Traffic

Why We Drive the Way We Do (and what it Says about Us)

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Author: Tom Vanderbilt

Publisher: Vintage Books USA

ISBN: 0307277194

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 7705

A best-selling social study analyzes the complex factors that dictate how traffic works, why we drive the way we do, and what our driving reveals about us, discussing the unintended consequences of attempts to engineer safety, why plans to protect pedestrians can lead to more accidents, and more. Reprint.

Traffic

Why We Drive the Way We Do (and What It Says About Us)

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Author: Tom Vanderbilt

Publisher: Vintage Canada

ISBN: 0307373177

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 6560

Driving is a fact of life. We are all spending more and more time on the road, and traffic is an issue we face everyday. This book will make you think about it in a whole new light. We have always had a passion for cars and driving. Now Traffic offers us an exceptionally rich understanding of that passion. Vanderbilt explains why traffic jams form, outlines the unintended consequences of our attempts to engineer safety and even identifies the most common mistakes drivers make in parking lots. Based on exhaustive research and interviews with driving experts and traffic officials around the globe, Traffic gets under the hood of the quotidian activity of driving to uncover the surprisingly complex web of physical, psychological and technical factors that explain how traffic works.

Traffic

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Author: Tom Vanderbilt

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307270548

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 3199

A New York Times Notable Book One of the Best Books of the Year The Washington Post • The Cleveland Plain-Dealer • Rocky Mountain News In this brilliant, lively, and eye-opening investigation, Tom Vanderbilt examines the perceptual limits and cognitive underpinnings that make us worse drivers than we think we are. He demonstrates why plans to protect pedestrians from cars often lead to more accidents. He uncovers who is more likely to honk at whom, and why. He explains why traffic jams form, outlines the unintended consequences of our quest for safety, and even identifies the most common mistake drivers make in parking lots. Traffic is about more than driving: it's about human nature. It will change the way we see ourselves and the world around us, and it may even make us better drivers. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Survival City

Adventures among the Ruins of Atomic America

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Author: Tom Vanderbilt

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226846954

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 1451

On the road to Survival City, Tom Vanderbilt maps the visible and invisible legacies of the cold war, exhuming the blueprints for the apocalypse we once envisioned and chronicling a time when we all lived at ground zero. In this road trip among ruined missile silos, atomic storage bunkers, and secret test sites, a lost battleground emerges amid the architecture of the 1950s, accompanied by Walter Cotten’s stunning photographs. Survival City looks deep into the national soul, unearthing the dreams and fears that drove us during the latter half of the twentieth century. “A crucial and dazzling book, masterful, and for me at least, intoxicating.”—Dave Eggers “A genuinely engaging book, perhaps because [Vanderbilt] is skillful at conveying his own sense of engagement to the reader.”—Los Angeles Times “A retracing of Dr. Strangelove as ordinary life.”—Greil Marcus, Bookforum

Gridlock

Why We're Stuck in Traffic and What To Do About It

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Author: Randal O'Toole

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 1935308246

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 9612

America is the most mobile society in history, but our transportation system is on the verge of collapse. Traffic congestion is today five times greater than it was 25 years ago, yet many transportation plans and projects are making it worse. As Randal O’Toole reveals in Gridlock, the prime causes of our ailing system are a government transportation planning philosophy whose primary goal is to diminish auto use—hence, personal mobility—in combination with federal budget incentives that perversely encourage transportation planners to increase congestion. As a result, the automobile which is accessible to almost every family in the nation and provides unparalleled access to better housing, low-cost consumer goods, a choice-driven affordable life, and freedom—is being deliberately forced off the transportation grid by the expensive “solution” of little-used high-speed trains and urban transit lines. Gridlock presents a wide range of innovative ideas and policy recommendations for creating an effective transportation system—improvements that will increase our mobility and pay for themselves, whether it’s cars, buses, planes, or trains. At the center of O’Toole’s solutions are three core principles: those who use transportation facilities should pay for them; negative effects should be dealt with in a cost-efficient manner; and new technologies that will increase mobility at a low cost must be embraced. In Gridlock, Randal O’Toole brings energetic and unconventional thinking to transportation strategies that have, until now, only driven us into the breakdown lane.

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Taste in an Age of Endless Choice

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Author: Tom Vanderbilt

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307958256

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 2785

Why do we get so embarrassed when a colleague wears the same shirt? Why do we eat the same thing for breakfast every day, but seek out novelty at lunch and dinner? How has streaming changed the way Netflix makes recommendations? Why do people think the music of their youth is the best? How can you spot a fake review on Yelp? Our preferences and opinions are constantly being shaped by countless forces – especially in the digital age with its nonstop procession of “thumbs up” and “likes” and “stars.” Tom Vanderbilt, bestselling author of Traffic, explains why we like the things we like, why we hate the things we hate, and what all this tell us about ourselves. With a voracious curiosity, Vanderbilt stalks the elusive beast of taste, probing research in psychology, marketing, and neuroscience to answer myriad complex and fascinating questions. If you’ve ever wondered how Netflix recommends movies or why books often see a sudden decline in Amazon ratings after they win a major prize, Tom Vanderbilt has answers to these questions and many more that you’ve probably never thought to ask. From the Hardcover edition.

Fighting Traffic

The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City

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Author: Peter D. Norton

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262293889

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 454

Before the advent of the automobile, users of city streets were diverse and included children at play and pedestrians at large. By 1930, most streets were primarily a motor thoroughfares where children did not belong and where pedestrians were condemned as "jaywalkers." In Fighting Traffic, Peter Norton argues that to accommodate automobiles, the American city required not only a physical change but also a social one: before the city could be reconstructed for the sake of motorists, its streets had to be socially reconstructed as places where motorists belonged. It was not an evolution, he writes, but a bloody and sometimes violent revolution. Norton describes how street users struggled to define and redefine what streets were for. He examines developments in the crucial transitional years from the 1910s to the 1930s, uncovering a broad anti-automobile campaign that reviled motorists as "road hogs" or "speed demons" and cars as "juggernauts" or "death cars." He considers the perspectives of all users--pedestrians, police (who had to become "traffic cops"), street railways, downtown businesses, traffic engineers (who often saw cars as the problem, not the solution), and automobile promoters. He finds that pedestrians and parents campaigned in moral terms, fighting for "justice." Cities and downtown businesses tried to regulate traffic in the name of "efficiency." Automotive interest groups, meanwhile, legitimized their claim to the streets by invoking "freedom" -- a rhetorical stance of particular power in the United States. Fighting Traffic offers a new look at both the origins of the automotive city in America and how social groups shape technological change.

How We Decide

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Author: Jonah Lehrer

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0618620117

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 355

Offers a fascinating look at the new science of decision-making--and how it can help us make better choices.

Psychoanalysis

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Author: Janet Malcolm

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 030779783X

Category: Psychology

Page: 188

View: 2208

From the author of In the Freud Archives and The Journalist and the Murderer comes an intensive look at the practice of psychoanalysis through interviews with “Aaron Green,” a Freudian analyst in New York City. Malcolm is accessible and lucid in describing the history of psychoanalysis and its development in the United States. It provides rare insight into the contradictory world of psychoanalytic training and treatment and a foundation for our understanding of psychiatry and mental health. "Janet Malcom has managed somehow to peer into the reticent, reclusive world of psychoanalysis and to report to us, with remarkable fidelity, what she has seen. When I began reading I thought condescendingly, 'She will get the facts right, and everything else wrong.' She does get the facts right, but far more pressive, she has been able to capture and convey the claustral atmosphere of the profession. Her book is journalism become art." —Joseph Andelson, The New York Times Book Review

One Less Car

Bicycling and the Politics of Automobility

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Author: Zack Furness

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 1592136141

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 441

Although millions of people in the United States love to ride bicycles for exercise or leisure, statistics show that only 1% of the total U.S. population ride bicycles for transportation—and barely half as many use bikes to commute to work. In his original and exciting book, One Less Car, Zack Furness examines what it means historically, culturally, socioeconomically, and politically to be a bicycle transportation advocate/activist. Presenting an underground subculture of bike enthusiasts who aggressively resist car culture, Furness maps out the cultural trajectories between mobility, technology, urban space and everyday life. He connects bicycling to radical politics, public demonstrations, alternative media production (e.g., ‘zines), as well as to the development of community programs throughout the world. One Less Car also positions the bicycle as an object with which to analyze and critique some of the dominant cultural and political formations in the U.S.—and even breaks down barriers of race, class and gender privilege that are interconnected to mobility. For Furness, bicycles not only liberate people from technology, they also support social and environmental justice. So, he asks, Why aren’t more Americans adopting them for their transportation needs?

Why We Sleep

Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams

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Author: Matthew Walker

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1501144316

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 368

View: 2374

"Sleep is one of the most important but least understood aspects of our life, wellness, and longevity ... An explosion of scientific discoveries in the last twenty years has shed new light on this fundamental aspect of our lives. Now ... neuroscientist and sleep expert Matthew Walker gives us a new understanding of the vital importance of sleep and dreaming"--Amazon.com.

Why We Buy

The Science of Shopping--Updated and Revised for the Internet, the Global Consumer, and Beyond

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Author: Paco Underhill

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416595244

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 3898

A revised edition of a best-selling work on America's consumer culture makes observations about the retail practices of other cultures, describes the latest trends in online retail, and makes recommendations for how major companies can dramatically improve customer service practices. Original.

Road Rage and Aggressive Driving

Steering Clear of Highway Warfare

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Author: Dr. Leon James,Diane Nahl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781573928465

Category: Education

Page: 298

View: 6564

This authoritative book presents conclusions of recent studies on road rage, summarizes legislative and police initiatives, and redefines driver education for all drivers.

Pedaling Revolution

How Cyclists are Changing American Cities

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Author: Jeff Mapes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780870714191

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 771

A grassroots movement is carving out a niche for bicycles on citystreets. In Pedaling Revolution, Jeff Mapes, a longtimepolitical reporter and bike commuter, explores the growth of bicycleadvocacy and issues such as the environmental, safety, and healthaspects of biking for short trips. Essential reading for anyone whorides their bike to work or on errands, works in transportation orurban planning, or just wonders why they are seeing so many morebicyclists on the road.

Why?

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Author: Charles Tilly

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400837786

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2802

Why? is a book about the explanations we give and how we give them--a fascinating look at the way the reasons we offer every day are dictated by, and help constitute, social relationships. Written in an easy-to-read style by distinguished social historian Charles Tilly, the book explores the manner in which people claim, establish, negotiate, repair, rework, or terminate relations with others through the reasons they give. Tilly examines a number of different types of reason giving. For example, he shows how an air traffic controller would explain the near miss of two aircraft in several different ways, depending upon the intended audience: for an acquaintance at a cocktail party, he might shrug it off by saying "This happens all the time," or offer a chatty, colloquial rendition of what transpired; for a colleague at work, he would venture a longer, more technical explanation, and for a formal report for his division head he would provide an exhaustive, detailed account. Tilly demonstrates that reasons fall into four different categories: Convention: "I'm sorry I spilled my coffee; I'm such a klutz." Narratives: "My friend betrayed me because she was jealous of my sister." Technical cause-effect accounts: "A short circuit in the ignition system caused the engine rotors to fail." Codes or workplace jargon: "We can't turn over the records. We're bound by statute 369." Tilly illustrates his topic by showing how a variety of people gave reasons for the 9/11 attacks. He also demonstrates how those who work with one sort of reason frequently convert it into another sort. For example, a doctor might understand an illness using the technical language of biochemistry, but explain it to his patient, who knows nothing of biochemistry, by using conventions and stories. Replete with sparkling anecdotes about everyday social experiences (including the author's own), Why? makes the case for stories as one of the great human inventions.

Strangers to Ourselves

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Author: Timothy D. Wilson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674013827

Category: Psychology

Page: 262

View: 4067

A tour of the human unconsciousness as defined by contemporary psychology explains that it is comprised of sophisticated mental processes, identifying a gap between self-knowledge and reality, and warning about the dangers of too much introspection. (Psychology & Self-Help)

Gulp: Adventures on the Alimentary Canal

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Author: Mary Roach

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393348741

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 7123

The humorous science writer offers a tour of the human digestive system, explaining why the stomach doesn't digest itself and whether constipation can kill you.

The Person and the Situation

Perspectives of Social Psychology

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Author: Lee Ross,Richard E. Nisbett

Publisher: Pinter & Martin Publishers

ISBN: 1905177445

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 6547

How does the situation we're in influence the way we behave and think? Professors Ross and Nisbett eloquently argue that the context we find ourselves in substantially affects our behavior in this timely reissue of one of social psychology's classic textbooks. With a new foreword by Malcolm Gladwell, author of The Tipping Point.

Pretentiousness

Why It Matters

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Author: Dan Fox

Publisher: Coffee House Press

ISBN: 156689428X

Category: Art

Page: 144

View: 6016

Pretentiousness is the engine oil of culture; the essential lubricant in the development of all arts, high, low, or middle.

Down the Asphalt Path

The Automobile and the American City

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Author: Clay McShane

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780231083904

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6846

Examines the relationship between the automobile and urbanization at the turn of the nineteenth century