Thermodynamics, Solubility and Environmental Issues

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Author: Trevor M. Letcher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080481036

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 3688

Environmental problems are becoming an important aspect of our lives as industries grow apace with populations throughout the world. Thermodynamics, Solubility and Environmental Issues highlights some of the problems and shows how chemistry can help to reduce these them. The unifying theme is Solubility – the most basic and important of thermodynamic properties. This informative book looks at the importance and applications of solubility and thermodynamics, in understanding and in reducing chemical pollution in the environment. Written by experts in their respective fields and representing the latest findings in this very important and broad area. A collection of twenty-five chapters cover a wide range of topics including; mining, polymer manufacture and applications, radioactive wastes, industries in general, agro-chemicals, soil pollution and biology, together with the basic theory and recent developments in the modelling of environmental pollutants. Latest research into solving some of the most important environmental problems Covering new technologies, new chemicals and new processes eg, biodegradable polymers, ionic liquids and green chemistry Contains the basic theories and underlying importance of solubility

Environmental Chemistry

Microscale Laboratory Experiments

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Author: Jorge G. Ibanez,Margarita Hernandez-Esparza,Carmen Doria-Serrano,Arturo Fregoso-Infante,Mono Mohan Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387494937

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 8690

This book presents chemical analyses of the most pressing waste, pollution, and resource problems for the undergraduate or graduate student. Its distinctive holistic approach provides a solid introduction to theory as well as a practical laboratory manual detailing beginning and advanced experimental applications. It presents laboratory procedures at microscale conditions, for minimum waste and maximum economy.

Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2013 Edition

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Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 149010724X

Category: Science

Page: 1220

View: 1901

Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Synthetic Organic Chemistry. The editors have built Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Synthetic Organic Chemistry in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

IUPAC ... Biennial Report

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Author: International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2607

Thermodynamic Analysis of Vapor-liquid Equilibria

Recommended Models and a Standard Data Base

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Author: Mark A. Gess,Ronald P. Danner,Manoj Nagvekar,Design Institute for Physical Property Data (U.S.)

Publisher: Amer Inst of Chemical Engineers

ISBN: 9780816905591

Category: Liquids

Page: 188

View: 7125

Environmental Chemistry

Fundamentals

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Author: Jorge G. Ibanez,Margarita Hernandez-Esparza,Carmen Doria-Serrano,Arturo Fregoso-Infante,Mono Mohan Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387314350

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 9733

This book presents chemical analyses of our most pressing waste, pollution, and resource problems for the undergraduate or graduate student. The distinctive holistic approach provides both a solid ground in theory, as well as a laboratory manual detailing introductory and advanced experimental applications. The laboratory procedures are presented at microscale conditions, for minimum waste and maximum economy. This work fulfills an urgent need for an introductory text in environmental chemistry combining theory and practice, and is a valuable tool for preparing the next generation of environmental scientists.

Environmental Contaminants

Assessment and Control

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Author: Daniel Vallero

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080470351

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 832

View: 452

Environmental Contaminants serves as a tool for environmental professionals to produce technically sound and reproducible scientific evidence. It identifies ways to clean up environmental problems in air, water, soil, sediment and living systems. Ethical issues, environmental management, and professionalism, and environmental economic problems are illustrated to assist the reader in understanding and applying quantitative analysis of environmental problems. Real life solutions for practicing environmental professionals. Example problems, sidebars, and case studies to illustrate ethical issues, environmental economic problems, and environmental management. Explanation of scientific principles and concepts needed for risk assessment, waste management, contaminant transport, environmental hydrogeology, and environmental engineering & chemistry. A fully supportive glossary, appendices and tables throughout the text contain physical, chemical and biological resources necessary for all environmental practitioners.

Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries X

Proceedings of the 106th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA 2004, Ceramic Transactions

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Author: John D. Vienna,Connie C. Herman,Sharon Marra

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118408446

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 271

View: 6185

These proceedings capture advances in the state of knowledge in nuclear and waste materials science and technology. In addition, the proceedings addresses the environmental issues associated with ceramic processing. Included are the status of environmental issues and their solutions, both current and proposed.

Arsenic

Environmental Chemistry, Health Threats and Waste Treatment

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Author: Kevin Henke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470741139

Category: Science

Page: 588

View: 6457

This book presents an overview of the chemistry, geology, toxicology and environmental impacts of arsenic, presenting information on relatively common arsenic minerals and their key properties. In addition, it includes discussions on the environmental impacts of the release of arsenic from mining and coal combustion. Although the environmental regulations of different nations vary and change over time, prominent International, North American, and European guidelines and regulations on arsenic will be reviewed. Includes information on recent environmental catastrophes (e.g. Bangladesh and China) A thorough discussion of the arsenic cycle, including the cosmological origin of arsenic Includes Appendices providing extensive glossary and measurement conversion tables

Thermodynamics of Natural Systems

Theory and Applications in Geochemistry and Environmental Science

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Author: Greg Anderson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107175216

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 427

Thermodynamics deals with energy levels and energy transfers between states of matter, and is therefore fundamental to all branches of science. This new edition provides an accessible introduction to the subject, specifically tailored to the interests of Earth and environmental science students. Beginning at an elementary level, the first four chapters explain all necessary concepts via a simple graphical approach. Throughout the rest of the book, the author emphasizes the importance of field observations and demonstrates that, despite being derived from idealized circumstances, thermodynamics is crucial to understanding ore formation, acid mine drainage, and other real-world geochemical and geophysical problems. Exercises now follow each chapter, with answers provided at the end of the book. An associated website includes extra chapters and password-protected answers to additional problems. This textbook is ideal for undergraduate and graduate students studying geochemistry and environmental science.

Elements of Environmental Engineering

Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Third Edition

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Author: Kalliat T. Valsaraj,Elizabeth M. Melvin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420078208

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 9398

Revised, updated, and rewritten where necessary, but keeping the clear writing and organizational style that made previous editions so popular, Elements of Environmental Engineering: Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Third Edition contains new problems and new examples that better illustrate theory. The new edition contains examples with practical flavor such as global warming, ozone layer depletion, nanotechnology, green chemistry, and green engineering. With detailed theoretical discussion and principles illuminated by numerical examples, this book fills the gaps in coverage of the principles and applications of kinetics and thermodynamics in environmental engineering and science. New topics covered include: Green Chemistry and Engineering Biological Processes Life Cycle Analysis Global Climate Change The author discusses the applications of thermodynamics and kinetics and delineates the distribution of pollutants and the interrelationships between them. His demonstration of the theoretical foundations of chemical property estimations gives students an in depth understanding of the limitations of thermodynamics and kinetics as applied to environmental fate and transport modeling and separation processes for waste treatment. His treatment of the material underlines the multidisciplinary nature of environmental engineering. This book is unusual in environmental engineering since it deals exclusively with the applications of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics in environmental processes. The book’s multimedia approach to fate and transport modeling and in pollution control design options provides a science and engineering treatment of environmental problems.

Ionic Equilibrium

Solubility and PH Calculations

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Author: James Newton Butler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471585268

Category: Science

Page: 559

View: 7898

A celebrated classic in the field updated and expanded to include the latest computerized calculation techniques In 1964, James N. Butler published a book in which he presented some simple graphical methods of performing acid-base, solubility, and complex formation equilibrium calculations. Today, both the book and these methods have become standard for generations of students and professionals in fields ranging from environmental science to analytical chemistry. Named a "Citation Classic" by the Science Citation Index in 1990, the book, Ionic Equilibrium, continues to be one of the most widely used texts on the subject. So why tamper with near-perfection by attempting a revision of that classic? The reason is simple-- the recent rapid development and wide availability of personal computers. In the revised Ionic Equilibrium, Dr. Butler updates his 1964 work by abandoning the slide rule and graph paper for the PC spreadsheet. He also expands the original coverage with extensive material on basic principles and recent research. The first part of Ionic Equilibrium is devoted to the fundamentals of acid-base, solubility, and complex formation equilibria. In the second part, the author discusses oxidation-reduction equilibria, develops the principles of carbon dioxide equilibria, presents case studies demonstrating the ways in which carbon dioxide equilibria are used in physiology and oceanography, and explores the possibility of a pH scale for brines. The concluding chapter, written by David R. Cogley, gives examples of general computer programs that are capable of performing equilibrium calculations on systems of many components. Replete with real-world examples, details of important calculations, and practical problems, Ionic Equilibrium is an ideal course text for students of environmental chemistry, engineering, or health; analytical chemistry; oceanography; geochemistry; biochemistry; physical chemistry; and clinical chemistry. It is also a valuable working resource for professionals in those fields as well as industrial chemists involved with solution chemistry.

Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2011 Edition

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Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963762

Category: Science

Page: 2597

View: 1251

Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry. The editors have built Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Industrial, Applied, and Environmental Chemistry: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Controlling environmental risks from chemicals

principles and practice

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Author: Peter Calow

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471969952

Category: Science

Page: 136

View: 9489

Commercial chemicals contribute to our social welfare, yet can pose serious problems for the environment. How do we recognise these problems? How do we manage them? How do we objectively balance environmental risks with social benefits? This book describes the principles and practices of ecological risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis, asking key but challenging questions such as what are we trying to protect? and how do we undertake a cost-benefit analysis?. It also shows how these principles are written into legislation. The emphasis is on the EU Directives and Regulations, with a chapter on the instruments and institutions involved; but this is balanced by a review of US and International policies and legislation. In conclusion, the discussion returns to the question of attempting to balance risks with benefits, particularly in the context of the development of sustainable and globally practicable chemical control policies. The text is supplemented by a glossary that defines the inevitably large number of abbreviations and acronyms used by environmental policy-makers and regulators. The book is intended for all those who have an interest in industrial chemicals, but who need an overview of pollution and pollution control issues. It will provide an excellent reference tool for undergraduates in Environmental Science, and Policy-Makers and Environmental Consultants in the areas of ecology, ecotoxicology and risk assessment.

Controlling environmental risks from chemicals

principles and practice

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Author: Peter Calow

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471969952

Category: Science

Page: 136

View: 745

Commercial chemicals contribute to our social welfare, yet can pose serious problems for the environment. How do we recognise these problems? How do we manage them? How do we objectively balance environmental risks with social benefits? This book describes the principles and practices of ecological risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis, asking key but challenging questions such as what are we trying to protect? and how do we undertake a cost-benefit analysis?. It also shows how these principles are written into legislation. The emphasis is on the EU Directives and Regulations, with a chapter on the instruments and institutions involved; but this is balanced by a review of US and International policies and legislation. In conclusion, the discussion returns to the question of attempting to balance risks with benefits, particularly in the context of the development of sustainable and globally practicable chemical control policies. The text is supplemented by a glossary that defines the inevitably large number of abbreviations and acronyms used by environmental policy-makers and regulators. The book is intended for all those who have an interest in industrial chemicals, but who need an overview of pollution and pollution control issues. It will provide an excellent reference tool for undergraduates in Environmental Science, and Policy-Makers and Environmental Consultants in the areas of ecology, ecotoxicology and risk assessment.

Treatment System Hydraulics

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Author: John Bergendahl

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 0784471886

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 282

View: 958

When it comes to water and wastewater treatment facilities, environmental engineers quickly discover that knowledge of chemical, physical, and biological processes is not enough to ensure a workable design and trouble-free operation. The success of a treatment system depends to a significant degree on the system's fluid flow?that is, on the selection and arrangement of pipes, channels, valves, pumps, and other hydraulic components that move fluid through the system. Treatment System Hydraulics addresses the nuts-and-bolts of treatment systems, examining typical variables and describing methods for solving the problems faced by practitioners on a daily basis. The book begins with an introduction to treatment systems and hydraulics and explains the basic concepts of fluid properties, fluid statics, and fluid flow. Then Bergendahl discusses the factors that shape engineering decisions: friction in closed conduits, pumps and motors, granular media, valves, instrumentation, materials and corrosion, effects of transient conditions, and open channel flow. Each chapter presents fundamental concepts and applications in diverse situations, along with worked examples and problem sets. Suitable for undergraduate and graduate courses, Treatment System Hydraulics is also an useful reference for environmental, mechanical, civil, and chemical engineers designing or managing water treatment facilities.

Environmental Issues in Chemical Perspective

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Author: Thomas G. Spiro,William M. Stigliani

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780873954273

Category: Environmental chemistry

Page: 374

View: 9607

An in-depth presentation of the chemistry required to evaluate the choices we must make regarding our environment, this study has four parts: energy, the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, and the biosphere. Each part is followed by problem sets that require the application of chemical principles to such issues as dwindling natural gas and petroleum resources; fission and fusion as energy sources; CO2 build-up and the greenhouse effect; automobile emission control; acid rain; eutrophication of lakes; lead, mercury, and cadmium poisoning; and environmental links to cancer. An answer manual for the problems is included. Social, political, and economic concerns are also covered. The authors show how chemists and non-chemist decision-makers can take account of each other's perspectives.

Environmental Organic Chemistry

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Author: René P. Schwarzenbach,Philip M. Gschwend,Dieter M. Imboden

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118767047

Category: Science

Page: 1026

View: 3154

Examines in a pedagogical way all pertinent molecular and macroscopic processes that govern the distribution and fate of organic chemicals in the environment and provides simple modeling tools to quantitatively describe these processes and their interplay in a given environmental system Treats fundamental aspects of chemistry, physics, and mathematical modeling as applied to environmentally relevant problems, and gives a state of the art account of the field Teaches the reader how to relate the structure of a given chemical to its physical chemical properties and intrinsic reactivities Provides a holistic and teachable treatment of phase partitioning and transformation processes, as well as a more focused and tailor-made presentation of physical, mathematical, and modeling aspects that apply to environmental situations of concern Includes a large number of questions and problems allowing teachers to explore the depth of understanding of their students or allowing individuals who use the book for self-study to check their progress Provides a companion website, which includes solutions for all problems as well as a large compilation of physical constants and compound properties