Time Use Research in the Social Sciences

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Author: Wendy E. Pentland,M. Powell Lawton,Andrew S. Harvey,Mary Ann McColl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471558

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 2232

This collection demonstrates the use and variety of applications of time use methodology from multidisciplinary, multinational, and multicultural perspectives. A distinguished roster of contributors from such fields as psychology, occupational therapy, sociology, economics, and architecture examines the complex relationship between human time utilization and health and well-being and evaluates the future of time use analysis as a research tool in the social sciences.

Time Use

Expanding Explanation in the Social Sciences

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Author: William H. Michelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317250419

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 2797

Many researchers have studied people's everyday use of time. National and international agencies increasingly collect and analyze time-use data. Yet this perspective and its techniques remain a black box to most social science researchers and applied practitioners, and the potential of time-use data to expand explanation in the social sciences is not fully recognized by even most time-use researchers. Sociologist William Michelson's unique book places the study of time-use data in perspective, demystifies its collection and analytic options, and carefully examines the potential of time-use analysis for a wide range of benefits to the social sciences. These include the sampling of otherwise socially "hidden" groups, bridging the gap between qualitative and quantitative phenomena, gender studies, family dynamics, multitasking, social networks, built environments, and risk exposure.

Calendar and Time Diary Methods in Life Course Research

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Author: Robert F. Belli,Duane F Alwin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141294063X

Category: Social Science

Page: 345

View: 2428

Calendar and Diary Methods in Life Events Research offers a road map to those who wish to use calendar and diary methods in their own research.

Time-Use Measurement and Research

Report of a Workshop

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309171816

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 4691

One of the most substantial policy changes in the past decade was the elimination of the main social welfare program for poor families, Aid to Families with Dependent Children, ending the entitlement to cash benefits and replacing it with a policy emphasizing work. A question relevant for understanding the consequences of this policy change is how the time allocation among work and family care activities of poor families has changed. President Clinton's proposed budget for fiscal 2001 includes funds for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to develop a survey to measure how Americans spend their time (U.S. Department of Labor, 2000). BLS has already explored the feasibility of such a survey. In 1997, a pilot study that collected time-use data for a sample of Americans was conducted, and the results of that study were presented at a 1997 conference sponsored by BLS and the MacArthur Network on the Family and the Economy. Using knowledge gained from the pilot study and the conference, BLS published a report on the feasibility of a national time-use survey and developed a proposal to conduct the survey. Time-Use Measurement and Research is a summary of a workshop convened to consider data and methodological issues in measuring time use. This report discusses why time-use data are needed, highlighting many of policy and behavioral applications of time-use data. It also summarizes conceptual issues covered during the workshop, discusses a framework for how individuals and households allocate their time, and comments on some conceptual issues in measuring time use.

The Subjective Well-Being Module of the American Time Use Survey

Assessment for Its Continuation

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Measuring Subjective Well-Being in a Policy-Relevant Framework

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309266645

Category: Social Science

Page: 32

View: 3837

The American Time Use Survey (ATUS), conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, included a subjective well-being (SWB) module in 2010 and 2012. The module, funded by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), is being considered for inclusion in the ATUS for 2013. The National Research Council was asked to evaluate measures of self-reported well-being and offer guidance about their adoption in official government surveys. The charge for the study included an interim report to consider the usefulness of the ATUS SWB module, specifically the value of continuing it for at least one more wave. Among the key points raised in this report are the value, methodological benefits, and cost and effects on the ATUS and new opportunities. Research on subjective or self-reported well-being has been ongoing for several decades, with the past few years seeing an increased interest by some countries in using SWB measures to evaluate government policies and provide a broader assessment of the health of a society than is provided by such standard economic measures as gross domestic product. NIA asked the panel to prepare an interim report on the usefulness of the SWB module of the ATUS, with a view as to the utility of continuing the module in 2013. The Subjective Well-Being Module of the American Time Use Survey is intended to fulfill only one narrow aspect of the panel's broader task. It provides an overview of the ATUS and the SWB module, a brief discussion of research applications to date, and a preliminary assessment of the value of SWB module data. The panel's final report will address issues of whether research has advanced to the point that SWB measures-and which kinds of measures-should be regularly included in major surveys of official statistical agencies to help inform government economic and social policies.

Classrooms that Spark!

Recharge and Revive Your Teaching

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Author: Emma S. McDonald,Dyan M. Hershman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470588178

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 4571

Guide for teachers to keep the fires of learning burning bright year after year No matter how long they've been teaching all teachers need new ideas to keep their classrooms organized, their students engaged and motivated, and their lesson plans sharp. This second edition of the winner of the 2006 Teacher's Choice Award, offers invaluable guidance on major topics such as organization, student engagement, assessment, creating great lesson plans, teaching with technology, and classroom management and discipline. Written by two compassionate veteran teachers Contains more than 100 reproducible forms Offers classroom tested organizing tips, lesson plans, and assessments Includes suggestion for motivating students and ideas for motivating parents This is the ultimate guide for teachers who want to maintain their passion for teaching.

Active Learning Exercises for Research Methods in Social Sciences

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Author: Beth P. Skott,Masjo Ward

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412981239

Category: Social Science

Page: 173

View: 4578

Based on the premise that when students do something instead of simply reading about it, they understand it better, this book comprises 29 hands-on, active learning activities for use in research methods courses in the social sciences. The activities were created by instructors throughout the country and demonstrated to be effective in their classrooms. A variety of activities is included: group activities, solo activities, some that take a lot of time and others that take less time. Each one of them is directly related to a concept of research methods and aims to help students become better researchers.

Principles of Research Design in the Social Sciences

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Author: Frank Bechhofer,Lindsay Paterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134611064

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 2925

This practical introduction for first time researchers provides a bridge between how to conduct research and the philosophy of social science, allowing students to relate what they are doing to why. It does not provide a set of rigid recipes for social scientists as many methodology books do, rather it stimulates students to think about the issues involved when deciding upon their research design. By discussing standard approaches to research design and method in various social science disciplines, the authors illustrate why particular designs have traditionally predominated in certain areas of study. But whilst they acknowledge the strengths of these standard approaches, their emphasis is on helping researchers find the most effective solution to their problem by encouraging them, through this familiarity with the principles of various approaches, to innovate where appropriate. This text will prove indispensable for social science students of all levels embarking upon a research project, and for experienced researchers looking for a fresh perspective on their object of study.

Experience Sampling Method

Measuring the Quality of Everyday Life

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Author: Joel M. Hektner,Jennifer A. Schmidt,Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412925576

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 967

Experience Sampling Method: Measuring the Quality of Everyday Life is the first book to bring together the theoretical foundations and practical applications of this indispensable methodology. Authors Joel M. Hektner, Jennifer A. Schmidt, and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi provide fascinating information for anyone interested in how people go about their daily lives.

A Comparative Analysis of European Time Transfers between Generations and Genders

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Author: Emilio Zagheni,Marina Zannella,Gabriel Movsesyan,Brittney Wagner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401795916

Category: Social Science

Page: 48

View: 3218

This comparative study of European time transfers reveals the full extent of transfers in the form of unpaid work and highlights the existence of important gender differences in household time production. A large quantity of goods and services are produced by household members for their own consumption, without involving market transactions. Despite the economic and social importance of unpaid work, these productive activities are largely invisible to traditional national economic accounts. As a consequence, standard measures of intergenerational transfers typically ignore household production, and thus underestimate the overall value of goods and services produced over the life cycle; in particular, the economic contribution of females. The book uses a life course approach to offer policy-relevant insights into the effect of demographic and social change on intergenerational ties and gender inequality in household production.

Conducting Survey Research in the Social Sciences

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Author: Isadore Newman,Keith A. McNeil

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761812272

Category: Social Science

Page: 103

View: 9185

Conducting Survey Research in the Social Sciences presents basic concepts and general guidelines for those who are interested in conducting a survey by breaking the process down into eight steps and twenty-three questions. It outlines the appropriate sequential steps necessary to help the reader initiate and develop a survey. Following each of the eight steps as depicted in the eight chapters and answering the questions provided enables the creation of an effective survey. The authors also include three fictitious vignettes to illustrate how the decisions should be made, and how proper survey research should be conducted to meet many different needs.

Exploratory Research in the Social Sciences

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Author: Robert A. Stebbins

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761923992

Category: Social Science

Page: 67

View: 9717

Guided by the precept that to understand any phenomenon well, it is necessary to start by looking at it in broad, nonspecialized terms, Robert A Stebbins takes the reader through the process of exploratory research in an easy-to-read style providing the student or researcher with a complete reference for carrying out this type of research.

Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology

Studies in the Neotropical Lowlands

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Author: William L. Balée,Clark L. Erickson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509618

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 1873

This collection of studies by anthropologists, botanists, ecologists, and biologists is an important contribution to the emerging field of historical ecology. The book combines cutting-edge research with new perspectives to emphasize the close relationship between humans and their natural environment. Contributors examine how alterations in the natural world mirror human cultures, societies, and languages. Treating the landscape like a text, these researchers decipher patterns and meaning in the Ecuadorian Andes, Amazonia, the desert coast of Peru, and other regions in the neotropics. They show how local peoples have changed the landscape over time to fit their needs by managing and modifying species diversity, enhancing landscape heterogeneity, and controlling ecological disturbance. In turn, the environment itself becomes a form of architecture rich with historical and archaeological significance. Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology explores thousands of years of ecological history while also addressing important contemporary issues, such as biodiversity and genetic variation and change. Engagingly written and expertly researched, this book introduces and exemplifies a unique method for better understanding the link between humans and the biosphere.

Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences

Investigating Space and Place

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Author: Steven J. Steinberg,Sheila L. Steinberg

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761928737

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 6714

Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences: Investigating Space and Place is the first book to take a cutting-edge approach to integrating spatial concepts into the social sciences. In this text, authors Steven J. Steinberg and Sheila L. Steinberg simplify GIS (Geographic Information Systems) for practitioners and students in the social sciences through the use of examples and actual program exercises so that they can become comfortable incorporating this research tool into their repertoire and scope of interest. The authors provide learning objectives for each chapter, chapter summaries, links to relevant Web sites, as well as suggestions for student research projects.

Time Use Studies and Unpaid Care Work

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Author: Debbie Budlender

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136932224

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 523

Across the world, unpaid care work - unpaid housework, care of persons, and "volunteer" work - is done predominantly by women. This book presents and compares unpaid care work patterns in seven different countries. It analyzes data drawn from large-scale time use surveys carried out under the auspices of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD). With its in-depth concentration on time use patterns in developing nations, this book will offer many new insights for scholars of gender and care.

Doing Your Research Project

A Guide for First-time Researchers in Education and Social Science

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780335203895

Category: Education

Page: 230

View: 9422

Since it was first published 1980s, Doing Your Research Project has become something of a 'bible' for first-time researchers in social science. This third edition reflects advances in technology and methodology and positions the book to support researchers in the twenty first century. Doing Your Research Project assumes that the reader has no prior knowledge of research methodology or experience of carrying out research. Written in lucid, plain English, it takes the reader step by step through each stage of preparing for, carrying out and writing up a research project. Judith Bell speaks directly to the beginner student, frequently introducing examples from her own experience of, for example, supervision, the problems of getting access to data, and so on. There are regular checklists to help students monitor the progress of their own projects and the book is full of examples of good practice and warnings about pitfalls to be avoided. The third edition contains new material on Narrative Inquiry, Supervision, Intellectual Property, Ethics, Finding and Searching Information Sources (including an extensive section on use of electronic resources such as CD Roms and the Internet), and the production of Literature Reviews.

The Human Meaning of Social Change

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Author: Angus and Converse, Philip E. Campbell,Angus Campbell,Philip E. Converse

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 9781610441025

Category: Psychology

Page: 560

View: 9135

This book is a companion piece to Sheldon and Moore’s Indicators of Social Change. Whereas Indicators of Social Change was concerned with various kinds of “hard” data, typically sociostructural, this book is devoted chiefly to so-called “softer” data of a more social-psychological sort: the attitudes, expectations, aspirations, and values of the American population. The book deals with the meaning of change from two points of view. First, it is interested in the human meaning which people attribute to the complex social environment in which they find themselves; their understanding of group relations, the political process, and the consumer economy in which they participate. Secondly, it discusses the impact that the various alternatives offered by the environment have on the nature of their lives and the fulfillment of those lives. The twelve essays which make up the volume deal successively with the major domains of life. Each author sets forth an inclusive statement of the most significant dimensions of psychological change in a specific area of life, to review the state of present information, and to project the measurements needed to improve understanding of these changes in the future.

Methods of Social Research, 4th Edition

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Author: Kenneth Bailey

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439118894

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 4725

An introduction for undergraduates to every stage of sociological research, showing how to deal effectively with typical problems they might encounter. The book is fully updated to include examples from the LA riots and the 1992 presidential elections.