Understanding Aerodynamics

Arguing from the Real Physics

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Author: Doug McLean

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118454227

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 7573

Much-needed, fresh approach that brings a greater insight intothe physical understanding of aerodynamics Based on the author’s decades of industrial experiencewith Boeing, this book helps students and practicing engineers togain a greater physical understanding of aerodynamics. Relying onclear physical arguments and examples, Mclean provides amuch-needed, fresh approach to this sometimes contentious subjectwithout shying away from addressing "real" aerodynamic situationsas opposed to the oversimplified ones frequently used formathematical convenience. Motivated by the belief that engineeringpractice is enhanced in the long run by a robust understanding ofthe basics as well as real cause-and-effect relationships that liebehind the theory, he provides intuitive physical interpretationsand explanations, debunking commonly-held misconceptions andmisinterpretations, and building upon the contrasts provided bywrong explanations to strengthen understanding of the rightones. Provides a refreshing view of aerodynamics that is based on theauthor’s decades of industrial experience yet is alwaystied to basic fundamentals. Provides intuitive physical interpretations and explanations,debunking commonly-held misconceptions and misinterpretations Offers new insights to some familiar topics, for example, whatthe Biot-Savart law really means and why it causes so muchconfusion, what “Reynolds number” and“incompressible flow” really mean, and a real physicalexplanation for how an airfoil produces lift. Addresses "real" aerodynamic situations as opposed to theoversimplified ones frequently used for mathematical convenience,and omits mathematical details whenever the physical understandingcan be conveyed without them.

Numerische Strömungsmechanik

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Author: Joel H. Ferziger,Milovan Peric

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540682287

Category: Science

Page: 509

View: 3448

Das Buch bietet einen Überblick über die numerischen Methoden zur Lösung strömungsmechanischer Probleme. Die in der Praxis meistgenutzten Methoden werden detailliert beschrieben. Behandelt werden auch fortgeschrittene Methoden, wie die Simulation von Turbulenzen und Parallel-Verarbeitung. Das Buch beschreibt die Grundlagen und Prinzipien der verschiedenen Methoden. Numerische Genauigkeit und Abschätzung sowie Fehlerreduktion werden detailliert mit vielen Beispielen behandelt. Alle Computercodes sind über den Server ftp.springer.de des Springer-Verlages erhältlich (Internet).

The Aerodynamics of a Container Freight Train

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Author: David Soper

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319332791

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 287

View: 9361

This outstanding thesis characterises the aerodynamic flow around a container freight train; investigating how changing container loading configurations affect the magnitude of aerodynamic forces measured on a container. 1/25th scale moving-model freight train experiments were carried out at the University of Birmingham’s TRAIN rig facility to investigate slipstream velocities and static pressure, as well as measuring, using a specifically designed on-board pressure monitoring system, the aerodynamic loads on containers. Results were compared with full scale data and assessed in terms European standards for trackside worker and passenger safety limits. Rail vehicle aerodynamic studies have tended to previously focus on high speed passenger trains in line with increases in train speed. The research presented within this thesis highlights the issues associated with the aerodynamic development around a freight train, providing the foundations for further research and a basis from which to develop international safety standards in relation to freight, as well as high speed trains.

A History of Aerodynamics

And Its Impact on Flying Machines

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Author: John D. Anderson, Jr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139935992

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 787

From the Foreword: 'John Anderson's book represents a milestone in aviation literature. For the first time aviation enthusiasts - both specialists and popular readers alike - possess an authoritative history of aerodynamic theory. Not only is this study authoritative, it is also highly readable and linked to the actual (and more familiar) story of how the airplane evolved. The book touches on all the major theorists and their contributions and, most important, the historical context in which they worked to move the science of aerodynamics forward.' Von Hardesty, Smithsonian Institution From the reviews: 'Something of the unexpected quality of this book can be inferred from its full title A History of Aerodynamics and Its Impact on Flying Machines. Pilots tend to suppose that the science of aerodynamics began empirically, somewhere around the time of Lilienthal and the Wrights, and that aerodynamics and manned flight are roughly coeval. It is therefore surprising to come upon a photograph of the Wright Flyer as late as page 242 of the 478-page volume.' Peter Garrison, Flying 'This book successfully straddles the boundary that separates a text book from a history book. It is of equal interest to both the aerodynamicist and the layman. The textual balance achieved by the author has resulted in a book that is enjoyable and educational.' Earl See, American Aviation Historical Society Newsletter

Theoretical and Computational Aerodynamics

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Author: Tapan K. Sengupta

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118787595

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 1829

Theoretical and Computational Aerodynamics is acomprehensive textbook covering classical aerodynamic theories and recent applications made possible by computational aerodynamics. Logically ordered for use in courses, the first seven chapters deal with classical methods of analysis up to the panel method and boundary layer solutions. The rest of the book is devoted to aspects of flow past aerodynamic surfaces from computational aspects to natural laminar flow (NLF) airfoils; transonic flows; flow control by active and passive devices. There is also a chapter devoted to low Reynolds number aerodynamics and unsteady aerodynamics. Theoretical and Computational Aerodynamics is illustrated with examples throughout and also contains chapter problems for students. A solutions manual and computer programmes are available on an accompanying website. Its pedagogical approach makes this book an ideal textbook for graduate and undergraduate courses in aerodynamics.

Principles of Helicopter Aerodynamics with CD Extra

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Author: Gordon J. Leishman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521858601

Category: Science

Page: 826

View: 6703

Written by an internationally recognized teacher and researcher, this book provides a thorough, modern treatment of the aerodynamic principles of helicopters and other rotating-wing vertical lift aircraft such as tilt rotors and autogiros. The text begins with a unique technical history of helicopter flight, and then covers basic methods of rotor aerodynamic analysis, and related issues associated with the performance of the helicopter and its aerodynamic design. It goes on to cover more advanced topics in helicopter aerodynamics, including airfoil flows, unsteady aerodynamics, dynamic stall, and rotor wakes, and rotor-airframe aerodynamic interactions, with final chapters on autogiros and advanced methods of helicopter aerodynamic analysis. Extensively illustrated throughout, each chapter includes a set of homework problems. Advanced undergraduate and graduate students, practising engineers, and researchers will welcome this thoroughly revised and updated text on rotating-wing aerodynamics.

Aerodynamics for Engineering Students

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Author: E. L. Houghton,P. W. Carpenter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080493855

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 3170

Aerodynamics for Engineering Students, Fifth Edition, is the leading course text on aerodynamics. The book has been revised to include the latest developments in flow control and boundary layers, and their influence on modern wing design as well as introducing recent advances in the understanding of fundamental fluid dynamics. Computational methods have been expanded and updated to reflect the modern approaches to aerodynamic design and research in the aeronautical industry and elsewhere, and the structure of the text has been developed to reflect current course requirements. The book is designed to be accessible and practical. Theory is developed logically within each chapter with notation, symbols and units well defined throughout, and the text is fully illustrated with worked examples and exercises. The book recognizes the extensive use of computational techniques in contemporary aeronautical design. However, it can be used as a stand-alone text, reflecting the needs of many courses in the field for a thorough grounding in the underlying principles of the subject. The book is an ideal resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students in aeronautical engineering. The classic text, expanded and updated. Includes latest developments in flow control, boundary layers and fluid dynamics. Fully illustrated throughout with illustrations, worked examples and exercises.

Introduction to Aircraft Aeroelasticity and Loads

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Author: Jan R. Wright,Jonathan Edward Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118700430

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 5326

Introduction to Aircraft Aeroelasticity and Loads, SecondEdition is an updated new edition offering comprehensivecoverage of the main principles of aircraft aeroelasticity andloads. For ease of reference, the book is divided into three partsand begins by reviewing the underlying disciplines of vibrations,aerodynamics, loads and control, and then goes on to describesimplified models to illustrate aeroelastic behaviour and aircraftresponse and loads for the flexible aircraft before introducingsome more advanced methodologies. Finally, it explains howindustrial certification requirements for aeroelasticity and loadsmay be met and relates these to the earlier theoretical approachesused. Key features of this new edition include: Uses a unified simple aeroelastic model throughout thebook Major revisions to chapters on aeroelasticity Updates and reorganisation of chapters involving FiniteElements Some reorganisation of loads material Updates on certification requirements Accompanied by a website containing a solutions manual, andMATLAB® and SIMULINK® programs that relate to the modelsused For instructors who recommend this textbook, a series oflecture slides are also available Introduction to Aircraft Aeroelasticity and Loads, SecondEdition is a must-have reference for researchers andpractitioners working in the aeroelasticity and loads fields, andis also an excellent textbook for senior undergraduate and graduatestudents in aerospace engineering.

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Volume Two

Systems, Pollution, Modeling, and Measurements

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Author: Harindra Joseph Fernando

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466556048

Category: Science

Page: 587

View: 2375

With major implications for applied physics, engineering, and the natural and social sciences, the rapidly growing area of environmental fluid dynamics focuses on the interactions of human activities, environment, and fluid motion. A landmark for the field, the two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics presents the basic principles, fundamental flow processes, modeling techniques, and measurement methods used in the study of environmental motions. It also offers critical discussions of environmental sustainability related to engineering. The handbook features 81 chapters written by 135 renowned researchers from around the world. Covering environmental, policy, biological, and chemical aspects, it tackles important cross-disciplinary topics such as sustainability, ecology, pollution, micrometeorology, and limnology. Volume Two: Systems, Pollution, Modeling, and Measurements explores the interactions between engineered structures and anthropogenic activities that affect natural flows, with particular emphasis on environmental pollution. The book covers the numerical methodologies that underpin research, predictive modeling, and cyber-infrastructure developments. It also addresses practical aspects of laboratory experiments and field observations that validate quantitative predictions and help identify new phenomena and processes. As communities face existential challenges posed by climate change, rapid urbanization, and scarcity of water and energy, the study of environmental fluid dynamics becomes increasingly relevant. This volume is a valuable resource for students, researchers, and policymakers working to better understand environmental motions and how they affect and are influenced by anthropogenic activities. See also Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Two-Volume Set and Volume One: Overview and Fundamentals.

Computational Fluid Dynamics 2006

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ICCFD4, Ghent, Belgium, 10-14 July 2006

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Author: Herman Deconinck,E. Dick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540927792

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 893

View: 7014

The International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ICCFD) is the merger of the International Conference on Numerical Methods in Fluid Dynamics, ICNMFD (since 1969) and International Symposium on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ISCFD (since 1985). It is held every two years and brings together physicists, mathematicians and engineers to review and share recent advances in mathematical and computational techniques for modeling fluid dynamics. The proceedings of the 2006 conference (ICCFD4) held in Gent, Belgium, contain a selection of refereed contributions and are meant to serve as a source of reference for all those interested in the state of the art in computational fluid mechanics.

Introductory Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics of Wings and Bodies

A Software-Based Approach

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Author: Frederick O. Smetana

Publisher: AIAA

ISBN: 9781600860836

Category: Aerodynamics

Page: 241

View: 4837

Annotation This textbook and its six supporting computer programs provide theoretical modeling of the aerodynamic characteristics of wings and bodies at low Mach numbers. The approach presented directly helps engineering students improve problem-solving skills by teaching them to discern the necessary steps associated with solving analytical problems. The book also presents a justification and rationale for validating end results that leave the student with an understanding of the answer. The text differs from others by providing interactive computer programs that allow the student to conduct trade studies. It provides case-specific software that permits the student to do considerably more characteristic analysis of user-selected wings and bodies than is possible with other introductory textbooks. In addition, the algorithms are capable of working problems at a level well beyond those typically solved by hand in other textbooks. This approach allows students to determine easily the effects of modifying parameters and geometry. Another benefit of using this textbook is the understanding students gain of the capabilities of large industrial codes.

Design and Development of Aircraft Systems

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Author: Ian Moir,Allan Seabridge

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118469143

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 7885

Now covering both conventional and unmanned systems, this is a significant update of the definitive book on aircraft system design Design and Development of Aircraft Systems, Second Edition is for people who want to understand how industry develops the customer requirement into a fully integrated, tested, and qualified product that is safe to fly and fit for purpose. This edition has been updated to take into account the growth of unmanned air vehicles, together with updates to all chapters to bring them in line with current design practice and technologies as taught on courses at BAE Systems and Cranfield, Bristol and Loughborough universities in the UK. Design and Development of Aircraft Systems, Second Edition Provides a holistic view of aircraft system design describing the interaction between all of the subsystems such as fuel system, navigation, flight control etc. Covers all aspects of design including systems engineering, design drivers, systems architectures, systems integration, modelling of systems, practical considerations, & systems examples. Incorporates essential new material on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS). Design and Development of Aircraft Systems, Second Edition has been written to be generic and not to describe any single process. It aims to complement other volumes in the Wiley Aerospace Series, in particular Aircraft Systems, Third Edition and Civil Avionics Systems by the same authors, and will inform readers of the work that is carried out by engineers in the aerospace industry to produce innovative and challenging – yet safe and reliable – systems and aircraft. Essential reading for Aerospace Engineers.

Design and Analysis of Composite Structures

With Applications to Aerospace Structures

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Author: Christos Kassapoglou

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118536940

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 1484

New edition updated with additional exercises and two newchapters. Design and Analysis of Composite Structures: WithApplications to Aerospace Structures, 2nd Edition builds onthe first edition and includes two new chapters on compositefittings and the design of a composite panel, as well additionalexercises. The book enables graduate students andengineers to generate meaningful and robust designs of complexcomposite structures. A compilation of analysis and design methodsfor structural components made of advanced composites, it beginswith simple parts such as skins and stiffeners and progressesthrough to applications such as entire components of fuselages andwings. It provides a link between theory and day-to-day designpractice, using theory to derive solutions that are applicable tospecific structures and structural details used in industry. Starting with the basic mathematical derivation followed bysimplifications used in real-world design,Design and Analysisof Composite Structures: With Applications to Aerospace Structures,2nd Edition presents the level of accuracy and range ofapplicability of each method along with design guidelines derivedfrom experience combined with analysis. The author solves indetail examples taken from actual applications to show how theconcepts can be applied, solving the same design problem withdifferent methods based on different drivers (e.g. cost or weight)to show how the final configuration changes as the requirements andapproach change. Each chapter is followed by exercises thatrepresent specific design problems often encountered in theaerospace industry but which are also applicable in the in theautomotive, marine, and construction industries. Updated to include additional exercises, that represent realdesign problems encountered in the aerospace industry, but whichare also applicable in the in the automotive, marine, andconstruction industries. Includes two new chapters. One on composite fittings andanother on application and the design of a composite panel. Provides a toolkit of analysis and design methods that enableengineers and graduate students to generate meaningful and robustdesigns of complex composite structures. Provides solutions that can be used in optimization schemeswithout having to run finite element models at each iteration; thusspeeding up the design process and allowing the examination of manymore alternatives than traditional approaches. Supported by a complete set of lecture slides and solutions tothe exercises hosted on a companion website for instructors. An invaluable resource for Engineers and graduate students inaerospace engineering as well as Graduate students and engineers inmechanical, civil and marine engineering.

Principles of Helicopter Aerodynamics

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Author: J. Gordon Leishman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521523967

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 6058

Helicopters are highly capable and useful rotating-wing aircraft with roles that encompass a variety of civilian and military applications. Their usefulness lies in their unique ability to take off and land vertically, to hover stationary relative to the ground, and to fly forward, backward, or sideways. These unique flying qualities, however, come at a high cost including complex aerodynamic problems, significant vibrations, high levels of noise, and relatively large power requirements compared to fixed-wing aircraft. This book, written by an internationally recognized expert, provides a thorough, modern treatment of the aerodynamic principles of helicopters and other rotating-wing vertical lift aircraft. Every chapter is extensively illustrated and concludes with a bibliography and homework problems. Advanced undergraduate and graduate students, practising engineers, and researchers will welcome this thorough and up-to-date text on rotating-wing aerodynamics.

An Introduction to Theoretical and Computational Aerodynamics

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Author: Jack Moran

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486317536

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 480

View: 7158

Concise text discusses properties of wings and airfoils in incompressible and primarily inviscid flow, viscid flows, panel methods, finite difference methods, and computation of transonic flows past thin airfoils. 1984 edition.

Atmospheric Flight in the Twentieth Century

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Author: P. Galison,A. Roland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940114379X

Category: Science

Page: 383

View: 7886

All technologies differ from one another. They are as varied as humanity's interaction with the physical world. Even people attempting to do the same thing produce multiple technologies. For example, John H. White discovered more than l 1000 patents in the 19th century for locomotive smokestacks. Yet all technologies are processes by which humans seek to control their physical environment and bend nature to their purposes. All technologies are alike. The tension between likeness and difference runs through this collection of papers. All focus on atmospheric flight, a twentieth-century phenomenon. But they approach the topic from different disciplinary perspectives. They ask disparate questions. And they work from distinct agendas. Collectively they help to explain what is different about aviation - how it differs from other technologies and how flight itself has varied from one time and place to another. The importance of this topic is manifest. Flight is one of the defining technologies of the twentieth century. Jay David Bolter argues in Turing's Man that certain technologies in certain ages have had the power not only to transform society but also to shape the way in which people understand their relationship with the physical world. "A defining technology," says Bolter, "resembles a magnifying glass, which collects and focuses seemingly disparate ideas in a culture into one bright, sometimes piercing ray." 2 Flight has done that for the twentieth century.