Unequal Time

Gender, Class, and Family in Employment Schedules


Author: Dan Clawson,Naomi Gerstel

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 161044843X

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 7024

Life is unpredictable. Control over one’s time is a crucial resource for managing that unpredictability, keeping a job, and raising a family. But the ability to control one’s time, much like one’s income, is determined to a significant degree by both gender and class. In Unequal Time, sociologists Dan Clawson and Naomi Gerstel explore the ways in which social inequalities permeate the workplace, shaping employees’ capacities to determine both their work schedules and home lives, and exacerbating differences between men and women, and the economically privileged and disadvantaged. Unequal Time investigates the interconnected schedules of four occupations in the health sector—professional-class doctors and nurses, and working-class EMTs and nursing assistants. While doctors and EMTs are predominantly men, nurses and nursing assistants are overwhelmingly women. In all four occupations, workers routinely confront schedule uncertainty, or unexpected events that interrupt, reduce, or extend work hours. Yet, Clawson and Gerstel show that members of these four occupations experience the effects of schedule uncertainty in very distinct ways, depending on both gender and class. But doctors, who are professional-class and largely male, have significant control over their schedules and tend to work long hours because they earn respect from their peers for doing so. By contrast, nursing assistants, who are primarily female and working-class, work demanding hours because they are most likely to be penalized for taking time off, no matter how valid the reasons. Unequal Time also shows that the degree of control that workers hold over their schedules can either reinforce or challenge conventional gender roles. Male doctors frequently work overtime and rely heavily on their wives and domestic workers to care for their families. Female nurses are more likely to handle the bulk of their family responsibilities, and use the control they have over their work schedules in order to dedicate more time to home life. Surprisingly, Clawson and Gerstel find that in the working class occupations, workers frequently undermine traditional gender roles, with male EMTs taking significant time from work for child care and women nursing assistants working extra hours to financially support their children and other relatives. Employers often underscore these disparities by allowing their upper-tier workers (doctors and nurses) the flexibility that enables their gender roles at home, including, for example, reshaping their workplaces in order to accommodate female nurses’ family obligations. Low-wage workers, on the other hand, are pressured to put their jobs before the unpredictable events they might face outside of work. Though we tend to consider personal and work scheduling an individual affair, Clawson and Gerstel present a provocative new case that time in the workplace also collective. A valuable resource for workers’ advocates and policymakers alike, Unequal Time exposes how social inequalities reverberate through a web of interconnected professional relationships and schedules, significantly shaping the lives of workers and their families.

Multivariable Analysis

A Practical Guide for Clinicians


Author: Mitchell H. Katz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521549851

Category: Medical

Page: 203

View: 9115

How to perform and interpret multivariable analysis, using plain language rather than complex derivations.

Principles of Discrete Time Mechanics


Author: George Jaroszkiewicz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107034299

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 5175

A unique introduction to the chronon hypothesis, systematically building the theory up from scratch.

Quantum Phase Transitions


Author: Subir Sachdev

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521004541

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 5676

The first book to describe the theory of quantum phase transitions in condensed matter systems.

A Short and Easy Method for Obtaining

By the Help of a Table, the Average Time Upon Bills of Merchandise, Notes, Accounts, &c. The Whole Based Upon Interest at Six Per Cent. Together with a Complete Time Table


Author: L. Brooks

Publisher: N.A


Category: Average of accounts

Page: 18

View: 9208

Sporting Times


Author: K. Woodward

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137275367

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 104

View: 796

Written against the backdrop of the 2012 London Olympics, this book examines the idea of 'time' in sport, using time as a conceptual lens to explore movement, bodies, sports reporting, memory, disability, technology and the role of the past and the future in sport.

Lasers, Clocks and Drag-Free Control

Exploration of Relativistic Gravity in Space


Author: Hansjörg Dittus,Claus Lämmerzahl,Slava G. Turyshev

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540343776

Category: Science

Page: 642

View: 2890

Written by international experts, this book explores the possibilities for the next 20 years in conducting gravitational experiments in space that would make the most of the new and much-improved existing capabilities. They start from the premise that over the next decade the gravitational physics community will benefit from dramatic improvements in many technologies critical to the tests of gravity. This volume contains a comprehensive presentation of the theory, technology, missions and projects on relativistic gravity in space.

Understanding Space-Time

The Philosophical Development of Physics from Newton to Einstein


Author: Robert DiSalle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139452663

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2333

Presenting the history of space-time physics, from Newton to Einstein, as a philosophical development DiSalle reflects our increasing understanding of the connections between ideas of space and time and our physical knowledge. He suggests that philosophy's greatest impact on physics has come about, less by the influence of philosophical hypotheses, than by the philosophical analysis of concepts of space, time and motion, and the roles they play in our assumptions about physical objects and physical measurements. This way of thinking leads to interpretations of the work of Newton and Einstein and the connections between them. It also offers ways of looking at old questions about a priori knowledge, the physical interpretation of mathematics, and the nature of conceptual change. Understanding Space-Time will interest readers in philosophy, history and philosophy of science, and physics, as well as readers interested in the relations between physics and philosophy.


A New Cabinet Cyclopaedia, Comprehending a Complete Series of Essays, Treatises, and Systems, Alphabetically Arranged...


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A



Page: N.A

View: 6033


A New Cyclopaedia, Comprehending a Complete Series of Essays, Treatises, and Systems, Alphabetically Arranged; with a General Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Words ... Illustrated with Engravings, Those on History Being from Original Drawings by Edwards and Others ...


Author: John Mason Good,Olinthus Gregory,Newton Bosworth

Publisher: N.A


Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page: N.A

View: 2732

A system of natural philosophy

being a course of lectures in Mechanics, Optics, Hydrostatics, and Astronomy


Author: Thomas Rutherforth

Publisher: N.A


Category: Science

Page: 1105

View: 4663


Critical Perspectives


Author: Gernot Kohler,Emilio José Chaves

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590333464

Category: Political Science

Page: 453

View: 7098

The majority of people around the world are experiencing oppressive and destructive forces which manifest themselves in starvation, income polarisation, joblessness, stress, violence, and so on. What is the nature of these forces? If we call them "globalisation", can there be good globalisation as well as bad globalisation? Is this a new phenomenon or just a continuation of history as it has always been? This book brings together a wide range of expertise addressing these problems from a world-systems perspective.

Ferry and Brandon's Cost Planning of Buildings


Author: Richard Kirkham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118887581

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 3264

This new edition of the classic quantity surveyingtextbook retains its basic structure but has been thoroughlyupdated to reflect recent changes in the industry, especially inprocurement. Although over the last 20 years a number of new procurementmethods have evolved and become adopted, the recession has seenmany clients revert to established traditional methods ofprocurement so the fundamentals of cost planning still apply - andshould not be ignored. The first edition of this leading textbook was published in 1964and it continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to thepractice and procedures of cost planning in the procurement ofbuildings. This 9th edition has been thoroughly updated toreflect changes that have occurred in the UK construction industryin the past six years. Whilst retaining its core structure of thethree-phase cost planning process originally developed by Ferry andBrandon, the text provides a thorough grounding in contemporaryissues including procurement innovation, whole life cycle costingand modelling techniques. Designed to support the core cost planning studies covered bystudents reading for degrees in quantity surveying and constructionmanagement, it provides a platform for understanding thefundamental importance of effective cost planning practice. The principals of elemental cost planning are covered from bothpre- and post- contract perspectives; the role of effectivebriefing and client/stakeholder engagement as best practice is alsoreinforced in this text. This new edition: Addresses The Soft Landings Framework (a new govt. initiative,especially for schools) to make buildings perform radically betterand much more sustainably. Puts focus on actual performance in useat brief stage, during design and construction, and especiallybefore and after handover. Covers recent changes in procurement, especially under the NECand PFI Provides more on PPP and long-term maintenanceissues Offers an improved companion website with tutorial worksheetsfor lecturers and Interactive spreadsheets for students, e.g. developmentappraisal models; lifecycle costing models

Elements of Dynamic

An Introduction to the Study of Motion and Rest in Solid and Fluid Bodies


Author: William Kingdon Clifford

Publisher: N.A


Category: Dynamics

Page: 221

View: 9304