Understanding Evidence

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Author: Paul C. Giannelli

Publisher: LexisNexis

ISBN: 0327194138

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7463

This Understanding treatise presents the essential topics in evidence law cogently and concisely. While it was written primarily for students in Evidence and Trial Practice courses, the "Key Points" summary at the end of each chapter and the inclusion of the current Federal Rules of Evidence in an appendix make this treatise an excellent reference for busy attorneys. Understanding Evidence begins with an overview of Evidence law followed by an explanation of the roles of the judge and jury. The remaining chapters are organized under the following topics: • Procedural Framework of Trial • Relevancy • Witnesses • Real and Demonstrative Evidence • Writings • Hearsay • Privileges • Substitutes for Evidence This treatise extensively discusses and cites the Federal Rules of Evidence. Cases, statutes, other rules, and secondary sources are also cited, providing a comprehensive framework for understanding evidence law.

Understanding Evidence-Based Practices for Co-Occurring Disorders

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Author: Jorielle R. Brown

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428987975

Category:

Page: 6

View: 6971

The advantages of employing evidence-based practices (EBPs) are now widely acknowledged across the medical, substance abuse, & mental health fields. This overview paper discusses EBPs & their role in the treatment of co-occurring disorders (COD). Practitioners seldom have as much evidence as they would like about the best clinical approach to use in any given clinical situation. This paper discusses EBPs & their use in treating persons with COD, discusses how evidence is used to determine if a given practice should be labeled as evidence based, & gives some brief examples of EBPs for COD. There is still considerable debate concerning how EBPs should be defined. This paper presents various points of view. Tables.

Understanding Evidence-Based Rheumatology

A Guide to Interpreting Criteria, Drugs, Trials, Registries, and Ethics

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Author: Hasan Yazici,Yusuf Yazici,Emmanuel Lesaffre

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319083740

Category: Medical

Page: 276

View: 8423

It is imperative that health professionals caring for patients with rheumatic diseases understand how to correctly interpret evidence in their field, taking into account the merits and shortcomings of available data. Understanding Evidence-Based Rheumatology offers a practical assessment of criteria, drugs, trials, and registries and provides useful tools for successfully interpreting this data. The book introduces readers to basic analysis of trial design, statistics and application of data through no-nonsense, easy-to-follow insights. Using numerous examples, chapters outline the difficulties physicians encounter when measuring disease activity in rheumatology and offer strategies for systematically approaching these situations. Ethical issues in study design and reporting are examined and the book closes with a summary of future directions for scientific and clinical studies in rheumatology. Understanding Evidence-Based Rheumatology is an invaluable resource for trainees, clinicians and scientists, preparing them with the necessary tools to correctly gather evidence and shed light on the difficult practice of rheumatology.

AIDS, Behavior, and Culture

Understanding Evidence-Based Prevention

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Author: Edward C Green,Allison Herling Ruark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315435160

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 6319

AIDS, Behavior, and Culture presents a bold challenge to the prevailing wisdom of “the global AIDS industry” and offers an alternative framework for understanding what works in HIV prevention. Arguing for a behavior-based approach, Green and Ruark make the case that the most effective programs are those that encourage fundamental behavioral changes such as abstinence, delay of sex, faithfulness, and cessation of injection drug use. Successful programs are locally based, low cost, low tech, innovative, and built on existing cultural structures. In contrast, they argue that anthropologists and public health practitioners focus on counseling, testing, condoms, and treatment, and impose their Western values, culture, and political ideologies in an attempt to “liberate” non-Western people from sexual repression and homophobia. This provocative book is essential reading for anyone working in HIV/AIDS prevention, and a stimulating introduction to the key controversies and approaches in global health and medical anthropology for students and general readers.

Understanding Evidence in Health Care

Using Clinical Epidemiology

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Author: Suhail Doi

Publisher: Palgrave

ISBN: 9781420256697

Category: Medical

Page: 217

View: 5501

Understanding Evidence in Health Care delivers the essentials of clinical epidemiology for health practitioners, enabling them to practise evidence-based health care. Divided into two parts, Understanding Evidence in Health Care explains both the key concepts behind research output and how to interpret and apply the research. It teaches health care professionals how to: how to have an effective understanding of published reports, interact with hard-to-find and hard-to-understand terminology, and get real understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of scientific information in their field. Understanding Evidence in Health Care develops the reader's skills in a logical flow of background principles, useful data examples, clearly explained tables and figures, and end-of-chapter readings and exercises, thus offering invaluable guidance to doctors, nurses and health professionals in all fields.

Anaphora, Discourse, and Understanding

Evidence from English and French

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Author: Francis Cornish

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198700289

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 277

View: 2332

This was a different man, said Mr Welbecker. "Listen! This man was called Hamlet and his uncle had killed his father because he wanted to marry his mother." "What did he want to marry his mother for?" said William. "I've never heard of anyone wanting to marry their mother."* In almost any conversation the meaning of what is said depends on the listener seeing how some words refer to what has already been said, and that others must be related to the characteristics of time, place,or person of the situation around which the conversation revolves. These modes of reference, anaphora and deixis respectively, involve surprisingly complicated cognitive and syntactic processes, which people (normally) perform easily and unerringly. But they present formidable problems for the linguist and cognitive scientist trying to explain precisely how comprehension is achieved. Anaphora and deixis are thus a central research focus in syntactic theory, while understanding and modelling their operation in discourse are important targets in computational linguistics and cognitive science. In this ambitious work, Francis Cornish sets out an original theory of anaphora and deixis, and proposes a new and elegant theoretical model to represent the transfer of meaning in discourse. Dr Cornish considers anaphoric reference in discourse from both psychological and linguistic perspectives. He argues that anaphora and deixis are essentially parts of integrative discourse procedures that facilitate the linking of representations held in working memory. He brings together work by linguists, formal semanticists, psychologists, and researchers in artificial intelligence, as well as drawing on his own extensive experimental work on a variety of corpora of difference genres in French and English. Anaphora, Discourse, and Understanding will interest researchers and advanced students in a variety of fields within and outside linguistics, including cognitive science, artificial intelligence, syntactic theory, formal semantics, and the analysis of discourse. [* from William - The Pirate by Richard Crompton, London, Macmillan, 1932]

Understanding and Using Scientific Evidence

How to Critically Evaluate Data

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Author: Richard Gott,Sandra Duggan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761970842

Category: Education

Page: 198

View: 8512

This text shows that there are things to understand about scientific evidences: difficult concepts about the structure of experiments; causality; repeatability and the validity and reliability of evidence upon which decisions have to be made.

Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Skills

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Author: Karen Holland,Colin Rees

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199563101

Category: Medical

Page: 299

View: 3534

Nursing students require a unique guide to research and evidence based practice to help them succeed in both the classroom and the clinical area. Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Skills is a one-stop-shop of the theory and practice of EBP including practical tips for assignments and placements.

Understanding Medical Education

Evidence, Theory, and Practice

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Author: Tim Swanwick,Kirsty Forrest,Bridget C. O'Brien

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119373859

Category: Medical

Page: 600

View: 6103

Created in partnership with the Association for the Study of Medical Education (ASME), this completely revised and updated new edition of Understanding Medical Education synthesizes the latest knowledge, evidence and best practice across the continuum of medical education. Written and edited by an international team, this latest edition continues to cover a wide range of subject matter within five broad areas – Foundations, Teaching and Learning, Assessment and Selection, Research and Evaluation, and Faculty and Learners – as well as featuring a wealth of new material, including new chapters on the science of learning, knowledge synthesis, and learner support and well-being. The third edition of Understanding Medical Education: Provides a comprehensive and authoritative resource summarizing the theoretical and academic bases to modern medical education practice Meets the needs of all newcomers to medical education whether undergraduate or postgraduate, including those studying at certificate, diploma or masters level Offers a global perspective on medical education from leading experts from across the world Providing practical guidance and exploring medical education in all its diversity, Understanding Medical Education continues to be an essential resource for both established educators and all those new to the field.

Stroke Rehabilitation - E-Book

A Function-Based Approach

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Author: Glen Gillen

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323067751

Category: Medical

Page: 800

View: 5853

Gillen's Stroke Rehabilitation: A Function-Based Approach, 3rd Edition is the only comprehensive, evidence-based stroke rehabilitation resource for occupational therapists. Extensively updated with the latest research in assessment and intervention, this essential text presents a holistic, application-based approach that integrates background medical information, samples of functionally based evaluations, and current treatment techniques and intervention strategies to help you confidently manage the growing number of stroke rehabilitation clients. UNIQUE! Case studies challenge you to apply rehabilitation concepts to realistic scenarios. Evidence-based clinical trials and outcome studies clearly outline the basis for stroke interventions. UNIQUE! Survivor's Perspectives help you understand the stroke rehabilitation process from the client's point-of-view. UNIQUE! A multidisciplinary approach highlights discipline-specific distinctions in stroke rehabilitation among occupation and physical therapists, physicians, and speech-language pathologists. Review questions in each chapter help you assess your understanding of rehabilitation concepts. Key terms and chapter objectives at the beginning of each chapter help you study more efficiently. Three new chapters broaden your understanding of stroke intervention in the areas of Using Technology to Improve Limb Function, Managing Speech and Language Deficits after Stroke, and Parenting after Stroke. Learning activities and interactive references on a companion Evolve Resources website help you review textbook content and locate additional information.

Issues in Science Teaching

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Author: John Sears,Pete Sorenson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134565577

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 2883

Issues in Science Teaching covers a wide range of important issues which will interest teachers at all phases in the education system. The issues discussed include: the nature and purposes of science education in a multicultural society, including the idea of science for all the role and purposes of investigational work in science education assessment, curriculum progression and pupil attitudes to their science experience supporting basic skills development in literacy, numeracy and ICT, through science teaching supporting cross-curricular work through science teaching taking account of individual differences including ability, special needs, learning style and the case for inclusion The articles are strongly based on current research and are intended to stimulate and broaden debate among the readers. Written by practising science educators and teachers, this book offers new and interesting ways of developing science education at all levels.

Innovations in Evidence and Proof

Integrating Theory, Research and Teaching

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Author: Paul Roberts,Mike Redmayne

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313906

Category: Law

Page: 426

View: 4608

Innovations in Evidence and Proof brings together fifteen leading scholars and experienced law teachers based in Australia, Canada, Northern Ireland, Scotland, South Africa, the USA and England and Wales to explore and debate the latest developments in Evidence and Proof scholarship. The essays comprising this volume range expansively over questions of disciplinary taxonomy, pedagogical method and computer-assisted learning, doctrinal analysis, fact-finding, techniques of adjudication, the ethics of cross-examination, the implications of behavioural science research for legal procedure, human rights, comparative law and international criminal trials. Communicating the breadth, dynamism and intensity of contemporary theoretical innovation in their diversity of subject-matter and approach, the authors nonetheless remain united by a common purpose: to indicate how the best interdisciplinary theorising and research might be integrated directly into degree-level Evidence teaching. Innovations in Evidence and Proof is published at an exciting time of theoretical renewal and increasing empirical sophistication in legal evidence, proof and procedure scholarship. This groundbreaking collection will be essential reading for Evidence teachers, and will also engage the interest and imagination of scholars, researchers and students investigating issues of evidence and proof in any legal system, municipal, transnational or global.

Self-Care Science, Nursing Theory and Evidence-Based Practice

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Author: Katherine Renpenning, MScN,Susan Gebhardt Taylor, MSN, PhD, FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107796

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 9724

"This is an excellent review of the development of self-care deficit theory and the use of self-care in nursing practice. Explanations of the various theories and theory terms are well done and written at a level that novice theorists can relate to. The authors demonstrate how self-care science can be fiscally and effectively applied to the care of patients/clients."--Doody's Medical Reviews Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Theory has been used as a foundation for nursing practice in healthcare institutions and as the basis of curricula in nursing schools for decades. This book explores the high-level theory of the application of Orem's Self-Care Theory, and how it can improve patient outcomes as well as cost-effectiveness of nursing care delivery. Written for nursing theorists, researchers, administrators, and graduate students, the text addresses the relationship of self-care theory and evidence-based care in nursing, and provides a solution to improving contemporary healthcare outcomes. The book is divided into three sections. Section one discusses the reason for the existence of the nursing profession, and identifies the performance of self-care. Section two covers three nursing practice sciences-wholly compensatory nursing, partly compensatory nursing, and supportive educative nursing. Section three offer suggestions on how health care organizations can incorporate this broadened perspective of what constitutes evidence based practice and on-going research methodology into every-day delivery of nursing services. Key Features: Includes case examples to illustrate the application of theory to nursing practice Provides a current, cost-effective resource for implementing Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory for effective evidence-based practice Builds the link between the application of Orem's Self Care Theory and improved patient and fiscal healthcare outcomes

Understanding Saving

Evidence from the United States and Japan

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Author: Fumio Hayashi

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262082556

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 510

View: 4091

"Fumio Hayashi has been a major contributor to the explosion of research on the economics of saving. His consistently creative analysis of the evidence, and particularly of the contrasts between the U.S. and Japan, has advanced our understanding and raised many new puzzles. This book will be indispensible to all researchers in the field." -- Angus Deaton, Professor of Economics, Princeton University Analysis of consumption and saving decisions by households has always been one of the most active areas of research in economics--and with good reason. Private consumption is the most important component of aggregate demand in a capitalist economy, and explaining consumption is the key element in most macroeconomic forecasting models. To evaluate the effect of government policies invariably requires the knowledge of how they change parameters relevant for household decision making. "Understanding Saving" collects eleven papers by economist Fumio Hayashi, along with two previously unpublished chapters, for a total of thirteen chapters. The monograph, which brings together Hayashi's empirical research on saving, is divided into three sections. Part I, "Liquidity Constraints," contains five studies that test the well-known implication of the Life Cycle-Permanent Income hypothesis that households shield consumption from income fluctuations.

Guiding Neurosurgery by Evidence

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Author: Bruce E. Pollock

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805581300

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 3591

'Guiding Neurosurgery' by Evidence provides it readers with a succinct review of comtemporary neurosugrical practice when evaluated by evidence-based medicine standards. It begins with an introduction of concept and principles of evidence-based medicine. The subsequent chapters address the topics of brain tumor epidemiology, benign adult brain tumore, pediatric neurosurgery, endovascular treatment of cerebrovascular disorders, lumbar spine surgery, minimally invasive spine surgery, sterotactic readiosurgery, trauma, and the treatment of chronic pain disorders by neurostimulation. Each chapter summarizes the available literature and grades it according to the quality of the evidence-based medicine in neurosurgical highlights not only the usefullness of evidence-based medicine in neurosurgical practice, but also its limitations with regard to neurosurgical disorders that are frequently rare and therefore impossible to evaluate in randomized clinical trials. Neurological surgeons and neurologists, both practicing physicians and residents in training, will find in this publication valuable information about the practice of the different neurosurgical subspecialties by evidence-based medicine standards.

Understanding Research and Evidence-Based Practice in Communication Disorders, A Primer for Students and Practitioners

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Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 146727075X

Category: Education

Page: 22

View: 6803

Facts101 is your complete guide to Understanding Research and Evidence-Based Practice in Communication Disorders, A Primer for Students and Practitioners. In this book, you will learn topics such as PART III: Chapter 11 - Chapter 17, plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.