Urban Commons

Moving Beyond State and Market

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Author: Mary Dellenbaugh,Markus Kip,Majken Bieniok,Agnes Müller,Martin Schwegmann

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3038214957

Category: Architecture

Page: 244

View: 1468

Urban space is a commons: simultaneously a sphere of human cooperation and negotiation and its product. Understanding urban space as a commons means that the much sought-after productivity of the city precedes rather than results from strategies of the state and capital. This approach challenges assumptions of urbanization as capital-driven, an idea which resonates with a range of recent urban social movements, from the Arab Spring and the Occupy movement to the “Right to the City” alliance. However commons exist in a tense relationship with state and market, both of which continually seek to exploit and control them. Initiatives to create “commons” are welcomed and even facilitated by governments in order to (re-)valorize urban space and lessen the impacts of economic restructuring, while, at the same time, the creative and reproductive potential of the urban commons is undermined by continuing attempts to commodify them. This volume examines these topics theoretically and empirically through a wide spectrum of international case studies providing perspectives from a variety of cities as diverse as Berlin, Hyderabad and Seoul. A wider discussion of commons in current scientific and activist literature from housing, public space, to urban infrastructure, is explored through the lens of the urban condition.

Urban Commons

Rethinking the City

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Author: Christian Borch,Martin Kornberger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317702972

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 9761

This book rethinks the city by examining its various forms of collectivity – their atmospheres, modes of exclusion and self-organization, as well as how they are governed – on the basis of a critical discussion of the notion of urban commons. The idea of the commons has received surprisingly little attention in urban theory, although the city may well be conceived as a shared resource. Urban Commons: Rethinking the City offers an attempt to reconsider what a city might be by studying how the notion of the commons opens up new understandings of urban collectivities, addressing a range of questions about urban diversity, urban governance, urban belonging, urban sexuality, urban subcultures, and urban poverty; but also by discussing in more methodological terms how one might study the urban commons. In these respects, the rethinking of the city undertaken in this book has a critical dimension, as the notion of the commons delivers new insights about how collective urban life is formed and governed.

The Urban Commons

How Data and Technology Can Rebuild Our Communities

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Author: Daniel T. O'Brien

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674975294

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 4898

Through voicemail, apps, websites, and Twitter, Boston’s sophisticated 311 system allows citizens to report potholes, broken streetlights, graffiti, and vandalism that affect everyone’s quality of life. Drawing on Boston’s rich data, Daniel T. O’Brien offers a model of what smart technology can do for cities seeking both growth and sustainability.

Reclaiming the Urban Commons

The Past, Present and Future of Food Growing in Australian Towns and Cities

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Author: Andrew Gaynor,Nick Rose

Publisher: University of Western Australia Press

ISBN: 9781760800147

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 250

View: 8007

We are in the midst of a great shift, a fundamental transformation in our relations with the earth and with each other. Reclaiming the Urban Commons gathers together leading innovators, researchers and practitioners of urban agriculture in Australia to share stories of what they are doing, how they are doing it, and why. This book is a critical reflection on the past and the present of urban food growing in Australia, as well as a map and a passionate rallying call to a better future as an urbanized species.

Routledge Handbook of the Study of the Commons

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Author: Blake Hudson,Jonathan Rosenbloom,Dan Cole

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351669249

Category: Law

Page: 442

View: 8603

The "commons" has come to mean many things to many people, and the term is often used inconsistently. The study of the commons has expanded dramatically since Garrett Hardin’s The Tragedy of the Commons (1968) popularized the dilemma faced by users of common pool resources. This comprehensive Handbook serves as a unique synthesis and resource for understanding how analytical frameworks developed within the literature assist in understanding the nature and management of commons resources. Such frameworks include those related to Institutional Analysis and Development, Social-Ecological Systems, and Polycentricity, among others. The book aggregates and analyses these frameworks to lay a foundation for exploring how they apply according to scholars across a wide range of disciplines. It includes an exploration of the unique problems arising in different disciplines of commons study, including natural resources (forests, oceans, water, energy, ecosystems, etc), economics, law, governance, the humanities, and intellectual property. It shows how the analytical frameworks discussed early in the book facilitate interdisciplinarity within commons scholarship. This interdisciplinary approach within the context of analytical frameworks helps facilitate a more complete understanding of the similarities and differences faced by commons resource users and managers, the usefulness of the commons lens as an analytical tool for studying resource management problems, and the best mechanisms by which to formulate policies aimed at addressing such problems.

Make_shift City

Renegotiating the Urban Commons

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Author: Francesca Ferguson

Publisher: Jovis Verlag

ISBN: 9783868592238

Category: Architecture

Page: 255

View: 8609

Makeshift' implies a temporary or expedient substitute for something else, something missing. Make_Shift City extends the term to embrace urban design strategies. Make_Shift City implies a condition of insecurity: the inconstant, the imperfect and the indeterminate. It also implies the designing act of shifting or reinterpretation as a form of urban détournement. Austerity urbanism and the increasing scarcity of resources among the cities and boroughs of Europe in particular have far-reaching consequences for civic space. Where there is a lack of regular planning processes, gaps arise as open spaces that enable an ad-hoc informal urban design. What often results is a process of urban commoning: the renegotiation of shared spaces and shared resources. This urbanism of small acts is an emancipator practice; a re-imagining of the city space and its potentialities.

Umkämpftes Grün

Zwischen neoliberaler Stadtentwicklung und Stadtgestaltung von unten

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Author: Sarah Kumnig,Marit Rosol,Andreas Exner

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839435897

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 8620

Urbane Gärten sind aus vielen Städten nicht mehr wegzudenken. Gemeinschaftlicher Gemüseanbau wird dabei oft als rebellischer Akt der Stadtgestaltung von unten verstanden. Gleichzeitig taucht »urban gardening« immer häufiger in Stadtentwicklungsplänen und Werbebroschüren auf. Die Beiträger_innen des Bandes liefern eine kritische Analyse grüner urbaner Aktivitäten und ihrer umkämpften und widersprüchlichen Rolle in aktuellen Prozessen der Neoliberalisierung des Städtischen.

Spatial Commons. Städtische Freiräume als Ressource

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Author: Klever, Paul,Klotz, Steffen,Pappert, Lukas,Schulze, Jens

Publisher: Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin

ISBN: 3798328234

Category: Architecture

Page: 30

View: 7448

Die Beschäftigung mit den Gemeingütern, den elementaren natürlichen und kulturellen Ressourcen, die dem Wohle der Gemeinschaft dienen, fordert auch eine Auseinandersetzung mit Räumen. Denn die Frage nach der Verfügbarkeit von Ressourcen schließt die Frage nach dem Ort, an dem diese für die Gemeinschaft zugänglich sind oder zugänglich gemacht werden, und damit immer auch die Frage nach der räumlichen Organisation dieser Gemeinschaft, ein. Diese Publikation gibt einen ersten Überblick über historische Typen von Allmenden, über die aktuelle Theoriebildung zum Thema des urbanen Gemeingutes und spekuliert über mögliche Formen von zukünftigem Commoning. Space has to be discussed once one focuses on the commons, the natural and cultural resources securing the well-being of a community. The question of availability of these resources includes asking for the place where they are accessible or where they are made accessible and thus always the question of the spatial organization of this society. This publication wants to provide a first overview about historical types of commons, about contemporary theories on urban commons, and speculate about possible forms of future commoning.

Sharing Cities

Activating the Urban Commons

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Author: Shareable

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780999244005

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 4556

"Sharing Cities: Activating the Urban Commons" showcases over a hundred sharing-related case studies and model policies from more than 80 cities in 35 countries. It both witnesses a growing global movement and serves as a practical reference guide for community-based solutions to urgent challenges faced by cities everywhere. This book is a call to action meant to inspire readers with ideas, raise awareness of the impressive range of local efforts, and strengthen the sharing movement worldwide. "Sharing Cities" shows that not only is another world possible, but that much of it is already here.

Die Welt der Commons

Muster gemeinsamen Handelns

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Author: Silke Helfrich,David Bollier,Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3732832457

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 2638

Die Logik des Kapitalismus heißt teilen. Nur teilen darin nicht die Menschen, sondern sie werden geteilt. Es ist daher problematisch, Commons in kapitalistischen Kategorien zu erklären. Wer die Welt der Commons betritt, begegnet einer anderen Logik, einer anderen Sprache und anderen Kategorien. Nach »Commons. Für eine neue Politik jenseits von Markt und Staat« (2012) erkunden in diesem Band Autorinnen und Autoren aller Kontinente die anthropologischen Grundlagen der Commons und stellen sie zugleich als konkrete Utopien vor. Sie machen nachvollziehbar, dass alles Commons sein oder werden kann: durch Prozesse geteilter Verantwortung, in Laboratorien für Selbstorganisation und durch Freiheit in Verbundenheit. Commoners realisieren, was schon heute machbar ist und morgen selbstverständlich sein wird. Das zeigen über 40 Beispiele aus aller Welt. Dieses Buch erweitert unseren Möglichkeitssinn für die Gestaltung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Mit Beiträgen u.a. von Nigel C. Gibson, Marianne Gronemeyer, Helmut Leitner, Étienne Le Roy, Andreas Weber, Rosa Luxemburg, Anne Salmond und David Sloan Wilson.

The End of Tradition?

Part 1. a History of Commons and Commons Management: Cultural Severance and Commons Past: Part 2. Commons: Current Management and Problems: Cultural Severance and Commons Present

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Author: Ian D. Rotherham,Christine Handley,Mauro Agnoletti

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1904098568

Category: Endangered ecosystems

Page: 427

View: 6473

"The threats from global cultural change and abandonment of traditional landscape management increased in the last half of the twentieth century and ten years into the twenty-first century show no signs of slowing down. Their impacts on global biodiversity and on people disconnected from their traditional landscapes pose real and serious economic and social problems which need to be addressed now. The End of Tradition conference held in Sheffield, UK, was organised by Professor Ian D. Rotherham and colleagues. It addressed the fundamental issues of whether we can conserve the biodiversity of wonderful and iconic landscapes and reconnect people to their natural environment. And, if we can, how can we do so and make them relevant for the twenty-first century."--

The Ecology of Urban Habitats

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Author: Oliver Gilbert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400908210

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 4816

This book is about the plants and animals of urban areas, not the urban fringe, not encapsulated countryside but those parts of towns where man's impact is greatest. The powerful anthropogenic influences that operate in cities have, until recently, rendered them unattractive to ecologists who find the high proportion of exotics and mixtures of planted and spontaneous vegetation bewildering. They are also unused to considering fashion, taste, mowing machines and the behaviour of dog owners as habitat factors. I have always maintained, however, and I hope this book demonstrates, that there are as many interrelationships to be uncovered in a flower bed as in a field, in a cemetery as on a sand dune; and due to the well documented history of urban sites, together with the strong effects of management, they are frequently easier to interpret than those operating in more natural areas. The potential of these communities as rewarding areas for study is revealed in the literature on the pests of stored products, urban foxes and birds. The journals oflocal natural history societies have also provided a rich source of material as amateurs have never been averse to following the fortunes of their favourite groups into the heart of our cities. It is predictable that among the few professionals to specialize in this discipline have been those enclosed in West Berlin, who must be regarded as among the leading exponents of urban ecology.

Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution

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Author: David Harvey

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1844678822

Category: Political Science

Page: 187

View: 5312

Explores cities as the origin of revolutionary politics, where social and political issues are always at the surface, using examples from such cities as New York City and Mumbai to examine how they can be better ecologically reorganized.

The Leisure Commons

A Spatial History of Web 2.0

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Author: Payal Arora

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317678923

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 2870

There is much excitement about Web 2.0 as an unprecedented, novel, community-building space for experiencing, producing, and consuming leisure, particularly through social network sites. What is needed is a perspective that is invested in neither a utopian or dystopian posture but sees historical continuity to this cyberleisure geography. This book investigates the digital public sphere by drawing parallels to another leisure space that shares its rhetoric of being open, democratic, and free for all: the urban park. It makes the case that the history and politics of public parks as an urban commons provides fresh insight into contemporary debates on corporatization, democratization and privatization of the digital commons. This book takes the reader on a metaphorical journey through multiple forms of public parks such as Protest Parks, Walled Gardens, Corporate Parks, Fantasy Parks, and Global Parks, addressing issues such as virtual activism, online privacy/surveillance, digital labor, branding, and globalization of digital networks. Ranging from the 19th century British factory garden to Tokyo Disneyland, this book offers numerous spatial metaphors to bring to life aspects of new media spaces. Readers looking for an interdisciplinary, historical and spatial approach to staid Web 2.0 discourses will undoubtedly benefit from this text.

Neighbourhood Governance in Urban China

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Author: Ngai-Ming Yip

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781000247

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 5970

Neighbourhood governance is a multifaceted concept that cuts across academic disciplines and intersects an array of policy areas. Therefore this book will find a wide audience amongst public and social policy academics, particularly those with an inter

Pathologies of Modern Space

Empty Space, Urban Anxiety, and the Recovery of the Public Self

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Author: Kathryn Milun

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135927383

Category: Architecture

Page: 240

View: 6531

Pathologies of Modern Space traces the rise of agoraphobia and ties its astonishing growth to the emergence of urban modernity. In contrast to traditional medical conceptions of the disorder, Kathryn Milun shows that this anxiety is closely related to the emergence of "empty urban space": homogenous space, such as malls and parking lots, stripped of memory and tactile features. Pathologies of Modern Space is a compelling cultural analysis of the history of medical treatments for agoraphobia and what they can tell us about the normative expectations for the public self in the modern city.

Parliamentary Papers

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Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: N.A

View: 7873