Handbook on Migration and Social Policy

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Author: Gary P. Freeman,Nikola Mirilovic

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 178347629X

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 6502

In this comprehensive Handbook, an interdisciplinary team of distinguished scholars from the social sciences explores the connections between migration and social policy. They test conflicting claims as to the positive and negative effects of different types of migration against the experience of countries in Europe, North America, Australasia, the Middle East and South Asia, assessing arguments as to migration’s impact on the financial, social and political stability and sustainability of social programs. The volume reflects the authors’ curiosity about the controversy over the connection between social and cultural diversity and popular support for the welfare state. Providing timely and original chapters which both critique the existing literature as well as build on and advance theoretical understanding, the authors focus on the formal settlement and integration polices created for migrants as well as corollary state policies affecting migrants and migration. A clutch of chapters investigates the linkage between migration and trade theory, foreign direct investment, globalization, public opinion, public education and welfare programs. Chapters then deal with leading receiving states as well as India and the authors examine the regulation of migration at the subnational, national, regional and global levels. The topic of migration and security is also covered. This compelling and exhaustive review of existing scholarship and state-of -the-art original empirical analysis is essential reading for graduates and academics researching the field.

A Question of Values

Johan Galtung's Peace Research

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Author: Peter Lawler

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781555875077

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 3724

Places the work of Johan Galtung in the context of past and current debates in international relations, political theory, and more generally, in the social sciences. This comprehensive and critical account scrutinises Galtung's conceptual icons, such as, positive peace and structural violence.

International Encyclopedia of Social & Behavioral Sciences

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080548059

Category: Social Science

Page: 17500

View: 7383

This Encyclopedia is the first attempt in a generation to map the social and behavioral sciences on a grand scale. Not since the publication in 1968 of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, edited by David L. Sills, has there been such an ambitious project to describe the state of the art in all the fields encompassed within the social and behavioral sciences. Available in both print (26 volumes) and online editions, it comprises 4,000 articles, commissioned by 52 Section Editors, and includes 90,000 bibliographic references as well as comprehensive name and subject indexes.

The Political Uses of Expert Knowledge

Immigration Policy and Social Research

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Author: Christina Boswell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521517419

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 7277

A compelling account of how politicians and officials use expert research to establish credibility in contentious areas of policy.

Blind Oracles

Intellectuals and War from Kennan to Kissinger

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Author: Bruce Kuklick

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400849462

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 9520

In this trenchant analysis, historian Bruce Kuklick examines the role of intellectuals in foreign policymaking. He recounts the history of the development of ideas about strategy and foreign policy during a critical period in American history: the era of the nuclear standoff between the United States and the Soviet Union. The book looks at how the country's foremost thinkers advanced their ideas during this time of United States expansionism, a period that culminated in the Vietnam War and détente with the Soviets. Beginning with George Kennan after World War II, and concluding with Henry Kissinger and the Vietnam War, Kuklick examines the role of both institutional policymakers such as those at The Rand Corporation and Harvard's Kennedy School, and individual thinkers including Paul Nitze, McGeorge Bundy, and Walt Rostow. Kuklick contends that the figures having the most influence on American strategy--Kissinger, for example--clearly understood the way politics and the exercise of power affects policymaking. Other brilliant thinkers, on the other hand, often played a minor role, providing, at best, a rationale for policies adopted for political reasons. At a time when the role of the neoconservatives' influence over American foreign policy is a subject of intense debate, this book offers important insight into the function of intellectuals in foreign policymaking.

United States government information policies

views and perspectives

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Author: Charles R. McClure,Peter Hernon,Harold Relyea

Publisher: Ablex Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 349

View: 9014

Once More Unto The Breach, Dear Friends

Incomplete Theory And Complete Bibliography of Irving Louis Horowitz on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday

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Author: Irving Louis Horowitz

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780765802743

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 7511

Candor, breadth, judiciousness-all these are attributes Irving Louis Horowitz possesses as a scholar. Under his leadership there is no academic publication from which I have learned as much as Transaction-Society."David Riesman, Harvard University "We are all happy benefi ciaries of Horowitzs acutely perceptive and (often) devas-tatingly plain-spoken self as sociologist and sage, broad-gauged scholar, dedicated teacher, tough-minded editor and publisher with an ingrained sense of fairness."Robert K. Merton, Columbia University

Social science in government

uses and misuses

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Author: Richard P. Nathan

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9434

Discusses the usefulness of social science in government, looks at specific research projects, and argues that policy research should be connected to political goals and deadlines

Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy

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Author: Center for Education,Committee on the Use of Social Science Knowledge in Public Policy,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309261619

Category: Social Science

Page: 122

View: 4788

Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy encourages scientists to think differently about the use of scientific evidence in policy making. This report investigates why scientific evidence is important to policy making and argues that an extensive body of research on knowledge utilization has not led to any widely accepted explanation of what it means to use science in public policy. Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy identifies the gaps in our understanding and develops a framework for a new field of research to fill those gaps. For social scientists in a number of specialized fields, whether established scholars or Ph.D. students, Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy shows how to bring their expertise to bear on the study of using science to inform public policy. More generally, this report will be of special interest to scientists who want to see their research used in policy making, offering guidance on what is required beyond producing quality research, beyond translating results into more understandable terms, and beyond brokering the results through intermediaries, such as think tanks, lobbyists, and advocacy groups. For administrators and faculty in public policy programs and schools, Using Science as Evidence in Public Policy identifies critical elements of instruction that will better equip graduates to promote the use of science in policy making.

Fraud and Fallible Judgement

Varieties of Deception in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Nathaniel J. Pallone,James J. Hennessey

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412823906

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 7215

Fraud and Fallible Judgment is both an exploration of fraud and an examination of the nature of truth in social relations and experience. The essays in this volume are concerned with deception in the social and behavioral sciences, and conditions that elicit deceptive behavior among scientists, whatever then-discipline. The issue of fraud in the social sciences moves far beyond a simple dictionary definition of duplicity. Errors in experimentation are less definite and less concrete than they are in the physical sciences. Fraud in the social sciences ranges from simple plagiarism of data and ideas to quiet suppression of information. The essays in "Fraud and Fallible Judgment "raise issues of professional judgment from self-policing to academic policy. Episodes of misconduct in research, once resolved within the academic or scientific community, are now commanding media attention on an unprecedented scale. One net effect over the long term may prove to be that public confidence in the research enterprise has been irretrievably weakened (likewise, perhaps, public willingness to invest tax dollars in the support of that enterprise). Allegations of fraud can also be used to destroy careers. Once maligned, a reputation may never be repaired. The very act of writing on the subject with candor and intelligence is itself an act of rare courage. Contributions to this volume include: David Goodstein, "The Fading Myth of the Noble Scientist"; J. Phillipe Rushton, "Cyril Hurt as the Victim of Scientific Hoax"; Del Thiessen and Robert Young, "Investigating Sexual Coercion"; and Marcel LaFollette, "The Silence of the Social Sciences." This volume is an ideal text for students and scientists in all areas of the social and behavioral sciences, particularly psychologists and sociologists.

Science of Coercion

Communication Research & Psychological Warfare, 1945–1960

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Author: Christopher Simpson

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1497672708

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 6767

A provocative and eye-opening study of the essential role the US military and the Central Intelligence Agency played in the advancement of communication studies during the Cold War era, now with a new introduction by Robert W. McChesney and a new preface by the author Since the mid-twentieth century, the great advances in our knowledge about the most effective methods of mass communication and persuasion have been visible in a wide range of professional fields, including journalism, marketing, public relations, interrogation, and public opinion studies. However, the birth of the modern science of mass communication had surprising and somewhat troubling midwives: the military and covert intelligence arms of the US government. In this fascinating study, author Christopher Simpson uses long-classified documents from the Pentagon, the CIA, and other national security agencies to demonstrate how this seemingly benign social science grew directly out of secret government-funded research into psychological warfare. It reveals that many of the most respected pioneers in the field of communication science were knowingly complicit in America’s Cold War efforts, regardless of their personal politics or individual moralities, and that their findings on mass communication were eventually employed for the purposes of propaganda, subversion, intimidation, and counterinsurgency. An important, thought-provoking work, Science of Coercion shines a blazing light into a hitherto remote and shadowy corner of Cold War history.

Social science and institutional change

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Author: Robert R. Mayer,University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Dept. of City and Regional Planning,National Institute of Mental Health. Division of Special Mental Health Programs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Organizational change

Page: 202

View: 3456