Arrow-Pushing in Organic Chemistry

An Easy Approach to Understanding Reaction Mechanisms

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Author: Daniel E. Levy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118991206

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 9248

Organic chemistry is required coursework for degrees in life, food, and medical sciences. To help the students discouraged by the belief that this topic cannot be mastered without significant memorization, Arrow Pushing in Organic Chemistry serves as a handy supplement for understanding the subject. • Includes new chapters, an expanded index, and additional problem sets complete with detailed solutions • Focuses on understanding the mechanics and logic of organic reaction mechanisms • Introduces ionic and non-ionic reactive species and reaction mechanisms • Teaches strategies to predict reactive species, sites of reactions, and reaction products • Provides a solid foundation upon which organic chemistry students can advance with confidence

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

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Author: Audrey Miller,Philippa H. Solomon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124967120

Category: Science

Page: 471

View: 4385

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry, Second Edition, is an invaluable guide to charting the movements of atoms and electrons in the reactions of organic molecules. Miller and Solomon illustrate that understanding organic reactions is based on applying general principles rather than the rote memorization of unrelated processes, and, in turn, emphasize that writing mechanisms is a practical method of applying knowledge of previously encountered reactions and reaction conditions to new reactions. Students and research chemists alike will find this book useful in providing a method of organizing and synthesizing an oftentimes overwhelming quantity of information into a set of general principles and guidelines for determining and describing organic reaction mechanisms. * Essential for those students who need to have mechanisms explained in greater detail than most organic chemistry textbooks provide. * Illustrated with hundreds of chemical structures * Extensively rewritten and reorganized to make the presentation and format even easier for students to use * Contains many problem sets and answers to all problems to help students work through general principles and applications * Appendixes have been added to this edition that contain easily referenced information on Lewis structures, symbols for chemical notation, and the relative acidities of common substances

Chemistry of the Carbonyl Group

A Step-by-Step Approach to Understanding Organic Reaction Mechanisms

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Author: Timothy K. Dickens,Stuart Warren

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119459532

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 1717

Teaches and enables students to build confidence in drawing and manipulating curly arrows, a fundamental skill for all organic chemists This book is an interactive approach to learning about chemistry of the carbonyl group—inviting students to work through its pages with pencil and paper in hand. It educates with the belief that the most effective way to learn is by practice and interaction. With this in mind, the reader is asked to predict what would happen under a specific set of reaction conditions. The book is divided into frames: each frame poses a question and invites the reader to predict what will happen. Subsequent frames give the solution but then pose more questions to develop a theme further. Chemistry of the Carbonyl Group: A Programmed Approach to Organic Reaction Mechanisms, Revised Edition provides a solid grounding in the fundamental reactions of carbonyls. Presented in full colour to enhance the understanding of mechanisms within chemistry, the chapters of this step-by-step guide cover: nucleophilic addition to the carbonyl group; nucleophilic substitution; nucleophilic substitution at the carbonyl group with complete removal of carbonyl oxygen; carbanions and enolisation; and building organic molecules from carbonyl compounds. A must-have book for undergraduate chemists to emphasise understanding in carbonyl group chemistry Goes through all the stages of basic carbonyl chemistry, detailing even the simplest mechanisms A step-by-step learning guide to synthetic chemistry for the first year of a chemistry degree, with all the information needed for independent learning Provides a solid grounding in the fundamental reactions of carbonyls which will inform the understanding of many other organic chemistry reactions Chemistry of the Carbonyl Group: A Programmed Approach to Organic Reaction Mechanisms - Revised Edition is packed with all the information on synthetic chemistry that every first-year student will need in order to learn independently.

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

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Author: Kenneth A. Savin

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124105092

Category: Science

Page: 510

View: 9183

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry, Third Edition, is a guide to understanding the movements of atoms and electrons in the reactions of organic molecules. Expanding on the successful book by Miller and Solomon, this new edition further enhances your understanding of reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry and shows that writing mechanisms is a practical method of applying knowledge of previously encountered reactions and reaction conditions to new reactions. The book has been extensively revised with new material including a completely new chapter on oxidation and reduction reactions including stereochemical reactions. It is also now illustrated with hundreds of colorful chemical structures to help you understand reaction processes more easily. The book also features new and extended problem sets and answers to help you understand the general principles and how to apply these to real applications. In addition, there are new information boxes throughout the text to provide useful background to reactions and the people behind the discovery of a reaction. This new edition will be of interest to students and research chemists who want to learn how to organize what may seem an overwhelming quantity of information into a set of simple general principles and guidelines for determining and describing organic reaction mechanisms. Extensively rewritten and reorganized with a completely new chapter on oxidation and reduction reactions including stereochemical reactions Essential for those who need to have mechanisms explained in greater detail than most organic chemistry textbooks provide Now illustrated with hundreds of colorful chemical structures to help you understand reaction processes more easily New and extended problem sets and answers to help you understand the general principles and how to apply this to real applications New information boxes throughout the text to provide useful background to reactions and the people behind the discovery of a reaction

Mechanisms in Organic Reactions

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Author: Richard A. Jackson

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854046423

Category: Education

Page: 199

View: 2538

The book provides illuminating insights into fundamental chemistry and also practical value for students who will go on to teach, research or be involved in other scientific roles.

Organic Mechanisms

Reactions, Methodology, and Biological Applications

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Author: Xiaoping Sun

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118507916

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 5583

Instills a deeper understanding of how and why organic reactions happen Integrating reaction mechanisms, synthetic methodology, and biological applications, Organic Mechanisms gives organic chemists the tools needed to perform seamless organic reactions. By explaining the underlying mechanisms of organic reactions, author Xiaoping Sun makes it possible for readers to gain a deeper understanding of not only chemical phenomena, but also the ability to develop new synthetic methods. Moreover, by emphasizing biological applications, this book enables readers to master both advanced organic chemistry theory and practice. Organic Mechanisms consists of ten chapters, beginning with a review of fundamental physicochemical principles that are essential for understanding the nature of organic mechanisms. Each one of the remaining chapters is devoted to a major class of organic reactions, including: Aliphatic C–H bond functionalization Functionalization of the alkene C=C bond by cycloaddition reactions Nucleophilic substitutions on sp3-hybridized carbons Nucleophilic additions and substitutions on carbonyl groups Reactivity of the α-hydrogen to carbonyl groups Rearrangements A brief review of basic organic chemistry begins each chapter, helping readers move from fundamental concepts to an advanced understanding of reaction mechanisms. Key mechanisms are illustrated by expertly drawn figures highlighting microscopic details. End-of-chapter problems enable readers to put their newfound knowledge into practice by solving key problems in organic reactions with the use of mechanistic studies, and a Solutions Manual is available online for course instructors. Thoroughly referenced and current with recent findings in organic reaction mechanisms, Organic Mechanisms is recommended for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in advanced organic chemistry, as well as for practicing chemists who want to further explore the mechanistic aspects of organic reactions.

Advanced Organic Chemistry

Reaction Mechanisms

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Author: Reinhard Bruckner

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121381103

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 2623

Contents - Radical Substitution Reactions at the Saturated C Atom. Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions at the Saturated C Atom. Additions to the Olefinic C=C Double Bond. Eliminations Substitution Reactions on Aromatic Compounds. Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions (Except Through Enolates) on the Carboxyl Carbon. Additions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Heterocumulenes. Additions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Carbonyl Compounds and Their Secondary Reactions. Addition of H Nucleophiles and Metal Organyls to Carbonyl Compounds. Reaction of Ylides with Saturated or Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds. Chemistry of the Alkaline Earth Metal Enolates. Rearrangements. Thermal Cycloadditions. Transition Metal-Mediated Alkenylations, Arylations and Alkynylations. Oxidations and Reductions.

Organic Mechanisms

Reactions, Stereochemistry and Synthesis

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Author: Reinhard Bruckner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642036503

Category: Science

Page: 855

View: 9136

This English edition of a best-selling and award-winning German textbook Reaction Mechanisms: Organic Reactions · Stereochemistry · Modern Synthetic Methods is aimed at those who desire to learn organic chemistry through an approach that is facile to understand and easily committed to memory. Michael Harmata, Norman Rabjohn Distinguished Professor of Organic Chemistry (University of Missouri) surveyed the accuracy of the translation, made certain contributions, and above all adapted its rationalizations to those prevalent in the organic chemistry community in the English-speaking world. Throughout the book fundamental and advanced reaction mechanisms are presented with meticulous precision. The systematic use of red "electron-pushing arrows" allows students to follow each transformation elementary step by elementary step. Mechanisms are not only presented in the traditional contexts of rate laws and substituent effects but, whenever possible, are illustrated using practical, useful and state-of-the-art reactions. The abundance of stereoselective reactions included in the treatise makes the reader familiar with key concepts of stereochemistry. The fundamental topics of the book address the needs of upper-level undergraduate students, while its advanced sections are intended for graduate-level audiences. Accordingly, this book is an essential learning tool for students and a unique addition to the reference desk of practicing organic chemists, who as life-long learners desire to keep abreast of both fundamental and applied aspects of our science. In addition, it will well serve ambitious students in chemistry-related fields such as biochemistry, medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutical chemistry. From the reviews: "Professor Bruckner has further refined his already masterful synthetic organic chemistry classic; the additions are seamless and the text retains the magnificent clarity, rigour and precision which were the hallmark of previous editions. The strength of the book stems from Professor Bruckner’s ability to provide lucid explanations based on a deep understanding of physical organic chemistry and to limit discussion to very carefully selected reaction classes illuminated by exquisitely pertinent examples, often from the recent literature. The panoply of organic synthesis is analysed and dissected according to fundamental structural, orbital, kinetic and thermodynamic principles with an effortless coherence that yields great insight and never over-simplifies. The perfect source text for advanced Undergraduate and Masters/PhD students who want to understand, in depth, the art of synthesis ." Alan C. Spivey, Imperial College London "Bruckner’s ‘Organic Mechanisms’ accurately reflects the way practicing organic chemists think and speak about organic reactions. The figures are beautifully drawn and show the way organic chemists graphically depict reactions. It uses a combination of basic valence bond pictures with more sophisticated molecular orbital treatments. It handles mechanisms both from the "electron pushing perspective" and from a kinetic and energetic view. The book will be very useful to new US graduate students and will help bring them to the level of sophistication needed to be serious researchers in organic chemistry." Charles P. Casey, University of Wisconsin-Madison "This is an excellent advanced organic chemistry textbook that provides a key resource for students and teachers alike." Mark Rizzacasa, University of Melbourne, Australia.

A Handbook of Organic Chemistry Mechanisms

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Author: Peter Wepplo

Publisher: Curved Arrow Press

ISBN: 0977931331

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 4858

A Handbook to Organic Chemistry Mechanisms is designed to accompany a standard organic chemistry textbook. The book presents complete mechanisms, start to finish, without any steps skipped or left out. The mechanisms have been carefully written to show each step in a logical and easy to follow format. Students have enthusiastically attested to the ease with which they could understand the mechanisms. Reaction mechanisms are one of the most challenging aspects of organic chemistry. This book is derived from Part D of A Guide to Organic Chemistry Mechanisms. That book is a guided inquiry workbook that shows students how to study and enables them to learn reaction mechanisms. Student knowledge is increased step by step by completing mechanisms at easy, moderate, and textbook levels of difficulty. A Handbook to Organic Chemistry Mechanisms also relies on example-based teaching. Chemical reactions can be learned in context, the way infants learn. Learning reactions from rules is difficult when there are many exceptions. Substitution and elimination reactions are noteworthy due to the number of conditions that must be accounted for. With example-based teaching, you can deduce the importance that stereochemistry, structure, solvent, leaving group, charge, basicity, or nucleophilicity may have on a reaction. A Handbook to Organic Chemistry Mechanisms has been designed with the principle that our brains are pattern-matching machines. Therefore, an emphasis has been placed upon the patterns of reactions. Each chapter represents a basic mechanistic theme. That theme is repeated with the examples. Insightful explanations have been included with the mechanisms. This book will be a valuable resourcefor reviewing for an exam, solving problems, or studying for the MCAT.

Organic Reaction Mechanisms

Selected Problems and Solutions

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Author: William C. Groutas

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471282518

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 3347

This hands-on manual allows readers to gain a better understanding of organic reaction mechanisms by solving a wide range of problems. Answers for the problems are included along with mini-reviews that summarize and emphasize fundamental principles. This approach sharpens readers' reasoning ability and critical thinking.

The Art of Writing Reasonable Organic Reaction Mechanisms

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Author: Robert B. Grossman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387954686

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 2118

Intended for students of intermediate organic chemistry, this text shows how to write a reasonable mechanism for an organic chemical transformation. The discussion is organized by types of mechanisms and the conditions under which the reaction is executed, rather than by the overall reaction as is the case in most textbooks. Each chapter discusses common mechanistic pathways and suggests practical tips for drawing them. Worked problems are included in the discussion of each mechanism, and "common error alerts" are scattered throughout the text to warn readers about pitfalls and misconceptions that bedevil students. Each chapter is capped by a large problem set.

Electron Flow in Organic Chemistry

A Decision-Based Guide to Organic Mechanisms

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Author: Paul H. Scudder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118355024

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 9925

Sets forth the analytical tools needed to solve key problems in organic chemistry With its acclaimed decision-based approach, Electron Flow in Organic Chemistry enables readers to develop the essential critical thinking skills needed to analyze and solve problems in organic chemistry, from the simple to complex. The author breaks down common mechanistic organic processes into their basic units to explain the core electron flow pathways that underlie these processes. Moreover, the text stresses the use of analytical tools such as flow charts, correlation matrices, and energy surfaces to enable readers new to organic chemistry to grasp the fundamentals at a much deeper level. This Second Edition of Electron Flow in Organic Chemistry has been thoroughly revised, reorganized, and streamlined in response to feedback from both students and instructors. Readers will find more flowcharts, correlation matrices, and algorithms that illustrate key decision-making processes step by step. There are new examples from the field of biochemistry, making the text more relevant to a broader range of readers in chemistry, biology, and medicine. This edition also offers three new chapters: Proton transfer and the principles of stability Important reaction archetypes Qualitative molecular orbital theory and pericyclic reactions The text's appendix features a variety of helpful tools, including a general bibliography, quick-reference charts and tables, pathway summaries, and a major decisions guide. With its emphasis on logical processes rather than memorization to solve mechanistic problems, this text gives readers a solid foundation to approach and solve any problem in organic chemistry.

Perspectives on Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry

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Author: Felix A. Carroll

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118210883

Category: Science

Page: 972

View: 9547

Helps to develop new perspectives and a deeper understanding of organic chemistry Instructors and students alike have praised Perspectives on Structure and Mechanism in Organic Chemistry because it motivates readers to think about organic chemistry in new and exciting ways. Based on the author's first hand classroom experience, the text uses complementary conceptual models to give new perspectives on the structures and reactions of organic compounds. The first five chapters of the text discuss the structure and bonding of stable molecules and reactive intermediates. These are followed by a chapter exploring the methods that organic chemists use to study reaction mechanisms. The remaining chapters examine different types of acid-base, substitution, addition, elimination, pericyclic, and photochemical reactions. This Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the latest findings in physical organic chemistry. Moreover, this edition features: New references to the latest primary and review literature More study questions to help readers better understand and apply new concepts in organic chemistry Coverage of new topics, including density functional theory, quantum theory of atoms in molecules, Marcus theory, molecular simulations, effect of solvent on organic reactions, asymmetric induction in nucleophilic additions to carbonyl compounds, and dynamic effects on reaction pathways The nearly 400 problems in the text do more than allow students to test their understanding of the concepts presented in each chapter. They also encourage readers to actively review and evaluate the chemical literature and to develop and defend their own ideas. With its emphasis on complementary models and independent problem-solving, this text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in organic chemistry.

Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis

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Author: Rakesh Kumar Parashar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118681266

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 2845

Organic chemistry is a core part of the chemistry curricula, and advanced levels texts often obscure the essential framework underlying and uniting the vast numbers of reactions as a result of the high level of detail presented. The material in this book is condensed into a manageable text of 350 pages and presented in a clear and logical fashion, focusing purely on the basics of the subject without going through exhaustive detail or repetitive examples. The book aims to bridge the gap between undergraduate organic chemistry textbooks and advanced level textbooks, beginning with a basic introductory course and arranging the reaction mechanisms according to an ascending order of difficulty. As such, the author believes the book will be excellent primer for advanced postgraduates Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis is written from the point of view of the synthetic organic chemist, enabling students and researchers to understand and expand on reactions covered in foundation courses, and to apply them in a practical context by designing syntheses. As a further aid to the practical research student, the content is organized according to the conditions under which a reaction is executed rather than by the types of mechanisms. Particular emphasis is placed on controlling stereospecificity and regiospecificity. Topics covered include: Transition metal mediated carbon-carbon bond formation reactions Use of stabilized carbanions, ylides and enamines for carbon-carbon bond formation reactions, Advanced level use of oxidation and reduction reagents in synthesis. As a modern text, this book stands out from its competitors due to its comprehensive coverage of recently published research. The book contains specific examples from the latest literature, covering modern reactions and the latest procedural modifications. The focus on contemporary and synthetically useful reactions ensures that the contents are specifically relevant and attractive to postgraduate students and industrial organic chemists.

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Organic Chemistry

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Author: Richard A. Larson,Eric J. Weber

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873712583

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 5128

Reaction Mechanisms in Environmental Organic Chemistry classifies and organizes the reactions of environmentally important organic compounds using concepts and data drawn from traditional mechanistic and physical organic chemistry. It will help readers understand these reactions and their importance for the environmental fates or organic compounds of many types. The book has a molecular and mechanistic emphasis, and it is organized by reaction type. Organic molecules and their fates are examined in an ecosystem context. Their reactions are discussed in terms that organic chemists would use. The book will benefit organic chemists, environmental engineers, water treatment professionals, hazardous waste specialists, and biologists. Although conceived as a comprehensive monograph, the book could also be used as a text or reference for environmental chemistry classes at the undergraduate or graduate level.

Organic Reaction Mechanisms

40 Solved Cases

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Author: Mar Gomez-Gallego,Miguel A. Sierra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642187889

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 346

Organic Reaction Mechanisms shows readers how to interpret the experimental data obtained from an organic reaction, and specifically how an organic reaction mechanism can be considered or rejected based on the analysis of the experimental evidence. Whilst examining a series of selected examples of mechanisms, the text focuses on real cases and discusses them in detail. The examples are arranged to elucidate key aspects of organic reaction mechanisms. The authors employ all the types of information that the authors of the original work considered useful and necessary, including spectroscopic data, kinetic and thermodynamic data, isotopic labelling and organic reactivity. The book makes an excellent primer for advanced undergraduates in chemistry who are preparing for exams and is also useful for graduate students and instructors.

Organic Reaction Mechanisms

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Author: V. K. Ahluwalia,Rakesh Kumar Parashar

Publisher: Alpha Science Int'l Ltd.

ISBN: 9781842652367

Category: Science

Page: 639

View: 9359

This book, written explicitly for graduate and postgraduate students of chemistry, provides an extensive coverage of various organic reaction and rearrangements with emphasis on there application in synthesis. A summary of oxidation and reduction of organic compounds is given in tabular form (correlation tables) for the convenience of students. The most commonly encountered reaction intermediates are dealt with. Applications of organic reagents illustrated with examples and problems at the end of each chapter will enable students to evaluate their understanding of the topic.