Toward a New National Weather Service

Review of Modernization Criteria

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Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on National Weather Service Modernization

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 86

View: 6916

Toward a New National Weather Service

Second Report

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Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on National Weather Service Modernization

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Weather forecasting

Page: 78

View: 1741

Toward a New National Weather Service

National Weather Service Employee Feedback

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Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on National Weather Modernization,Charles L. Hosler

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Communication

Page: 131

View: 9488

Toward a New National Weather Service

Preliminary Assessment of the Operational Test and Evaluation Process for the Advanced Weather Information Process Systems

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Author: Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030957384X

Category: Science

Page: 4

View: 2487

Toward a New National Weather Service

Assessment of NEXRAD Coverage and Associated Weather Services

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Author: National Research Council (U.S.). NEXRAD Panel,William E. Gordon

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Meteorological services

Page: 104

View: 3670

Review of the Draft Plan for the Modernization and Associated Restructuring Demonstration

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,National Weather Service Modernization Committee

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309184632

Category: Science

Page: 30

View: 1806

The public law that authorized the National Weather Service (NWS) to modernize its technical systems and restructure its field office organization set the requirements for what has become known as the modernization and associated restructuring demonstration (MARD). The law requires testing of the integrated performance, over a sustained period, of the modernized components and an operational demonstration that no degradation in service will result from the modernization and associated restructuring. In this report, the National Research Council's National Weather Service Modernization Committee reviews the September 1998 draft plan for MARD. The committee drew three conclusions from its review of the plan and offers five recommendations to the NWS.

Toward a New Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service (AHPS)

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee to Assess the National Weather Service Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service Initiative

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309180771

Category: Science

Page: 84

View: 5504

The National Weather Service (NWS) is responsible for providing flood forecasts and warnings in the United States. The agency established the Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Services (AHPS) program in 1997 to advance technology for hydrologic services, specifically to provide accurate forecasts that support timely warnings for all users of hydrologic predictions. AHPS strives to provide information at the right time to facilitate adequate responses to mitigate damages to life, livelihoods, and property. AHPS is slated to be fully implemented nationwide in 2013. With seven years still remaining in its development and implementation timeline, a review of the program now is critical to providing NWS with information it needs to maximize the effectiveness of the AHPS program. This report assesses AHPS in respect to hydrologic science and technology research, river routing and mechanics, "systems" engineering aspects, and implementation. Overall, this report finds AHPS to be an ambitious program that promises to provide services and products that are timely and necessary. The report calls for AHPS to develop a detailed and comprehensive, multi-year implementation plan and for the program’s goals and budget to be brought into closer alignment.

Continuity of NOAA Satellites

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,National Weather Service Modernization Committee

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309056756

Category: Science

Page: 62

View: 9599

Acts of God

The Unnatural History of Natural Disaster in America

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Author: Ted Steinberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199838992

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 9552

As the waters of the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain began to pour into New Orleans, people began asking the big question--could any of this have been avoided? How much of the damage from Hurricane Katrina was bad luck, and how much was poor city planning? Steinberg's Acts of God is a provocative history of natural disasters in the United States. This revised edition features a new chapter analyzing the failed response to Hurricane Katrina, a disaster Steinberg warned could happen when the book first was published. Focusing on America's worst natural disasters, Steinberg argues that it is wrong to see these tragedies as random outbursts of nature's violence or expressions of divine judgment. He reveals how the decisions of business leaders and government officials have paved the way for the greater losses of life and property, especially among those least able to withstand such blows--America's poor, elderly, and minorities. Seeing nature or God as the primary culprit, Steinberg explains, has helped to hide the fact that some Americans are simply better able to protect themselves from the violence of nature than others. In the face of revelations about how the federal government mishandled the Katrina calamity, this book is a must-read before further wind and water sweep away more lives. Acts of God is a call to action that needs desperately to be heard.

Evaluation of the Multifunction Phased Array Radar Planning Process

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on the Evaluation of the Multifunction Phased Array Radar Planning Process

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309178440

Category: Science

Page: 91

View: 1833

The Multifunction Phased Array Radar (MPAR) is one potentially cost-effective solution to meet the surveillance needs and of several agencies currently using decades-old radar networks. These agencies including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration s (NOAA) National Weather Service (NWS), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) have many and varied requirements and possible applications of modern radar technology. This book analyzes what is lacking in the current system, the relevant capabilities of phased array technology, technical challenges, cost issues, and compares possible alternatives. Both specific and overarching recommendations are outlined.

Future of the National Weather Service Cooperative Observer Network

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,National Weather Service Modernization Committee

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309061466

Category: Science

Page: 78

View: 6403

A Vision for the National Weather Service

Road Map for the Future

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Author: National Research Council,National Weather Service,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,National Weather Service Modernization Committee,Panel on the Road Map for the Future

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309063795

Category: Science

Page: 88

View: 2689

In this study, the committee explores ways the National Weather Service (NWS) can take advantage of continuing advances in science and technology to meet the challenges of the future. The predictions are focused on the target year 2025. Because specific predictions about the state of science and technology or the NWS more than 25 years in the future will not be entirely accurate, the goal of this report is to identify and highlight trends that are most likely to influence change. The Panel on the Road Map for the Future National Weather Service developed an optimistic vision for 2025 based on advances in science and technology.

Remote Sensing Modeling and Applications to Wildland Fires

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Author: John J. Qu,William Sommers,Ruixin Yang,Allen Riebau,Menas Kafatos

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642325300

Category: Nature

Page: 374

View: 6558

Scientists and managers alike need timely, cost-effective, and technically appropriate fire-related information to develop functional strategies for the diverse fire communities. "Remote Sensing Modeling and Applications to Wildland Fires" addresses wildland fire management needs by presenting discussions that link ecology and the physical sciences from local to regional levels, views on integrated decision support data for policy and decision makers, new technologies and techniques, and future challenges and how remote sensing might help to address them. While creating awareness of wildland fire management and rehabilitation issues, hands-on experience in applying remote sensing and simulation modeling is also shared. This book will be a useful reference work for researchers, practitioners and graduate students in the fields of fire science, remote sensing and modeling applications. Professor John J. Qu works at the Department of Geography and GeoInformation Science at George Mason University (GMU), USA. He is the Founder and Director of the Environmental Science and Technology Center (ESTC) and EastFIRE Lab at GMU.

When the Press Fails

Political Power and the News Media from Iraq to Katrina

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Author: W. Lance Bennett,Regina G. Lawrence,Steven Livingston

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226042863

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 379

A sobering look at the intimate relationship between political power and the news media, When the Press Fails argues the dependence of reporters on official sources disastrously thwarts coverage of dissenting voices from outside the Beltway. The result is both an indictment of official spin and an urgent call to action that questions why the mainstream press failed to challenge the Bush administration’s arguments for an invasion of Iraq or to illuminate administration policies underlying the Abu Ghraib controversy. Drawing on revealing interviews with Washington insiders and analysis of content from major news outlets, the authors illustrate the media’s unilateral surrender to White House spin whenever oppositional voices elsewhere in government fall silent. Contrasting these grave failures with the refreshingly critical reporting on Hurricane Katrina—a rare event that caught officials off guard, enabling journalists to enter a no-spin zone—When the Press Fails concludes by proposing new practices to reduce reporters’ dependence on power. “The hand-in-glove relationship of the U.S. media with the White House is mercilessly exposed in this determined and disheartening study that repeatedly reveals how the press has toed the official line at those moments when its independence was most needed.”—George Pendle, Financial Times “Bennett, Lawrence, and Livingston are indisputably right about the news media’s dereliction in covering the administration’s campaign to take the nation to war against Iraq.”—Don Wycliff, Chicago Tribune “[This] analysis of the weaknesses of Washington journalism deserves close attention.”—Russell Baker, New York Review of Books

Meteorological Support for Space Operations

Review and Recommendations

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Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Meteorological Support for Space Operations,Charles L. Hosler

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Astronautics

Page: 77

View: 4923

The Handy Science Answer Book

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Visible Ink Press

ISBN: 1578593638

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 8092

Presenting a fun and educational way to explore the wonders of the world of science, this newly updated edition poses and answers 2,200 questions, providing an abundance of original and interesting science facts. Children and adults will uncover some of the most interesting, unusual, and quirky science curiosities such as: Are cell phones dangerous to your health? Is the same strain of yeast used to make different types of beer? What is the cleanest fossil fuel? What is the largest invertebrate? Readers will find this informative and enjoyable resource is chock full of hundreds of intriguing science and technology topics, from the inner workings of the human body and outer space to math, computers, planes, trains, and automobiles.

Assessment of Hydrologic and Hydrometeorological Operations and Services

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,National Weather Service Modernization Committee

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309056349

Category: Science

Page: 62

View: 8855

Floods are by far the most devastating of all weather-related hazards in the United States. The National Weather Service (NWS) is charged by Congress to provide river and flood forecasts and warnings to the public to protect life and property and to promote the nation's economic and environmental well-being (such as through support for water resources management). As part of a modernization of its technologies and organizational structure, the NWS is undertaking a thorough updating of its hydrologic products and services and the activities that produce them. The National Weather Service Modernization Committee of the National Research Council undertook a comprehensive assessment of the NWS' plans and progress for the modernization of hydrologic and hydrometeorological operations and services. The committee's conclusions and recommendations and their related analysis and rationale are presented in this report.

Fog and Boundary Layer Clouds

Fog Visibility and Forecasting

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Author: Ismail Gultepe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764384197

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 3492

This topical volume of the Journal of Pure and Applied Geophysics utilizes new information not previously accessible for fog related research. It focuses on surface and remote sensing observations of fog, various numerical model applications using new parameterizations, fog climatology, and new statistical methods. The results presented in this special issue come from research efforts in North America and Europe.