Toward a New Enlightenment

Philosophy of Paul Kurtz


Author: Paul Kurtz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351294385

Category: Philosophy

Page: 401

View: 8026

Paul Kurtz has been the dominant voice of secular humanism over the past thirty years. This compilation of his work reveals the scope of his thinking on the basic topics of our time and his many and varied contributions to the cause of free thought. It focuses on the central issues that have concerned Kurtz throughout his career: ethics, politics, education, religion, science, and pseudoscience. The chapters are linked by a common theme: the need for a new enlightenment, one committed to the use of rationality and skepticism, but also devoted to realizing the highest values of humanist culture. Many writings included here were first published in magazines and journals long unavailable. Some of the essays have never before been published. They now appear as a coherent whole for the first time. Also included is an extensive bibliography of Kurtz's writings. Toward a New Enlightenment is essential for those who know and admire Paul Kurtz's work. It will also be an important resource for students of philosophy, political science, ethics, and religion. Among the chapters are: "Humanist Ethics: Eating the Forbidden Fruit"; "Relevance of Science to Ethics"; "Democracy without Theology"; "Misuses of Civil Disobedience"; "The Limits of Tolerance"; "Skepticism about the Paranormal: Legitimate and Illegitimate"; "Militant Atheism vs. Freedom of Conscience"; "Promethean Love: Unbound"; "The Case for Euthanasia"; and "The New Inquisition in the Schools."

Reclaiming the Enlightenment

Toward a Politics of Radical Engagement


Author: Stephen Eric Bronner

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231126093

Category: Philosophy

Page: 181

View: 5611

In 1947 Horkheimer and Adorno connected the Enlightenment with totalitarianism. Since when the Left has drifted into the language and imagery of the European Counter-Enlightenment, the movement against 1776 and 1789. Bronner sets out to reclaim the heritage of progressive politics.

Towards a New Manifesto


Author: Theodor Adorno,Max Horkheimer

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1844678199

Category: Philosophy

Page: 112

View: 6730

Presents a dialogue between the two philosophers covering such themes as theory and practice, labor and leisure, and domination and freedom.

Stumbling Toward Enlightenment


Author: Geri Larkin

Publisher: Celestial Arts

ISBN: 0307808130

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 8641

A humorous and honest collection of Buddhist wisdom from a Western beginner'­s perspective. Instead of promising a straight and clear path to enlightenment, author and teacher Geri Larkin shows us that even stumbling along that path can lead to self-discovery and awakening, especially if we prize the journey and not the destination. With candor, affection, and earthy wisdom, Larkin shares her experiences as a beginning and continuing Buddhist. This spirituality classic shows any seeker that it's possible to stumble, smile, and stay Zen through it all. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Enlightenment Now

The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress


Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0525427570

Category: Psychology

Page: 556

View: 5344

An assessment of the human condition in the twenty-first century presents data demonstrating that life quality, health, prosperity, safety, peace, knowledge, and happiness are on the rise throughout the world because of the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and science.

The New Enlightenment

A Twenty-First Century Peaceful American Revolution


Author: Robert Bivona

Publisher: BookBaby

ISBN: 0996706712

Category: Political Science

Page: 415

View: 8100

Imagine living in a more prosperous and fundamentally more just, democratic and egalitarian society. We can make this dream real with The New Enlightenment’s thoroughly detailed public policies that will: • End unemployment mainly by reducing full-time work hours 10%, to 36 hours per week. Less work time per worker requires more workers. Productivity advancements allowed popular movements to be successful in reducing an over 60-hour workweek to a 40 hour national standard about 75 years ago when productivity was about one-fifth what it is today. We are past due for a popular movement demanding full-time work hour reductions again. • Create a minimum tax-free annual income of $34,980 for full-time work. Expanding and reforming the EITC and raising the minimum wage to $11.10 per hour will accomplish this. The effective hourly minimum wage will be $19.40/hour after the EITC, tax-free. Despite 10% fewer work hours resulting in as much as 10% lower compensation from the workplace people’s take-home income whose income now is under $160,000 will rise, proportionally more the lower the income due to lower taxes, the EITC or the higher minimum wage. • Eliminate the worker half of payroll tax: Will compensate for most of the workplace income reduction resulting from the full-time work hour reduction. Also, eliminate the income tax on incomes under $50,000. • Transform the economic system to one where most economic activity will be performed by worker owned and controlled businesses at the end of a 20-year transition period. Loans, grants, tax benefits, subsidies, and education assistance within several detailed programs will accomplish this. • Institute a TV and radio station license requirement to offer generous allotments of airtime free of charge to four qualified candidates per national public office contest. Also, support qualified candidates with large postal and newspaper space subsidies and institute a new Fairness Doctrine. • Enhance democratic functioning with new, innovative democratic forms. Average citizens in 25 person deliberative groups involving 0.1% of the citizenry will develop some public policies. • Institute a license renewal requirement for worker ownership and control of air media companies. Loans, grants, tax benefits and subsidies will support the ownership transfer. Motivate ownership and control by workers of other kinds of media businesses through loans, grants, tax benefits, and subsidies. Media ownership and control by workers will result in a new and vigorous media culture more responsive and accountable to the majority. • Eliminate tuition for public colleges. • Increase all social security payments by $500/month. We rank 30th among 34 developed countries in the percentage of a median worker’s earnings that our public-pension system replaces, and private pensions are becoming less common and generous. Summary of policies that generate sufficient revenues to support the above policies create over a $500 billion annual surplus, increase GDP by $1.8 trillion (most also provide other benefits): • Income tax with a 55% maximum rate on income above $410,000 and eliminate the special treatment of capital gains and “carried interest.” • Wealth tax (0% less than $1 million, 1.0% between $1 million to $10 million, and 1.5% over $10 million). • Pollution taxes that raise revenue and reduce pollution. • Corporate tax system that inherently will end tax haven abuse. • Replace the estate tax with a progressive inheritance tax that increases taxes on large wealth transfers without forcing the sale of inherited businesses. • Financial transactions tax. • Reduce military and other expenditures. • Eliminate the cap on the employer social security portion of the payroll tax (employees at all income levels will pay no payroll tax). The New Enlightenment Citizen’s Union will be the organizational structure of the social movement for the New Enlightenment transformations. Now is the time for The New Enlightenment.

Enlightenment in the Colony

The Jewish Question and the Crisis of Postcolonial Culture


Author: Aamir R. Mufti

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691057323

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 5238

Enlightenment in the Colony opens up the history of the "Jewish question" for the first time to a broader discussion--one of the social exclusion of religious and cultural minorities in modern times, and in particular the crisis of Muslim identity in modern India. Aamir Mufti identifies the Hindu-Muslim conflict in India as a colonial variation of what he calls "the exemplary crisis of minority"--Jewishness in Europe. He shows how the emergence of this conflict in the late nineteenth century represented an early instance of the reinscription of the "Jewish question" in a non-Western society undergoing modernization under colonial rule. In so doing, he charts one particular route by which this European phenomenon linked to nation-states takes on a global significance. Mufti examines the literary dimensions of this crisis of identity through close readings of canonical texts of modern Western--mostly British-literature, as well as major works of modern Indian literature in Urdu and English. He argues that the one characteristic shared by all emerging national cultures since the nineteenth century is the minoritization of some social and cultural fragment of the population, and that national belonging and minority separatism go hand in hand with modernization. Enlightenment in the Colony calls for the adoption of secular, minority, and exilic perspectives in criticism and intellectual life as a means to critique the very forms of marginalization that give rise to the uniquely powerful minority voice in world literatures.

Democratic Enlightenment

Philosophy, Revolution, and Human Rights 1750-1790


Author: Jonathan Israel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199668094

Category: History

Page: 1088

View: 3339

Jonathan Israel's radical new account of the late Enlightenment highlights forgotten currents and figures. Running counter to mainstream thinking, he demonstrates how a group of philosophe-revolutionnaires provided the intellectual powerhouse of the French Revolution, and how their ideas connect with modern Western democracy.

A Wicked Company

The Forgotten Radicalism of the European Enlightenment


Author: Philipp Blom

Publisher: McClelland & Stewart

ISBN: 1551995824

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 5053

The acclaimed author of The Vertigo Years tells the remarkable story of the Parisian salon that brought together the greatest minds of the 18th century - Rousseau, Hume, Diderot, Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin - and changed the world forever. The Paris salon of Paul-Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach - where friendship and radical philosophy flourished throughout the 1760s - stands as a seminal event in Western history. Over wine-soaked dinner parties, the finest minds of the Western world matched wits and scandalized one another with their radical ideas. Holbach's house became an epicenter of free thinking, a place like no other in repressive eighteenth-century Europe, frequented by men and women united by their love of intellectual freedom, their contempt for the conventional, and often the danger of persecution. It was a moment of astonishing radicalism in European thought, so uncompromising and bold that its vision has still not been fully realized. In A Wicked Company, acclaimed historian Philipp Blom describes the fortunes of this group of friends: writers of genius all, full of wit and courage, but also personal contradictions, doubts, conflicts of conscience, and their fair share of arguments and love affairs. Their bracing, liberating, humanist vision bursts free of the page in Blom's telling, and their analysis of our culture remains as valid as it was then. A startlingly relevant work of narrative history, Wicked Company forces us to confront with new eyes modern debates about our society and its future. From the Hardcover edition.

All Our Waves Are Water

Stumbling Toward Enlightenment and the Perfect Ride


Author: Jaimal Yogis

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062405209

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 272

View: 2157

In this meditative memoir—a compelling fusion of Barbarian Days and the journals of Thomas Merton—the author of Saltwater Buddha reflects on his "failing toward enlightenment," his continued search to find meaning and a greater understanding of grace in the world’s oceans as well as everyday life. Born to a family of seekers, Jaimal Yogis left home at sixteen to surf in Hawaii and join a monastery—an adventure he chronicled in Saltwater Buddha. Now, in his early twenties, his heart is broken and he’s lost his way. Hitting the road again, he lands in a monastery in Dharamsala, where he meets Sonam, a displaced Tibetan. To help his friend, Jaimal makes a cockamamie attempt to reunite him with his family in Tibet by way of America. Though he does not succeed, witnessing Sonam’s spirit in the face of failure offers Jaimal a deeper understanding of faith. When the two friends part, he cannot fathom the unlikely circumstances that will reunite them. All Our Waves Are Water follows Jaimal’s trek from the Himalayas to Indonesia; to a Franciscan Friary in New York City to the dusty streets of Jerusalem; and finally to San Francisco’s Ocean Beach. Along his journey, Jaimal prays and surfs; mourning a lost love and seeking something that keeps eluding him. The poet Rumi wrote, "We are not a drop in the ocean. We are the ocean in a drop." All Our Waves Are Water is Jaimal’s "attempt to understand the ocean in a drop, to find that one moon shining in the water everywhere"—to find the mystery that unites us.

From Here To Here

Turning Toward Enlightenment


Author: Gary Crowley

Publisher: AVAIYA


Category: Philosophy

Page: 97

View: 4204

From Here To Here is a guidebook for the spiritual seeker. It invites you to look at your spiritual path from a perspective that few consider and gives you the keys to understanding what few will ever realize. Its underlying message is that enlightenment's only complication is its devastating simplicity. Rich with metaphors, examples, and teaching stories, the book also offers important, easy-to-understand concepts from psychology, brain science, and common sense.

The Enlightenment

And Why it Still Matters


Author: Anthony Pagden

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019966093X

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 5807

This book tells nothing less than the story of how the modern, Western view of the world was born. Cultural and intellectual historian Anthony Pagden explains how, and why, the ideal of a universal, global, and cosmopolitan society became such a central part of the Western imagination in the ferment of the Enlightenment - and how these ideas have done battle with an inward-looking, tradition-oriented view of the world ever since. Cosmopolitanism is an ancient creed; but in its modern form it was a creature of the Enlightenment attempt to create a new 'science of man', based upon a vision of humanity made up of autonomous individuals, free from all the constraints imposed by custom, prejudice, and religion. As Pagden shows, this 'new science' was based not simply on 'cold, calculating reason', as its critics claimed, but on the argument that all humans are linked by what in the Enlightenment were called 'sympathetic' attachments. The conclusion was that despite the many tribes and nations into which humanity was divided there was only one 'human nature', and that the final destiny of the species could only be the creation of one universal, cosmopolitan society. This new 'human science' provided the philosophical grounding of the modern world. It has been the inspiration behind the League of Nations, the United Nations and the European Union. Without it, international law, global justice, and human rights legislation would be unthinkable. As Anthony Pagden argues passionately and persuasively in this book, it is a legacy well worth preserving - and one that might yet come to inherit the earth.

Enlightenment 2.0


Author: Joseph Heath

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 1443422541

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 2742

The co-author of the internationally bestselling The Rebel Sell brings us "slow politics": promoting slow thought, slow deliberation and slow debate. Over the last twenty years, the political systems of the western world have become increasingly divided--not between right and left but between crazy and non-crazy. What’s more, the crazies seem to be gaining the upper hand. Rational thought cannot prevail in the current social and media environment, where elections are won by appealing to voters’ hearts rather than their minds. The rapid-fire pace of modern politics, the hypnotic repetition of daily news items and even the multitude of visual sources of information all make it difficult for the voice of reason to be heard. In Enlightenment 2.0, bestselling author Joseph Heath outlines a program for a second Enlightenment. The answer, he argues, lies in a new “slow politics.” It takes as its point of departure recent psychological and philosophical research that identifies quite clearly the social and environmental preconditions for the exercise of rational thought. It is impossible to restore sanity merely by being sane and trying to speak in a reasonable tone of voice. The only way to restore sanity is by engaging in collective action against the social conditions that have crowded it out.

Enlightenment & Alienation

An Essay towards a Trinitarian Theology


Author: Colin E. Gunton

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1597529486

Category: Religion

Page: 174

View: 2783

IN THIS CRITIQUE OF THE LEGACY OF THE Enlightenment for Christian theology, Colin Gunton focuses on the concepts of truth, freedom, and faith. He argues that in these areas the emphasis of Enlightenment thought on knowledge which is observable and objective has alienated us from understanding or believing in whatever cannot be seen or scientifically deduced, and cut us off from reality, form ourselves, and form God. But the trinitarian structure of Christian belief contains within itself the resources to overcome this alienation and achieve an integrated perspective. Gunton finds in the doctrine of the Trinity--especially in Jesus Christ, in whom the mysterious and divine joined the physical and observable--a way to give validity both to scientific frames of thought and to religious belief.

Toward Truth

A Psychological Guide to Enlightenment


Author: Daniel Mackler

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1450023037

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 7529

Toward Truth offers the reader a radical psychological guide to healing childhood traumaboth the extreme echelon of damage that the world recognizes as trauma and the other 99% that flies below the radar and is considered normal. Daniel Mackler sides with the truth of the child, not the lies of the parents, and traces the roots of trauma to the family. Toward Truth takes the groundbreaking work of psychologist Alice Miller to the next level, and in so doing offers a vision of deep, permanent, non-dissociative hope.

Home at Last

A Journey Toward Higher Consciousness


Author: Sarada Chiruvolu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781935952763

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 2410

Home at Last explains specific landmarks that we encounter during the journey toward enlightenment, based on the author's direct experience. The book also lets readers know what they can expect when confronting the mysterious, awakened inner force called kundalini. It explains how our outlook and goals change radically as kundalini directs our day-to-day life. Part spiritual memoir, part meditation handbook, Chiruvolu's writings are clear and accessible yet contain profound spiritual insights covering: * The nature of prana, or vital life force; how to increase its presence in our system; and the process of transmitting pranic energy from teacher to student. * Detailed information on the important roles of diet, exercise, and training the mind in preparation for the journey of realization. * The physical and psychological challenges one can expect during the extended process of awakening. * Possible impediments to raising the energy, and how to transcend them. * How to adapt to living and working with this powerful new energy in the context of everyday life.

Why Buddhism is True

The Science and Philosophy of Meditation and Enlightenment


Author: Robert Wright

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439195471

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 7778

From one of America’s most brilliant writers, a New York Times bestselling journey through psychology, philosophy, and lots of meditation to show how Buddhism holds the key to moral clarity and enduring happiness. At the heart of Buddhism is a simple claim: The reason we suffer—and the reason we make other people suffer—is that we don’t see the world clearly. At the heart of Buddhist meditative practice is a radical promise: We can learn to see the world, including ourselves, more clearly and so gain a deep and morally valid happiness. In this “sublime” (The New Yorker), pathbreaking book, Robert Wright shows how taking this promise seriously can change your life—how it can loosen the grip of anxiety, regret, and hatred, and how it can deepen your appreciation of beauty and of other people. He also shows why this transformation works, drawing on the latest in neuroscience and psychology, and armed with an acute understanding of human evolution. This book is the culmination of a personal journey that began with Wright’s landmark book on evolutionary psychology, The Moral Animal, and deepened as he immersed himself in meditative practice and conversed with some of the world’s most skilled meditators. The result is a story that is “provocative, informative and...deeply rewarding” (The New York Times Book Review), and as entertaining as it is illuminating. Written with the wit, clarity, and grace for which Wright is famous, Why Buddhism Is True lays the foundation for a spiritual life in a secular age and shows how, in a time of technological distraction and social division, we can save ourselves from ourselves, both as individuals and as a species.

Karl Popper, Science and Enlightenment


Author: Nicholas Maxwell

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 178735041X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 390

View: 8992

Here is an idea that just might save the world. It is that science, properly understood, provides us with the methodological key to the salvation of humanity. A version of this idea can be found in the works of Karl Popper. Famously, Popper argued that science cannot verify theories but can only refute them, and this is how science makes progress. Scientists are forced to think up something better, and it is this, according to Popper, that drives science forward.But Nicholas Maxwell finds a flaw in this line of argument. Physicists only ever accept theories that are unified – theories that depict the same laws applying to the range of phenomena to which the theory applies – even though many other empirically more successful disunified theories are always available. This means that science makes a questionable assumption about the universe, namely that all disunified theories are false. Without some such presupposition as this, the whole empirical method of science breaks down.By proposing a new conception of scientific methodology, which can be applied to all worthwhile human endeavours with problematic aims, Maxwell argues for a revolution in academic inquiry to help humanity make progress towards a better, more civilized and enlightened world.