Vaccine Court

The Law and Politics of Injury

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Author: Anna Kirkland

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479876933

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 8610

The so-called vaccine court is a small special court in the United States Court of Federal Claims that handles controversial claims that a vaccine has harmed someone. While vaccines in general are extremely safe and effective, some people still suffer severe vaccine reactions and bring their claims to vaccine court. In this court, lawyers, activists, judges, doctors, and scientists come together, sometimes arguing bitterly, trying to figure out whether a vaccine really caused a person’s medical problem. In Vaccine Court, Anna Kirkland draws on the trials of the vaccine court to explore how legal institutions resolve complex scientific questions. What are vaccine injuries, and how do we come to recognize them? What does it mean to transform these questions into a legal problem and funnel them through a special national vaccine court, as we do in the U.S.? What does justice require for vaccine injury claims, and how can we deliver it? These are highly contested questions, and the terms in which they have been debated over the last forty years are highly revealing of deeper fissures in our society over motherhood, community, health, harm, and trust in authority. While many scholars argue that it’s foolish to let judges and lawyers decide medical claims about vaccines, Kirkland argues that our political and legal response to vaccine injury claims shows how well legal institutions can handle specialized scientific matters. Vaccine Court is an accessible and thorough account of what the vaccine court is, why we have it, and what it does.

Lawyers, Lawsuits, and Legal Rights

The Battle over Litigation in American Society

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Author: Thomas F. Burke

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520938373

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 9910

Lawsuits over coffee burns, playground injuries, even bad teaching: litigation "horror stories" create the impression that Americans are greedy, quarrelsome, and sue-happy. The truth, as this book makes clear, is quite different. What Thomas Burke describes in Lawyers, Lawsuits, and Legal Rights is a nation not of litigious citizens, but of litigious policies—laws that promote the use of litigation in resolving disputes and implementing public policies. This book is a cogent account of how such policies have come to shape public life and everyday practices in the United States. As litigious policies have proliferated, so have struggles to limit litigation—and these struggles offer insight into the nation's court-centered public policy style. Burke focuses on three cases: the effort to block the Americans with Disabilities Act; an attempt to reduce accident litigation by creating a no-fault auto insurance system in California; and the enactment of the Vaccine Injury Compensation Act. These cases suggest that litigious policies are deeply rooted in the American constitutional tradition. Burke shows how the diffuse, divided structure of American government, together with the anti-statist ethos of American political culture, creates incentives for political actors to use the courts to address their concerns. The first clear and comprehensive account of the national politics of litigation, his work provides a new way to understand and address the "litigiousness" of American society.

1918 - Die Welt im Fieber

Wie die Spanische Grippe die Gesellschaft veränderte

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Author: Laura Spinney

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446259589

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 4204

Der Erste Weltkrieg geht zu Ende, und eine weitere Katastrophe fordert viele Millionen Tote: die Spanische Grippe. Binnen weniger Wochen erkrankt ein Drittel der Weltbevölkerung. Trotzdem sind die Auswirkungen auf Gesellschaft, Politik und Kultur weitgehend unbekannt. Ob in Europa, Asien oder Afrika, an vielen Orten brachte die Grippe die Machtverhältnisse ins Wanken, womöglich beeinflusste sie die Verhandlung des Versailler Vertrags und verursachte Modernisierungsbewegungen. Anhand von Schicksalen auf der ganzen Welt öffnet Laura Spinney das Panorama dieser Epoche. Sie füllt eine klaffende Lücke in der Geschichtsschreibung und erlaubt einen völlig neuen Blick auf das Schicksalsjahr 1918.

How Policy Shapes Politics

Rights, Courts, Litigation, and the Struggle Over Injury Compensation

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Author: Jeb Barnes,Thomas Frederick Burke

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199756112

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 2050

The 'global rise of judicial power' has been called one of the most significant developments in late twentieth and early twenty-first-century politics. In this book, Jeb Barnes and Thomas F. Burke examine the political consequences of 'judicialization' - the growing reliance on courts, rights and litigation in public policy - by analyzing the field of injury compensation, in which judicialized and bureaucratized programmes operate side-by-side.

Science and Politics

An A-to-Z Guide to Issues and Controversies

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Author: Brent S. Steel

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483368726

Category: Political Science

Page: 632

View: 5804

Recent partisan squabbles over science in the news are indicative of a larger tendency for scientific research and practice to get entangled in major ideological divisions in the public arena. This politicization of science is deepened by the key role government funding plays in scientific research and development, the market leading position of U.S.-based science and technology firms, and controversial U.S. exports (such as genetically modified foods or hormone-injected livestock). This groundbreaking, one-volume, A-to-Z reference features 120-150 entries that explore the nexus of politics and science, both in the United States and in U.S. interactions with other nations. The essays, each by experts in their fields, examine: Health, environmental, and social/cultural issues relating to science and politics Concerns relating to government regulation and its impact on the practice of science Key historical and contemporary events that have shaped our contemporary view of how science and politics intersect Science and Politics: An A to Z Guide to Issues and Controversies is a must-have resource for researchers and students who seek to deepen their understanding of the connection between science and politics.

Health Care Management and the Law

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Author: Donna K. Hammaker,Thomas M. Knadig

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 1284117340

Category: Law

Page: 830

View: 4137

Health Care Management and the Law-2nd Edition is a comprehensive practical health law text relevant to students seeking the basic management skills required to work in health care organizations, as well as students currently working in health care organizations. This text is also relevant to those general health care consumers who are simply attempting to navigate the complex American health care system. Every attempt is made within the text to support health law and management theory with practical applications to current issues.

Health Care Policy and Politics A to Z

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Author: Julie Rovner

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1452267324

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 1422

This essential guide for libraries, policy makers, and anyone concerned with health care in America has now been fully updated Readers will find updated information on long term health care spending, abortion, Medicaid and Medicare, health insurance and the uninsured, the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), and much, much more. New entries reflect important changes in recent years and include the Medicare Modernization Act, abstinence education, electronic health records, health savings accounts, Plan B, the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), and Project BioShield.

Evidence of Harm

Mercury in Vaccines and the Autism Epidemic: A Medical Controversy

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Author: David Kirby

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1429906197

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 480

View: 2791

In the 1990s reported autism cases among American children began spiking, from about 1 in 10,000 in 1987 to a shocking 1 in 166 today. This trend coincided with the addition of several new shots to the nation's already crowded vaccination schedule, grouped together and given soon after birth or in the early months of infancy. Most of these shots contained a little-known preservative called thimerosal, which includes a quantity of the toxin mercury. Evidence of Harm explores the heated controversy over what many parents, physicians, public officials, and educators have called an "epidemic" of afflicted children. Following several families, David Kirby traces their struggle to understand how and why their once-healthy kids rapidly descended into silence or disturbed behavior, often accompanied by severe physical illness. Alarmed by the levels of mercury in the vaccine schedule, these families sought answers from their doctors, from science, from pharmaceutical companies that manufacture vaccines, and finally from the Center for Disease Control and the Food and Drug Administration-to no avail. But as they dug deeper, the families also found powerful allies in Congress and in the small community of physicians and researchers who believe that the rise of autism and other disorders is linked to toxic levels of mercury that accumulate in the systems of some children. An important and troubling book, Evidence of Harm reveals both the public and unsung obstacles faced by desperate families who have been opposed by the combined power of the federal government, health agencies, and pharmaceutical giants. From closed meetings of the FDA, CDC, and drug companies, to the mysterious rider inserted into the 2002 Homeland Security Bill that would bar thimerosal litigation, to open hearings held by Congress, this book shows a medical establishment determined to deny "evidence of harm" that might be connected with thimerosal and mercury in vaccines. In the end, as research is beginning to demonstrate, the questions raised by these families have significant implications for all children, and for those entrusted to oversee our national health.

Die Kunst der Revolte

Snowden, Assange, Manning

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Author: Geoffroy de Lagasnerie

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518744348

Category: Philosophy

Page: 150

View: 2701

Edward Snowden, Julian Assange und Chelsea Manning sind entscheidende Akteure in den zentralen Auseinandersetzungen unseres Internetzeitalters um Freiheit und Überwachung, Geheimdienste, Krieg und Terrorismus. Für den jungen französischen Philosophen Geoffroy de Lagasnerie sind sie aber noch mehr als das: Sie sind »exemplarische Figuren« einer neuen Kunst der Revolte, einer neuen Form des politischen Handelns und Subjektseins. Sein scharfsinniger Essay trifft ins Herz der Gegenwart. Das Prinzip der Anonymität, wie es WikiLeaks, aber auch die Hackergruppe Anonymous praktizieren, und die Gesten der Flucht und des Exils von Snowden und Assange brechen mit den traditionellen Formen des zivilen Ungehorsams. Sie fordern uns dazu auf, die demokratische Öffentlichkeit und den politischen Raum neu zu denken: Was bedeutet es heute, politisch das Wort zu ergreifen, ein Bürger, ein Teil eines Kollektivs zu sein? Mit ihren Aktionen formulieren diese Internetaktivisten und Hacker für de Lagasnerie nicht weniger als eine neue kritische Theorie und entwerfen ein Ideal der Emanzipation in pluralen, heterogenen und flüchtigen Gemeinschaften.

Die Wissenschaftslüge

Wie uns Pseudo-Wissenschaftler das Leben schwer machen

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Author: Ben Goldacre

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104003033

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 432

View: 1891

Der große Sachbuch-Bestseller aus Großbritannien: Endlich wird entlarvt, wie uns Pseudo-Wissenschaftler belügen, um uns Medizin- und Kosmetikprodukte zu verkaufen »Von Zahnärzten empfohlen«.»Von Dermatologen getestet«. Doch mit welchem Ergebnis? Woher wissen wir, ob uns eine medizinische Behandlung hilft? Wie können wir überprüfen, was uns alternative Heilmethoden wie zum Beispiel die Homöopathie versprechen? Und warum glauben kluge, kritische Menschen hanebüchene Dinge, nur weil »die Wissenschaft« sie angeblich bewiesen hat? Ben Goldacre entlarvt mit so viel Witz wie Wissen die zweifelhafte Wissenschaft hinter vermeintlich geprüften und bewiesenen Fakten und zeigt uns, wie wir mit eigenen Mitteln schlechte von guter Wissenschaft unterscheiden können.

Vaccinology

An Essential Guide

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Author: Gregg N. Milligan,Alan D. T. Barrett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111863652X

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 4494

Vaccinology: An Essential Guide outlines in a clear,practical format the entire vaccine development process, fromconceptualization and basic immunological principles through toclinical testing and licensing of vaccines. With anoutstanding introduction to the history and practice ofvaccinology, it also guides the reader through the basic sciencerelating to host immune responses to pathogens. Covering the safety, regulatory, ethical, and economicand geographical issues that drive vaccine development and trials,it also presents vaccine delivery strategies, novel vaccineplatforms (including experimental vaccines and pathogens), antigendevelopment and selection, vaccine modelling, and the developmentof vaccines against emerging pathogens and agents of bioterror.There are also sections devoted to veterinary vaccines andassociated regulatory processes. Vaccinology: An Essential Guide is a perfect tool fordesigned for undergraduate and graduate microbiologists andimmunologists, as well as residents, fellows and trainees ofinfectious disease and vaccinology. It is also suitable for allthose involved in designing and conducting clinical vaccine trials,and is the ideal companion to the larger reference bookVaccinology: Principles and Practice.

Common law

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Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428121519

Category: Common law

Page: 423

View: 7148

Vaccine Supply and Innovation

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Author: N.A

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 210

View: 8226

The United States is facing a vaccine shortage that may threaten public health. This book examines vaccine research and development, production and supply, and utilization and offers recommendations aimed at ensuring vaccine supply and promoting innovation. In addition, this comprehensive volume provides information on the adverse reactions associated with the range of vaccines used in the United States and contains the most thorough analysis ever published on the state of the law regarding vaccine-related injury and compensation for vaccine injury.

Reconsidering Law and Policy Debates

A Public Health Perspective

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Author: John G. Culhane

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139492322

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6539

This book approaches a variety of social and political issues that have become highly polarized and resistant to compromise by examining them through a population-based public health perspective. The topics included are some of the most contentious: abortion and reproductive rights; end-of-life issues, including the right to die and the treatment of pain; the connection between racism and poor health outcomes for African-Americans; the right of same-sex couples to marry; the toll of gun violence and how to reduce it; domestic violence and how the criminal justice model fails to deal with it effectively; and how tort compensation and punitive damages can further public health goals. People at every point along the political spectrum will find the book enlightening and informative. Written by eight authors, all of whom have cross-disciplinary expertise, this book shifts the focus away from the point of view of rights, politics, or morality and examines the effect of laws and policies from the perspective of public health and welfare.

Public Health Law and Ethics

A Reader

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Author: Milbank Memorial Fund

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520231740

Category: Law

Page: 523

View: 7638

A collection of articles and documents designed as a companion to Gostin's textbook, American Public Health Law.

Krankheit im Labor

Robert Koch und die medizinische Bakteriologie

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Author: Christoph Gradmann

Publisher: Wallstein Verlag

ISBN: 9783892449225

Category: Medical bacteriology

Page: 376

View: 6754

Public Health Law

Power, Duty, Restraint

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Author: Lawrence O. Gostin,Lindsay F. Wiley,Thomas R. Frieden

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520282655

Category: Law

Page: 768

View: 9643

"In this bold new edition, Gostin is joined by coauthor Lindsay F. Wiley to analyze the crucial role of law in addressing today's major health threats, including emerging infectious diseases, bioterrorism, natural disasters, car fatalities, gun violence, opioid overdoses, and chronic diseases caused by tobacco use, poor diet, and physical inactivity. The book creates an intellectual framework for the modern field of public health law and supports that framework with illustrations of the scientific, political, and ethical issues involved. In proposing innovative solutions for the future of the public's health, Gostin and Wiley's essential study provides a blueprint for coming public and political debates in this dynamic field. New issues covered in this edition: Corporate personhood rights raised in response to regulations of tobacco, food and beverages, alcohol, firearms, prescription drugs, and marijuana; local government authority to protect the public's health; deregulation and harm reduction as modes of public health law intervention; taxation, spending, and alteration of the socioeconomic environment as modes of public health law intervention; access to health care as a strategy for protecting the public's health; taxation, spending, licensing, zoning, and shared-use strategies for chronic disease prevention; the public health law perspective on violence and injury prevention; health justice as a framework for reducing health disparities and protecting the public's health"--Provided by publisher.