. It helps to build links between science and policy and practice in the area of water resources management and governance, relates institutional and technological innovations and identifies in which ways research can assist policy and practice in the field of sustainable freshwater management. Until the industrial revolution, human beings and their activities played an insignificant role influencing the dynamics of the Earth system, the sum of our planet‘s interacting physical, chemical, and biological processes. Today, humankind even exceeds nature in terms of changing the biosphere and affecting all other facets of Earth system functioning. A growing number of scientists argue that humanity has entered a new geological epoch that needs a corresponding name: the Anthropocene. Human activities impact the global water system as part of the Earth system and change the way water moves around the globe like never before. Thus, managing freshwater use wisely in the planetary water cycle has become a key challenge to reach global environmental sustainability.

Volunteers on the Veld

Britain's Citizen-soldiers and the South African War, 1899-1902


Author: Stephen M. Miller

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806138640

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 2216

This book spotlights Britain's “citizen army” to show who these volunteers were, why they enlisted, how they were trained—and how they quickly became disillusioned when they found themselves committed not to the supposed glories of conventional battle but instead to a prolonged guerrilla war.

Pasture Management in South Africa


Author: Neil Melbourne Tainton

Publisher: University of Kwazulu Natal Press

ISBN: 9780869809594

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 355

View: 8473

Covers the major aspects of pasture production and management. This title focusses on species selection, pasture establishment, fertilizer, grazing and forage management, and livestock related aspects of nutrient supplementation and feed budgeting. It is useful to students and practitioners beyond South Africa's borders.