Aspects of Topology


Author: Charles O. Christenson,William L. Voxman

Publisher: B C S Associates

ISBN: 9780914351085

Category: Mathematics

Page: 493

View: 2551

Introduction to Topology

Pure and Applied


Author: Colin Conrad Adams,Robert David Franzosa

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Mathematics

Page: 489

View: 7446

Learn the basics of point-set topology with the understanding of its real-world application to a variety of other subjects including science, economics, engineering, and other areas of mathematics. Introduces topology as an important and fascinating mathematics discipline to retain the readers interest in the subject. Is written in an accessible way for readers to understand the usefulness and importance of the application of topology to other fields. Introduces topology concepts combined with their real-world application to subjects such DNA, heart stimulation, population modeling, cosmology, and computer graphics. Covers topics including knot theory, degree theory, dynamical systems and chaos, graph theory, metric spaces, connectedness, and compactness. A useful reference for readers wanting an intuitive introduction to topology.

Topology and Its Applications


Author: William F. Basener

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118626222

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 9788

Discover a unique and modern treatment of topology employing a cross-disciplinary approach Implemented recently to understand diverse topics, such as cell biology, superconductors, and robot motion, topology has been transformed from a theoretical field that highlights mathematical theory to a subject that plays a growing role in nearly all fields of scientific investigation. Moving from the concrete to the abstract, Topology and Its Applications displays both the beauty and utility of topology, first presenting the essentials of topology followed by its emerging role within the new frontiers in research. Filling a gap between the teaching of topology and its modern uses in real-world phenomena, Topology and Its Applications is organized around the mathematical theory of topology, a framework of rigorous theorems, and clear, elegant proofs. This book is the first of its kind to present applications in computer graphics, economics, dynamical systems, condensed matter physics, biology, robotics, chemistry, cosmology, material science, computational topology, and population modeling, as well as other areas of science and engineering. Many of these applications are presented in optional sections, allowing an instructor to customize the presentation. The author presents a diversity of topological areas, including point-set topology, geometric topology, differential topology, and algebraic/combinatorial topology. Topics within these areas include: Open sets Compactness Homotopy Surface classification Index theory on surfaces Manifolds and complexes Topological groups The fundamental group and homology Special "core intuition" segments throughout the book briefly explain the basic intuition essential to understanding several topics. A generous number of figures and examples, many of which come from applications such as liquid crystals, space probe data, and computer graphics, are all available from the publisher's Web site.

Virtual Topology and Functor Geometry


Author: Fred Van Oystaeyen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420060577

Category: Mathematics

Page: 168

View: 8860

Intrinsically noncommutative spaces today are considered from the perspective of several branches of modern physics, including quantum gravity, string theory, and statistical physics. From this point of view, it is ideal to devise a concept of space and its geometry that is fundamentally noncommutative. Providing a clear introduction to noncommutative topology, Virtual Topology and Functor Geometry explores new aspects of these areas as well as more established facets of noncommutative algebra. Presenting the material in an easy, colloquial style to facilitate understanding, the book begins with an introduction to category theory, followed by a chapter on noncommutative spaces. This chapter examines noncommutative lattices, noncommutative opens, sheaf theory, the generalized Stone space, and Grothendieck topology. The author then studies Grothendieck categorical representations to formulate an abstract notion of "affine open". The final chapter proposes a dynamical version of topology and sheaf theory, providing at least one solution of the problem of sheafification independent of generalizations of topos theory. By presenting new ideas for the development of an intrinsically noncommutative geometry, this book fosters the further unification of different kinds of noncommutative geometry and the expression of observations that involve natural phenomena.

Topological Embeddings


Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080873671

Category: Mathematics

Page: 315

View: 4590

Topological Embeddings

Topological Vector Spaces, Distributions and Kernels

Pure and Applied Mathematics


Author: François Treves

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483223620

Category: Mathematics

Page: 582

View: 7999

Topological Vector Spaces, Distributions and Kernels discusses partial differential equations involving spaces of functions and space distributions. The book reviews the definitions of a vector space, of a topological space, and of the completion of a topological vector space. The text gives examples of Frechet spaces, Normable spaces, Banach spaces, or Hilbert spaces. The theory of Hilbert space is similar to finite dimensional Euclidean spaces in which they are complete and carry an inner product that can determine their properties. The text also explains the Hahn-Banach theorem, as well as the applications of the Banach-Steinhaus theorem and the Hilbert spaces. The book discusses topologies compatible with a duality, the theorem of Mackey, and reflexivity. The text describes nuclear spaces, the Kernels theorem and the nuclear operators in Hilbert spaces. Kernels and topological tensor products theory can be applied to linear partial differential equations where kernels, in this connection, as inverses (or as approximations of inverses), of differential operators. The book is suitable for vector mathematicians, for students in advanced mathematics and physics.

Beginning Topology


Author: Sue E. Goodman

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821847961

Category: Mathematics

Page: 236

View: 4667

Beginning Topology is designed to give undergraduate students a broad notion of the scope of topology in areas of point-set, geometric, combinatorial, differential, and algebraic topology, including an introduction to knot theory. A primary goal is to expose students to some recent research and to get them actively involved in learning. Exercises and open-ended projects are placed throughout the text, making it adaptable to seminar-style classes. The book starts with a chapter introducing the basic concepts of point-set topology, with examples chosen to captivate students' imaginations while illustrating the need for rigor. Most of the material in this and the next two chapters is essential for the remainder of the book. One can then choose from chapters on map coloring, vector fields on surfaces, the fundamental group, and knot theory. A solid foundation in calculus is necessary, with some differential equations and basic group theory helpful in a couple of chapters. Topics are chosen to appeal to a wide variety of students: primarily upper-level math majors, but also a few freshmen and sophomores as well as graduate students from physics, economics, and computer science. All students will benefit from seeing the interaction of topology with other fields of mathematics and science; some will be motivated to continue with a more in-depth, rigorous study of topology.

Introduction to Topology and Geometry


Author: Saul Stahl,Catherine Stenson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118546148

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 9827

An easily accessible introduction to over three centuries of innovations in geometry Praise for the First Edition “. . . a welcome alternative to compartmentalized treatments bound to the old thinking. This clearly written, well-illustrated book supplies sufficient background to be self-contained.” —CHOICE This fully revised new edition offers the most comprehensive coverage of modern geometry currently available at an introductory level. The book strikes a welcome balance between academic rigor and accessibility, providing a complete and cohesive picture of the science with an unparalleled range of topics. Illustrating modern mathematical topics, Introduction to Topology and Geometry, Second Edition discusses introductory topology, algebraic topology, knot theory, the geometry of surfaces, Riemann geometries, fundamental groups, and differential geometry, which opens the doors to a wealth of applications. With its logical, yet flexible, organization, the Second Edition: • Explores historical notes interspersed throughout the exposition to provide readers with a feel for how the mathematical disciplines and theorems came into being • Provides exercises ranging from routine to challenging, allowing readers at varying levels of study to master the concepts and methods • Bridges seemingly disparate topics by creating thoughtful and logical connections • Contains coverage on the elements of polytope theory, which acquaints readers with an exposition of modern theory Introduction to Topology and Geometry, Second Edition is an excellent introductory text for topology and geometry courses at the upper-undergraduate level. In addition, the book serves as an ideal reference for professionals interested in gaining a deeper understanding of the topic.

Topological Vector Spaces, Second Edition


Author: Lawrence Narici,Edward Beckenstein

Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC

ISBN: 9781584888666

Category: Mathematics

Page: 628

View: 4220

With many new concrete examples and historical notes, Topological Vector Spaces, Second Edition provides one of the most thorough and up-to-date treatments of the Hahn–Banach theorem. This edition explores the theorem’s connection with the axiom of choice, discusses the uniqueness of Hahn–Banach extensions, and includes an entirely new chapter on vector-valued Hahn–Banach theorems. It also considers different approaches to the Banach–Stone theorem as well as variations of the theorem. The book covers locally convex spaces; barreled, bornological, and webbed spaces; and reflexivity. It traces the development of various theorems from their earliest beginnings to present day, providing historical notes to place the results in context. The authors also chronicle the lives of key mathematicians, including Stefan Banach and Eduard Helly. Suitable for both beginners and experienced researchers, this book contains an abundance of examples, exercises of varying levels of difficulty with many hints, and an extensive bibliography and index.

Techniques of Differential Topology in Relativity


Author: Roger Penrose

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9781611970609

Category: Differential topology

Page: 72

View: 3410

Acquaints the specialist in relativity theory with some global techniques for the treatment of space-times and will provide the pure mathematician with a way into the subject of general relativity.

The Shape of Space


Author: Jeffrey R. Weeks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824707095

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 5950

Maintaining the standard of excellence set by the previous edition, this textbook covers the basic geometry of two- and three-dimensional spaces Written by a master expositor, leading researcher in the field, and MacArthur Fellow, it includes experiments to determine the true shape of the universe and contains illustrated examples and engaging exercises that teach mind-expanding ideas in an intuitive and informal way. Bridging the gap from geometry to the latest work in observational cosmology, the book illustrates the connection between geometry and the behavior of the physical universe and explains how radiation remaining from the big bang may reveal the actual shape of the universe.

Topics on Continua


Author: Sergio Macías

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319909029

Category: Mathematics

Page: 441

View: 9631

This book is a significant companion text to the existing literature on continuum theory. It opens with background information of continuum theory, so often missing from the preceding publications, and then explores the following topics: inverse limits, the Jones set function T, homogenous continua, and n-fold hyperspaces. In this new edition of the book, the author builds on the aforementioned topics, including the unprecedented presentation of n-fold hyperspace suspensions and induced maps on n-fold hyperspaces. The first edition of the book has had a remarkable impact on the continuum theory community. After twelve years, this updated version will also prove to be an excellent resource within the field of topology.

Topology, Geometry, and Gauge Fields



Author: Gregory Naber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475727429

Category: Mathematics

Page: 396

View: 2413

Like any books on a subject as vast as this, this book has to have a point-of-view to guide the selection of topics. Naber takes the view that the rekindled interest that mathematics and physics have shown in each other of late should be fostered, and that this is best accomplished by allowing them to cohabit. The book weaves together rudimentary notions from the classical gauge theory of physics with the topological and geometrical concepts that became the mathematical models of these notions. The reader is asked to join the author on some vague notion of what an electromagnetic field might be, to be willing to accept a few of the more elementary pronouncements of quantum mechanics, and to have a solid background in real analysis and linear algebra and some of the vocabulary of modern algebra. In return, the book offers an excursion that begins with the definition of a topological space and finds its way eventually to the moduli space of anti-self-dual SU(2) connections on S4 with instanton number -1.

Modern General Topology


Author: Jun-Iti Nagata

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483278166

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 7617

Bibliotheca Mathematica: A Series of Monographs on Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume VII: Modern General Topology focuses on the processes, operations, principles, and approaches employed in pure and applied mathematics, including spaces, cardinal and ordinal numbers, and mappings. The publication first elaborates on set, cardinal and ordinal numbers, basic concepts in topological spaces, and various topological spaces. Discussions focus on metric space, axioms of countability, compact space and paracompact space, normal space and fully normal space, subspace, product space, quotient space, and inverse limit space, convergence, mapping, and open basis and neighborhood basis. The book then ponders on compact spaces and related topics, as well as product of compact spaces, compactification, extensions of the concept of compactness, and compact space and the lattice of continuous functions. The manuscript tackles paracompact spaces and related topics, metrizable spaces and related topics, and topics related to mappings. Topics include metric space, paracompact space, and continuous mapping, theory of inverse limit space, theory of selection, mapping space, imbedding, metrizability, uniform space, countably paracompact space, and modifications of the concept of paracompactness. The book is a valuable source of data for mathematicians and researchers interested in modern general topology.

Continuum Theory

An Introduction


Author: Sam Nadler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351990535

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 7531

A textbook for either a semester or year course for graduate students of mathematics who have had at least one course in topology. Introduces continuum theory through a combination of classical and modern techniques. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

Point Set Topology


Author: Steven A. Gaal

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486472221

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 9204

Suitable for a complete course in topology, this text also functions as a self-contained treatment for independent study. Additional enrichment materials make it equally valuable as a reference. 1964 edition.

Introduction to the Theory of Topological Rings and Modules


Author: V. Arnautov,S. Glavatsky,Aleksandr Vasilʹevich Mikhalev

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780824793234

Category: Mathematics

Page: 502

View: 2030

This invaluable reference/text provides a thorough introduction to the theory of topological rings and modules - presenting basic information and focusing on problems of topologization and extensions of ring topologies.