Time Use Research in the Social Sciences

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Author: Wendy E. Pentland,M. Powell Lawton,Andrew S. Harvey,Mary Ann McColl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471558

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 2729

This collection demonstrates the use and variety of applications of time use methodology from multidisciplinary, multinational, and multicultural perspectives. A distinguished roster of contributors from such fields as psychology, occupational therapy, sociology, economics, and architecture examines the complex relationship between human time utilization and health and well-being and evaluates the future of time use analysis as a research tool in the social sciences.

Time Use

Expanding Explanation in the Social Sciences

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Author: William H. Michelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317250419

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 6698

Many researchers have studied people's everyday use of time. National and international agencies increasingly collect and analyze time-use data. Yet this perspective and its techniques remain a black box to most social science researchers and applied practitioners, and the potential of time-use data to expand explanation in the social sciences is not fully recognized by even most time-use researchers. Sociologist William Michelson's unique book places the study of time-use data in perspective, demystifies its collection and analytic options, and carefully examines the potential of time-use analysis for a wide range of benefits to the social sciences. These include the sampling of otherwise socially "hidden" groups, bridging the gap between qualitative and quantitative phenomena, gender studies, family dynamics, multitasking, social networks, built environments, and risk exposure.

Research Methods in Sport Studies and Sport Management

A Practical Guide

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Author: A.J. Veal,Simon Darcy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317691148

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 616

View: 3354

Research can be a challenging but rewarding activity. All degree-level students studying sport, and all effective professionals working in the sport sector need to have a sound understanding of research methods and how to critically interpret research findings. This broad-ranging, in-depth and practical textbook introduces research methods for students on sport-related degree courses, outlining the knowledge and practical skills needed to undertake meaningful research and to become a knowledgeable consumer of the research of others. The book explores every element of the research process, from the fundamental ‘what, why and who?’ questions, through research plans, literature review, qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection and data analysis, to the communication of research results. It offers a critical appraisal of alternative methods, including mixed methods, as well as clear guidance on how to use each particular method. Every chapter contains test questions and practical exercises, detailed case studies, a clear chapter summary and extensive guides to further sport-related study resources, to enable students to check their understanding and develop, extend and apply their practical skills. Step-by-step introductions to the use of the key statistical packages Excel, SPSS and NVivo in sport research are included. On-line support materials include some 400 PowerPoint slides and copies of data-sets used in the book. With deeper and broader coverage than any other sport-related research methods textbook, and a clear focus on ‘how to do it’, Research Methods for Sport Studies and Sport Management is an essential companion for any sport-related degree course.

Calendar and Time Diary Methods in Life Course Research

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Author: Robert F. Belli,Duane F Alwin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141294063X

Category: Social Science

Page: 345

View: 7261

Calendar and Diary Methods in Life Events Research offers a road map to those who wish to use calendar and diary methods in their own research.

Survey Research in the Social Sciences

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Author: Charles Y. Glock,John William Bennett,Russell Sage Foundation

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: 543

View: 5210

Time-Use Measurement and Research

Report of a Workshop

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309171816

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 7233

One of the most substantial policy changes in the past decade was the elimination of the main social welfare program for poor families, Aid to Families with Dependent Children, ending the entitlement to cash benefits and replacing it with a policy emphasizing work. A question relevant for understanding the consequences of this policy change is how the time allocation among work and family care activities of poor families has changed. President Clinton's proposed budget for fiscal 2001 includes funds for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to develop a survey to measure how Americans spend their time (U.S. Department of Labor, 2000). BLS has already explored the feasibility of such a survey. In 1997, a pilot study that collected time-use data for a sample of Americans was conducted, and the results of that study were presented at a 1997 conference sponsored by BLS and the MacArthur Network on the Family and the Economy. Using knowledge gained from the pilot study and the conference, BLS published a report on the feasibility of a national time-use survey and developed a proposal to conduct the survey. Time-Use Measurement and Research is a summary of a workshop convened to consider data and methodological issues in measuring time use. This report discusses why time-use data are needed, highlighting many of policy and behavioral applications of time-use data. It also summarizes conceptual issues covered during the workshop, discusses a framework for how individuals and households allocate their time, and comments on some conceptual issues in measuring time use.

Doing Social Science

Evidence and Methods in Empirical Research

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Author: Fiona Devine,Sue Heath

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137020547

Category: Reference

Page: 208

View: 3482

What should you do when results don't match your expectations? How is it possible to make the best of existing evidence? Is it acceptable to adapt your research question in the middle of a project? This book examines how experienced researchers have tackled these questions in their own projects. Moving beyond abstract discussions of method, it explores how social scientists collect and construct evidence in real-life practice. Looking critically at nine examples of recent research, Doing Social Science gives a thorough yet accessible examination of how research is planned, carried out, recorded and analysed in real-life situations. The book covers core and new areas of social science, with each chapter looking at a different contemporary study that taps into a key aspect of modern everyday life. Diverse and globally relevant, these studies include themes from online gaming and news interviews to post-colonial life and Goth subculture. The book relates the theory behind such social issues to the methods being used, as it gives critical evaluation alongside careful explanation and invaluable advice. Showing how the choice and use of particular methods and techniques can critically shape the findings of social science research, the authors also explain how to deal with complex research issues. Written and edited by experts in the field, this innovative book highlights the excitement as well as the challenge of conducting real-life research. After reading this, students throughout the social sciences will have the confidence and skills to evaluate the research of others and carry out their own research projects.

Active Learning Exercises for Research Methods in Social Sciences

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Author: Beth P. Skott,Masjo Ward

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412981239

Category: Social Science

Page: 173

View: 9700

Based on the premise that when students do something instead of simply reading about it, they understand it better, this book comprises 29 hands-on, active learning activities for use in research methods courses in the social sciences. The activities were created by instructors throughout the country and demonstrated to be effective in their classrooms. A variety of activities is included: group activities, solo activities, some that take a lot of time and others that take less time. Each one of them is directly related to a concept of research methods and aims to help students become better researchers.

The Subjective Well-Being Module of the American Time Use Survey

Assessment for Its Continuation

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Measuring Subjective Well-Being in a Policy-Relevant Framework

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309266645

Category: Social Science

Page: 32

View: 4890

The American Time Use Survey (ATUS), conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, included a subjective well-being (SWB) module in 2010 and 2012. The module, funded by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), is being considered for inclusion in the ATUS for 2013. The National Research Council was asked to evaluate measures of self-reported well-being and offer guidance about their adoption in official government surveys. The charge for the study included an interim report to consider the usefulness of the ATUS SWB module, specifically the value of continuing it for at least one more wave. Among the key points raised in this report are the value, methodological benefits, and cost and effects on the ATUS and new opportunities. Research on subjective or self-reported well-being has been ongoing for several decades, with the past few years seeing an increased interest by some countries in using SWB measures to evaluate government policies and provide a broader assessment of the health of a society than is provided by such standard economic measures as gross domestic product. NIA asked the panel to prepare an interim report on the usefulness of the SWB module of the ATUS, with a view as to the utility of continuing the module in 2013. The Subjective Well-Being Module of the American Time Use Survey is intended to fulfill only one narrow aspect of the panel's broader task. It provides an overview of the ATUS and the SWB module, a brief discussion of research applications to date, and a preliminary assessment of the value of SWB module data. The panel's final report will address issues of whether research has advanced to the point that SWB measures-and which kinds of measures-should be regularly included in major surveys of official statistical agencies to help inform government economic and social policies.

Telling Stories

The Use of Personal Narratives in the Social Sciences and History

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Author: Mary Jo Maynes,Jennifer L. Pierce,Barbara Laslett

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801457793

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 5343

In Telling Stories, Mary Jo Maynes, Jennifer L. Pierce, and Barbara Laslett argue that personal narratives-autobiographies, oral histories, life history interviews, and memoirs-are an important research tool for understanding the relationship between people and their societies. Gathering examples from throughout the world and from premodern as well as contemporary cultures, they draw from labor history and class analysis, feminist sociology, race relations, and anthropology to demonstrate the value of personal narratives for scholars and students alike. Telling Stories explores why and how personal narratives should be used as evidence, and the methods and pitfalls of their use. The authors stress the importance of recognizing that stories that people tell about their lives are never simply individual. Rather, they are told in historically specific times and settings and call on rules, models, and social experiences that govern how story elements link together in the process of self-narration. Stories show how individuals' motivations, emotions, and imaginations have been shaped by their cumulative life experiences. In turn, Telling Stories demonstrates how the knowledge produced by personal narrative analysis is not simply contained in the stories told; the understanding that takes place between narrator and analyst and between analyst and audience enriches the results immeasurably.

Classrooms that Spark!

Recharge and Revive Your Teaching

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Author: Emma S. McDonald,Dyan M. Hershman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470588178

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 6802

Guide for teachers to keep the fires of learning burning bright year after year No matter how long they've been teaching all teachers need new ideas to keep their classrooms organized, their students engaged and motivated, and their lesson plans sharp. This second edition of the winner of the 2006 Teacher's Choice Award, offers invaluable guidance on major topics such as organization, student engagement, assessment, creating great lesson plans, teaching with technology, and classroom management and discipline. Written by two compassionate veteran teachers Contains more than 100 reproducible forms Offers classroom tested organizing tips, lesson plans, and assessments Includes suggestion for motivating students and ideas for motivating parents This is the ultimate guide for teachers who want to maintain their passion for teaching.

Advances in Social Science Research Using R

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Author: Hrishikesh D. Vinod

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441917640

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 205

View: 7015

Quantitative social science research has been expanding due to the ava- ability of computers and data over the past few decades. Yet the textbooks and supplements for researchers do not adequately highlight the revolution created by the R software [2] and graphics system. R is fast becoming the l- gua franca of quantitative research with some 2000 free specialized packages, where the latest versions can be downloaded in seconds. Many packages such as “car” [1] developed by social scientists are popular among all scientists. An early 2009 article [3] in the New York Times notes that statisticians, engineers and scientists without computer programming skills ?nd R “easy to use.” A common language R can readily promote deeper mutual respect and understanding of unique problems facing quantitative work in various social sciences. Often the solutions developed in one ?eld can be extended and used in many ?elds. This book promotes just such exchange of ideas across many social sciences. Since Springer has played a leadership role in promoting R, we are fortunate to have Springer publish this book. A Conference on Quantitative Social Science Research Using R was held in New York City at the Lincoln Center campus of Fordham University, June 18–19, 2009. This book contains selected papers presented at the conference, representing the “Proceedings” of the conference.

Principles of Research Design in the Social Sciences

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Author: Frank Bechhofer,Lindsay Paterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134611064

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8305

This practical introduction for first time researchers provides a bridge between how to conduct research and the philosophy of social science, allowing students to relate what they are doing to why. It does not provide a set of rigid recipes for social scientists as many methodology books do, rather it stimulates students to think about the issues involved when deciding upon their research design. By discussing standard approaches to research design and method in various social science disciplines, the authors illustrate why particular designs have traditionally predominated in certain areas of study. But whilst they acknowledge the strengths of these standard approaches, their emphasis is on helping researchers find the most effective solution to their problem by encouraging them, through this familiarity with the principles of various approaches, to innovate where appropriate. This text will prove indispensable for social science students of all levels embarking upon a research project, and for experienced researchers looking for a fresh perspective on their object of study.

Experience Sampling Method

Measuring the Quality of Everyday Life

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Author: Joel M. Hektner,Jennifer A. Schmidt,Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412925576

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 745

Experience Sampling Method: Measuring the Quality of Everyday Life is the first book to bring together the theoretical foundations and practical applications of this indispensable methodology. Authors Joel M. Hektner, Jennifer A. Schmidt, and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi provide fascinating information for anyone interested in how people go about their daily lives.

A Comparative Analysis of European Time Transfers between Generations and Genders

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Author: Emilio Zagheni,Marina Zannella,Gabriel Movsesyan,Brittney Wagner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401795916

Category: Social Science

Page: 48

View: 4740

This comparative study of European time transfers reveals the full extent of transfers in the form of unpaid work and highlights the existence of important gender differences in household time production. A large quantity of goods and services are produced by household members for their own consumption, without involving market transactions. Despite the economic and social importance of unpaid work, these productive activities are largely invisible to traditional national economic accounts. As a consequence, standard measures of intergenerational transfers typically ignore household production, and thus underestimate the overall value of goods and services produced over the life cycle; in particular, the economic contribution of females. The book uses a life course approach to offer policy-relevant insights into the effect of demographic and social change on intergenerational ties and gender inequality in household production.

Time Use Studies and Unpaid Care Work

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Author: Debbie Budlender

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136932232

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 7971

Across the world, unpaid care work - unpaid housework, care of persons, and "volunteer" work - is done predominantly by women. This book presents and compares unpaid care work patterns in seven different countries. It analyzes data drawn from large-scale time use surveys carried out under the auspices of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD). With its in-depth concentration on time use patterns in developing nations, this book will offer many new insights for scholars of gender and care.

Conducting Survey Research in the Social Sciences

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Author: Isadore Newman,Keith A. McNeil

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761812272

Category: Social Science

Page: 103

View: 2159

Conducting Survey Research in the Social Sciences presents basic concepts and general guidelines for those who are interested in conducting a survey by breaking the process down into eight steps and twenty-three questions. It outlines the appropriate sequential steps necessary to help the reader initiate and develop a survey. Following each of the eight steps as depicted in the eight chapters and answering the questions provided enables the creation of an effective survey. The authors also include three fictitious vignettes to illustrate how the decisions should be made, and how proper survey research should be conducted to meet many different needs.

Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology

Studies in the Neotropical Lowlands

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Author: William L. Balée,Clark L. Erickson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509618

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 2973

This collection of studies by anthropologists, botanists, ecologists, and biologists is an important contribution to the emerging field of historical ecology. The book combines cutting-edge research with new perspectives to emphasize the close relationship between humans and their natural environment. Contributors examine how alterations in the natural world mirror human cultures, societies, and languages. Treating the landscape like a text, these researchers decipher patterns and meaning in the Ecuadorian Andes, Amazonia, the desert coast of Peru, and other regions in the neotropics. They show how local peoples have changed the landscape over time to fit their needs by managing and modifying species diversity, enhancing landscape heterogeneity, and controlling ecological disturbance. In turn, the environment itself becomes a form of architecture rich with historical and archaeological significance. Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology explores thousands of years of ecological history while also addressing important contemporary issues, such as biodiversity and genetic variation and change. Engagingly written and expertly researched, this book introduces and exemplifies a unique method for better understanding the link between humans and the biosphere.

Exploratory Research in the Social Sciences

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Author: Robert A. Stebbins

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761923992

Category: Social Science

Page: 67

View: 1425

Guided by the precept that to understand any phenomenon well, it is necessary to start by looking at it in broad, nonspecialized terms, Robert A Stebbins takes the reader through the process of exploratory research in an easy-to-read style providing the student or researcher with a complete reference for carrying out this type of research.

GIS-based Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences

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Author: Atsuyuki Okabe

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420038389

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 5712

Studies in the humanities and the social sciences can be enhanced through the use of geographic information systems (GIS). However, this computer-aided method of analysis is worthless unless researchers can devote the time necessary to learn what it is, what it can do, and how to use it. Resulting from a six-year project entitled Spatial Information Science for the Humanities and Social Sciences (SIS for HSS), GIS-Based Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences details the tools and processes for deploying GIS in economic and social analyses. Through the use of this book, readers can understand how GIS technology can be utilized in advancing studies. This volume will also encourage professionals in humanities and the social sciences to employ new GIS-based methods in their own research.