Time Use Research in the Social Sciences

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Wendy E. Pentland,M. Powell Lawton,Andrew S. Harvey,Mary Ann McColl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471558

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 6697

This collection demonstrates the use and variety of applications of time use methodology from multidisciplinary, multinational, and multicultural perspectives. A distinguished roster of contributors from such fields as psychology, occupational therapy, sociology, economics, and architecture examines the complex relationship between human time utilization and health and well-being and evaluates the future of time use analysis as a research tool in the social sciences.

Time Use

Expanding Explanation in the Social Sciences

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: William H. Michelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317250419

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 5118

Many researchers have studied people's everyday use of time. National and international agencies increasingly collect and analyze time-use data. Yet this perspective and its techniques remain a black box to most social science researchers and applied practitioners, and the potential of time-use data to expand explanation in the social sciences is not fully recognized by even most time-use researchers. Sociologist William Michelson's unique book places the study of time-use data in perspective, demystifies its collection and analytic options, and carefully examines the potential of time-use analysis for a wide range of benefits to the social sciences. These include the sampling of otherwise socially "hidden" groups, bridging the gap between qualitative and quantitative phenomena, gender studies, family dynamics, multitasking, social networks, built environments, and risk exposure.

Time-Use Measurement and Research

Report of a Workshop

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309171816

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 4798

One of the most substantial policy changes in the past decade was the elimination of the main social welfare program for poor families, Aid to Families with Dependent Children, ending the entitlement to cash benefits and replacing it with a policy emphasizing work. A question relevant for understanding the consequences of this policy change is how the time allocation among work and family care activities of poor families has changed. President Clinton's proposed budget for fiscal 2001 includes funds for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to develop a survey to measure how Americans spend their time (U.S. Department of Labor, 2000). BLS has already explored the feasibility of such a survey. In 1997, a pilot study that collected time-use data for a sample of Americans was conducted, and the results of that study were presented at a 1997 conference sponsored by BLS and the MacArthur Network on the Family and the Economy. Using knowledge gained from the pilot study and the conference, BLS published a report on the feasibility of a national time-use survey and developed a proposal to conduct the survey. Time-Use Measurement and Research is a summary of a workshop convened to consider data and methodological issues in measuring time use. This report discusses why time-use data are needed, highlighting many of policy and behavioral applications of time-use data. It also summarizes conceptual issues covered during the workshop, discusses a framework for how individuals and households allocate their time, and comments on some conceptual issues in measuring time use.

The Subjective Well-Being Module of the American Time Use Survey

Assessment for Its Continuation

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Measuring Subjective Well-Being in a Policy-Relevant Framework

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309266645

Category: Social Science

Page: 32

View: 4161

The American Time Use Survey (ATUS), conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, included a subjective well-being (SWB) module in 2010 and 2012. The module, funded by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), is being considered for inclusion in the ATUS for 2013. The National Research Council was asked to evaluate measures of self-reported well-being and offer guidance about their adoption in official government surveys. The charge for the study included an interim report to consider the usefulness of the ATUS SWB module, specifically the value of continuing it for at least one more wave. Among the key points raised in this report are the value, methodological benefits, and cost and effects on the ATUS and new opportunities. Research on subjective or self-reported well-being has been ongoing for several decades, with the past few years seeing an increased interest by some countries in using SWB measures to evaluate government policies and provide a broader assessment of the health of a society than is provided by such standard economic measures as gross domestic product. NIA asked the panel to prepare an interim report on the usefulness of the SWB module of the ATUS, with a view as to the utility of continuing the module in 2013. The Subjective Well-Being Module of the American Time Use Survey is intended to fulfill only one narrow aspect of the panel's broader task. It provides an overview of the ATUS and the SWB module, a brief discussion of research applications to date, and a preliminary assessment of the value of SWB module data. The panel's final report will address issues of whether research has advanced to the point that SWB measures-and which kinds of measures-should be regularly included in major surveys of official statistical agencies to help inform government economic and social policies.

Classrooms that Spark!

Recharge and Revive Your Teaching

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Emma S. McDonald,Dyan M. Hershman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470588178

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 7551

Guide for teachers to keep the fires of learning burning bright year after year No matter how long they've been teaching all teachers need new ideas to keep their classrooms organized, their students engaged and motivated, and their lesson plans sharp. This second edition of the winner of the 2006 Teacher's Choice Award, offers invaluable guidance on major topics such as organization, student engagement, assessment, creating great lesson plans, teaching with technology, and classroom management and discipline. Written by two compassionate veteran teachers Contains more than 100 reproducible forms Offers classroom tested organizing tips, lesson plans, and assessments Includes suggestion for motivating students and ideas for motivating parents This is the ultimate guide for teachers who want to maintain their passion for teaching.

Calendar and Time Diary Methods in Life Course Research

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robert F. Belli,Duane F Alwin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141294063X

Category: Social Science

Page: 345

View: 556

Calendar and Diary Methods in Life Events Research offers a road map to those who wish to use calendar and diary methods in their own research.

Principles of Research Design in the Social Sciences

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Frank Bechhofer,Lindsay Paterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134611064

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 354

This practical introduction for first time researchers provides a bridge between how to conduct research and the philosophy of social science, allowing students to relate what they are doing to why. It does not provide a set of rigid recipes for social scientists as many methodology books do, rather it stimulates students to think about the issues involved when deciding upon their research design. By discussing standard approaches to research design and method in various social science disciplines, the authors illustrate why particular designs have traditionally predominated in certain areas of study. But whilst they acknowledge the strengths of these standard approaches, their emphasis is on helping researchers find the most effective solution to their problem by encouraging them, through this familiarity with the principles of various approaches, to innovate where appropriate. This text will prove indispensable for social science students of all levels embarking upon a research project, and for experienced researchers looking for a fresh perspective on their object of study.

Experience Sampling Method

Measuring the Quality of Everyday Life

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Joel M. Hektner,Jennifer A. Schmidt,Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412925576

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 7917

Experience Sampling Method: Measuring the Quality of Everyday Life is the first book to bring together the theoretical foundations and practical applications of this indispensable methodology. Authors Joel M. Hektner, Jennifer A. Schmidt, and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi provide fascinating information for anyone interested in how people go about their daily lives.

A Comparative Analysis of European Time Transfers between Generations and Genders

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Emilio Zagheni,Marina Zannella,Gabriel Movsesyan,Brittney Wagner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401795916

Category: Social Science

Page: 48

View: 9457

This comparative study of European time transfers reveals the full extent of transfers in the form of unpaid work and highlights the existence of important gender differences in household time production. A large quantity of goods and services are produced by household members for their own consumption, without involving market transactions. Despite the economic and social importance of unpaid work, these productive activities are largely invisible to traditional national economic accounts. As a consequence, standard measures of intergenerational transfers typically ignore household production, and thus underestimate the overall value of goods and services produced over the life cycle; in particular, the economic contribution of females. The book uses a life course approach to offer policy-relevant insights into the effect of demographic and social change on intergenerational ties and gender inequality in household production.

Conducting Survey Research in the Social Sciences

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Isadore Newman,Keith A. McNeil

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761812272

Category: Social Science

Page: 103

View: 6477

Conducting Survey Research in the Social Sciences presents basic concepts and general guidelines for those who are interested in conducting a survey by breaking the process down into eight steps and twenty-three questions. It outlines the appropriate sequential steps necessary to help the reader initiate and develop a survey. Following each of the eight steps as depicted in the eight chapters and answering the questions provided enables the creation of an effective survey. The authors also include three fictitious vignettes to illustrate how the decisions should be made, and how proper survey research should be conducted to meet many different needs.

Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology

Studies in the Neotropical Lowlands

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: William L. Balée,Clark L. Erickson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509618

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 4842

This collection of studies by anthropologists, botanists, ecologists, and biologists is an important contribution to the emerging field of historical ecology. The book combines cutting-edge research with new perspectives to emphasize the close relationship between humans and their natural environment. Contributors examine how alterations in the natural world mirror human cultures, societies, and languages. Treating the landscape like a text, these researchers decipher patterns and meaning in the Ecuadorian Andes, Amazonia, the desert coast of Peru, and other regions in the neotropics. They show how local peoples have changed the landscape over time to fit their needs by managing and modifying species diversity, enhancing landscape heterogeneity, and controlling ecological disturbance. In turn, the environment itself becomes a form of architecture rich with historical and archaeological significance. Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology explores thousands of years of ecological history while also addressing important contemporary issues, such as biodiversity and genetic variation and change. Engagingly written and expertly researched, this book introduces and exemplifies a unique method for better understanding the link between humans and the biosphere.

The Human Meaning of Social Change

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Angus and Converse, Philip E. Campbell,Angus Campbell,Philip E. Converse

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 9781610441025

Category: Psychology

Page: 560

View: 7622

This book is a companion piece to Sheldon and Moore’s Indicators of Social Change. Whereas Indicators of Social Change was concerned with various kinds of “hard” data, typically sociostructural, this book is devoted chiefly to so-called “softer” data of a more social-psychological sort: the attitudes, expectations, aspirations, and values of the American population. The book deals with the meaning of change from two points of view. First, it is interested in the human meaning which people attribute to the complex social environment in which they find themselves; their understanding of group relations, the political process, and the consumer economy in which they participate. Secondly, it discusses the impact that the various alternatives offered by the environment have on the nature of their lives and the fulfillment of those lives. The twelve essays which make up the volume deal successively with the major domains of life. Each author sets forth an inclusive statement of the most significant dimensions of psychological change in a specific area of life, to review the state of present information, and to project the measurements needed to improve understanding of these changes in the future.

Survey Research in the United States

Roots and Emergence 1890-1960

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jean M. Converse

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412815797

Category: Political Science

Page: 599

View: 6037

Hardly an American today escapes being polled or surveyed or sampled. In this illuminating history, Jean Converse shows how survey research came to be perhaps the single most important development in twentieth-century social science. Everyone interested in survey methods and public opinion, including social scientists in many fi elds, will find this volume a major resource. Converse traces the beginnings of survey research in the practical worlds of politics and business, where elite groups sought information so as to infl uence mass democratic publics and markets. During the Depression and World War II, the federal government played a major role in developing surveys on a national scale. In the 1940s certain key individuals with academic connections and experience in polling, business, or government research brought surveys into academic life. By the 1960s, what was initially viewed with suspicion had achieved a measure of scientific acceptance of survey research. The author draws upon a wealth of material in archives, interviews, and published work to trace the origins of the early organizations (the Bureau of Applied Social Research, the National Opinion Research Center, and the Survey Research Center of Michigan), and to capture the perspectives of front-line fi gures such as Paul Lazarsfeld, George Gallup, Elmo Roper, and Rensis Likert. She writes with sensitivity and style, revealing how academic survey research, along with its commercial and political cousins, came of age in the United States.

Methods of Social Research, 4th Edition

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Kenneth Bailey

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439118894

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 1636

An introduction for undergraduates to every stage of sociological research, showing how to deal effectively with typical problems they might encounter. The book is fully updated to include examples from the LA riots and the 1992 presidential elections.

Social Science Research and Government

Comparative Essays on Britain and the United States

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Martin Bulmer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521323509

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 8038

This collection of twenty original essays considers the relationship between social science research and government during the last 30 years in Britain and the United States especially the economic and social policies of Reagan and Thatcher governments. These essays will be useful to social science staff, graduate students and to policy-makers working inside government.

Information, Place, and Cyberspace

Issues in Accessibility

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Donald G. Janelle,David C. Hodge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540674924

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 5100

The use of the term the information age to describe the period that we now fmd ourselves living in is open to misinterpretation. Society has always been based on exchanging information, and our libraries have long been rieh sources of vast of readily available information; it is information technologies that have quantities changed rapidly sinee the invention of the digital computer. These technologies are themselves products of long-term societal processes: The eeonomic desire to shorten the time that lapses between produetion and consumption of eommodities, annihilating space with time; the political desire to control such large-scale sys­ tems as commodity ehains, nations, and the military; and the human desire to lib­ erate ourselves from the constraints of our loeal daily lives. They also have had profound effeets on societal proeesses. One of the most widely discussed effeets, and a eonsistent theme of this volume, is that the information age is bringing about the end of geographie al distance as a signifieant baITier ofhuman interaction. This claim underlies prognostications about the information age: That this will be the age of globalization; of the global village; of the liberation of human inter­ action from the tyranny of space; of the dissolution of cities and workplaces; of the plugged-in soeiety; and of the surveillance society. If these prognostications were true, then the topie of aceessibility would indeed be a disappearing research pro gram and this book a marker of its disappearance.

The A-Z of Social Research

A Dictionary of Key Social Science Research Concepts

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robert Lee Miller,John D Brewer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446232921

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 1247

`A detailed and valuable addition to the literature that will be a very useful resource for lecturers, as well as having a wide appeal among students' - Tim May, University of Salford Have you ever wondered what a concise, comprehensive book providing critical guidance to the whole expanse of social science research methods and issues might look like? The A-Z is a collection of 94 entries ranging from qualitative research techniques to statistical testing and the practicalities of using the Internet as a research tool. Alphabetically arranged in accessible, reader-friendly formats, the shortest entries are 800 words long and the longest are 3000. Most entries are approximately 1500 words in length and are supported by suggestions for further reading. The book: - Answers the demand for a practical, fast and concise introduction to the key concepts and methods in social research - Supplies students with impeccable information that can be used in essays, exams and research projects - Demystifies a field that students often find daunting This is a refreshing book on social research methods, which understands the pressures that modern students face in their work-load and seeks to supply an authoritative study guide to the field. It should fulfil a long-standing need in undergraduate research methods courses for an unpatronising, utterly reliable aid to making sense of research methods.

Analyzing Social and Political Change

A Casebook of Methods

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Angela Dale,Richard B Davies

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446275639

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 5231

Understanding change over time is a central concern for research in sociology, political science, education, geography and related disciplines. It is also an issue which presents significant methodological problems, in response to which different techniques have been developed - for example, time series analysis, multilevel models, log-linear models and event history analysis. Outlining the nature of such techniques, this accessible collection covers: the respective values of cross-sectional and longitudinal data in the analysis of change; the variety of methods available for the analysis of change over time; the types of research objective to which various techniques are suited; the limitations and constraints of individual methods; and the different philosophies which underlie particular approaches.